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A. THE STUDY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
Meaning of Political Science
The term political science is the
systematic study of the state and the
government
Political Science is a social science
regarding the practice and theory of
politics, the analysis of political systems,
and the study of political behavior.
Simply put, political
science is the study of
politics. Some
particular areas that
political scientists
study include public
policy, national
politics, political
theory, international
relations, and
comparative politics.
Etymological definition
Greek
The word politics has its origins in
Ancient Greece. All of the cities in
Ancient Greece, such as Athens, Sparta,
and Corinth, were referred to as city-
states and the Greek word for a city-
state was polis (πολις)
The Parthenon atop the Acropolis
Etymological definition
Latin
Politicus was an adjective that was used
to describe anything “of the state”.
Harry Truman
“Politics is a
fascinating game,
because politics is
government. It is
the art of
government.”
“I have never
regarded
politics as the
arena of morals.
It is the arena of
interest.”
Aneurin Bevan
“Definition of Politics: Poli in latin
meaning many and tics meaning
blood-sucking parasites.”
“Politics is the
gentle art of getting
votes from the poor
and campaign funds
from the rich by
promising to
protect each from
the other.”
Oscar Ameringer
Scope of Political Science
1. Political Theory
2. Public Law
3. Public Administration
Interrelationship with other
branched of learning
1. History
2. Economics
3. Geography
4. Sociology and Anthropology
5. Psychology
6. Philosophy
7. Statistics and Logic
8. Jurisprudence
Function and importance of
Political Science
“The function of political science is to
discover the principles that should be
adhered to in public affairs that
eventually would serve as a model that
can be applied to matters of urgent
concern to public officials and to private
citizens.”
Goal in the study of political
science
1. Education for citizenship
- the primary objective of the political
science curriculum is to equip students
to discharge the obligations of
democratic citizenship
Goal in the study of political
science
2. Essential parts of liberal education
- Intelligent, responsible citizenship can
save democracy; ignorance and
negligence can lose it
Essential parts of liberal
education
3. Knowledge and understanding of
government
- the “good” citizen knows how his
government operates, what his rights
and obligations are, who his elected
representatives are, and what they
stand for
B. Concepts of State and
Government
Meaning of State
A state is a community of persons more
or less numerous, permanently occupying
a definite portion of territory, having a
government of their own to which the
great body of inhabitants render
obedience, and enjoying freedom from
external control.
 The Philippines is a state.
Elements of a state
1. People
- The mass of
the population
living within the
state.
“people”
answers the question, “who governs
whom?”
no specific number requirement
“…the state shall neither be too small nor
yet one that seems great but has no
unity.” (Plato)
Elements of a state
2. Territory
- demarcated area
that rightly
belongs to the
population
“territory”
answers the question, “where?”
terrestrial, fluvial, maritime and aerial
should be permanent and large enough
to be self-sufficing
Elements of a state
3. Government
- Refers to the agency
to which the will of the
state is formulated,
expressed, and carried
out.
Elements of a state
4. Sovereignty
- May be defined as the supreme power
of the state to command and enforce
obedience to its will from the people
within its jurisdiction and corollarily to
have freedom from foreign control.
“sovereignty”
a. Internal – power of the
state to rule within its
territory
b. External – the freedom
of the state to carry out
its activities without
subjection to or control
by other states.
Origin of states
1. Divine right theory
2. Necessity or force theory
3. Paternalistic theory
4. Social contract theory
State distinguished from nation
“The state is a political concept while
a nation is an ethnic concept.”
State distinguished from nation
“ A state is not subject to external control
while a nation may or may not be
independent of external control.”
State distinguished from nation
“ A single state may consist of one or more
nations or people and conversely, a single
nation may be made up of several states.”
State distinguished from
government
“…they are usually regarded as identical. As
ordinarily, the acts of the government are
the acts of the state.”
State distinguished from
government
“A state cannot exist without a
government, but it is possible to have a
government without a state.”
