Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
  • Hello everyone i am here to share to the general public on how this great man called Dr Atas cure my hepatitis b . I have been a hepatitis b patient for over (3) years and i have been in pains until i came across this lady when i traveled to Africa for Business trip who happens to once been a hepatitis patient, i explained every thing to her and she told me that there is this Great Dr Atas that help her to cure her hepatitis and she gave me his email address for me to contact him, and i did as she instructed. And Dr Atas told me how much to buy the hepatitis medication and how i will get it, which i did. And to my greatest surprise was that i took the hepatitis herbal medicine for just one week and behold i went for a test, the Doctor confirmed me hepatitis free and said that i no longer have hepatitis in my system and till now i have never felt any pains nor hepatitis again, so i said i must testify the goodness of this man to the general public, if you are there surfing from this hepatitis problems or any deadly disease or other disease for i will advice you to contact him on his working email : and i assure you that he will help you or you can reach him via his mobile whatsapp number +2347052302954 dr atas can as well cure the following diseases; Herpes, Asthma, Cancer, HSV1, & HSV2, Diabitie s ,Friblod,HIV/AID herbal control ETC. Have a nice day.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Viewers i am Geeta Kamar, am from India in new delhi, Me and my entire family has been suffering for hepatitis B from birth, We have gone to all the hospitals and there wasn't any solution even our family DR confirm it to us that there is no cure for this disease but can only be control even my first child is Hepatitis B positive, till this day a friend of mine told me about this Dr Osele who have help her to get rid of this incurable disease name Hepatitis B, That was how i give it a try, to my fullest surprise me and my entire families are now Negative of Hepatitis B even it was a surprise to my scientist Dr who graduated with PhD here in India, he now direct all his Hepatitis B positive patient to this wonderful Dr Osele who cured all diseases with herbal medicine, don't be left out contact him if you are diagnose with this same disease, after be cured he told me that he cured all manners of diseases,i am sharing this testimony both in internet and everywhere so that people who are diagnosed with kind of diseases should contact Dr Osele via email whatsapp no. +27846531636
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • will surely look at it sir. Thankyou for giving all this information and comments.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • The articles and short videos below show why vaccines do not protect and do cause damage and death to the vaccinated some are physiologically expressed as in Autism, ADD, ADHD, MS, SIDS, Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), Allergies and autoimmune diseases and others hidden beneath the surface by ways of creating a weaker immune system. Read the articles so you will understand that what is written in this power point 'All about vaccines' is very incomplete and erroneous.
    It is very important to understand the immune system before you decide to bypass natures and GOD's natural defenses, the mucosa of the lungs, throat and nose, the stomach, and the skin with an assault on the immune system and body with untested chemicals, neurotoxins, DNA from caterpillars, DNA from dog Kidneys, DNA from aborted fetus tissue, additional contaminating viruses, live viruses that shed for up to 28 days causing others to become ill, protein from peanuts that are used as an excipient plays a major role in contributing to the serious peanut allergy epidemic in America and much, much more for you to learn and be aware of before you can say that you are fully informed.

    First of all, vaccine damage and death is much more common than 1:1,000,000 as you are told.
    B. An article in JAMA estimated that 1:4000 will experience an adverse reaction, a lot more than the one in a million that is quoted or written.
    Reference: JAMA, June 19, 1999 vol. 281, no.21, pg.2132
    C. How Vaccines Harm Child Brain Development - Dr Russell Blaylock MD (neurosurgeon, researcher) 88 minutes
    D. How the studies that doctors site as evidence are skewed (lied about) in the pharmaceuticals favor and how vitamin D3 is much more effective against the Flu and Influenza like illness (ILI) than the Flu vaccine. 8 minutes
    I go into 3 other ways that the pharmaceuticals twist and distort the truth in my power point below.

