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PRESENTED BY-
DEVIKA PUNDKAR.
SNEHAL KANADE
YASH MORE
PRASAD MANKAR
-GUIDED BY
Omkar Parishwad
 THE LIFE OF PLAZAS.
 SITTING SPACES.
 SUN ,WIND ,TREES ,WATER .
 FOOD.
 THE STREET.
 THE “UNDESIRABLES”.
 EFFECTIV...
 WHAT DOES PLAZA MEAN?
 IN A SIMPLE WORD ,PLAZA IS AN OPEN URBAN
PUBLIC SPACE SUCH AS CITY SQUARE , AND THAT
OFTEN HAS T...
THE LIFE OF PLAZAS
 WHAT ATTRACT PEOPLE MOST ,IT WOULD
APPEAR IS, OTHER PEOPLE.
 SOMETIMES PEOPLE DIDN’T MOVE OUT OF THE
MAIN PEDESTRIAN FL...
• GIVEN THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF A CENTRE
CITY SUCH AS HIGH PEDESTRIAN VOLUMES AND
CONCENTRATION AND MIXTURE OF ACTIVITIES-
P...
i. PLAZA USE
ii. AMOUNT OF
OPEN SPACE
iii. AMOUNT OF
SITTABLE SPACE.
SITTING SPACES
 NEW YORK WERE VERY CONSISTENT ,IN THE USE
OF PLAZAS .DAY IN, DAY OUT ,MANY OF THEM
WOULD SIT AT CERTAIN PLAZAS ,FEW AT O...
 IT IS OBSERVED THAT PEOPLE SEEK OPEN SPACES AS
A RELIEF FROM THE OVERCROWDING THEY ARE
NORMALLY SUBJECTED TO,AND IT WOUL...
 SITTING SPACE TO BE SURE ,IS ONLY ONE OF THE MANY
VARIABLE AND WITHOUT A CONTROL SITUATION AS A
MEASURE, ONE CANNOT BE S...
SITTING SPACES
SITTING SPACES
SITTING SPACES
SITTING SPACES
TO KNOW THE ANSWER ,PROJECT MEMBER
INCLUDED ALL THE SPACE MEANT FOR PEOPLE TO
SIT ON ,SUCH AS BENCHES AND THE SPACES ,THEY...
TO MAKE THE PLACE MORE VIBRANT,
AVAILABILITY OF SITTING PLACE IS MUCH
IMPORTANT.
SITTING SPACES
A. SUN
B. WIND
C. TREES
D. WATER
SUN,WIND,TREES AND WATER
 IT IS OBSERVED THAT,IN LATE MORNING,THE PLAZA
WAS IN SHADOW.THEN SHORTLY BEFORE NOON,A
NARROW WEDGE OF SUNLIGHT BEGAN MO...
SUN,WIND,TREES AND WATER
NEW YORK’S NEW OPEN SPACE ZONING HAS
SHARPLY STEPPED UP REQUIREMENTS:DEVELOPERS
MUST PROVIDE A TR...
 THUS, SUN , WIND, TREES, WATER ARE THE MOST
IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR THE HEALTHY
DEVELOPMENT OF ANY PLAZA, TOWN ,CITY , ETC....
FOOD
FOOD
FOOD
FOOD
FOOD
 DURING CHRISTMAS
THERE WERE ABOUT 15
VENDORS IN 40 FOOT
STRETCH
FOOD
 A SNACK BAR
,TABLES,CHAIRS, SEED
PLACE WITH ACTIVITY
FOOD
STREET
AVENUE OF AMERICA
oNE OF THE NEW YORK’S BEST CORNERS IS 49TH STREET AND THE AVENUE OF
THE AMERICA , ALONG THE MCGRALL-HILL...
 PALEY’S PARK IS A
SUBURB SPACE FOR
MANY REASONS. ONE
OF THE MOST
IMPORTANT IS ITS
CORDIAL RELATION
WITH STREET. THE
VEST...