State distinguished from
government
“A government may change, its form may
change, but the state, as long as its
essential elements are present, remains
the same.”
to be continued…

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introductiontopoliticalscience-100621020245-phpapp02.pptx

  • 1. A. THE STUDY OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
  • 2. Meaning of Political Science The term political science is the systematic study of the state and the government Political Science is a social science regarding the practice and theory of politics, the analysis of political systems, and the study of political behavior.
  • 3. Simply put, political science is the study of politics. Some particular areas that political scientists study include public policy, national politics, political theory, international relations, and comparative politics.
  • 4. Etymological definition Greek The word politics has its origins in Ancient Greece. All of the cities in Ancient Greece, such as Athens, Sparta, and Corinth, were referred to as city- states and the Greek word for a city- state was polis (πολις)
  • 5. The Parthenon atop the Acropolis
  • 6. Etymological definition Latin Politicus was an adjective that was used to describe anything “of the state”.
  • 7. Harry Truman “Politics is a fascinating game, because politics is government. It is the art of government.”
  • 8. “I have never regarded politics as the arena of morals. It is the arena of interest.” Aneurin Bevan
  • 9. “Definition of Politics: Poli in latin meaning many and tics meaning blood-sucking parasites.”
  • 10. “Politics is the gentle art of getting votes from the poor and campaign funds from the rich by promising to protect each from the other.” Oscar Ameringer
  • 11. Scope of Political Science 1. Political Theory 2. Public Law 3. Public Administration
  • 12. Interrelationship with other branched of learning 1. History 2. Economics 3. Geography 4. Sociology and Anthropology 5. Psychology 6. Philosophy 7. Statistics and Logic 8. Jurisprudence
  • 13. Function and importance of Political Science “The function of political science is to discover the principles that should be adhered to in public affairs that eventually would serve as a model that can be applied to matters of urgent concern to public officials and to private citizens.”
  • 14. Goal in the study of political science 1. Education for citizenship - the primary objective of the political science curriculum is to equip students to discharge the obligations of democratic citizenship
  • 15. Goal in the study of political science 2. Essential parts of liberal education - Intelligent, responsible citizenship can save democracy; ignorance and negligence can lose it
  • 16. Essential parts of liberal education 3. Knowledge and understanding of government - the “good” citizen knows how his government operates, what his rights and obligations are, who his elected representatives are, and what they stand for
  • 17. B. Concepts of State and Government
  • 18. Meaning of State A state is a community of persons more or less numerous, permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, having a government of their own to which the great body of inhabitants render obedience, and enjoying freedom from external control.  The Philippines is a state.
  • 19. Elements of a state 1. People - The mass of the population living within the state.
  • 20. “people” answers the question, “who governs whom?” no specific number requirement “…the state shall neither be too small nor yet one that seems great but has no unity.” (Plato)
  • 21. Elements of a state 2. Territory - demarcated area that rightly belongs to the population
  • 22. “territory” answers the question, “where?” terrestrial, fluvial, maritime and aerial should be permanent and large enough to be self-sufficing
  • 23. Elements of a state 3. Government - Refers to the agency to which the will of the state is formulated, expressed, and carried out.
  • 24. Elements of a state 4. Sovereignty - May be defined as the supreme power of the state to command and enforce obedience to its will from the people within its jurisdiction and corollarily to have freedom from foreign control.
  • 25. “sovereignty” a. Internal – power of the state to rule within its territory b. External – the freedom of the state to carry out its activities without subjection to or control by other states.
  • 26. Origin of states 1. Divine right theory 2. Necessity or force theory 3. Paternalistic theory 4. Social contract theory
  • 27. State distinguished from nation “The state is a political concept while a nation is an ethnic concept.”
  • 28. State distinguished from nation “ A state is not subject to external control while a nation may or may not be independent of external control.”
  • 29. State distinguished from nation “ A single state may consist of one or more nations or people and conversely, a single nation may be made up of several states.”
  • 30. State distinguished from government “…they are usually regarded as identical. As ordinarily, the acts of the government are the acts of the state.”
  • 31. State distinguished from government “A state cannot exist without a government, but it is possible to have a government without a state.”
  • 32. State distinguished from government “A government may change, its form may change, but the state, as long as its essential elements are present, remains the same.”