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Adapted from work by David Ernst, University of Minnesota
Open
Textbooks
Access,
Affordability and
Academic
Success
B. de los Arcos, PhD
The Open University
@celTatis
PhotobyJISCinfoNet,CCBY-NC-NDhttps://flic.kr/p/dYoJf
“…higher education
shall be equally
accessible to all.”
$2,000
$3,000
$4,000
$5,000
$6,000
$7,000
$8,000
$9,000
$10,000
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014
US Higher Education Funding - $/FTE
State Funding Tuition Revenue
http://www.sheeo.org
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Tuition fee and HEFCE funding in England 1996-2018
Tuition Fee HEFCE UoR
20%
of all UK students who start
a degree course will not
complete it
https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/performance-indicators/non-continuation-summary
In UK current students, on average, will owe more than
£50,000
in fee and maintenance loans upon graduation
(Principal only)
https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/9334
What can we do?
• Fees
• Room and Board
• Books and Supplies
• Personal Expenses
• Transportation
What can we do?
• Fees
• Room and Board
• Books and Supplies
• Personal Expenses
• Transportation
A 2010 NUS survey
indicates that the average
UK student will spend
around
£1000
on books during their
studies.
https://www.nus.org.uk/en/advice/money-and-funding/average-costs-of-living-and-study/
What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
“Due to caring responsibilities at home, most of
my study is done at home in the evening, when
my children are in bed. Therefore I cannot use
the university library to study.”
“Material changes every year so it’s difficult to
find useful second hand copies.”
“There are more recommended reading books
than I can afford to buy or have time to read.”
“They are extremely useful, but expensive
considering the fact that we pay £9000 tuition
fees.”
“When 6 subjects have 5-10 books on the
‘suggested reading’ list, it becomes impossible
to obtain all of them.”
“Text books are ridiculously priced. They are
aimed at students but are completely out of their
price range. £100 for one book!”
Quotes from UWE students
Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
Coping with the cost
• Purchase an older edition of the textbook
• Delay purchasing the textbook
• Never purchase the textbook
• Share the textbook with other students, either directly or
via the library
• Download textbooks from the internet
–U of MN student
"I figured French hadn't changed
that much.”
Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook
because of cost?
7/10
students surveyed hadn’t bought a required
textbook due to cost
http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
The Academic Impact
• 80% thought purchasing textbooks was an important part
of their studies
• 88% of students claimed to have skipped purchasing a
textbook because of the price.
• 9% claimed to have changed their course because of the
cost of books associated with it.
Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
2012 2016
63.6% 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook
49.2% 47.6% Take fewer courses
45.1% 45.5% Not register for a specific course
33.9% 37.6% Earn a poor grade
26.7% 26.1% Drop a course
17.0% 19.8% Fail a course
In your academic career, has the cost of required
textbooks caused you to:
http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
Photo: CC BY-ND 2.0 by Christian Weidinger, https://flic.kr/p/iqbQsV
Other models…
Where does the funding come from?
Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst, Portland
State, …)
Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …)
Governments (state, federal)
Institutional Consortia (CALI)
All Rights
Reserved
Some Rights
Reserved
Plus…
PhotobyBccampus_News,CCBY-NC2.0https://flic.kr/p/VjyVBK
With Creative Commons licenses, you are
free to…
Copy Mix
Share Keep
Edit Use
open.umn.edu
1 1
9 10
39
133
378
489
0
40
80
120
160
200
240
280
320
360
400
440
480
520
1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 2.0-2.5 2.5-3.0 3.0-3.5 3.5-4.0 4.0-4.5 4.5-5.0
Reviews
Ratings
Open Textbook Reviews
12 Peer Reviewed Studies of
Perceptions of OER Quality
http://openedgroup.org/
5,201 educators and students
http://openedgroup.org/
50%
Same35%
Better
15%
Worse
http://openedgroup.org/
13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy
http://openedgroup.org/
119,720 students
http://openedgroup.org/
95% same or better outcomes
http://openedgroup.org/
Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester
college physics
1272 pages
Available in
PDF
ePub
Print
Web
Bookshare (accessible)
Instructor solution manual
Powerpoint slides
Examples of customizing
PM4ID
What can we do?
• Take a look! (open.umn.edu)
• Write a review!
• Adopt, if a book meets the needs of you and
your students
• Raise awareness - talk with colleagues in
your program and department
Writing a review
Is there is a textbook in the Open Textbook Library
that fits your class and/or expertise?
Stipend will be paid for reviewing a textbook in the
Open Textbook Library
open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/
Writing a review
1. You will receive an email with a link to the online review
form.
2. Complete a concise review by January 8th
3. The review will be posted on the Open Textbook Library
under an open license.
4. A £150 voucher will be paid.
1) Write a review
2) Adopt a book to use with
students
3) Be part of our open textbook
community – subscribe to the
blog, follow us on Twitter
4) Contact Bea for any queries
What next?
