Diabetes Poster


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  • Caveat emptor -- this diabetes poster is medically and technically inaccurate. Slide 9 describes a medical procedure deemed dangerous and ineffective by the International Diabetes Federation. Slide 10 fails to mention the only treatment of severe hypoglycemia--glucagon.
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  • This presentation breaches every possible rules of diabetes management and communication.
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Diabetes Poster

  1. 1. DIABETES
  2. 2. What Is Diabetes? <ul><li>A disorder of the pancreas </li></ul><ul><li> - The pancreas stops making insulin, an essential hormone in the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin is the key that allows glucose to enter the cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Glucose is used by every cell in the body for energy </li></ul>
  3. 3. INSULIN <ul><li>Without insulin, glucose cannot enter the cell. Glucose stays in the bloodstream, creating high levels of blood sugar. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>NOT contagious </li></ul><ul><li>NOT caused by eating too much sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Is caused by the body’s inability to make insulin </li></ul><ul><li>Results in high blood sugar levels </li></ul><ul><li>Can be treated only with a combination of insulin, diet and exercise </li></ul>Diabetes is:
  5. 5. Hypoglycemia <ul><li>Most likely to occur: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When meals or snacks are missed or delayed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When strenuous activity occurs just before lunch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During a lengthy field trip or field day activity. </li></ul></ul>LOW (Low Blood Sugar)
  6. 6. SYMPTOMS OF LOW BLOOD SUGAR <ul><li>Weakness or tiredness </li></ul><ul><li>Shaking </li></ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul><ul><li>Anxious, Pale </li></ul>LOW
  7. 7. Student’s with Hypoglycemia will : <ul><li>Have a blood sugar level below 80mg </li></ul><ul><li>Need treatment depending on type of reaction. </li></ul><ul><li>Three levels of reactions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conscious and able to swallow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conscious but uncooperative or disoriented </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unconscious or having a seizure </li></ul></ul></ul>LOW
  8. 8. Treatment of Hypoglycemia <ul><li>Conscious and able to swallow : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glucose tablets--start with 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular soda pop (not diet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Milk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms should improve within 15-20 minutes. If not, repeat. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If longer than 1 hour until next meal or snack, give small snack containing protein (cheese crackers or milk ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>LOW
  9. 9. Treatment of Hypoglycemia <ul><li>Conscious, but uncooperative, or disoriented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give glucose gel, tube of clear frosting or packet of honey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lay student on side and squeeze into pocket of the cheek </li></ul></ul>LOW
  10. 10. Treatment of Hypoglycemia <ul><li>Unconscious or having a seizure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Call 911 immediately </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give nothing by mouth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notify parents </li></ul></ul>LOW
  11. 11. Hyperglycemia <ul><li>May occur if student: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is becoming ill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eats too much </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Misses insulin dose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is under a lot of stress </li></ul></ul>HIGH (High Blood Sugar Is NOT A Medical Emergency)
  12. 12. Symptoms of Hyperglycemia <ul><li>Extreme thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent urination </li></ul><ul><li>Dry skin </li></ul><ul><li>Hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Blurred vision </li></ul>HIGH
  13. 13. Treatment of Hyperglycemia <ul><li>Test blood sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Check Health Care Plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Notify parents if over 250mg/dL </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Drink water </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin </li></ul>HIGH
  14. 14. HEALTH CARE PLAN <ul><li>Be familiar with specific emergency plan for each diabetic student </li></ul><ul><li>Contact school nurse with questions </li></ul><ul><li>Know where student’s supplies and snacks are stored </li></ul><ul><li>Have easy access to emergency contact phone numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Notify substitute teacher of location of health care plan </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hints for Success <ul><li>Develop good relationship with parents/guardians; they know your student’s health concerns well. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow accommodations as listed in the health care plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Notify family early of field trip plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Notify family of special events that may involve classroom treats or changes in the school lunch schedule. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t hesitate to ask questions about care . </li></ul>