 BRYANT PARK [NY]
STREET
ROCKEFELLER PLAZA
A SUCCESSFUL PLACE IN TERMS OF EVENTS
,CONCERTS ETC AND HAS A SUNKEN
PLAZA IN THE MIDDLE.
STREET
STREET
STREET
 CITIES IN USA HAVE BROUGHT CONSIDERABLE
CHANGES IN THEIR BUILDING FORMS.
 THEY HAVE INTRODUCED NEW BUILDING FORMS
LIKE ...
 STRONG RELATION BETWEEN NUMBER OF PEOPLE
SITTING ON BENCHES ALONG THE CITY’S MAIN
PEDESTRIAN WAY AND NUMBER STANDING OR
...
A CROWDED
COMPLEX IN
TOKYO
,JAPAN
EFFECTIVE CAPACITY
•MOST INTENSIVELY
USED PLACES.
•ENVIRONMENT
AROUND IS AWFUL
AND FULL OF TRAFFIC.
•STILL ,SUCH PLACES
ARE USED BY OLD
PEOPL...
BENCHES ON
A TRAFFIC
ISLAND IN
MIDDLE OF
UPPER
BROADWAY
EFFECTIVE CAPACITY
GREEN ACRE
PARK, NY
ESSENTIAL
FACILITIES
•PLENTY OF
SEATING.
•FOOD
FACILITIES.
•TREES.
EFFECTIVE CAPACITY
GREEN ACRE PARK,NY
PALEY PARK,NY
EFFECTIVE CAPACITY
GRAND CENTRAL
STATION,NY
AN INDOOR SPACE,IN
NY
 SITTING ARRANGEMENT[PREFFERED MOVABLE
CHAIRS].
 FOOD STALLS,CAFES,ETC.
 RETAIL SHOPS.
 WASHROOMS.
INDOOR SPACES
PROS
 BLOCK CIRCULATION ONLY
THROUGH PUBLIC INDOOR
SPACE.
 SCREENING IN PEOPLE ON
BASIS OF INCOME IN PRIVATE
PUBLIC SPAC...
 SITTING PLACES NEXT TO MAIN PEDESTRIAN
FLOW ARE MOST LIKED.
 MAIN PEDESTRIAN FLOW IS CHANNELED
THROUGH LIMITED DOORS.
...
ENTERANCE OF GALLERY
MARKET
IN LOWER MANHATTEN
AN INDOOR PLACE IN
NY
INDOOR SPACES
 SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCED ATTRACTION FOR THE
STREETS.
 EXTRA FLOOR SPACE RECEIVED BY THE
DEVELOPERS
INDOOR SPACES
 CONCOURSES IS DEFINED AS A PLACE WHERE
PATHWAYS AND ROADWAYS MEET LIKE IN A
HOTEL, CONVENTION CENTRE, A RAILWAY
STATION ...
ST .CATHERINE STREET
IN MANHATTAN ,NY
OVERGROUND CONCOURSES
CONCOURSES AND
MEGASTRUCTURES
GRAND
CENTRAL
STATION ,NY
CONCOURSES AND
MEGASTRUCTURES
POSITIVE IMPACTS
 WE GET A CONTROLLED
ENVIRONMENT CONDUCIVE
FOR SHOPPING
,EATING,SOCIALIZING IE NO
EFFECT OF OUTSIDE
COND...
 WALKWAY [ALSO CALLED SKYWAY] IS A
COMPOSITE TERM USED FOR ALL STRUCUTRES
THAT SUPPORT THE USE OF TRAILS [ PATH]
WALKWAYS...
ANOTHER SKYWAY IN MINNEAPOLIS [USA]
CONCOURSES AND
MEGASTRUCTURES
POSITIVE IMPACTS
 PROVIDES HIGH
CONNEECTIVITY IN CBD.
 CAPABLE OF CARRYING HIGH
PEDESTRIAN FLOW.
 LOWERS THE RUSH ON TH...
RENNAISSANCE CENTRE,DETROIT
[USA]
CONCOURSES AND
MEGASTRUCTURES
PROS
 MULTIPURPOSE BUILDINGS
[SHOPS,OFFICES,HOTELS]
 PROVIDES CONTROLLED
ENVIRONMENT
INDEPENDENT OF
SURROUNDINGS.
