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Sourcing Images for Teacher Made Materials

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Presentation slides from JALT International Conference (2016)

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Sourcing Images for Teacher Made Materials

  1. 1. Sourcing images for teacher-made materials Cameron Romney November 26, 2016 Doshisha University Faculty of Global Communications Aichi Industry & Labor Center – WINC Aichi Nagoya, Japan
  2. 2. Agenda •Ways images are used in ELT materials •Usage issues copyright, public domain, paid licenses, creaKve commons, and plagiarism •Sources for images
  3. 3. Ways images are used hows & whys
  4. 4. Achieve impact“ Tomlinson, 1998 Provide agency “ Keddie, 2009 AcKvate schema“ Brinton, 2014 Three Principle Reasons
  5. 5. Three Principle Uses • DecoraKve • SupporKve (strong and weak) • InstrucKonal
  6. 6. DecoraKve Impact SupporKve Schema InstrucKonal Agency ConnecKng why to how
  7. 7. English for Business (O’Brien, 2007) DecoraKve Image removed on copyright grounds.
  8. 8. SupporKve (strong) Smart Choice 1 (Wilson, 2007) Image removed on copyright grounds.
  9. 9. SupporKve (weak) Business Venture 2 (Barnard & Cady, 2009) Image removed on copyright grounds.
  10. 10. InstrucKonal English FirstHand Success (Helgesen, Brown & Wiltshire, 2010) Image removed on copyright grounds.
  11. 11. DecoraKve SupporKve InstrucKonal Impact Schema Agency
  12. 12. Usage Issues copyright public domain paid licenses creaKve commons plagiarism
  13. 13. Copyright MisconcepKons • Law varies by country (WIPO, n.d.) • By default all images are copyright (Berne ConvenKon) • PosKng on the Internet does not mean public domain (Templeton, 2008) • A picture of a picture is sKll copyright (Schultz, 2010)
  14. 14. Japan’s EducaKon ExempKon •Several condiKons must be met • MEXT oversight of school and class • Used only for educaKonal purposes • Purpose of the original work • NO distribuKon •ExempKon is NEVER guaranteed
  15. 15. Public Domain Images • Rights have expired • Varies according to local law of ‘source country’ • Rights were never fixed • Created before copyright law • Rights have been forfeited • Author has given declared the image to be in the public domain
  16. 16. Paid Licenses •Stock photo agencies • Geey Images, ShueerStock, istockphoto •Licensing FEE to use for any reason •Can be expensive • depending on source, topic, size, quality, etc.
  17. 17. CreaKve Commons •Sharing license • Between copyright and public domain •Six versions with varying restricKons •AeribuKon is ALWAYS required • Hyperlink for electronic materials • Text aeribuKon for paper-based materials
  18. 18. CC AeribuKon •No set standard •Should contain four items (if possible) • Title, Author, Source and License (TASL) • [TITLE] by [AUTHOR] available under [LICENSE] via [SOUCE] (creaKve commons.org)
  19. 19. [TITLE] by [AUTHOR] available under [LICENSE] via [SOUCE] GraduaKon13_IMG_7890 by saumag available under CreaKveCommons via flickr.com
  20. 20. Graduation13_IMG_7890bysaumagavailableunderCreativeCommonsviaflickr.com AeribuKon
  21. 21. Plagiarism Plagiarism is the wrongful appropriaKon of another person’s language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions. Using an image in a work you have produced without providing appropriate citaKon is plagiarism. “ “ Wikipedia plagiarism.org
  22. 22. Plagiarism • Aeribute images regardless of usage rights •Next to image for one-off materials •‘Acknowledgements’ page for longer works
  23. 23. Sourcing Images Google Images flickr.com (ELT Pics CollecKon) iStockPhoto Wikimedia Commons Miscellaneous
  24. 24. Google Images • Free • Huge number of images • Copyright • Huge number of images • Off-topic images • NSFW images Advantages Disadvantages
  25. 25. Google Images screen capture of Google Images search (2016)
  26. 26. Google Images screen capture of Google Images search (2016)
  27. 27. Google Images screen capture of Google Images search (2016)
  28. 28. flickr.com • Free • Largest collecKon of CC images • Huge number of images • Huge number of images • Off-topic images • Not indexed well • Amateur quality Advantages Disadvantages
  29. 29. flickr.com screencaptureofFlickr.comsearch(2016)
  30. 30. ELT Pics CollecKon • Pictures for language teaching by language teachers • CreaKve Commons • No curaKon • Not indexed well • Amateur quality Advantages Disadvantages
  31. 31. ELT Pics CollecKon screencaptureofFlickr.comsearch(2016)
  32. 32. iStockPhoto.com • Professional quality • Well indexed • Large number of images • Paid license • ¥1200 or ¥3400 per image • Credits must be bought in packs Advantages Disadvantages
  33. 33. iStockPhoto.com ¥3400 ¥1200 screencaptureofiStockPhoto.comsearch(2016)
  34. 34. Wikimedia Commons • Free • Well indexed • All creaKve commons or public domain Images • Off topic • Amateur quality • Moderate number of images • Historic images Advantages Disadvantages
  35. 35. Wikimedia Commons screencaptureofWikimediasearch(2016)
  36. 36. Wikimedia Commons screencaptureofWikimediasearch(2016)
  37. 37. Miscellaneous •US Government sites • usa.gov, nasa.gov, nps.gov, etc. •Pics 4 learning • hep://www.pics4learning.com/ Imagefromwhitehouse.govImagebyMichealD.Hall
  38. 38. Miscellaneous •Library of Congress: Prints & photographs online catalog • hep://www.loc.gov/pictures/ •The New York Public Library digital collecKons • hep://digitalcollecKons.nypl.org/ PhotobyJamesTaulmanPhotobyCarolHighsmith
  39. 39. Miscellaneous •University of Piesburgh: Visuals for foreign language instrucKon • hep://images.library.pie.edu/v/visuals/ •University of Victory: Language teaching clipart library • hep://hcmc.uvic.ca/clipart/ ImageFromUPittVFLI ImagesFromUVicLTCL
  40. 40. Thank You! romney.cameron@gmail.com @CameronRomney CameronRomney.com

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