Pirre Rambach (Architecte) Susanne Rambach (Plasticienne) Le jardin japonais, L'art de dresser les pierres. Les enseignements du Sakutei-Ki (Permanence et invention) Editions Hazan, Paris, 2005
SAKUTEI-KI Thashibana no Toshitsuna (Garden of stone)
1° Sakutei-ki (Notes on garden fabrics -fabricating gardens or garden manufacturing ?) authored by Tachibana no Toshitsuna (aristocrat of the imperial court, XI century) . His master the esoteric boudhist monk ( † 1040) En' in ajari taught the secret technic that was going to be an art. 2° Firstly accepted as chinese technics, Tachibana then rejected them to make its own Sakutei-ki (perhaps the oldest known book on fabricating gardens) 3°Sakutei-ki a) guide lines are: -> stone orientations -> stone shaping and -> stone setting- ups b) in relationships with the: -> river courses -> lake bends -> waterfall drop points -> games of spread sizes -> games of proportion sizes -> energies c) which goal is to: -> deepen the viewer imaginary -> confond reality with a paralleled
2 versions of the book: +Orale Professor Masuda taught to foreign students in Kyoto University the Sakutei-ki in 1963 +Detailed version by Michel Vieillard-Baron help to catch-up forgotten aspects and rules often neglected
Also, Sakutei-ki is very appropriate to a zen attitude . In fact, what emergency rescue and disaster management are offering for salvation to people at risk of flood is a project management, where the risk reduction would be to late, with: -> unsustainable walls (to stop flood) -> unsustainable sand bags -> salvaging the environment including the initial urbanism -> run-aways and exit routes in term of emergency evacuations -> planning that considering water as a foe -> development for rescuer organizations and little left for the sufferers Myviewpoint is to reverse the trend of adversity condtions that are stressfull by and a zen attitude, where people are unable to be worried too much about the water rising dangerously because of the Sakutei-ki or new flood architecture (with trees and stones that are permanent settlement (and not mobile).
The Sakutei-ki which is issued from ancestral chinese art of fabricating gardens with stone has been passed to posterity of art history by Tachibana (from the teaching of his master budhist monk En' in ajari) and as most ancien technologies or arts, it has been forgatten but I found it fits well for future flood development mitigations or adaptation strategies, whithin the flood urbanism. Anyway in my project , properly layout of stones in water for screening flood flows or building in elevation like piloti house is paramount before all industries takes place (we have the example ofthe city of Venitio, which is over 500 years settled on water) . In addition , as the Sakutei-ki guidelines are stimulating an open door to the real world into paralleled worlds of garden, it helps to relief psychology energies from people at risk of flood during the occurence. Building gardens with stones (including planting trees) for safety of dry feet zones and sufferer sheltering participates in flood risk reduction and post recovery operation. So, the WAER project is a mix of combined communication technologies (mobile phone camera, GPS, internet...sensors) and innovative operations (use of drones to drop water purifiers) and the natural environment, which needs to be reorganized in inundated zones where the likelyhood of flood risks can have severe impacts on people lives and their properties.
THE SOUL OF SAKUTEI-KI TECHNICITY (It is a principle for Tachibana no Toshitsuna to keep the soul of Sakutei -ki). ART DIVERSION UNDER CHINESE INFLUENCE FROM THE ARISTOCRACY Man celestial house = the lake + the island + the mountain Source page 10/11 L'art de dresser les pierres CHINESE INFLUENCE ON INNER JAPAN
CHINESE GARDEN Lake Mountains: slopes, shapes... INNER OUTER OUTER CHINESE INFLUENCE ON INNER JAPAN Source page 10/11 L'art de dresser les pierres
Metaphore with an Archipelago looks like Tenryu-ji, Kyoto (page 10/11) To dress stone in the garden, one needs an understanding of ancient art, which is the art of gardening Stone water trees Inner Japan Swamp (Osawa no ike, Kyoto) Set the stone in respect to the shape of the ground and the nature of the lake Copy of Doteiko in China CHINESE INFLUENCE ON INNER JAPAN Boudhist temple
Garden Emperor Kose no Kanakoa digs a lake in the garden, in 876 Archeological excavations are in due to course to restaure part of emperor garden Stone Water reservoir for the city, in 2005 Stone looking like an island