    It is very important to understand how the immune system works and why vaccines do not protect us and that the reasons for the massive decline of disease is due to sanitation, improved nutrition, clean drinking water, and washing hands. All these that we take for granted in the modern world the third world countries do not have and is the reason why disease persists on a larger scale. The billions we spend on vaccination will be much better served in sanitation, clean drinking water and food sustainability like culturing spirulina as is being done in Africa

    The 3 driving forces of vaccination are listed below with fear as a common denominator to vaccinate.

    1. The belief that polio and smallpox were eradicated is a major force in peoples belief system to subject themselves to vaccine damage and death. Listen to Dr.Suzanne Humphries presentation on
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here


  1. 1. 1 VACCINES
  2. 2. 2 •Introduction •Types Whole-Organism Vaccines Purified Macromolecules as Vaccines Recombinant vaccine DNA vaccine Multivalent Subunit Vaccines •Mechanism •Effectiveness •Manufacturing Strategies •Risk associated with vaccines •Recent research •Conclusion •Reference Conte nts
  3. 3. •British physician Edward Jenner, who in 1796 used the cowpox virus (Latin variola vaccinia) to confer protection against smallpox. •In 1885 the French microbiologist Louis Pasteur and Emile Roux developed the first vaccine against rabies. Introdu ction A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. It contains certain agents that not only resembles a disease-causing microorganism but it also stimulates body’s immune sustem recognize the foreign agents. History: Definition: (Ref:,, 3
  4. 4. 4 Vaccines are dead or inactivated organisms or purified products derived from them. There are several types of vaccines in use. They are: Typ es • Whole-Organism Vaccines Killed Attenuated • Purified Macromolecules as Vaccines Toxoids Capsular polysaccharides Recombinant microbial antigens/Surface antigens • Recombinant vaccine • DNA vaccine • Multivalent Subunit Vaccines (Ref: Kuby, book for Immunology)
  5. 5. 5 Many of the common vaccines currently in use consist of inactivated (killed) or live but attenuated (avirulent) bacterial cells or viral particles. Whole-Organism Vaccines  Killed/Inactivated.  Attenuated. Killed/ Inactivated: Some vaccines contain killed, but previously virulent, micro- organisms that have been destroyed with chemicals, heat, radioactivity or antibiotics. Attenuated: Some vaccines contain live, attenuated microorganisms. Many of these are live viruses that have been cultivated under conditions that disable their virulent properties, or which use closely related but less dangerous organisms to produce a broad immune response. (Ref: Kuby, book for Immunology)
  6. 6. 6 Disease or pathogen Type of vaccine WHOLE ORGANISMS Bacterial cells Anthrax Cholera Pertussis* Plague Tuberculosis Typhoid Inactivated Inactivated Inactivated Inactivated Live attenuated Live attenuated Classification of common vaccines for humans: (Ref: Kuby, book for Immunology)
  7. 7. 7 Disease or pathogen Type of vaccine Viral particles Hepatitis A Influenza Measles Polio (Sabin) Polio (Salk) Rabies Rotavirus Varicella zoster (chickenpox) Yellow fever Inactivated Inactivated Live attenuated Live attenuated Inactivated Inactivated Live attenuated Live attenuated Live attenuated (Ref: Kuby, book for Immunology)
  8. 8. 8 • Inactivated exotoxins. • Capsular polysaccharides. • Recombinant microbial antigens/Surface antigens. Purified Macromolecules as Vaccine (Ref: Kuby, Book for Immunology)
  9. 9. 9 Inactivated exotoxins/Toxoid • Toxoids are vaccines which consist of exotoxins that have been inactivated, either by heat or chemicals. These vaccines are intended to build immunity against the toxins, but not necessarily the bacteria that produce the toxins. • Some examples are botulinum antitoxin and diphtheria antitoxin. Fig: Modification of toxin to toxoid (Ref: Kuby,
