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Concepts of state and government

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  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
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  • thank you po sir!
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Concepts of state and government

  1. 1. PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT AND PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION • PREPARED BY: PHILNER P. SALINDO
  2. 2. The Study of Political Science • Political science- is the systematic study of the state and government political –greek word polis meaning city Science –latin word scire meaning to know 1. Basic knowledge and understanding of the state and principles and ideals 2. Concerned with the association of human beings into a “body politic” 3. It deals with the relationship among men and groups
  3. 3. Scope of political science 1. Political theory –the entire body of doctrines relating to the origin, form, behaviour, and purposes of the state 2. Public law- organization of governments; limitations of upon government authority; the powers and duties of government offices and officers; the obligations of one state to another 3. Public administration- attention is focused upon the methods and techniques used in the actual management of state affairs by the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the government
  4. 4. Function and Importance • the function of political science is to discover the principles that should be adhered in the public affairs and to study the operation of the of government in order to demonstrate what is good, to criticise what is bad or inefficient, and to suggest improvements • Findings and conclusions maybe immense practical use to legislators, executives and judges • Deals with the problems and social welfare, governmental economic programs, international cooperation and wide range of other matters that are urgent concern to public officials and to private citizens.
  5. 5. Goal in the study of Political Science 1. Education for citizenship 2. Essential parts of liberal education 3. Knowledge and understanding about the government
  6. 6. CONCEPTS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT • STATE- is a community of persons more or less numerous, permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, having a government of their own to which the great body of inhabitants render obedience, and enjoying freedom from external control.
  7. 7. ELEMENTS OF STATE a. People b. Territory 1. terrestial 2. fluvial 3. maritime 4. aerial c. Government d. Sovereignty
  8. 8. THEORIES ON THE ORIGIN OF THE STATE A. Divine right theory B. Necessity or force theory C. Paternalistic theory D. Social contract theory
  9. 9. Difference between state and nation state nation a. Is a political concept b. Is not subject to external control c. May consist of one or more nations or peoples a. Is an ethnic concept b. May or may not be independent from external control c. May be made of several states
  10. 10. Inherent Powers of the State a. Police power - It is the power to prescribe regulations to promote the health, morals, education, good order, safety, or the general welfare of the people. - The most demanding among the three inherent powers because it affects both the person’s liberty as well as its property - It is a growing and expanding power
  11. 11. b. Power of eminent domain - this refers to the power of the government to take private property for public use under the constitution: “private property shall nit be taken for the public use without just compensation” “the state may, in the ineterest of national welfare and development, establish and operate vital industries and, upon payment of just compensation, transfer to public ownership utilities and other private enterprises to be operated by the government”
  12. 12. c. Power of taxation - it is the power of the state to impose taxes Taxes are aht we pay for civilized society. ----requisites for Lawful exercise of the Power of taxation---- - a. The tax is for a public purpose b. The rule of uniformity of taxation observed c. Either the person or property taxed is within the jurisdiction of the government levying the tax d. In the assessment and collection of certain kinds of taxes, notice and opportunity for hearing are provided. (article VI, Legislative Dept. )
  13. 13. • Government – it refers to the agecy through which the will of the state is formulated, expressed and carried out. Forms of government: 1. As to the number of persons exercising sovereign powers 2. As to extent powers exercised by the central or national government 3. As to relationship between the executive and the legislative branches of the government
  14. 14. As to the number of persons exercising sovereign powers a. Monarhcy 1. absolute monarchy 2. limited monarchy b. Aristocracy c. Democracy 1. direct or pure democracy 2. indirect, representative, or republican democracy
  15. 15. As to extent powers exercised by the central or national government a. Unitary government-the control of national and local affairs is exercised by the central or national government b. Federal government-the powers of the government is divided into two sets of organs, the national and the local
  16. 16. As to relationship between the executive and the legislative branches of the government a. Parliamentary government - one which the state confers upon the legislature b. Presidential government - one which the state makes the executive constitutionally independent of the legislature
  17. 17. Purpose and Necessity of Government 1. Advancement of the public welfare - For the protection of the society and its members - The security of persons and property - The administration of justice - The preservation of the state from external danger - The advancement of the physical, economic, social, and cultural well-being of the people
  18. 18. 2. Consequence of absence - anarchy and disorder and general feeling of fear and insecurity will previal in society - progress and development will not be possible - values taken for granted in a free modrn society such as truth, freedom, justice, equality, rule of law - human dignity can never be enjoyed
  19. 19. Concept of Constitution
  20. 20. Constitution- -fundamental law or the basis of government - a system of fundamental laws or principles for the government of a nation, society, corporation or other aggregation of individuals - that body of rules aand maxims in accordance with which the powers of sovereignty are habitually exercised
  21. 21. The Purpose of the Constitution -- is to prescribe a framework of the system of government -- assign to the different departments their respective powers and duties -- to establish certain fixed first principles on which government is founded -- to promote public welfare, which involves the safety, prosperity, health, and happiness of the people
  22. 22. Classification of Constitution 1. Written and Unwritten written- one in which most of its provisions are embodied in a single fromal written instrument or instruments unwritten- one which is entirely the product of political evolution, consisting largely of a mass of customs, usages and judicial decisions together with a smaller body of statutory enactments of a fundamental character
  23. 23. 2. Cumulative and conventional cumulative- when it has its origin mainly in custom, common law principles, decisions of courts. conventional- has been formulated usually by a constutional assembly or promulgated by the King
  24. 24. 3. Rigid and flexible rigid – one that can be ammended only by a formal and usually difficult process flexible- is one that can be altered “by the same body that makes ordinary laws of the state
  25. 25. Parts of the Constitution 1. Constitution of the Government 2. Constitution of Liberty 3. Constitution of Sovereignty
  26. 26. The History of the Philippine Government • Pre- Spanish Period –Unit of government- barangay datu Social classes nobility freeman the serfs the slaves
  27. 27. • During the Spanish Period Spanish Colonial Government unitary the Governor-General the Royal Audiencia
  28. 28. • Government of the revolutionary era 1. the Katipunan Government – Supreme Council – Provincial Council – Popular Council – Judicial council
  29. 29. 2. The Biak na Bato Republic established by Aguinaldo on Nov. 1, 1897 3. The Dictatorial Government june 12, 1898 4. The Revolutionary Government june 29, 1898
  30. 30. • The First Philippine Republic –Malolos Bulacan – Filipino Representatives –The Malolos Constitution – the first in Asia
  31. 31. • American Regime –Military Government – april 14, 1898 – Civil Government- July 4, 1901 –Commonwealth Government – March 24, 1934
  32. 32. • Japanese Occupation –Japanese Military Administration –The Philippine Executive Commission –The Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines
  33. 33. • The Provisional government of 1986 –Revolutionary – De jure / de facto – Constitutional and transitory –Democratic –Powers – The provisional constitution
  34. 34. Assignment: 1. read, understand and memorize the PREAMBLE Source: Phillipine Constitution by Hector S. De Leon

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