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Open textbooks Staffordshire University Workshop

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Open textbook workshop at Staffordshire University, 23rd November 2017. With Beck Pitt and Viv Rolfe.

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Open textbooks Staffordshire University Workshop

  1. 1. Open Textbooks Access, Affordability, and Academic Success Dr Viv Rolfe National Teaching Fellow University of the West of England + Dr Beck Pitt OERHub.net Open University Thursday 23rd November 2017 By David Ernst. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. 2. Open Textbooks Access, Affordability, and Academic Success Dr Viv Rolfe National Teaching Fellow University of the West of England + Dr Rob Farrow OERHub.net Open University http://ukopentextbooks.org
  3. 3. “…higher education shall be equally accessible to all”
  4. 4. $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 $10,000 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 US Higher Education Funding - $/FTE State Funding Tuition Revenue http://www.sheeo.org
  5. 5. 20% of all UK students who start a degree course will not complete it. https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/performance-indicators/non-continuation-summary
  6. 6. 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Tuition fee and HEFCE funding in England 1996-2018 Tuition Fee HEFCE UoR
  7. 7. Current students, on average, will owe more than £50,000 in fee and maintenance loans upon graduation. https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/9334
  8. 8. What can we do? • Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  9. 9. What can we do? • Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  10. 10. A 2010 NUS survey indicates that the average student will spend around £1000 on books during their studies. https://www.nus.org.uk/en/advice/money-and-funding/average-costs-of-living-and-study/
  11. 11. What do students think about the cost of textbooks? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0d6HTN6llgo
  12. 12. “Due to caring responsibilities at home, most of my study is done at home in the evening, when my children are in bed. Therefore I cannot use the university library to study.” “Material changes every year so it’s difficult to find useful second hand copies.” “There are more recommended reading books than I can afford to buy or have time to read.” “They are extremely useful, but expensive considering the fact that we pay £9000 tuition fees.” “When 6 subjects have 5-10 books on the ‘suggested reading’ list, it becomes impossible to obtain all of them.” “Text books are ridiculously priced. They are aimed at students but are completely out of their price range. £100 for one book!” Quotes from UWE Students Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  13. 13. Coping with the Cost • Purchase an older edition of the textbook • Delay purchasing the textbook • Never purchase the textbook • Share the textbook with other students, either directly or via the library. • Download textbooks from the internet
  14. 14. Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjaTJC8zZJ4
  15. 15. 7/10 (US) students surveyed hadn’t bought a required textbook due to cost. Nicole Allen, SPARC, http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
  16. 16. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-4IswNs0WWE
  17. 17. The Academic Impact? UWE Students. • 80% thought purchasing textbooks was an important part of their studies • 88% of students claimed to have skipped purchasing a textbook because of the price. • 9% claimed to have changed their course because of the cost of books associated with it. Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  18. 18. 2012 2016 63.6% 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% 47.6% Take fewer courses 45.1% 45.5% Not register for a specific course 33.9% 37.6% Earn a poor grade 26.7% 26.1% Drop a course 17.0% 19.8% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  19. 19. So – what can we do about it?
  20. 20. Typical publishing model…
  21. 21. Other models…
  22. 22. You write a book and share it with your students…
  23. 23. A funder pays for the book…
  24. 24. And could pay the author directly…and could place stipulations e.g. that the book was made free for students
  25. 25. Where does the funding come from? Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst, Portland State, …) Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …) Governments (state, federal) Institutional Consortia (CALI)
  26. 26. UK-hosted global collaboration CC licensed
  27. 27. Cambridge -based open publishing platform Global reach CC licensed
  28. 28. US-based open textbooks Global reach CC licensed
  29. 29. All Rights Reserved Some Rights Reserved
  30. 30. Plus…
  31. 31. With Creative Commons licenses, you are free to… Copy Mix Share Keep Edit Use
  32. 32. How can you get started exploring open textbooks?
  33. 33. open.umn.edu Catalogue of 400+ books Includes teacher reviews (not full-peer review – Amazon/customer rating+ review) Multiple formats/ MARC records
  34. 34. 1 1 9 10 39 133 378 489 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 400 440 480 520 1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 2.0-2.5 2.5-3.0 3.0-3.5 3.5-4.0 4.0-4.5 4.5-5.0 Reviews Ratings Open Textbook Reviews
  35. 35. What other things might you need to know if you were going to ‘adopt’ an open textbook?
  36. 36. 12 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of Open Textbook Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  37. 37. 5,201 Professors and Students http://openedgroup.org/
  38. 38. 50% Same35% Better 15% Worse http://openedgroup.org/
  39. 39. 13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy (e.g. completion of courses/grades) http://openedgroup.org/
  40. 40. 119,720 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  41. 41. 95% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  42. 42. Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics 1272 pages Available in PDF ePub Print Web Bookshare (accessible) Instructor solution manual Powerpoint slides
  43. 43. Examples of ‘Adapting’ and Customizing
  44. 44. Teachers (faculty) added examples, questions and content…
  45. 45. Remixed with video tutorials on math problems…
  46. 46. PM4ID
  47. 47. What can we do?
  48. 48. What can we do? • Take a look! (open.umn.edu) • Find a book and write a review to share. • Adopt if a book meets the needs of you and your students. • Raise awareness - talk with colleagues in the library, your program and department.
  49. 49. Writing a Review Is there is a textbook in the Open Textbook Library that fits your class and/or expertise? E.g. https://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/BookDetail.aspx?bo okId=169 You can earn a voucher of £150 for: 1. attending this workshop, and 2. reviewing a textbook in the Open Textbook Library
  50. 50. Writing a Review 1. You will receive an email with a link to the online review form. 2. Complete a review by Friday 22nd December 2017. 3. The review will be posted on the Open Textbook Library under an open license. 4. You will receive a £150 voucher.
  51. 51. 1) Write a review. 2) Think about adopting a book or using some chapters with your students. 3) Be part of our open textbook community – subscribe to the blog, follow us on Twitter @UKOpenTextbooks – tell your friends! 4) We will email you this presentation. What next?
  52. 52. Dr Viv Rolfe National Teaching Fellow University of the West of England + Dr Beck Pitt OERHub.net Open University By David Ernst. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Slides: http://slideshare.net/djernst

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