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Open Textbooks
Access, Affordability, and Academic Success
David Ernst, PhD
University of Minnesota
@dernst
By David Ernst...
–United Nations Universal Declaration of Human
Rights
“…higher education shall be equally
accessible to all…”
The cost barrier kept
2.4 million
low and moderate-income college-qualified high
school graduates from completing college ...
$2,000
$3,000
$4,000
$5,000
$6,000
$7,000
$8,000
$9,000
$10,000
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 201...
$3,000
$4,000
$5,000
$6,000
$7,000
$8,000
$9,000
$10,000
$11,000
$12,000
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008...
0
200
400
600
800
1,000
1,200
1,400
1,600
1,800
1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Hours@MinimumWage H...
The average borrower owes more than
$28,950
in student loans (class of 2014).
http://ticas.org/posd/map-state-data-2015
Mi...
$400
$500
$600
$700
$800
$900
$1,000
$1,100
$1,200
$1,300
$1,400
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
$Billio...
What can we do?
• Tuition and Fees
• Room and Board
• Books and Supplies
• Personal Expenses
• Transportation
What can we do?
• Tuition and Fees
• Room and Board
• Books and Supplies
• Personal Expenses
• Transportation
0%
100%
200%
300%
400%
500%
600%
700%
1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012...
http://www.nbcnews.com/feature/freshman-year/college-textbook-prices-have-risen-812-percent-1978-n399926
The average student should budget
$1,249 - $1,364
for textbooks and course materials in 2015-16.
http://trends.collegeboar...
What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0d6HTN6llgo
Coping with the Cost
• Purchase an older edition of the textbook
• Delay purchasing the textbook
• Never purchase the text...
–U of MN Student
"I figured French hadn't changed that
much.”
59%
of students report that they have had to wait for
their financial aid check to purchase textbooks.
Unpublished Minneso...
Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost?
Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjaTJC8zZJ4
7/10
students surveyed hadn’t bought a required
textbook due to cost.
http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-4IswNs0WWE
2012 2016
63.6% 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook
49.2% 47.6% Take fewer courses
45.1% 45.5% Not register for a spe...
Other models…
Where does the funding come from?
Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst,
Portland State, …)
Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …)
Go...
All Rights
Reserved
Some Rights
Reserved
Plus…
With Creative Commons licenses, you
are free to…
Copy Mix
Share Keep
Edit Use
open.umn.edu
0 0 7 5
21
98
257
302
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 2.0-2.5 2.5-3.0 3.0-3....
13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy
http://openedgroup.org/
119,720 Students
http://openedgroup.org/
95% Same or Better Outcomes
http://openedgroup.org/
12 Peer Reviewed Studies of
Perceptions of OER Quality
http://openedgroup.org/
5,201 Professors and Students
http://openedgroup.org/
50%
Same35%
Better
15%
Worse
http://openedgroup.org/
Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester
college physics
1272 pages
Available in
PDF
ePub
Print
Web
Bookshare (accessible...
Examples of Customizing
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v
=E1zAcm0lXn0
What can we do?
What can we do?
• Take a look!
• Write a review!
• Adopt if a book meets the needs of you and your
students
• Raise awaren...
Writing a Review
Is there is a textbook in the Open Textbook Library that
fits your class and/or expertise?
Stipend will b...
Writing a Review
1. You will receive an email with a link to the online
review form.
2. Complete a concise review by Janua...
David Ernst
dernst@umn.edu
@dernst
Slides: http://slideshare.net/djernst
Open Textbook Library: open.umn.edu
By David Erns...
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Presented online on December 5, 2016, for MnSCU faculty.

