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Adapted from work by David Ernst, University of Minnesota
Open Textbooks
Access, Affordability and Academic Success
B. de ...
“…higher education
shall be equally
accessible to all.”
$2,000
$3,000
$4,000
$5,000
$6,000
$7,000
$8,000
$9,000
$10,000
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 201...
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009...
Tuition fees and funding in Ireland
Source: http://usi.ie/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/FINAL-FINAL-USI-Position-Paper-on-the...
20%
of all UK students who start
a degree course will not
complete it
https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/performance...
Source: http://hea.ie/assets/uploads/2017/06/A-STUDY-OF-PROGRESSION-IN-IRISH-HIGHER-EDUCATION.pdf
Non-progression rates in...
Current UK students, on average, will owe more than
£50,000
in fee and maintenance loans upon graduation
(Principal only)
...
Source:https://www.rte.ie/news/education/2017/1101/916770-college-fees/quoting
NationalStudentFeeandSupportSystemsinEurope...
“A survey of medical students in UCC reveals that 26% of direct entry
medicine (DEM) students and 61% graduate entrants (G...
What can we do?
• Fees
• Room and board
• Books and supplies
• Personal expenses
• Transportation
What can we do?
• Fees
• Room and Board
• Books and supplies
• Personal Expenses
• Transportation
A 2010 NUS survey
indicates that the average
UK student will spend
around
£1000
on books during their
studies.
https://www...
Source: https://lovindublin.com/sponsored/bad-news-for-purveyors-of-education-this-is-what-it-cost-to-go-to-college-back-i...
“Some of the course textbooks
can be over €50 and I really
can’t afford to buy them on top
of everything else. I’d rather
...
“People always say college
isn’t cheap, but when you
add fees, the cost of books
that you’ll use once, maybe
twice, you do...
What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
“Due to caring responsibilities at home, most of
my study is done at home in the evening, when
my children are in bed. The...
Coping with the cost
• Purchase an older edition of the textbook
• Delay purchasing the textbook
• Never purchase the text...
–U of MN student
"I figured French hadn't changed
that much.”
Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook
because of cost?
7/10
students surveyed hadn’t bought a required
textbook due to cost
http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-s...
The Academic Impact
• 80% thought purchasing textbooks was an important part
of their studies
• 88% of students claimed to...
2012 2016
63.6% 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook
49.2% 47.6% Take fewer courses
45.1% 45.5% Not register for a spe...
Photo: CC BY-ND 2.0 by Christian Weidinger, https://flic.kr/p/iqbQsV
Other models…
Where does the funding come from?
Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst, Portland
State, …)
Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …)
Go...
All Rights
Reserved
Some Rights
Reserved
Plus…
PhotobyBccampus_News,CCBY-NC2.0https://flic.kr/p/VjyVBK
With Creative Commons licenses, you are
free to…
Copy Mix
Share Keep
Edit Use
PhotobyB.delosArcos,CCBY-NChttps://flic.kr/p/Fo2PZm
AdaptedfromPaulStacey,BCcampusOpenTextbookWorkshop,CCBY
https://www.slideshare.net/Paul_Stacey/bccampus-open-textbook-work...
open.umn.edu
1 1
9 10
39
133
378
489
0
40
80
120
160
200
240
280
320
360
400
440
480
520
1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 2.0-2.5 2.5-3.0 3.0-3.5 3.5-4....
12 Peer Reviewed Studies of
Perceptions of OER Quality
http://openedgroup.org/
5,201 educators and students
http://openedgroup.org/
50%
Same35%
Better
15%
Worse
http://openedgroup.org/
13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy
http://openedgroup.org/
119,720 students
http://openedgroup.org/
95% same or better outcomes
http://openedgroup.org/
Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester
college physics
1272 pages
Available in
PDF
ePub
Print
Web
Bookshare (accessible...
Examples of customizing
PM4ID
What can we do?
• Take a look! (open.umn.edu)
• Write a review!
• Adopt, if a book meets the needs of you and
your student...
