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autism in children causes treatment and symptoms

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  1. 1. This disorder affects a child's ability to communicate and interact with others, and it's one of serious developmental problems called autism spectrum disorders.
  2. 2. Symptoms and severity vary from a disorder to another and one a patient to another, but all of them appear in early childhood usually before 3 years age.
  3. 3. Recently they found the number of the children diagnosed autism is increasing, and we are not sure if this number increase because of the better detection tools in diagnosis, or there is a real increase in the cases.
  4. 4. What are the symptoms? The symptoms may appear in the early infancy or it may develop after few months. Generally there is a three main areas of development will be clearly affected in the children development. The language, the social interaction and the behavior.
  5. 5. Every child will have a unique pattern of autism and behavior. And the symptoms will vary from one to another.
  6. 6. Social interaction problems: Seems to prefer playing alone. Fails to respond to his or her name Appears not to hear you at times Has poor eye contact Resists cuddling and holding Doesn't ask for help or request things
  7. 7. Language: Has delayed speech or not to speak at all poor eye contact when making requests Can't start a conversation or keep one going Loses previously acquired ability to say words or sentences Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm — may use a singsong voice or robot-like speech May repeat words or phrases verbatim, but doesn't understand how to use them
  8. 8. Behavior: Performs repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning or hand-flapping Develops specific routines or rituals and becomes disturbed at the slightest change Moves constantly May be fascinated by details of an object, such as the spinning wheels of a toy car, but doesn't understand the "big picture" of the subject
  9. 9. May be unusually sensitive to light, sound and touch, and yet oblivious to pain Does not engage in imitative or make- believe play May have odd food preferences, such as eating only a few foods, or craving items that are not food, such as chalk or dirt May perform activities that could cause self-harm, such as head banging
  10. 10. Some children with autism become more engaged with others, as they mature, and show better behaviors and social interaction, and they may have a normal or nearly-normal life. Others may continue to have difficulties in any affected aspect, and when the teen age comes, they may do the worst behaviors.
  11. 11. The autisms children have a different range of intelligence; some of them have a very low rate of intelligence, some have better, and some become savants. When to visit the doctor?
  12. 12. When to visit the doctor? Every country have their own program to look after the new babies, some of these programs included the psychological health of the baby, what there is a criteria to suspect that your child may have autism. Doesn't mimic sounds or facial expressions by 9 months Doesn't babble or coo by 12 months Doesn't gesture — such as point or wave — by 12 months Doesn't say single words by 16 months Doesn't say two-word phrases by 24 months Loses previously acquired language or social skills at any age
  13. 13. What are the causes? There is no simple cause to be known, but research found that, several genes appear to be involved in autism. And this mutation run in many families, so these families have a bigger risk than the others to have a child with autism, and so the families have a history of any other genetic disease such as fragile X.
  14. 14. Other causes are environmental causes play a rule in triggering autism. Such as viral infection, air pollutants, drugs and medication during pregnancy. Finally the age of the old parents may increase the risk to have the disorder.
  15. 15. What is the treatment? There is no cure exists for autism, but we can help to reduce the autism symptoms and maximize the child abilities. Your doctor can help identify resources in your area. Treatment options may include:
  16. 16. Behavior and communication: teaching children how to act in social situations or how to communicate better with other people.
  17. 17. Educational therapies: Successful programs often include a team of specialists and a variety of activities to improve social skills, communication and behavior.
  18. 18. Family therapies: family members can learn how to play and interact with their children in ways that promote social interaction skills
  19. 19. Medications. No medication can improve the core signs of autism, but certain medications can help control symptoms. Such asAntidepressants and antipsychotic drugs.
  20. 20. There is no way to prevent autism, but when it diagnosed early it could be treated and reduce the symptoms.