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Site-specific approaches
Site-specific approaches in contemporary European harbour
in contemporary European harbour transf...
Harbour transformation
Global problem…
Harbour transformation

Global problem, global answer
Global answer:
From ashes to gold!

Ashes? Gold?
Local particularities?
What constitutes a site in design? (Burns/Kahn 2005)

Site is more than the area of topical intervention
What constitutes a site in design? (Burns/Kahn 2005)

Site is more than the area of topical intervention
Area of control

...
What constitutes a site in design? (Burns/Kahn 2005)

Site is more than the area of topical intervention
Area of control
A...
What constitutes a site in design? (Burns/Kahn 2005)

Site is more than the area of topical intervention
Area of control
A...
What constitutes a site in design? (Burns/Kahn 2005)

Site is more than the area of topical intervention
Area of control
A...
What is site specificity? (Kwon 2002)

Site specificity was first coined in the arts in the 1960s and 70s

Today site-spec...
Parameters for evaluating site-specificity

Physical

structures
materials

e.g. geological, hydrological, urban…
e.g. gra...
Parameters for evaluating site-specificity

Physical

structures
materials

e.g. geological, hydrological, urban…
e.g. gra...
Parameters for evaluating site-specificity

Physical

structures
materials

e.g. geological, hydrological, urban…
e.g. gra...
Design as transformation (Braae 2012)

Starting projects from a close observation of all the existing elements
found on si...
Antwerp

Nantes
Photo: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile

330 ha

Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes, Nantes
Photo: courtesy Proap

23 000 m2

PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
Nantes Ile de Nantes
Atelier de l’Ile de Nantes (Alexandre Chemetoff), Paris/Nantes
Client Communauté Urbaine de Nantes
De...
Photo: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile

„make over without a complete make-over“

Economy of means

Keep as much as
possible, el...
Photo: courtesty Atelier de l‘Ile

Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes, Nantes
Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes, Nantes
Map: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile

Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
Map: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile

Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
Map: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile

Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
Competition

2000

‚plan guide‘ tool

site survey
project

site survey
project

site survey
project

site survey
project
…...
Photos: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile

Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
Photos: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile

Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
Photo: Arnauld Dubois Fresney/ SAMOA
Photo: Vincent Jacques/ SAMOA

Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
Transscalar transformation

Big size area of control – make it smaller

Ile de
Nantes
Antwerp Scheldt Quays

PROAP, Lisbon
Client City of Antwerp/ Waterwegen en Zeekanal nv
Design (competition) 2006
Construct...
Raise dyke to 9,25m for flood protection,
which means 2,25m above city ground level –

new quays as a separation of city a...
Map drawings: courtesy Proap

area of control

area of influence

PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
Map drawings: courtesy Proap

area of control

area of control

PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
Map drawing: courtesy Proap

PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
Drawing: courtesy Proap

PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
TYPOLOGY 1

Drawings: courtesy Proap

changing water levels...

high
changing uses...

low
PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
Drawings: courtesy Proap

Competition

2006

Play the game with
municipality,
port,
traffic engineers…

…inhabitants,
heri...
Map drawing: courtesy Proap

PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
Transscalar transformation

Small scale area of control – make it bigger

Scheldt
Quays
Site is transscalar, design is transformation

Big size area of control – make it smaller

Ile de
Nantes
Small scale area ...
Site is transscalar, design is transformation

Big size area of control – make it smaller

Ile de
Nantes
Small scale area ...
Site is transscalar, design is transformation

Big size area of control – make it smaller

Ile de
Nantes
Small scale area ...
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Lisa Diedrich: Site-specific approaches in contemporary European harbour transformation

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Lisa Diedrich: Site-specific approaches in contemporary European harbour transformation

