MBTI: Understanding self and others


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MBTI: Understanding self and others

  1. 1. Personality Types:Understanding Self and Others Elena Lustina
  2. 2. We live in a human world
  3. 3. But often there is no peace
  4. 4. Not within ourselves
  5. 5. Not with those who are close to us
  6. 6. Not with our colleagues
  7. 7. Why don’t people understand each other?
  8. 8. We are different!
  9. 9. With our own thoughts, values, and personalities
  10. 10. And everyone sees the world differently
  11. 11. Let’s understand each other!
  12. 12. So we can love, enjoy, and be happy
  13. 13. Science tells: Understand yourself Understand the other Speak his language
  14. 14. How to understandself and others?
  15. 15. MBTI® is one of the possibilities proposes the theory of psychological types Carl Jung develop Jung‘s theory and create MBTI® – Myers-BriggsKatharine Type Indicator® Briggs Isabel Myers
  16. 16. According to the theory youneed to make only four steps to understanding any person
  17. 17. In order to understand another person, we need to figure out: The direction we focus our attention & energy The way we take in information The way we make decisions The way we act in the outer world
  18. 18. EISNTF MBTI®: the legendJP The direction we focus our attention & energy E I Extraversion Introversion The way we take in information S N Sensing iNtuition The way we make decisions T F Thinking Feeling The way we act in the outer world J P Judging Perception
  19. 19. EISNTF Extraversion & IntroversionJP The direction of our attention and energy Extravert (E) Introvert (I)E is focusing on the outside world: other I is focusing on the internal world: thoughts, people, events, actions, things emotions, experiences
  20. 20. EISNTFJP Extravert
  21. 21. EISNTFJP E is energetic and prefers to act
  22. 22. EISNTFJP E prefer to be surrounded by people
  23. 23. IESNTFJP Introvert
  24. 24. IESNTFJP I may not be in the mood to interact
  25. 25. IESNTFJP I keeps energy and enthusiasm inside
  26. 26. IESNTFJP I needs peace and quiet
  27. 27. EISNTF Extraversion & IntroversionJP Extravert (E) Introvert (I) action reflection communication solitude act– reflect – act reflect – act – reflect «breadth» «depth» external events are more internal thoughts and reflections are important more important prefers speaking to listening prefers listening to speaking
  28. 28. Where do you focus your attention and energy? Extraversion or Introversion
  29. 29. EISN Sensing & iNtuitionTFJP The way we take in information Sensing (S) iNtuition (N) S focuses on the present: current events N focuses on the future: new opportunities and facts and ideas
  30. 30. EISNTFJP Sensing
  31. 31. EISNTFJP S trusts what he/she sees, hears, and senses
  32. 32. EISNTFJP S is good at noticing details
  33. 33. EISNTFJP S tends to do what is practical
  34. 34. EISNTFJP iNtuition
  35. 35. EISNTFJP N tends to listen to subconscious
  36. 36. EISNTFJP N is good at seeing the perspective
  37. 37. EISNTFJP N prefers to do what is innovative
  38. 38. How do you prefer to take in information? Sensing or iNtuition
  39. 39. EISN Sensing & iNtuitionTFJP Sensing (S) iNtuition (N) is attentive to little things and details follows intuition and inspiration relies on facts and experience uses imagination practicality and utility tendencies and interconnection consistency chance present future tradition innovation
  40. 40. EISNTF Thinking & FeelingJP The way we make decisions Thinking (T) Feeling (F) T makes decisions objectively, F makes decisions subjectively, using logic using feeling
  41. 41. EISNTFJP Thinking
  42. 42. EISNTFJP T makes conclusions based on logical analysis
  43. 43. EISNTFJP T can look stern and cold
  44. 44. EISNTFJP T convince others through factual and impersonal arguments
  45. 45. EISNTFJP Feeling
  46. 46. EISNTFJP F uses values as a guiding principle
  47. 47. EISNTFJP F appreciates peace and harmony in relations
  48. 48. EISNTFJP F convinces others through personal influence
  49. 49. EISNTF Thinking & FeelingJP Thinking (T) Feeling (F) logic values truthfulness tactfulness fairness compassion clear mind kind heart straightforwardness avoiding conflicts impartiality sympathy
  50. 50. How do you make decisions? Thinking or Feeling
  51. 51. EISNTF Judging & PerceptionJP The way we act in the outer world Judging (J) Perception (P) Acts according to a plan, Acts according to a situation consistent flexible and impulsive
  52. 52. EISNTFJP Judging
  53. 53. EISNTFJP J performs better with a plan
  54. 54. EISNTFJP J lives according to a schedule and asks the same from others
  55. 55. EISNTFJP J prefers to organize and to complete the tasks
  56. 56. EISNTFPJ Perception
  57. 57. EISNTFPJP prefers to “keep the door open” and postpone decision making
  58. 58. EISNTFPJ P is ready for uncertainties and last minute changes
  59. 59. EISNTFPJ P resents inflexible plans and schedules
  60. 60. EISNTF Judging & PerceptionJP Judging (J) Perception (P) structure flow organization spontaneity goal process precision unpredictability plan «let’s see what happens» order fluidity
  61. 61. How do you act in the outer world? Judging or Perception
  62. 62. ?
  63. 63. Identify your type* E IExtraversion Introversion S NSensing iNtuition T FThinking Feeling J PJudging Perception * Use the MBTI® instrument
  64. 64. How to understand the other? observe the behavior listen what he/she is talking about analyze
  65. 65. And soon you will see…
  67. 67. *Knowing the types is not a silver bullet But is a step toward each other. Millions of steps every day. All over the world.
  68. 68. Speak to him in his language. And he will hear.
  69. 69. EISNTFJP E needs to speak and be heard
  70. 70. IESNTFJP I needs peace and quiet
  71. 71. EISNTFJP S prefers to see numbers and tables
  72. 72. EISNTFJP N is a dreamer and creator, so be considerate
  73. 73. EISNTFJP In order to convince T, have arguments
  74. 74. EISNTFJP Tell F about what matters
  75. 75. EISNTFJP J needs clear structure and order
  76. 76. EISNTFPJ P needs flexibility and choice
  77. 77. And at the end?
  78. 78. Know Understand yourself the otherSpeak the same language
  79. 79. Use Personality Types to  Find common ground with those who are close  Rear children according Realize your Family to their nature potential Build good relations with your colleagues Create a team Work Personal  Use your strengths  Understand and accept yourself
  80. 80. Let’s make the world a better place!
  81. 81. Elena Lustinapsychologist, personal consultant elena@mental-skills.ru