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AC City: Leeds

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Developed by Claire Kyndt - OCR B Geography Case Study

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AC City: Leeds

  1. 1. 11 Recap • The term for the increased number of people living in urban areas? • The city that has experienced most urban growth? • A city considered to be globally important? • A city with a population of over 10 million people? • Three characteristics of a world city? • A negative factor that results in the movement of people away from an urban/rural area. • Three issues of informal housing in LIDC cities? • The process where people move from city centres to the edges of cities. • One issue of counter-urbanisation • Two reasons why cities are experiencing re-urbanisation?
  2. 2. 22 Spec Check: “This enquiry question is studied through case studies of one city in an AC and one city in an LIDC or EDC” What are the challenges and opportunities for cities today?
  3. 3. 3 What do you need to know? • The city’s location and importance within its region, the country, and the wider world. • Patterns of national and international migration and how this is changing the growth and character of the city. • Explore the ways of life in the city, such as culture, ethnicity, housing, leisure and consumption. • Investigate the contemporary challenges that affect life in the AC city, such as housing availability, transport provision, access to services and inequality. • Investigate the contemporary challenges that affect life in the LIDC or EDC city, such as squatter settlements, informal sector jobs, health or waste disposal. a. What is life like for people in a city? • For each city investigate one initiative to make it more sustainable, such as use of brownfield sites, waste recycling and transport improvements b. How can cities become more sustainable
  4. 4. 4 Where am I? I am the second largest metropolitan district in England. I have a population of 800,000 people which has risen by 10% in the last decade. I am the headquarters of ASDA supermarket In 2014, I was the starting city of the Tour de France. My coat of arms is I am home to two major sporting stadiums Elland Road (football) and Headingley Stadium (cricket and rugby) Acronym: EDELS
  5. 5. 5 Case study of one city in an AC: Leeds, UK • The city’s location and importance within its region, the country, and the wider world. • Patterns of national and international migration and how this is changing the growth and character of the city. • Explore the ways of life in the city, such as culture, ethnicity, housing, leisure and consumption. • Investigate the contemporary challenges that affect life in the AC city, such as housing availability, transport provision, access to services and inequality. • One initiative to make it more sustainable, such as use of brownfield sites, waste recycling and transport improvements What you need to know
  6. 6. 6 Leeds Location Describe the location of Leeds: • Which part of the UK • Which region • Other places within West Yorkshire West Yorkshire
  7. 7. 7 The city’s location and importance within its region, the country, and the wider world. • Leeds is in the ______________of England • Leeds is the major city in _________________ and lies within a conurbation that contains _____________and ______________. • It is the largest city in the _____________ and __________ region and covers over ___________ square miles. • The city’s population is around ___________ people and has increased by about ______________ in the last decade. • City has a well-developed transport system including the ____ which connects to London and the ____ (a major east to west artery). • The city is well served by railway links with a travel time to London being _______ by train. • There is also an international airport at _________________.
  8. 8. 8 How did Leeds develop? Saxon times Medieval times 17th C 18th C Today
  9. 9. 9 Leeds population growth year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 Populati on 94,421 108,459 137,476 183,015 222,189 249,992 311,197 372,402 433,607 503,493 552,479 606,250 625,854 646,119 668,667 692,003 715,260 739,401 696,732 716,760 715,404 751,500 % change – +14.87 +26.75 +33.13 +21.40 +12.51 +19.67 +16.44 +16.12 +9.73 +9.73 +3.23 +3.24 +3.49 +3.49 +3.36 +3.38 −5.77 +2.87 1. Calculate the percentage change between 1851 and 1861? 1. What type of graph would best represent this data? • Bar graph • Line graph • Pie chart • Scatter graph 3. Draw a suitable graph showing percentage population change in Leeds. 4. Describe the main population trends.
  10. 10. 10 Leeds population growth year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 Populati on 94,421 108,459 137,476 183,015 222,189 249,992 311,197 372,402 433,607 503,493 552,479 606,250 625,854 646,119 668,667 692,003 715,260 739,401 696,732 716,760 715,404 751,500 % change – +14.87 +26.75 +33.13 +21.40 +12.51 +24.48 +19.67 +16.44 +16.12 +9.73 +9.73 +3.23 +3.24 +3.49 +3.49 +3.36 +3.38 −5.77 +2.87 year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 Populati on 94,421 108,459 137,476 183,015 222,189 249,992 311,197 372,402 433,607 503,493 552,479 606,250 625,854 646,119 668,667 692,003 715,260 739,401 696,732 716,760 715,404 751,500 % change – +14.87 +26.75 +33.13 +21.40 +12.51 +19.67 +16.44 +16.12 +9.73 +9.73 +3.23 +3.24 +3.49 +3.49 +3.36 +3.38 −5.77 +2.87 1. Calculate the percentage change between 1851 and 1861? 1. What type of graph would best represent this data? • Bar graph • Line graph • Pie chart • Scatter graph 3. Draw a suitable graph showing percentage population change in Leeds. 4. Describe the main population trends.