  1. 1. Site-specific approaches Site-specific approaches in contemporary European harbour in contemporary European harbour transformation transformation Photo: Arnauld Dubois Fresney/ SAMOA Photo: Vincent Jacques/ SAMOA Lisa Diedrich Lisa Diedrich Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Arch. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences SLU Alnarp Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Arch., Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences SLU Alnarp PhD Fellow, Copenhagen University PhD Fellow, Landscape Architecture Editor-in-ChiefCopenhagen University Europe, ‚scape the international magazine for landscape architecture and urbanism Editor-in-Chief Landscape Architecture Europe, ‚scape the international magazine for landscape architecture and urbanism
  2. 2. Harbour transformation Global problem… Harbour transformation Global problem, global answer
  3. 3. Global answer: From ashes to gold! Ashes? Gold? Local particularities?
  4. 4. What constitutes a site in design? (Burns/Kahn 2005) Site is more than the area of topical intervention
  5. 5. What constitutes a site in design? (Burns/Kahn 2005) Site is more than the area of topical intervention Area of control e.g. proper harbour transformation area
  6. 6. What constitutes a site in design? (Burns/Kahn 2005) Site is more than the area of topical intervention Area of control Area of influence e.g. proper harbour transformation area e.g. catchment, coast, water table, climatic zone
  7. 7. What constitutes a site in design? (Burns/Kahn 2005) Site is more than the area of topical intervention Area of control Area of influence Area of effect e.g. proper harbour transformation area e.g. catchment, coast, water table, climatic zone e.g. district, city, metropolitan region
  8. 8. What constitutes a site in design? (Burns/Kahn 2005) Site is more than the area of topical intervention Area of control Area of influence Area of effect e.g. proper harbour transformation area e.g. catchment, coast, water table, climatic zone e.g. district, city, metropolitan region Site is a dynamic relational construct Site is transscalar
  9. 9. What is site specificity? (Kwon 2002) Site specificity was first coined in the arts in the 1960s and 70s Today site-specificity needs redefinition Thinking together - the nostalgic desire of a retrieval of rooted, place-bound identities - the anti-nostalgic embrace of a nomadic fluidity of subjectivity, identity and spatiality Relying on a pragmatic, constructivist idea of site being construed and constructed by the artist from relational sensibility
  10. 10. Parameters for evaluating site-specificity Physical structures materials e.g. geological, hydrological, urban… e.g. gravel, rails, streets, buildings…
  11. 11. Parameters for evaluating site-specificity Physical structures materials e.g. geological, hydrological, urban… e.g. gravel, rails, streets, buildings… Flux processes practices e.g. dynamics of natural systems e.g. human uses and habits
  12. 12. Parameters for evaluating site-specificity Physical structures materials e.g. geological, hydrological, urban… e.g. gravel, rails, streets, buildings… Immaterial atmospheres memories i.e. temporal phenomena, experiences i.e. collective and personal Flux processes practices i.e. dynamics of natural systems i.e. human usages
  13. 13. Design as transformation (Braae 2012) Starting projects from a close observation of all the existing elements found on site in order to transform rather than to design anew. Transformation is a process in the course of which something is changed from one state into another, relating the former something with the new something else while knowing that neither before nor after is static. Urban planning practice: defining a programme which is applied to a site (Koolhaas) Landscape architectural approach: developing a programme from site (Marot, Meyer)
  14. 14. Antwerp Nantes
  15. 15. Photo: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile 330 ha Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes, Nantes
  16. 16. Photo: courtesy Proap 23 000 m2 PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
  17. 17. Nantes Ile de Nantes Atelier de l’Ile de Nantes (Alexandre Chemetoff), Paris/Nantes Client Communauté Urbaine de Nantes Design (competition) 2000 Construction 2002-2010 330 ha
  18. 18. Photo: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile „make over without a complete make-over“ Economy of means Keep as much as possible, eliminate as few as possible of what is found on site regardless of when and why and for whom it has been installed... Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes, Nantes
  19. 19. Photo: courtesty Atelier de l‘Ile Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes, Nantes
  20. 20. Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes, Nantes
  21. 21. Map: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
  22. 22. Map: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
  23. 23. Map: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
  24. 24. Competition 2000 ‚plan guide‘ tool site survey project site survey project site survey project site survey project … 2010 Maps: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
  25. 25. Photos: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
  26. 26. Photos: courtesy Atelier de l‘Ile Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
  27. 27. Photo: Arnauld Dubois Fresney/ SAMOA Photo: Vincent Jacques/ SAMOA Alexandre Chemetoff, Ile de Nantes
  28. 28. Transscalar transformation Big size area of control – make it smaller Ile de Nantes
  29. 29. Antwerp Scheldt Quays PROAP, Lisbon Client City of Antwerp/ Waterwegen en Zeekanal nv Design (competition) 2006 Construction start scheduled for 2012 23 000 m2
  30. 30. Raise dyke to 9,25m for flood protection, which means 2,25m above city ground level – new quays as a separation of city and river? Photo: courtesy Proap ? „erase without erasing“ PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
  31. 31. Map drawings: courtesy Proap area of control area of influence PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
  32. 32. Map drawings: courtesy Proap area of control area of control PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
  33. 33. Map drawing: courtesy Proap PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
  34. 34. Drawing: courtesy Proap PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
  35. 35. TYPOLOGY 1 Drawings: courtesy Proap changing water levels... high changing uses... low PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
  36. 36. Drawings: courtesy Proap Competition 2006 Play the game with municipality, port, traffic engineers… …inhabitants, heritage people… Masterplan defined Construction 1st phase starts PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp 2010 2012
  37. 37. Map drawing: courtesy Proap PROAP, Scheldt Quays, Antwerp
  38. 38. Transscalar transformation Small scale area of control – make it bigger Scheldt Quays
  39. 39. Site is transscalar, design is transformation Big size area of control – make it smaller Ile de Nantes Small scale area of control – make it bigger Scheldt Quays
  40. 40. Site is transscalar, design is transformation Big size area of control – make it smaller Ile de Nantes Small scale area of control – make it bigger Scheldt Quays
  41. 41. Site is transscalar, design is transformation Big size area of control – make it smaller Ile de Nantes Small scale area of control – make it bigger Scheldt Quays

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