Robert e. lee


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Robert e. lee

  1. 1. Crossroads of FreedomRobert E. Lee Esthela Caito Professor M. Arguello History 141
  2. 2.  Robert Edward Lee commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War.  Lee was born in Stratford. Westmoreland County, Virginia and lived from 1807- 1870.  The Confederate states were the 11 Southern slave states of In 1861, President Abraham the US that wanted to secede Lincoln asked Lee if he from the US. wanted to take command over the entire Union Army. Lee said no to the offer because his home state of Virginia decided to secede from the Union.
  3. 3.  Even though Lee did not agree with Virginia’s secession nor did he agree with having slavery, he had to stay faithful to his state. He was respected by his enemies and was sometimes regarded as “the right man on the wrong side of a war.” Lee was recognized as having great awareness & good judgment when he planned & executed military tactics. Lee’s military strategies were so impressive that they are actually studied in military schools as models of strategy and tactics. Lee was good at knowing what the other side was going to do next. He was also good at understanding the other side’s weaknesses.
  4. 4.  Lee liked to be offensive in strategy but defensive in tactics. Lee set up his front to bulge outward toward the enemy (convex front) so that reinforcements, transfers, & supplies could reach the destination over a direct route. Lee is greatly known for having his troops protected by trenches. He knew that when a small group of soldiers is protected well by entrenchments, it has a better chance of standing up to a larger enemy force. Lee’s victories included the Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of the Wilderness, Battle of Cold Harbor, Seven Days Battle, and the Second Battle of Bull Run.
  5. 5.  When Lee’s army was defeated at Antietam (1862) and Gettysburg (1863), it was obvious that the South would be defeated.  In 1864, Ulysses S. Grant became the new Commander of the Union army and his plan was to wear down Lee’s army.  In early 1865, Lee wanted to have slaves fight for the Confederate Army in exchange for their freedom. This plan never came about. In 1865, Robert E. Lee wrote to a former Confederate soldier concerning  Lee’s army experienced many his signing the Oath of Allegiance, and losses against Grant. I quote: "This war, being at an end, the Southern States having laid down their arms, and the questions at issue  On April 9, 1865, Lee surrendered between them and the Northern States to Grant at Appomattox Court having been decided, I believe it to be House. the duty of everyone to unite in the restoration of the country and the reestablishment of peace and harmony."
  6. 6. Sources