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Typographic best practices for    classroom materials               Cameron Romney                Center for Foreign Langu...
Agenda• Typography basics• Issues for L2 learners• Best practices for classroom materials• Recommended Typefaces (fonts)
Typeface vs. Font
“The font is the cookiecutter, and the typeface   is the cookie.” (p. 29)                      Felici (2003)
Why should you care?
Typographic effects on readers •    Motivation  Smiley (2005); Misanchuk (1992); Bell & Sullivan (1981) •    Comprehension...
“...more easily perceiving ... text on apage ... less attentional resources arerequired for the process of reading. Moreat...
Serif and Sans-serifBowley (2009), Bringhurst (2004), Craig (1990), Felici (2003), Kirsanov (1998),Lupton (2004), Madison ...
EM EM
Legibility vs. Readability
EM EM
L2 Learners
LC l and UC I
LC d, b, q and p
Lowercase i and j
Lowercase c and o
Lowercase f and t
Double story minuscules      Images from Wikipedia
Best Practices
Best Practice #1Use the font students are FAMILIAR with
“people most easily read materialprinted in the typefaces withwhich they are most familiar.” (p. 32)                  Hoen...
Copyright page
Identifont & WhatTheFont www.identifont.com   http://new.myfonts.com/WhatTheFont                              (includes an...
Best Practice #2set the typeface at a    LARGER size
• Less skilled readers benefit from larger text                      Carter, Day & Meggs (2006); Petterson (1989)• 9-12 pt ...
Best Practice #3Use a font with good    LEGIBILITY
“...it has long been an article offaith that serifed typefaces areeasier to read than san serif”                          ...
Best Practice #4   Don’t forget thePRINTING & COPYNG
Best Practice #5Use fonts with PURPOSE
Example
“...you should never put two sansserif typefaces on the same page,and you should never put two seriftypeface on the same p...
Recommended                Typefaces    Serif                  Sans Serif•   Georgia            •   Verdana•   Lucida Brig...
GeorgiaImage from Identifont
Lucida Bright Image from Identifont
Bembo Schoolbook   Image from Identifont
VerdanaImage from Identifont
TahomaImage from Identifont
Helvetica Textbook   Image from Identifont
Typographic best practices for    classroom materials               Cameron Romney                Center for Foreign Langu...
Typographic best practices for classroom materials
Typographic best practices for classroom materials
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Typographic best practices for classroom materials

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Presentation by Cameron Romney given April 24, 2011 at Osaka JALT's Back to School Event.

Published in: Education
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Typographic best practices for classroom materials

  1. 1. Typographic best practices for classroom materials Cameron Romney Center for Foreign Language Education Momoyama Gakuin University (St. Andrew’s University) April 24, 2011
  2. 2. Agenda• Typography basics• Issues for L2 learners• Best practices for classroom materials• Recommended Typefaces (fonts)
  3. 3. Typeface vs. Font
  4. 4. “The font is the cookiecutter, and the typeface is the cookie.” (p. 29) Felici (2003)
  5. 5. Why should you care?
  6. 6. Typographic effects on readers • Motivation Smiley (2005); Misanchuk (1992); Bell & Sullivan (1981) • Comprehension Gasser, Boeke, Haffernan, & Tan (2005); Romney (2006); Smiley (2005); Walker (2001), Hoener, Salend & Kay (1997); Garofalo (1988), Lewis & Walker (1989) • Recall Gasser, Boeke, Haffernan, & Tan (2005); Smiley (2005); Lewis & Walker (1989) • Efficiency/Speed Smiley (2005); Hoener, Salend & Kay (1997)
  7. 7. “...more easily perceiving ... text on apage ... less attentional resources arerequired for the process of reading. Moreattentional resources can then bedevoted to attending to the message inthe text, which results in deeperprocessing and an easier recall of theinformation presented.” (p. 185) Gasser, Boek, Haffernan & Tan (2005)
  8. 8. Serif and Sans-serifBowley (2009), Bringhurst (2004), Craig (1990), Felici (2003), Kirsanov (1998),Lupton (2004), Madison (2003), Miller (2002), Misanchuk (1992), Romney (2004),Walker & Reynolds (2003),White (2002), Williams (2008), etc.
  9. 9. EM EM
  10. 10. Legibility vs. Readability
  11. 11. EM EM
  12. 12. L2 Learners
  13. 13. LC l and UC I
  14. 14. LC d, b, q and p
  15. 15. Lowercase i and j
  16. 16. Lowercase c and o
  17. 17. Lowercase f and t
  18. 18. Double story minuscules Images from Wikipedia
  19. 19. Best Practices
  20. 20. Best Practice #1Use the font students are FAMILIAR with
  21. 21. “people most easily read materialprinted in the typefaces withwhich they are most familiar.” (p. 32) Hoener, Salend & Kay (1997)
  22. 22. Copyright page
  23. 23. Identifont & WhatTheFont www.identifont.com http://new.myfonts.com/WhatTheFont (includes an iPhone app)
  24. 24. Best Practice #2set the typeface at a LARGER size
  25. 25. • Less skilled readers benefit from larger text Carter, Day & Meggs (2006); Petterson (1989)• 9-12 pt is standard for adults Carter, Day & Meggs (2006)• 18 pt for 1st grade, 14 pt for 3rd grade, 11 pt for 6th grade Hoener, Salend & Kay (1997)
  26. 26. Best Practice #3Use a font with good LEGIBILITY
  27. 27. “...it has long been an article offaith that serifed typefaces areeasier to read than san serif” Felici (2003)
  28. 28. Best Practice #4 Don’t forget thePRINTING & COPYNG
  29. 29. Best Practice #5Use fonts with PURPOSE
  30. 30. Example
  31. 31. “...you should never put two sansserif typefaces on the same page,and you should never put two seriftypeface on the same page” (p. 175) Williams (2008)
  32. 32. Recommended Typefaces Serif Sans Serif• Georgia • Verdana• Lucida Bright • Tahoma• Bembo Schoolbook • Helvetica Textbook
  33. 33. GeorgiaImage from Identifont
  34. 34. Lucida Bright Image from Identifont
  35. 35. Bembo Schoolbook Image from Identifont
  36. 36. VerdanaImage from Identifont
  37. 37. TahomaImage from Identifont
  38. 38. Helvetica Textbook Image from Identifont
  39. 39. Typographic best practices for classroom materials Cameron Romney Center for Foreign Language Education Momoyama Gakuin University (St. Andrew’s University) April 24, 2011

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