 PROV...
 CBD’S CONTAIN SUFFICIENT PARKING SPACE AND
SIDE WALKS WITH LOW POPULATION DENSITIES.
 HERITAGE SHOPS,GARAGES ,AND OTHER...
 THE PROCESS BY WHICH SOME EXTERNAL
STIMULUS PROVIDES A LINKAGE BETWEEN
PEOPLE AND PROMPTS STRANGERS TO TALK TO
EACH OTHE...
 HAVE STRONG SOCIAL EFFECT.
 ENCOURAGE PEOPLE’S THINKING OVER IT.
 DEVELOPS CURIOSITY AMONG KIDS
 INCREASES SOCIAL INT...
TRIANGULATION
• STREET BANDS
• STREET ENTERTAINERS WHICH INCLUDE
1) STREET MAGICIANS
2) MIMIKRI ARTISTS
3) ACROBATS
 SCHOOLS BANDS,POLI...
 PEOPLE LIKE TO VISIT PLACES WHICH ARE
LIVELY ,FULL OF ENTERTAINMENT .THEY AVOID
PLACES WHICH ARE LONELY AND SPACIOUS.
 ...
STREET BANDS
STREET
GALLERIES
TRIANGULATION
A STREET SCUPTURE AT CHICAGO,USA
TRIANGULATION
05 Social life of small urban spaces
05 Social life of small urban spaces
05 Social life of small urban spaces
05 Social life of small urban spaces
05 Social life of small urban spaces
05 Social life of small urban spaces
05 Social life of small urban spaces
05 Social life of small urban spaces
05 Social life of small urban spaces
05 Social life of small urban spaces
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05 Social life of small urban spaces

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The life of plazas and sitting spaces; Sun ,wind ,trees ,water, food, The street; The “undesirables”. Effective capacity. Indoor spaces. Concourse and mega-structures; Smaller cities and places.

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05 Social life of small urban spaces

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY- DEVIKA PUNDKAR. SNEHAL KANADE YASH MORE PRASAD MANKAR -GUIDED BY Omkar Parishwad
  2. 2.  THE LIFE OF PLAZAS.  SITTING SPACES.  SUN ,WIND ,TREES ,WATER .  FOOD.  THE STREET.  THE “UNDESIRABLES”.  EFFECTIVE CAPACITY.  INDOOR SPACES.  CONCOURSE AND MEGASTRUCTURES .  SMALLER CITIES AND PLACES.  TRIANGULATION.
  3. 3.  WHAT DOES PLAZA MEAN?  IN A SIMPLE WORD ,PLAZA IS AN OPEN URBAN PUBLIC SPACE SUCH AS CITY SQUARE , AND THAT OFTEN HAS TREES AND BUSHES AND PLACES TO SIT AS WELL AS TO WALK.  SECRET LIFE PROJECT STARTED BY STUDYING HOW PEOPLE USE PLAZAS.  THEY MOUNTED TIME-LAPSE CAMERAS , THEY TALKED TO PEOPLE TO FIND WHERE THEY CAME FROM , WHERE THEY WORKED , HOW FREQUENTLY THEY USED THE PLACE AND WHAT THEY THOUGHT OF IT. THE LIFE OF PLAZAS THE LIFE OF PLAZAs..