  10. 10. 10 • The virulence of some pathogenic bacteria depends primarily on the anti phagocytic properties of their hydrophilic polysaccharide capsule. • Coating of the capsule with antibodies and or complement greatly increases the ability of macrophages and neutrophils to phagocytose such pathogens. • The current vaccine for Streptococcus pneumoniae, which causes pneumococcal pneumonia, consists of 23 antigenically different capsular polysaccharides. Capsular polysaccharides (Ref: Kuby,
  11. 11. 11 • The gene encoding any immunogenic protein can be cloned and expressed in bacterial, yeast, or mammalian cells using recombinant DNA technology. • The first such recombinant antigen vaccine approved for human use is the hepatitis B vaccine. This vaccine was developed by cloning the gene for the major surface antigen of hepatitis B virus (HBsAg) and expressing it in yeast cells. Recombinant microbial antigens/Surface antigen (Ref: Kuby, book for Immunology)
  12. 12. 12 (Ref: Kuby, book for Immunology) Recombinant Vaccines: Fig: Production of vaccinia vector vaccine.
  13. 13. 13 DNA Vaccines: Fig: Use of DNA vaccines raises both humoral and cellular immunity
  14. 14. 14 Multivalent Subunit Vaccines Multivalent subunit vaccines Solid matrix– antibody-antigen (SMAA) complex Detergent to protein antigens (Ref: Kuby, book for Immunology)
  15. 15. 15 (Ref: Kuby, book for Immunology) Solid matrix–antibody-antigen (SMAA) complex Fig: Solid matrix Antigen
  16. 16. 16 (Ref: Kuby, book for Immunology Detergent to protein antigens Fig: b. Detergent extracted membrane antigens or antigenic peptides c. ISCOM delivery of antigen into cell
  17. 17. 17 Mechanism of a vaccine Fig: Mechanism of vaccine (Ref:
  18. 18. 18 Vaccines do not guarantee complete protection from a disease. Adjuvants: •An adjuvant (Latin, adiuvare: to aid) is a pharmacological or immunological agent that modifies the effect of other agents, such as a drug or vaccine. They are often included in vaccines to enhance the recipient's immune response to a supplied antigen, while keeping the injected foreign material to a minimum. Effectiv eness (Ref:
  19. 19. 19 • The primary risk associated with vaccines, especially vaccines that utilize live organisms, is that the vaccine itself causes illness. •Another risk is that the vaccine may behave as a super antigen and over stimulate the immune system. •Yet a third risk is that some individuals may have an allergic reaction to the vaccine, especially vaccines produced in Embryonated chicken eggs and in transgenic plants. Risks associated with vaccinesVaccines also have some sort of risks, like: (Ref:
  20. 20. 20 • Approaches for designing a preventive HIV vaccine. • Vaccine against Dengue Vaccine. • NIH Scientists Identify New HIV-Inhibiting Protein. •NIH Scientists Find Cause of Rare Immune Disease: Genetic Mutation Leads to Cold Allergy, Immune Deficiency and Autoimmunity. • NIH Found a Gene That May Play a Role in Type 1 Diabetes. Recent Research: (Ref:
  21. 21. 21 Vaccines are one of the most effective health interventions ever developed. Three types of vaccines are currently used in humans: attenuated (avirulent) microorganisms, inactivated (killed) microorganisms, or purified macromolecules. Recombinant vector vaccine and Plasmid DNA vaccines are also used. They induce both humoral and cell-mediated immunity. Some boosters (called adjuvants) are also used in association with vaccines for increasing the immune response. As the vaccines have a lot of benefits, they do carry some harmful effects too. Conclusion
  22. 22. 22 Source: •Janes Kuby, 2007, Vaccines, Immunology, W.H. Freeman and Company, Newyork, sixth Edition, Pg. 413- 428. •Satyanarayana U., 2010, Vacines, Biotechnolgy, BOOK’S AND ALLIED (P) Ltd, Kolkata, sixth edition, Pg. 211-212. Net Source: • • • • • • Refere nce