Writing a review
Is there is a textbook in the Open Textbook Library
that fits your class and/or expertise?
Stipend will b...
open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/
Writing a review
1. You will receive an email with a link to the online review
form.
2. Complete a concise review by Decem...
1) Write a review
2) Adopt a book to use with
students
3) Be part of our open textbook
community – subscribe to the
blog, ...
Bea de los Arcos
b.de-los-arcos@open.ac.uk
@celTatis
@UKOpenTextbooks
Open Textbook Library: open.umn.edu
UK Open Textbook...
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success
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Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success

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Slides for workshop on open textbook adoption in Ireland, as part of the UK Open Textbook Project. Adapted from work by David Ernst, University of Minnesota.

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Open Textbooks: Access, affordability and academic success

  1. 1. Adapted from work by David Ernst, University of Minnesota Open Textbooks Access, Affordability and Academic Success B. de los Arcos, PhD The Open University, UK @celTatis PhotobyRichardSmith,CCBY2.0https://flic.kr/p/HNkhgq
  2. 2. “…higher education shall be equally accessible to all.”
  3. 3. $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 US Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  4. 4. 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Tuition fee and HEFCE funding in England 1996-2018 Tuition Fee HEFCE UoR
  5. 5. Tuition fees and funding in Ireland Source: http://usi.ie/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/FINAL-FINAL-USI-Position-Paper-on-the-Funding-of-Higher-Education-2016.pdf
  6. 6. 20% of all UK students who start a degree course will not complete it https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/performance-indicators/non-continuation-summary
  7. 7. Source: http://hea.ie/assets/uploads/2017/06/A-STUDY-OF-PROGRESSION-IN-IRISH-HIGHER-EDUCATION.pdf Non-progression rates in Ireland
  8. 8. Current UK students, on average, will owe more than £50,000 in fee and maintenance loans upon graduation (Principal only) https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/9334
  9. 9. Source:https://www.rte.ie/news/education/2017/1101/916770-college-fees/quoting NationalStudentFeeandSupportSystemsinEuropeanHigherEducation2017-2018
  10. 10. “A survey of medical students in UCC reveals that 26% of direct entry medicine (DEM) students and 61% graduate entrants (GEM) have a loan with an anticipated average debt of 17,300 and 80,000 on graduation respectively.” (Haugh, Doyle & O'Flynn, 2014).
  11. 11. What can we do? • Fees • Room and board • Books and supplies • Personal expenses • Transportation
  12. 12. What can we do? • Fees • Room and Board • Books and supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  13. 13. A 2010 NUS survey indicates that the average UK student will spend around £1000 on books during their studies. https://www.nus.org.uk/en/advice/money-and-funding/average-costs-of-living-and-study/
  14. 14. Source: https://lovindublin.com/sponsored/bad-news-for-purveyors-of-education-this-is-what-it-cost-to-go-to-college-back-in-1996
  15. 15. “Some of the course textbooks can be over €50 and I really can’t afford to buy them on top of everything else. I’d rather borrow from friends or photocopy pages than spend that much money on a book that I’ll only be using for one semester” Photo by Wesley Fryer, CC BY-SA 2.0 https://flic.kr/p/5SKqpZ Source: http://collegetribune.ie/irish-students-estimated-to-spend-e11000-in-college-expenses-this-year/
  16. 16. “People always say college isn’t cheap, but when you add fees, the cost of books that you’ll use once, maybe twice, you don’t have much spending money.” Source: http://collegetribune.ie/irish-students-estimated-to-spend-e11000-in-college-expenses-this-year/ PhotobyMarquetteLaForest,CCBY-NC-ND2.0https://flic.kr/p/7shvQr “I had a seasonal job coming up to exams and don’t think I’d be able to keep it up throughout the year without my grades suffering.”