  4. 4. THE LIFE OF PLAZAS
  5. 5.  WHAT ATTRACT PEOPLE MOST ,IT WOULD APPEAR IS, OTHER PEOPLE.  SOMETIMES PEOPLE DIDN’T MOVE OUT OF THE MAIN PEDESTRIAN FLOW . THEY STAYED IN IT OR MOVED INTO IT , AND THE GREAT BULK OF CONVERSATIONS WERE SMACK IN THE CENTRE OF THE FLOW 100% LOCATION.  THIS WILL RESULT IN PEOPLES OPINION THAT – AREA IS CONGESTED MORE OFTEN THEY MAKE IT CONGESTED. THE LIFE OF PLAZAS
  6. 6. • GIVEN THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF A CENTRE CITY SUCH AS HIGH PEDESTRIAN VOLUMES AND CONCENTRATION AND MIXTURE OF ACTIVITIES- PEOPLE IN ONE PLACE TEND TO ACT MUCH LIKE PEOPLE IN ANOTHER. THE LIFE OF PLAZAS
  7. 7. i. PLAZA USE ii. AMOUNT OF OPEN SPACE iii. AMOUNT OF SITTABLE SPACE. SITTING SPACES
  8. 8.  NEW YORK WERE VERY CONSISTENT ,IN THE USE OF PLAZAS .DAY IN, DAY OUT ,MANY OF THEM WOULD SIT AT CERTAIN PLAZAS ,FEW AT OTHER.  THE MEMBER OF SECRET LIFE PROJECT ALSO NOTICED THAT THE ELEGANCE AND PURITY OF BUILDINGS DESIGNS SEEMS TO HAVE LITTLE RELATIONSHIP TO THE USE OF THE SPACES AROUND IT. SITTING SPACES
  9. 9.  IT IS OBSERVED THAT PEOPLE SEEK OPEN SPACES AS A RELIEF FROM THE OVERCROWDING THEY ARE NORMALLY SUBJECTED TO,AND IT WOULD FOLLOW THAT PLACES AFFORDING THE GREATEST FEELING OF LIGHT AND SPACE WOULD DRAW THE MOST.  IF WE RANK PLAZAS BY THE AMOUNT OF SPACE,THERE SURELY WOULD BE POSITIVE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE SIZE OF PLAZAS AND THE NUMBER OF PERSONS USING THEM.  ONCE AGAIN,WE FOUND NO CLEAR RELATIONSHIP….AS ,SEVERAL OF THE SMALLER SPACES HAD LOTS OF PEOPLE,SEVERAL OF THE LARGER HAD LOTS OF PEOPLE AND SEVERAL OF THE LARGER HAD VERY FEW PEOPLE. SITTING SPACES
  10. 10.  SITTING SPACE TO BE SURE ,IS ONLY ONE OF THE MANY VARIABLE AND WITHOUT A CONTROL SITUATION AS A MEASURE, ONE CANNOT BE SURE OF CAUSE AND EFFECT.  VARIOUS SUBPARTS:  INTEGRAL SITTING.  SITTING HEIGHTS.  BENCHES.  CHAIRS. SITTING SPACES
  11. 11. SITTING SPACES
  12. 12. SITTING SPACES
  13. 13. SITTING SPACES
  14. 14. SITTING SPACES
  15. 15. TO KNOW THE ANSWER ,PROJECT MEMBER INCLUDED ALL THE SPACE MEANT FOR PEOPLE TO SIT ON ,SUCH AS BENCHES AND THE SPACES ,THEY SAT ON WHETHER MEANT TO OR NOT SUCH AS LEDGES. SITTING SPACES
  16. 16. TO MAKE THE PLACE MORE VIBRANT, AVAILABILITY OF SITTING PLACE IS MUCH IMPORTANT. SITTING SPACES
  17. 17. A. SUN B. WIND C. TREES D. WATER SUN,WIND,TREES AND WATER
  18. 18.  IT IS OBSERVED THAT,IN LATE MORNING,THE PLAZA WAS IN SHADOW.THEN SHORTLY BEFORE NOON,A NARROW WEDGE OF SUNLIGHT BEGAN MOVING ACROSS THE PLAZA.  PHYSICALLY AND PSYCHOLOGICALLY,IT IS PROVEN THAT PEOPLE FEEL COMFORTABLE AND THIS IS ONE OF THE REASONS WHY THEIR RELATIVE CARRYING CAPACITY IS SO HIGH. WIND.. SUN,WIND,TREES AND WATER
  19. 19. SUN,WIND,TREES AND WATER NEW YORK’S NEW OPEN SPACE ZONING HAS SHARPLY STEPPED UP REQUIREMENTS:DEVELOPERS MUST PROVIDE A TREE FOR EVERY 25 FEET OF SIDEWAY. WATER IS ANOTHER FINE ELEMENT AND NEWPLAZAS ,PARKS PROVIDE WATER IN ALL SORTS OF FORMS:WATERFALLS,WATERWALLS,RAPIDS,SLUICEWA YS,TRANQUIL POOLS,WATER TUNNELS,MEANDERING BROOKS,FOUNTAINS OF ALL KINDS.