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MnSCU 12-5-16

  1. 1. Open Textbooks Access, Affordability, and Academic Success David Ernst, PhD University of Minnesota @dernst By David Ernst. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. 2. –United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights “…higher education shall be equally accessible to all…”
  3. 3. The cost barrier kept 2.4 million low and moderate-income college-qualified high school graduates from completing college in the previous decade. The Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED529499.pdf
  4. 4. $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 US Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  5. 5. $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 $11,000 $12,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 Minnesota Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  6. 6. 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Hours@MinimumWage Hours of Work Required to Afford Tuition (University of Minnesota)
  7. 7. The average borrower owes more than $28,950 in student loans (class of 2014). http://ticas.org/posd/map-state-data-2015 Minnesota = $31,579
  8. 8. $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 $1,200 $1,300 $1,400 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 $Billions US Debt Consumer Revolving Credit Student Loan Debt Federal Reserve http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/g19/Current/
  9. 9. What can we do? • Tuition and Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  10. 10. What can we do? • Tuition and Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  11. 11. 0% 100% 200% 300% 400% 500% 600% 700% 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Increase in Textbook Prices Textbooks CPI Bureau of Labor Statistics http://www.bls.gov/cpi/
  12. 12. http://www.nbcnews.com/feature/freshman-year/college-textbook-prices-have-risen-812-percent-1978-n399926
  13. 13. The average student should budget $1,249 - $1,364 for textbooks and course materials in 2015-16. http://trends.collegeboard.org/college-pricing/figures-tables/average-estimated-undergraduate-budgets-2015-16 http://www.stcloudstate.edu/srfs/finances/cost-of-attendance.aspx Example: St. Cloud State University = $1,200
  14. 14. What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
  15. 15. What do you think about the cost of textbooks? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0d6HTN6llgo
  16. 16. Coping with the Cost • Purchase an older edition of the textbook • Delay purchasing the textbook • Never purchase the textbook • Share the textbook with other students
  17. 17. –U of MN Student "I figured French hadn't changed that much.”
  18. 18. 59% of students report that they have had to wait for their financial aid check to purchase textbooks. Unpublished Minnesota State University Student Association survey
  19. 19. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost?
  20. 20. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjaTJC8zZJ4
  21. 21. 7/10 students surveyed hadn’t bought a required textbook due to cost. http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
  22. 22. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-4IswNs0WWE
  23. 23. 2012 2016 63.6% 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% 47.6% Take fewer courses 45.1% 45.5% Not register for a specific course 33.9% 37.6% Earn a poor grade 26.7% 26.1% Drop a course 17.0% 19.8% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  24. 24. Other models…
  25. 25. Where does the funding come from? Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst, Portland State, …) Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …) Governments (state, federal) Institutional Consortia (CALI)
  26. 26. All Rights Reserved Some Rights Reserved
  27. 27. Plus…
  28. 28. With Creative Commons licenses, you are free to… Copy Mix Share Keep Edit Use
  29. 29. open.umn.edu
  30. 30. 0 0 7 5 21 98 257 302 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 2.0-2.5 2.5-3.0 3.0-3.5 3.5-4.0 4.0-4.5 4.5-5.0 Reviews Ratings Open Textbook Reviews
  31. 31. 13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy http://openedgroup.org/
  32. 32. 119,720 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  33. 33. 95% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  34. 34. 12 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  35. 35. 5,201 Professors and Students http://openedgroup.org/
  36. 36. 50% Same35% Better 15% Worse http://openedgroup.org/
  37. 37. Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics 1272 pages Available in PDF ePub Print Web Bookshare (accessible) Instructor solution manual Powerpoint slides
  38. 38. Examples of Customizing
  39. 39. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v =E1zAcm0lXn0
  40. 40. What can we do?
  41. 41. What can we do? • Take a look! • Write a review! • Adopt if a book meets the needs of you and your students • Raise awareness - talk with colleagues in your program and department
  42. 42. Writing a Review Is there is a textbook in the Open Textbook Library that fits your class and/or expertise? Stipend will be paid for: 1. attending this workshop, and 2. reviewing a textbook in the Open Textbook Library
  43. 43. Writing a Review 1. You will receive an email with a link to the online review form. 2. Complete a concise review by January 30, 2017. 3. The review will be posted on the Open Textbook Library under an open license. 4. Stipend will be paid.
  44. 44. David Ernst dernst@umn.edu @dernst Slides: http://slideshare.net/djernst Open Textbook Library: open.umn.edu By David Ernst. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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