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Struggle and survival part1


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Struggle and survival part1

  1. 1. Struggle and Survival <ul><li>Esthela Caito </li></ul><ul><li>Part 1 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Martin Oceotl <ul><li>Martin Oceotl lived from 1496-1537 in the Mexico/ New Spain timeline. </li></ul><ul><li>He was he was born in Puebla, Mexico. he later lived in Texcoco. </li></ul><ul><li>He was an indigeous priest within the Aztec Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>He was one of the priest- diviners who predicted that the bearded white men (the Spanish) would come to conquer the land. </li></ul><ul><li>He was imprisoned for his predictions. </li></ul><ul><li>When his predictions came true, he was released from prison. </li></ul>- <ul><li>Christian missionaries wanted to get rid of the Aztec priests. </li></ul><ul><li>Oceotl became a native priests and was good at divining. </li></ul><ul><li>Ocelotl was found to be an enemy of the Holy Faith. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1537, Ocelotl was subjected to public humiliation by riding a mule through the city and having the charges against him made public. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Isabel Moctezuma <ul><li>Isabel Moctezuma lived from 1509-1550, in the Mexico/New Spain timeline. </li></ul><ul><li>She lived in the Aztec Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>She was a Mexican Indian. </li></ul><ul><li>Isabel was a daughter to the Aztec ruler Moctezuma II. </li></ul><ul><li>After Isabel’s father was murdered by Cortes in June 1521,Isabel was engaged to be married to her uncle and later to her cousin Cuauhtemoc (the head of Aztec resistance to the Spanish occupation). </li></ul><ul><li>Her uncle dies from smallpox and her cousin was killed by Hernan Cortes. </li></ul><ul><li>She was briefly married to Alfonso de Grado who was a member of Cortes’ original exeditionary force. </li></ul><ul><li>De Grado died in 1528. </li></ul><ul><li>When the two were married, Cortes granted Isabel the encomienda of Tacuba. </li></ul><ul><li>Isabel later married Perdo Gallego and had a son with him named Juan de Andrade Moctezuma. </li></ul><ul><li>Gallego later married Juan Cano. </li></ul><ul><li>When she was married to Cortes, she had a daughter with him named Leonor. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Antonio de Gouveia <ul><li>He was born in 1528 and died in 1544. </li></ul><ul><li>De Gouveia was an adventurer and priest. </li></ul><ul><li>He was ordained to the holy priesthood in the chapel of Saint Anne. </li></ul><ul><li>Gouveia went to Italy to further his education. </li></ul><ul><li>On his trip back to Purtugal from Italy, he was shipwrecked. </li></ul><ul><li>He practiced medicine in oder to earn money and get back home. </li></ul><ul><li>Gouveia was accused of superstition and of practicing medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>Whe Gouveia was back in Portugal, he joined the Society of Jesus, but soon after, he left it. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1557, he was arrested on charges of superstition, divination, witchcraft, and commerce with the Devil. </li></ul><ul><li>He was found guilty of scandalous acts against the Faith, of practicing medicine without qualifications, of being a victim of his own imaginations, of commerce with the Devil, and other charges. </li></ul><ul><li>His punishment was forced labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Gouveia was banished and sent to Bahia, and received a warm welcome. </li></ul><ul><li>Gouveia continued to be charged with wrongdoings. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Diego Vasicuio <ul><li>Diego lived from 1580-1670s. </li></ul><ul><li>He lived in Salamanca, in the viceroyality of Peru. His permanent settlement was in Buenos Aires, under Juan de Garay. </li></ul><ul><li>Vasicuio was a Native American. </li></ul><ul><li>He was a native priest. </li></ul><ul><li>Vasicuio was a leader of a group of Indians who worshiped the old god Sorimana. </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish had been trying to get the Indians of Peru to convert to Catholicism. </li></ul><ul><li>The mission was prevented from happening because there were indigenous religious beliefs and practices that continued to exist in the region. </li></ul><ul><li>Some priests called these beliefs and practices “idolatry.” </li></ul><ul><li>Diego Vasicuio was one of the people- along with hundreds of others- who kept the traditional religious thought alive. </li></ul><ul><li>When Vasicuio was over 90 years old. He was charged before Father de Prado with heresy. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Francisca <ul><li>Francisca lived from 1700-1750. </li></ul><ul><li>Francisca lived in the city of Belem do Para </li></ul><ul><li>near the mouth of the Amazon River. </li></ul><ul><li>Francisca was a Native American. </li></ul><ul><li>She was an Indian slave. </li></ul><ul><li>Francisca was part of the Manao tribe. </li></ul><ul><li>While Francisca was growing up on the Rio </li></ul><ul><li>Negro, the households and plantations of </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese Para needed labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Francisco served in Anna de Fonte’s house for 20 years before she plead to the authorities for her freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>Francisca’s young lover, Angelico de Barros Gonclaves, convinced her to plea to the Portuguese authorities for her freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>The case was based on the argument that she has been illegally enslaved in the back country many years before. </li></ul><ul><li>She had a defender as well as witnesses for her case. </li></ul><ul><li>The justice found in her favor; but the case was then appealed by Francisca’s owner to the Council of Missions. </li></ul><ul><li>The litigation ended up being unsuccessful and Francisca had to remain a slave. </li></ul>