  20. 20.  THUS, SUN , WIND, TREES, WATER ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR THE HEALTHY DEVELOPMENT OF ANY PLAZA, TOWN ,CITY , ETC. SUN,WIND,TREES AND WATER AT THE END…..CONCLUSION
  21. 21. FOOD
  22. 22. FOOD
  23. 23. FOOD
  24. 24. FOOD
  25. 25. FOOD
  26. 26.  DURING CHRISTMAS THERE WERE ABOUT 15 VENDORS IN 40 FOOT STRETCH FOOD
  27. 27.  A SNACK BAR ,TABLES,CHAIRS, SEED PLACE WITH ACTIVITY FOOD
  28. 28. STREET
  29. 29. AVENUE OF AMERICA oNE OF THE NEW YORK’S BEST CORNERS IS 49TH STREET AND THE AVENUE OF THE AMERICA , ALONG THE MCGRALL-HILL BUILDING. THIS CORNER HAS ALL OF THE BASICS: A FOOD VENDOR ,AND A HEAVY PEDESTRAIN FLOW, THE MIDDLE OF WHICH IS A FAVORITE PLACE FOR CONVERSATIONS. STREET
  30. 30.  PALEY’S PARK IS A SUBURB SPACE FOR MANY REASONS. ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT IS ITS CORDIAL RELATION WITH STREET. THE VESTIBULE IS USED IN ITS OWN RIGHT STREET
  31. 31.  BRYANT PARK [NY] STREET
  32. 32. ROCKEFELLER PLAZA A SUCCESSFUL PLACE IN TERMS OF EVENTS ,CONCERTS ETC AND HAS A SUNKEN PLAZA IN THE MIDDLE. STREET
  33. 33. STREET
  34. 34. STREET
  35. 35.  CITIES IN USA HAVE BROUGHT CONSIDERABLE CHANGES IN THEIR BUILDING FORMS.  THEY HAVE INTRODUCED NEW BUILDING FORMS LIKE CONCOURSES,MEGASTRUCTURES,INDOOR SPACES AND MUCH MORE.  THESE CHANGES HAVE BEEN ADAPTED ACCORDINGLY TO THE CITY’S NEED.  THESE CHANGES HAVE GIVEN PLANNERS NEW DOMAINS TO STUDY AND LET TO DISCOVERY OF NEW CONCEPTS IN URBAN PLANNING. THE UNDESIRABLES
  36. 36.  STRONG RELATION BETWEEN NUMBER OF PEOPLE SITTING ON BENCHES ALONG THE CITY’S MAIN PEDESTRIAN WAY AND NUMBER STANDING OR WALKING  UNEVEN DISTRIBUTION OF PEOPLE OVER THE SPACE.  DISTRIBUTION DOESN’T DEPENDS ON DENSITY OF POPULATION IN THE AREA.  SITTING OF PEOPLE OVER THE BENCHES IS INFLUENCED BY SURROUNDING ENVIRONMENTS AND QUALITATIVE ASPECTS LIKE COMFORT, PURPOSE OF SITTING,ETC.
