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Open Textbooks: Access, Affordability and Academic Success

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Slides for workshop on open textbook adoption, UK Open Textbook Project at Glasgow Caledonian, December 4th, 2017.

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Open Textbooks: Access, Affordability and Academic Success

  1. 1. Adapted from work by David Ernst, University of Minnesota Open Textbooks Access, Affordability and Academic Success B. de los Arcos, PhD The Open University @celTatis PhotobyJISCinfoNet,CCBY-NC-NDhttps://flic.kr/p/dYoJf
  2. 2. “…higher education shall be equally accessible to all.”
  3. 3. $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 US Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  4. 4. 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Tuition fee and HEFCE funding in England 1996-2018 Tuition Fee HEFCE UoR
  5. 5. 20% of all UK students who start a degree course will not complete it https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/performance-indicators/non-continuation-summary
  6. 6. In UK current students, on average, will owe more than £50,000 in fee and maintenance loans upon graduation (Principal only) https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/9334
  7. 7. What can we do? • Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  8. 8. What can we do? • Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  9. 9. A 2010 NUS survey indicates that the average UK student will spend around £1000 on books during their studies. https://www.nus.org.uk/en/advice/money-and-funding/average-costs-of-living-and-study/
  10. 10. What do you think about the cost of textbooks?
  11. 11. “Due to caring responsibilities at home, most of my study is done at home in the evening, when my children are in bed. Therefore I cannot use the university library to study.” “Material changes every year so it’s difficult to find useful second hand copies.” “There are more recommended reading books than I can afford to buy or have time to read.” “They are extremely useful, but expensive considering the fact that we pay £9000 tuition fees.” “When 6 subjects have 5-10 books on the ‘suggested reading’ list, it becomes impossible to obtain all of them.” “Text books are ridiculously priced. They are aimed at students but are completely out of their price range. £100 for one book!” Quotes from UWE students Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  12. 12. Coping with the cost • Purchase an older edition of the textbook • Delay purchasing the textbook • Never purchase the textbook • Share the textbook with other students, either directly or via the library • Download textbooks from the internet
  13. 13. –U of MN student "I figured French hadn't changed that much.”
  14. 14. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost?
  15. 15. 7/10 students surveyed hadn’t bought a required textbook due to cost http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
  16. 16. The Academic Impact • 80% thought purchasing textbooks was an important part of their studies • 88% of students claimed to have skipped purchasing a textbook because of the price. • 9% claimed to have changed their course because of the cost of books associated with it. Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  17. 17. 2012 2016 63.6% 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% 47.6% Take fewer courses 45.1% 45.5% Not register for a specific course 33.9% 37.6% Earn a poor grade 26.7% 26.1% Drop a course 17.0% 19.8% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  18. 18. Photo: CC BY-ND 2.0 by Christian Weidinger, https://flic.kr/p/iqbQsV
  19. 19. Other models…
  20. 20. Where does the funding come from? Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst, Portland State, …) Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …) Governments (state, federal) Institutional Consortia (CALI)
  21. 21. All Rights Reserved Some Rights Reserved
  22. 22. Plus… PhotobyBccampus_News,CCBY-NC2.0https://flic.kr/p/VjyVBK
  23. 23. With Creative Commons licenses, you are free to… Copy Mix Share Keep Edit Use
  24. 24. open.umn.edu
  25. 25. 1 1 9 10 39 133 378 489 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 400 440 480 520 1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 2.0-2.5 2.5-3.0 3.0-3.5 3.5-4.0 4.0-4.5 4.5-5.0 Reviews Ratings Open Textbook Reviews
  26. 26. 12 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  27. 27. 5,201 educators and students http://openedgroup.org/
  28. 28. 50% Same35% Better 15% Worse http://openedgroup.org/
  29. 29. 13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy http://openedgroup.org/
  30. 30. 119,720 students http://openedgroup.org/
  31. 31. 95% same or better outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  32. 32. Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics 1272 pages Available in PDF ePub Print Web Bookshare (accessible) Instructor solution manual Powerpoint slides
  33. 33. Examples of customizing
  34. 34. PM4ID
  35. 35. What can we do? • Take a look! (open.umn.edu) • Write a review! • Adopt, if a book meets the needs of you and your students • Raise awareness - talk with colleagues in your program and department
  36. 36. Writing a review Is there is a textbook in the Open Textbook Library that fits your class and/or expertise? Stipend will be paid for reviewing a textbook in the Open Textbook Library
  37. 37. open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/
  38. 38. Writing a review 1. You will receive an email with a link to the online review form. 2. Complete a concise review by January 8th 3. The review will be posted on the Open Textbook Library under an open license. 4. A £150 voucher will be paid.
  39. 39. 1) Write a review 2) Adopt a book to use with students 3) Be part of our open textbook community – subscribe to the blog, follow us on Twitter 4) Contact Bea for any queries What next?
  40. 40. Bea de los Arcos b.de-los-arcos@open.ac.uk @celTatis @UKOpenTextbooks Open Textbook Library: open.umn.edu UK Open Textbook Project: ukopentextbooks.org/ Slides adapted from work by David Ernst at http://slideshare.net/djernst

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