Bea de los Arcos
b.de-los-arcos@open.ac.uk
@celTatis
@UKOpenTextbooks
Open Textbook Library: open.umn.edu
UK Open Textbook Project: ukopentextbooks.org/
Slides adapted from work by David Ernst at http://slideshare.net/djernst

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Open Textbooks: Access, Affordability and Academic Success

  • 1. Adapted from work by David Ernst, University of Minnesota Open Textbooks Access, Affordability and Academic Success B. de los Arcos, PhD The Open University @celTatis PhotobyJISCinfoNet,CCBY-NC-NDhttps://flic.kr/p/dYoJf
  • 2. “…higher education shall be equally accessible to all.”
  • 3. $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 US Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  • 4. 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Tuition fee and HEFCE funding in England 1996-2018 Tuition Fee HEFCE UoR
  • 5. 20% of all UK students who start a degree course will not complete it https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/performance-indicators/non-continuation-summary
  • 6. In UK current students, on average, will owe more than £50,000 in fee and maintenance loans upon graduation (Principal only) https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/9334
  • 7. What can we do? • Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  • 8. What can we do? • Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  • 9. A 2010 NUS survey indicates that the average UK student will spend around £1000 on books during their studies. https://www.nus.org.uk/en/advice/money-and-funding/average-costs-of-living-and-study/
  • 10. What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
  • 11. “Due to caring responsibilities at home, most of my study is done at home in the evening, when my children are in bed. Therefore I cannot use the university library to study.” “Material changes every year so it’s difficult to find useful second hand copies.” “There are more recommended reading books than I can afford to buy or have time to read.” “They are extremely useful, but expensive considering the fact that we pay £9000 tuition fees.” “When 6 subjects have 5-10 books on the ‘suggested reading’ list, it becomes impossible to obtain all of them.” “Text books are ridiculously priced. They are aimed at students but are completely out of their price range. £100 for one book!” Quotes from UWE students Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  • 12. Coping with the cost • Purchase an older edition of the textbook • Delay purchasing the textbook • Never purchase the textbook • Share the textbook with other students, either directly or via the library • Download textbooks from the internet
  • 13. –U of MN student "I figured French hadn't changed that much.”
  • 14. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost?
  • 15. 7/10 students surveyed hadn’t bought a required textbook due to cost http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
  • 16.
  • 17. The Academic Impact • 80% thought purchasing textbooks was an important part of their studies • 88% of students claimed to have skipped purchasing a textbook because of the price. • 9% claimed to have changed their course because of the cost of books associated with it. Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  • 18. 2012 2016 63.6% 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% 47.6% Take fewer courses 45.1% 45.5% Not register for a specific course 33.9% 37.6% Earn a poor grade 26.7% 26.1% Drop a course 17.0% 19.8% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  • 19. Photo: CC BY-ND 2.0 by Christian Weidinger, https://flic.kr/p/iqbQsV
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  • 28. Where does the funding come from? Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst, Portland State, …) Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …) Governments (state, federal) Institutional Consortia (CALI)
  • 29.
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  • 39. With Creative Commons licenses, you are free to… Copy Mix Share Keep Edit Use
  • 40.
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  • 45. 1 1 9 10 39 133 378 489 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 400 440 480 520 1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 2.0-2.5 2.5-3.0 3.0-3.5 3.5-4.0 4.0-4.5 4.5-5.0 Reviews Ratings Open Textbook Reviews
  • 46. 12 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  • 47. 5,201 educators and students http://openedgroup.org/
  • 49. 13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy http://openedgroup.org/
  • 51. 95% same or better outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  • 52. Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics 1272 pages Available in PDF ePub Print Web Bookshare (accessible) Instructor solution manual Powerpoint slides
  • 54.
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  • 57. PM4ID
  • 58. What can we do? • Take a look! (open.umn.edu) • Write a review! • Adopt, if a book meets the needs of you and your students • Raise awareness - talk with colleagues in your program and department
  • 59. Writing a review Is there is a textbook in the Open Textbook Library that fits your class and/or expertise? Stipend will be paid for reviewing a textbook in the Open Textbook Library
  • 61. Writing a review 1. You will receive an email with a link to the online review form. 2. Complete a concise review by January 8th 3. The review will be posted on the Open Textbook Library under an open license. 4. A £150 voucher will be paid.
  • 62. 1) Write a review 2) Adopt a book to use with students 3) Be part of our open textbook community – subscribe to the blog, follow us on Twitter 4) Contact Bea for any queries What next?
  • 63. Bea de los Arcos b.de-los-arcos@open.ac.uk @celTatis @UKOpenTextbooks Open Textbook Library: open.umn.edu UK Open Textbook Project: ukopentextbooks.org/ Slides adapted from work by David Ernst at http://slideshare.net/djernst