  37. 37. A CROWDED COMPLEX IN TOKYO ,JAPAN EFFECTIVE CAPACITY
  38. 38. •MOST INTENSIVELY USED PLACES. •ENVIRONMENT AROUND IS AWFUL AND FULL OF TRAFFIC. •STILL ,SUCH PLACES ARE USED BY OLD PEOPLE AS THEY FEEL THAT THE PLACES ARE VIBRANT. BENCHES ON THE TIMES SQUARE ,NY EFFECTIVE CAPACITY
  39. 39. BENCHES ON A TRAFFIC ISLAND IN MIDDLE OF UPPER BROADWAY EFFECTIVE CAPACITY
  40. 40. GREEN ACRE PARK, NY ESSENTIAL FACILITIES •PLENTY OF SEATING. •FOOD FACILITIES. •TREES. EFFECTIVE CAPACITY
  41. 41. GREEN ACRE PARK,NY PALEY PARK,NY EFFECTIVE CAPACITY
  42. 42. GRAND CENTRAL STATION,NY AN INDOOR SPACE,IN NY
  43. 43.  SITTING ARRANGEMENT[PREFFERED MOVABLE CHAIRS].  FOOD STALLS,CAFES,ETC.  RETAIL SHOPS.  WASHROOMS. INDOOR SPACES
  44. 44. PROS  BLOCK CIRCULATION ONLY THROUGH PUBLIC INDOOR SPACE.  SCREENING IN PEOPLE ON BASIS OF INCOME IN PRIVATE PUBLIC SPACE.  REDUCED ATTRACTIONS FOR STREETS. CONS INDOOR SPACES
  45. 45.  SITTING PLACES NEXT TO MAIN PEDESTRIAN FLOW ARE MOST LIKED.  MAIN PEDESTRIAN FLOW IS CHANNELED THROUGH LIMITED DOORS.  EVEN DURING HIGH FLOW ,PEOPLE USE ONLY LIMITED NUMBER DOORS .THEY NEVER USE ALL THE DOORS.  SLIDING DOORS ARE ALWAYS PREFFERED OVER REVOLVING DOORS INDOOR SPACES
  46. 46. ENTERANCE OF GALLERY MARKET IN LOWER MANHATTEN AN INDOOR PLACE IN NY INDOOR SPACES
  47. 47.  SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCED ATTRACTION FOR THE STREETS.  EXTRA FLOOR SPACE RECEIVED BY THE DEVELOPERS INDOOR SPACES
  48. 48.  CONCOURSES IS DEFINED AS A PLACE WHERE PATHWAYS AND ROADWAYS MEET LIKE IN A HOTEL, CONVENTION CENTRE, A RAILWAY STATION OR OTHER SPACE.  CLASSIFIED INTO TWO TYPES: A. OVERGROUND CONCOURSES B. UNDERGROUND CONCOURSES
  49. 49. ST .CATHERINE STREET IN MANHATTAN ,NY OVERGROUND CONCOURSES CONCOURSES AND MEGASTRUCTURES
  50. 50. GRAND CENTRAL STATION ,NY CONCOURSES AND MEGASTRUCTURES
  51. 51. POSITIVE IMPACTS  WE GET A CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT CONDUCIVE FOR SHOPPING ,EATING,SOCIALIZING IE NO EFFECT OF OUTSIDE CONDITIONS[WEATHER PROMINENTLY].  MOSTLY SUCH CONCOURSES ARE LARGE COMPLEXES WITH ALL THE FACILITIES.  REDUCED PEDESTRIANS AT STREET MARKETS LEADING TO DECLINE IN TRADE.  ONLY SHOPS WITH BASIC GOODS[BOOK STALLS,FOOD STALLS] ARE FOUND IN MOST UNDERGROUND CONCOURSES. NEGATIVE IMPACTS CONCOURSES AND MEGASTRUCTURES
  52. 52.  WALKWAY [ALSO CALLED SKYWAY] IS A COMPOSITE TERM USED FOR ALL STRUCUTRES THAT SUPPORT THE USE OF TRAILS [ PATH] WALKWAYS IN MINNEAPOLIS [USA] CONCOURSES AND MEGASTRUCTURES
  53. 53. ANOTHER SKYWAY IN MINNEAPOLIS [USA] CONCOURSES AND MEGASTRUCTURES
