Science Seminar Series 2 Stephen Lincoln

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Professor Stephen Lincoln engages us about "Energy: Today and Tomorrow"

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Science Seminar Series 2 Stephen Lincoln

  1. 1. Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln Environment Institute Science Seminar Series 2009 Energy: Today and Tomorrow Presented by: Professor Stephen Lincoln
  2. 2. Energy’s Central Role Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  3. 3. Energy’s Central Role –Total Primary Energy Consumption Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln HDI = 1/3 life expectancy 1/3 education 1/3 GDP
  4. 4. World Energy Production Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  5. 5. Fossil Fuel Reserves Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  6. 6. Energy Consumption Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  7. 7. Energy Flow - Australia Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln Exports 76% of domestic energy production. Imports 9.5% of total energy flow (67% of oil use). Domestic energy use . is 95% dependent on fossil fuels.
  8. 8. Electricity Generation Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  9. 9. Electricity Generation Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  10. 10. Current and Future Carbon Footprints Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln From - UK Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, Postnote, Oct., 2005, N o 268, p3. Grams of CO 2 / kWh
  11. 11. Energy – Costs Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  12. 12. Nuclear Fission <ul><li>Three Mile Island </li></ul><ul><li>nuclear power plant, </li></ul><ul><li>Susquehanna River, </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania, USA, </li></ul><ul><li>Accident </li></ul><ul><li>28 March 1979. </li></ul>Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  13. 13. Nuclear Fission Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  14. 14. Nuclear Fission - Uranium-235 Reactor Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  15. 15. Nuclear Fission Electricity Production Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln Key World Energy Statistics, 2007, IEA TWh
  16. 16. Nuclear Fission Power Production Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  17. 17. Nuclear Fission Power Production Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  18. 18. Nuclear Fission Power Production Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  19. 19. Nuclear Fusion Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln I nternational T hermonuclear E xperimental R eactor
  20. 20. Nuclear Fusion Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln I nternational T hermonuclear E xperimental R eactor M. Westra, IAEA Bulletin, 2007, March, 29-31 Cadarache, France
  21. 21. Wind Power – World Production Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  22. 22. Wind Energy Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln Average wind force variation Data: CSIRO 250,000 wind turbines generating 20 MWh/day each could provide energy as electricity equal to Australia’s annual total energy use
  23. 23. Solar Energy Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  24. 24. Solar Energy - Photovoltaic Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  25. 25. Solar Energy - Thermal Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  26. 26. Solar Energy Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  27. 27. Solar Energy Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln Area 70 kilometres by 70 kilometres at 4.75 KWh/m 2 /day could provide solar energy as electricity equal to Australia’s annual total energy use assuming 20% efficiency. Data: “The Heat is On” CSIRO, 2006
  28. 28. Hydrogen Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln 1 tonne of hydrogen produces 130 million kilojoules 1 tonne of oil produces 42 million kilojoules Courtesy NASA
  29. 29. Biofuels Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  30. 30. Ethanol from Sugar Cane - Brazil Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln Energy use Energy input/output in MJ/tonne sugar cane Sugar cane production: Cultivation, transportation, fertilizers, lime, herbicides, seeds equipment 202 Ethanol production: Electricity, chemicals, lubricants, buildings, equipment 49 Energy input 251 Energy output 2,089 Ethanol 1,921 Bagasse surplus 169 Net energy profit 1,719 I.C. Macedo et al., “Greenhouse gas emissions in the Production of Ethanol in Brazil: Present Situation (2002), Secretariat of the Environment, Sao Paulo 2003.
  31. 31. Energy – Realities Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln
  32. 32. Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln Thank you for listening
  33. 33. Energy2009 S.F. Lincoln Environment Institute Science Seminar Series 2009 The future of landscapes futures? Climate, soil, water, biota, economics and people - research complexity Presented by: Professor Wayne Meyer

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