Trojan War


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The "Apple of Discord" & the Judgement of Paris exlained.

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Trojan War

  1. 1. The Odyssey <ul><li>Starring </li></ul><ul><li>Odysseus*Penelope </li></ul><ul><li>Athena*Zeus*Poseidon*Apollo*Hermes </li></ul><ul><li>Sirens*Cyclops*Scylla*Charybdis </li></ul>An Epic Poem by Homer
  2. 2. The Odyssey an Epic Poem
  3. 3. What is an Epic? <ul><li>A long narrative poem about a legendary hero </li></ul><ul><li>Gilgamesh </li></ul><ul><li>Don Quixote </li></ul><ul><li>El Cid </li></ul>
  4. 4. Homer <ul><li>Greek poet </li></ul><ul><li>thought to be blind </li></ul><ul><li>described events as a seeing person </li></ul><ul><li>lived around 900 to 801 B.C.E. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Homer <ul><li>Wrote the Iliad (about the Trojan War) </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote the * Odyssey (about Odysseus’s return home after the Trojan War) </li></ul><ul><li>between 900 to 801 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>*First translated in A.D. 1615 </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Iliad <ul><li>Epic poem about the last year of the Trojan War </li></ul><ul><li>War lasted 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>Troy was defeated when Odysseus and his men were able to get inside the walls of Troy concealed within the body of the “Trojan horse.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Trojan Horse
  8. 8. The Greeks <ul><li>Residents of many islands </li></ul><ul><li>Start moving to eastern Mediterranean (2,000 to 1,500 B.C.E.) </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Greeks <ul><li>Classic Greek mythology/paganism reported: ~1,000 to 901 years B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Hesiod, Greek poet, writes “Theogony,” creation of the world and gods of mythology (800-701 B.C.E.) </li></ul><ul><li>First Olympic Games: 761 B.C.E. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Trojans <ul><li>Residents of Troy </li></ul><ul><li>First Trojan culture recorded: ~3,000 to 2,501 years B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed around 1,193 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-discovered: 1800s (Turkey) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Trojan War <ul><li>Lasted 10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Who started it? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did it start? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Leda & The Swan <ul><li>Zeus raped Leda, a queen of Sparta </li></ul><ul><li>Leda got pregnant with Helen, the most beautiful woman on Earth </li></ul>
  13. 13. Judgment of Paris <ul><li>Incident that caused the Trojan War: </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess Discord threw the “Apple of Discord,” marked </li></ul><ul><li>“ for the Fairest” among gods </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus refused to judge </li></ul>
  14. 14. Judgment of Paris <ul><li>Paris, prince of Troy had to chose between Hera, Athena and Aphrodite </li></ul><ul><li>Each offered gifts </li></ul><ul><li>Aphrodite offered the most beautiful woman in the world </li></ul>
  15. 15. Judgment of Paris <ul><li>Aphrodite led Paris to Helen, wife of Meneleus, of Sparta </li></ul><ul><li>Paris abducted Helen, </li></ul><ul><li>took her to Troy </li></ul><ul><li>All the Greeks combined forces </li></ul><ul><li>Helen: “ . . . the face that launched a thousand ships . . .” </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Trojan War <ul><li>Paris killed Achilles </li></ul><ul><li>Aphrodite helped the Trojans </li></ul><ul><li>Athena helped the Greeks </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Trojan Horse
  18. 18. The Trojan War <ul><li>Odysseus, King of Ithaca </li></ul><ul><li>“ Trojan Horse” </li></ul><ul><li>Odyssey: a long or difficult journey or transformation </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Odyssey <ul><li>The story of the journey of Odysseus and his men trying to get home after the Trojan War. </li></ul><ul><li>10 years </li></ul><ul><li>Penelope: wife of Odysseus </li></ul>
  20. 20. Characters <ul><li>Ulysses or Odysseus </li></ul><ul><li>Sirens - group of females who lured sailors by their singing </li></ul>
  21. 21. Characters <ul><li>Circe - goddess, enchantress, who turned men into swine </li></ul><ul><li>Scylla - monster with 12 feet and 6 heads with 3 rows of teeth, carries off a sailor in each mouth </li></ul>