  54. 54. POSITIVE IMPACTS  PROVIDES HIGH CONNEECTIVITY IN CBD.  CAPABLE OF CARRYING HIGH PEDESTRIAN FLOW.  LOWERS THE RUSH ON THE STREETS.  PREVENTION FROM OUTSIDE COLD WEATHER.  TRADE IN COMPLEXES CONNECTED BY WALKWAYS INCREASES.  LOWERED PEDESTRIAN FLOW CAN CAUSE UNDER UTILIZATION OF FACILITIES PROVIDED FOR PEDESTRIANS.  REDUCED PEOPLE ON THE STREETS ,LESS CUSTOMERS FOR THE SHOPS ,REDUCED TRADE. NEGATIVE IMPACTS CONCOURSES AND MEGASTRUCTURES
  55. 55. RENNAISSANCE CENTRE,DETROIT [USA] CONCOURSES AND MEGASTRUCTURES
  56. 56. PROS  MULTIPURPOSE BUILDINGS [SHOPS,OFFICES,HOTELS]  PROVIDES CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT INDEPENDENT OF SURROUNDINGS.  PROVIDES SECURITY .  SELF SUFFICIENCY.  LINKAGE TO CONCOURSES AND SKYWAYS.  CLOSING WALLS FOR STREET.  SCREENING OF PEOPLE ACCORDING TO INCOME GROUPS.  AMERICAN CITIES GOT DIVIDED INTO TWO TYPES I. REGULAR CITY. II. VISITORS CITY. CONS CONCOURSES AND MEGASTRUCTURES
  57. 57.  CBD’S CONTAIN SUFFICIENT PARKING SPACE AND SIDE WALKS WITH LOW POPULATION DENSITIES.  HERITAGE SHOPS,GARAGES ,AND OTHER GENERAL NEED SHOPS ARE ALSO FOUND.  A FRINGE IS BEING DEVELOPED BETWEEN CBD AND SUB URBAN AREAS BECAUSE OF EFFICIENT USE OF AVAILABLE SPACE.  THEY PRESERVE THE HERITAGE AND HISTORY OF THE CITY.  AS THERE IS LIMITED SPACE ,PLANNERS PRODUCE THEIR BEST DESIGNS FOR DEVELOPING THE DOWNTOWNS. SMALLER CITIES AND PLACES
  58. 58.  THE PROCESS BY WHICH SOME EXTERNAL STIMULUS PROVIDES A LINKAGE BETWEEN PEOPLE AND PROMPTS STRANGERS TO TALK TO EACH OTHER AS THOUGH THEY WERE NOT , IS CALLED AS TRIANGULATION.  THE STIMULUS CAN BE AN OBJECT OR SIGHT. FOR EX: A STREET BAND , STREET ARTIST OR A STREET SCULPTURE UPON WHICH PEOPLE COMMENT AND REMARK EACH OTHER ON IT
  59. 59.  HAVE STRONG SOCIAL EFFECT.  ENCOURAGE PEOPLE’S THINKING OVER IT.  DEVELOPS CURIOSITY AMONG KIDS  INCREASES SOCIAL INTERACTION AMONG VISITORS. TRIANGULATION
  60. 60. TRIANGULATION
  61. 61. • STREET BANDS • STREET ENTERTAINERS WHICH INCLUDE 1) STREET MAGICIANS 2) MIMIKRI ARTISTS 3) ACROBATS  SCHOOLS BANDS,POLITICAL PROCESSIONS,ROCK GROUPS  MUSICIANS  PEOPLE CREATING SOCIAL AWARENESS  ARTISTS[STREET GALLERIES] TRIANGULATION
  62. 62.  PEOPLE LIKE TO VISIT PLACES WHICH ARE LIVELY ,FULL OF ENTERTAINMENT .THEY AVOID PLACES WHICH ARE LONELY AND SPACIOUS.  MOST PREFFERED RESTFUL PLACES ARE AREAS WITH SMALL PLACES WITH HIGH DENSITY OF PEOPLE AND VERY EFFICIENT USE OF SPACE.  THESE SMALL PLACES ARE PRICELESS, IRRESPECTIVE OF THE COST …..  THEY DEPICT THE REAL CITY AND IT’S PEOPLE. TRIANGULATION
  63. 63. STREET BANDS STREET GALLERIES TRIANGULATION
  64. 64. A STREET SCUPTURE AT CHICAGO,USA TRIANGULATION

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