  11. 11. 11 Leeds population change over time Describe the main population trends:
  12. 12. 12 Patterns of national and international migration and how this is changing the growth and character of the city.
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15Choropleth map showing ethnic diversity in Leeds.
  16. 16. 16 Leeds migration photo board Caribbean migrants Irish migrants Eastern European migrants Students
  17. 17. 17 Patterns of national and international migration in Leeds What 5 things do we learn from the resources about migration patterns in Leeds
  18. 18. 18 Exploring the ‘ways of life in the city’ Culture • The arts e.g. cinema, music, theatre Leisure • Free time for enjoyment Consumption • Spending disposable income Housing • The types of buildings people live in the typical pattern of behaviour of a person or group.
  19. 19. 19 ‘ways of life in the city’ Culture Leisure Consumption Housing Explore the ways of life in the city, such as culture, ethnicity, housing, leisure and consumption.
  20. 20. 20 Leeds is very diverse with a range of different culture, languages, faiths and races. Some groups require additional support with the English language or financial matters.
  21. 21. 2121 If you were a ……………living in Leeds, what do you think might persuade you to stay in the city? • A young person? • A recently retied person? • A newly arrived refugee? • An investor looking for a location for a new start-up company?
  22. 22. 2222 TASK: You have different cards relating to people who live in Leeds. Your task is to rank them in terms of how serious you think their problem is. YOU MUST DECIDE AS A GROUP (you may have to compromise) There are lots of benefits of living in cities but there are also challenges and problems that arise. In Leeds they are the following.. Then in your booklet answer the following question. Justify your ranking above in terms of the severity of problems faced in Leeds. What was the most serious problem? What was the least? Why? MOST SERIOUS LEAST SERIOUS AFFORDABLE HOUSING AIR & WATER POLLUTION SOCIAL INEQUALITY UNEMPLOYMENT STUDENT ISSUES Once you have decided, grab some pegs and place your order on the washing line across the classroom…
  23. 23. 23 How do contemporary challenges affect life in the Leeds, such as housing availability, transport provision, access to services and inequality. MOST SERIOUS LEAST SERIOUS Affordable Housing Air and water pollution Social Inequality Unemployment Student Issues What would you suggest Leeds could do about solving these challenges? Studentification
  24. 24. 2424 What lies in the future for Leeds? In order for Leeds, or any city, to be sustainable, it needs to provide people with a good quality of life in a way that is: • Socially • Economically • Environmentally sustainable. Investigate one initiative to make it more sustainable, such as use of brownfield sites, waste recycling and transport improvements
  25. 25. 25 Leeds South Bank
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. 28 List the adjectives used to describe the Leeds South Bank project. Now support these adjectives with specific examples of features of the development
  29. 29. 2929 South Bank and HS2 are linked Plans for HS2 and Leeds In 2014 the government announced plans to extend the High Speed rail line to as far as Leeds. Planned to arrive in the city by 2032. A long way off but the city is still considering potential benefits. The government wants to invites in cities in the North to spread the country’s economy around the UK, not just in London.
  30. 30. 3030 Plot the following cities onto your map: • London • Birmingham • Derby • Manchester • Leeds • Newcastle • Edinburgh
  31. 31. 3131 South Bank development
  32. 32. 32 How sustainable is Leeds South Bank? Socially sustainable Economically sustainable Environmentally sustainable
  33. 33. 33 To end: Leeds importance and Connections World UK W. Yorkshire LEEDS
  34. 34. 34 Other questions 1. Describe the challenges created by inequality in a AC city you have studied and outline how these challenges have affected life in the city (6 marks) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2. Describe how international migration is changing the growth and character of a named AC city (4 marks) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  35. 35. 35 3. Describe the challenges of affordable housing in an AC you have studied and examine how these challenges affect life in the city (6 marks) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  36. 36. 36 Evaluate the sustainability of the South Bank development in Leeds. Step 1: Start with a phrase ‘Evaluate’ To some extent… Very sustainable… Mostly sustainable…. Not sustainable… Step 2: On one hand… Step 3: One the other hand… Step 4: Overall Which aspects of the development are sustainable and how? Which aspects of the development are unsustainable and how? What is your opinion overall? Define keywords Sustainability:
  37. 37. 3737 Evaluate the sustainability of the South Bank development in Leeds. (1-3) Describe what parts of the South Bank development are good or bad. (4-6) Explain how socially, economically and environmentally sustainable it is. (7-9) Does it actually tackle the problems you have already learnt about? Suggest what could be done instead in the development.

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