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The purpose of images in elt materials revisted

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The purpose of images in elt materials revisted

  1. 1. THE PURPOSE OF IMAGES IN ELT TEXTBOOKS REVISITED CAMERON ROMNEY Doshisha University Faculty of Global Communications Assistant Professor July 2, 2016 The 14th Asia TEFL International Conference 11th FEELTA International Conference The Far Eastern Federal University Vladivostok, Russia
  2. 2. AGENDA • Background (previous studies) • Current Study • Discussion and Implications
  3. 3. BACKGROUND
  4. 4. HILL (2003) General survey of images in ELT texts • color vs. black & white • illustration vs. photographs • people, places, things, actions, etc.
  5. 5. HILL (2003) • surveyed 2 textbooks • binary coding: • ‘of use’ or decorative
  6. 6. HILL (2003) Use Decorative Total Images 185 226 411 Percent 45% 55% 100%
  7. 7. ROMNEY & BELL (2011) Survey of images in Business English texts • expanding on Hill (2003) • purpose of images • binary coding
  8. 8. ROMNEY & BELL (2011) • instructional or decorative • surveyed 15 textbooks
  9. 9. Instructional Decorative Total Images 610 1655 2265 Percent 27% 73% 100% ROMNEY & BELL (2011) felt there was a third category
  10. 10. ROMNEY(2012) Survey of images in General English texts • expanding on Hill (2003) • and Romney & Bell (2011) • surveyed 3 textbooks
  11. 11. ROMNEY (2012) • used Levin’s (1981) typology • decorative, reiterative, representative, organizational, interpretive, transformative
  12. 12. ROMNEY(2012) Decoration Reiteration Representation Organization Interpretation Transformation Total Images 308 372 764 100 101 0 1640 Percent 18% 23% 47% 6% 6% 0% 100%
  13. 13. ROMNEY(2012) Decoration Reiteration Representation Organization Interpretation Transformation Total Images 308 372 764 100 101 0 1640 Percent 18% 23% 47% 6% 6% 0% 100% 82% some images had ‘passive’ purpose
  14. 14. Re-did the 2011 survey • applied Levin, et al.’s (1987) typology • to 1655 decorative images ONLY ROMNEY & BELL (2014)
  15. 15. ROMNEY & BELL (2014) Dec Rep Org Int Trans Total Images 577 888 134 56 0 1655 Percent 35% 54% 8% 3% 0% 100%
  16. 16. ROMNEY & BELL (2014) Dec Rep Org Int Trans Total Images 577 888 134 56 0 1655 Percent 35% 54% 8% 3% 0% 100% 39%
  17. 17. JONES (n.d.) • proposes three categories • decorative, supporting and central
  18. 18. CURRENT STUDY
  19. 19. CURRENT STUDY • three general English (4-skills) textbooks • intermediate level (CEFR B1) • published in 2015
  20. 20. CURRENT STUDY Images removed. Please see: Doff,A.,Thaine, C., Putchta, H, & Lewis-Jones, P. (2015). Empower B1+. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, cover. Saslow, J, & Ascher,A. (2015). Top Notch 2, 3rd ed.White Plains, NY: Pearson, cover. Johannsen, K. L., & Chase, R.T. (2015). World English 3, 2nd ed. Boston, MA: National Geographic Learning, cover.
  21. 21. CURRENT STUDY • three categories • four roles
  22. 22. CURRENT STUDY Three Categories Decorative Supportive Instructional weakly supportive strongly supportivedecorative instructional Four Roles
  23. 23. Are there instructions to the student to do something with the image? YES INSTRUCTIONAL NO Does the image support learning? NO DECORATIVE YES STRONG SUPPORTIVE WEAK SUPPORTIVE METHODOLOGY INDIRECTLY SOME WHAT
  24. 24. EXAMPLES Images Removed. Please see: Doff,A.,Thaine, C., Putchta, H, & Lewis-Jones, P. (2015). Empower B1+. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 71.
  25. 25. EXAMPLES Images Removed. Please see: Saslow, J, & Ascher,A. (2015). Top Notch 2, 3rd ed.White Plains, NY: Pearson, p. 101
  26. 26. EXAMPLES Images Removed. Please see: Saslow, J, & Ascher,A. (2015). Top Notch 2, 3rd ed.White Plains, NY: Pearson, p. 32.
  27. 27. EXAMPLES Images Removed. Please see: Saslow, J, & Ascher,A. (2015). Top Notch 2, 3rd ed.White Plains, NY: Pearson, p. 65.
  28. 28. EXAMPLES Images Removed. Please see: Johannsen, K. L., & Chase, R.T. (2015). World English 3, 2nd ed. Boston, MA: National Geographic Learning, p. 97.
  29. 29. RESULTS Deco Weak Strong Instruct Total Empower B1+ 0 58 81 220 359 Top Notch 2 5 77 298 89 469 World English 3 3 37 89 67 196
  30. 30. RESULTS Deco Weak Strong Instruct Total Total 8 172 468 376 1024 Percentage <1% 17% 46% 37% 100%
  31. 31. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS
  32. 32. RESULTS Deco Weak Strong Instruct Total Total 8 172 468 376 1024 Percentage <1% 17% 46% 37% 100%
  33. 33. RESULTS Deco Weak Strong Instruct Total Total 8 172 468 376 1024 Percentage <1% 17% 46% 37% 100% 63%
  34. 34. RESULTS Deco Weak Strong Instruct Total Total 8 172 468 376 1024 Percentage <1% 17% 46% 37% 100% 83%
  35. 35. INSTRUCTIONAL Hill Romney & Bell (2011) Romney (2012) Romney & Bell (2014) Current Instuctional 185* 610 n/a 610 372 Percentage 45% 27% n/a 27% 36%
  36. 36. DECORATIVE Hill (2003) Romney & Bell (2011) Romney (2012) Romney & Bell (2014) Current Decorative 226 1655 308 577 8 Percentage 55% 73% 18% 25% <1%
  37. 37. DATE OF PUBLICATION Hill (2003) Romney & Bell (2011) Romney (2012) Current (2016) Copyright Date 1998(2) 2001(2) 2002(4) 2003 2004 2005 2006(2) 2007 2009(3) 2005 2007 2010 2015(3) Decorative 55% 73% & 25% 18% <1%
  38. 38. THANK YOU

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