  17. 17. What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
  18. 18. “Due to caring responsibilities at home, most of my study is done at home in the evening, when my children are in bed. Therefore I cannot use the university library to study.” “Material changes every year so it’s difficult to find useful second hand copies.” “There are more recommended reading books than I can afford to buy or have time to read.” “They are extremely useful, but expensive considering the fact that we pay £9000 tuition fees.” “When 6 subjects have 5-10 books on the ‘suggested reading’ list, it becomes impossible to obtain all of them.” “Text books are ridiculously priced. They are aimed at students but are completely out of their price range. £100 for one book!” Quotes from UWE students Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  19. 19. Coping with the cost • Purchase an older edition of the textbook • Delay purchasing the textbook • Never purchase the textbook • Share the textbook with other students, either directly or via the library • Download textbooks from the internet
  20. 20. –U of MN student "I figured French hadn't changed that much.”
  21. 21. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost?
  22. 22. 7/10 students surveyed hadn’t bought a required textbook due to cost http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
  23. 23. The Academic Impact • 80% thought purchasing textbooks was an important part of their studies • 88% of students claimed to have skipped purchasing a textbook because of the price. • 9% claimed to have changed their course because of the cost of books associated with it. Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  24. 24. 2012 2016 63.6% 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% 47.6% Take fewer courses 45.1% 45.5% Not register for a specific course 33.9% 37.6% Earn a poor grade 26.7% 26.1% Drop a course 17.0% 19.8% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  25. 25. Photo: CC BY-ND 2.0 by Christian Weidinger, https://flic.kr/p/iqbQsV
  26. 26. Other models…
  27. 27. Where does the funding come from? Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst, Portland State, …) Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …) Governments (state, federal) Institutional Consortia (CALI)
  28. 28. All Rights Reserved Some Rights Reserved
  29. 29. Plus… PhotobyBccampus_News,CCBY-NC2.0https://flic.kr/p/VjyVBK
  30. 30. With Creative Commons licenses, you are free to… Copy Mix Share Keep Edit Use
  31. 31. PhotobyB.delosArcos,CCBY-NChttps://flic.kr/p/Fo2PZm
  32. 32. AdaptedfromPaulStacey,BCcampusOpenTextbookWorkshop,CCBY https://www.slideshare.net/Paul_Stacey/bccampus-open-textbook-workshop not OPEN OPEN
  33. 33. open.umn.edu
  34. 34. 1 1 9 10 39 133 378 489 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 400 440 480 520 1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 2.0-2.5 2.5-3.0 3.0-3.5 3.5-4.0 4.0-4.5 4.5-5.0 Reviews Ratings Open Textbook Reviews
  35. 35. 12 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  36. 36. 5,201 educators and students http://openedgroup.org/
  37. 37. 50% Same35% Better 15% Worse http://openedgroup.org/
  38. 38. 13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy http://openedgroup.org/
  39. 39. 119,720 students http://openedgroup.org/
  40. 40. 95% same or better outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  41. 41. Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics 1272 pages Available in PDF ePub Print Web Bookshare (accessible) Instructor solution manual Powerpoint slides
  42. 42. Examples of customizing
  43. 43. PM4ID
  44. 44. What can we do? • Take a look! (open.umn.edu) • Write a review! • Adopt, if a book meets the needs of you and your students • Raise awareness - talk with colleagues in your program and department
  45. 45. Writing a review Is there is a textbook in the Open Textbook Library that fits your class and/or expertise? Stipend will be paid for reviewing a textbook in the Open Textbook Library
  46. 46. open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/
  47. 47. Writing a review 1. You will receive an email with a link to the online review form. 2. Complete a concise review by December 1st 3. The review will be posted on the Open Textbook Library under an open license. 4. A €€€ voucher will be paid.
  48. 48. 1) Write a review 2) Adopt a book to use with students 3) Be part of our open textbook community – subscribe to the blog, follow us on Twitter 4) Contact Bea for any queries What next?
  49. 49. Bea de los Arcos b.de-los-arcos@open.ac.uk @celTatis @UKOpenTextbooks Open Textbook Library: open.umn.edu UK Open Textbook Project: ukopentextbooks.org/ Slides adapted from work by David Ernst at http://slideshare.net/djernst

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