Robert e. lee


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Robert e. lee

  1. 1. Esthela Caito Professor M. Arguello History 141 Crossroads of Freedom Robert E. Lee
  2. 2. <ul><li>In 1861, President Abraham Lincoln asked Lee if he wanted to take command over the entire Union Army. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee said no to the offer because his home state of Virginia decided to secede from the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Edward Lee commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee was born in Stratford. Westmoreland County, Virginia and lived from 1807- 1870. </li></ul><ul><li>The Confederate states were the 11 Southern slave states of the US that wanted to secede from the US. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Even though Lee did not agree with Virginia’s secession nor did he agree with having slavery, he had to stay faithful to his state. </li></ul><ul><li>He was respected by his enemies and was sometimes regarded as “the right man on the wrong side of a war.” </li></ul><ul><li>Lee was recognized as having great awareness & good judgment when he planned & executed military tactics. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee’s military strategies were so impressive that they are actually studied in military schools as models of strategy and tactics. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee was good at knowing what the other side was going to do next. </li></ul><ul><li>He was also good at understanding the other side’s weaknesses. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Lee liked to be offensive in strategy but defensive in tactics. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee set up his front to bulge outward toward the enemy (convex front) so that reinforcements, transfers, & supplies could reach the destination over a direct route. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee is greatly known for having his troops protected by trenches. </li></ul><ul><li>He knew that when a small group of soldiers is protected well by entrenchments, it has a better chance of standing up to a larger enemy force. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee’s victories included the Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of the Wilderness, Battle of Cold Harbor, Seven Days Battle, and the Second Battle of Bull Run. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In 1865, Robert E. Lee wrote to a former Confederate soldier concerning his signing the Oath of Allegiance, and I quote: &quot;This war, being at an end, the Southern States having laid down their arms, and the questions at issue between them and the Northern States having been decided, I believe it to be the duty of everyone to unite in the restoration of the country and the reestablishment of peace and harmony.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>When Lee’s army was defeated at Antietam (1862) and Gettysburg (1863), it was obvious that the South would be defeated. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1864, Ulysses S. Grant became the new Commander of the Union army and his plan was to wear down Lee’s army. </li></ul><ul><li>In early 1865, Lee wanted to have slaves fight for the Confederate Army in exchange for their freedom. This plan never came about. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee’s army experienced many losses against Grant. </li></ul><ul><li>On April 9, 1865, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>