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The Trojan War and Homer's Iliad (Ancient History)


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This PowerPoint presentation provides an introduction to the Trojan War, Homer's Iliad, and the Greek concept of the afterlife for students in survey courses in ancient history, world history, or Western civilization.

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The Trojan War and Homer's Iliad (Ancient History)

  1. 1. Epic Poet (c. 700 B.C.) Homer? The Iliad The Odyssey An epic about the Trojan War An epic poem about Odysseus’ long voyage home from Troy Oral traditions from the Mycenaean period, finally written down (hundreds of years later)
  2. 2. A WEDDING All of the gods were invited to the wedding of Achilles’ parents, Thetis and Peleus… EXCEPT FOR ONE.
  3. 3. Eris Image Credit:
  4. 4. λλίστῃ Photo Credit: Goddess of Discord
  5. 5. The Judgment of Paris, Peter Paul Rubens, ca 1636 (National Gallery, London)
  6. 6. “The face that launched a thousand ships” Helen of Troy by Evelyn de Morgan (1898, London)
  7. 7. Achaeans Agamemnon King of Mycenae Menelaus King of Sparta Agamemnon’s Brother Achilles Odysseus Trojans Priam King of Troy Hector Paris Helen Queen of Sparta Princess of Troy SUITOR NEED TO KNOW (13th c. BC?)
  8. 8. “Sing, Goddess, of the rage of Peleus' son Achilles, the accursed rage that brought great suffering to the Achaeans.” -- Opening lines of The Iliad The Protagonist of the Iliad Brad Pitt as Achilles
  9. 9. Post-Homeric legends portrayed Achilles as invincible, except for his heel. Thetis dips baby Achilles into the River Styx
  10. 10. “Achilles Heel” A Person’s Weakness Picture Credit: Oxford Medicine
  11. 11. Triumphant Achilles dragging Hector's lifeless body in front of the Gates of Troy (from a panoramic fresco on the upper level of the main hall of the Achilleion). The Climactic Confrontation of the Iliad
  12. 12. Ancient Greeks believed that the dead went to the Hades, the underworld named for the Lord of the Dead. Hades, pictured with Cerberus Lord of the Underworld
  13. 13. The ancient Greeks placed a coin in the mouth of the deceased to pay the boatman for passage across the river Styx to Hades.
  14. 14. John Roddam Spencer Stanhope, Charon and Psyche (1883)
  15. 15. Bertel Thorvaldsen, Priam Pleads with Achilles for Hector's Body (1868-1870) Homer’s Iliad ends when Achilles gives Hector’s body to Priam to receive the proper funeral ceremonies.
  16. 16. The story of the Trojan Horse appears in Virgil’s Aeneid, not in Homer’s works.
  17. 17. 19th c. Excavated Troy(?) Schliemann believed that the events in Homer’s Iliad were based on actual, historical events.
  18. 18. Photo Credit: Hillarie
  19. 19. Photo Credit: Cherryx
  20. 20. Photo Credit: Cherryx
  21. 21. Photo Credit: Cherryx
  22. 22. ...and the French are taking note!