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Open Textbooks Webinar: Teaching and Learning Conversations

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This webinar was conducted by Beck Pitt for the Teaching and Learning Conversations series on Tuesday 27 March 2018 as part of the Hewlett funded UK Open Textbooks Project.

The workshop slide deck was originally developed by David Ernst of the Open Textbook Network, see: https://www.slideshare.net/djernst

For more on the UK Open Textbooks project: http://ukopentextbooks.org

Published in: Education
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Open Textbooks Webinar: Teaching and Learning Conversations

  1. 1. Open Textbooks Access, Affordability, and Academic Success Teaching and Learning Conversations #tlcwebinar 27 March 2018 Beck Pitt, The Open University (UK) @BeckPitt By David Ernst and modified by Beck Pitt & Vivien Rolfe as part of the UK Open Textbooks project. Unless otherwise stated this work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. 2. “…higher education shall be equally accessible to all”
  3. 3. 20% of all UK students who start a degree course will not complete it. https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/performance-indicators/non-continuation-summary
  4. 4. 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Tuition fee and HEFCE funding in England 1996-2018 Tuition Fee HEFCE UoR
  5. 5. Current students, on average, will owe more than £50,000 in fee and maintenance loans upon graduation. (Principal only) https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/9334
  6. 6. What can we do? • Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  7. 7. What can we do? • Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  8. 8. A 2010 NUS survey indicates that the average student will spend around £1000 on books & materials each academic year. https://www.nus.org.uk/en/advice/money-and-funding/average-costs-of-living-and-study/
  9. 9. What do you think about the cost of textbooks? Picture credit: books bookcase-0308 (Copy) by Nick Vidal-Hall https://www.flickr.com/photos/132918212@N04/38611730894/ is licensed CC BY-ND 2.0
  10. 10. “Due to caring responsibilities at home, most of my study is done at home in the evening, when my children are in bed. Therefore I cannot use the university library to study.” “Material changes every year so it’s difficult to find useful second hand copies.” “There are more recommended reading books than I can afford to buy or have time to read.” “They are extremely useful, but expensive considering the fact that we pay £9000 tuition fees.” “When 6 subjects have 5-10 books on the ‘suggested reading’ list, it becomes impossible to obtain all of them.” “Text books are ridiculously priced. They are aimed at students but are completely out of their price range. £100 for one book!” Quotes from UWE Students Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  11. 11. Coping with the Cost • Purchase an older edition of the textbook • Delay purchasing the textbook • Never purchase the textbook • Share the textbook with other students, either directly or via the library. • Download textbooks from the internet
  12. 12. –U of MN Student "I figured French hadn't changed that much.”
  13. 13. 7/10 students surveyed hadn’t bought a required textbook due to cost. http://www.slideshare.net/txtbks/open-education-and-solving-the-textbook-cost-crisis
  14. 14. The Academic Impact • 80% thought purchasing textbooks was an important part of their studies • 88% of students claimed to have skipped purchasing a textbook because of the price. • 9% claimed to have changed their course because of the cost of books associated with it. Rolfe, V. Could open textbooks improve the experience of all students?
  15. 15. 2012 2016 63.6% 66.5% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% 47.6% Take fewer courses 45.1% 45.5% Not register for a specific course 33.9% 37.6% Earn a poor grade 26.7% 26.1% Drop a course 17.0% 19.8% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  16. 16. Picture credit: Question 1 by Virtual EyeSee https://www.flickr.com/photos/virtualeyesee/6107062655/ is licensed CC BY 2.0
  17. 17. Other models…
  18. 18. Where does the funding come from? Universities (SUNY, Umass Amherst, Portland State, …) Foundations (Hewlett, Gates, …) Governments (state, federal) Institutional Consortia (CALI)
  19. 19. https://www.newamerica.org/education-policy/edcentral/open-textbooks-omnibus-bill/
  20. 20. All Rights Reserved Some Rights Reserved
  21. 21. Plus…
  22. 22. With Creative Commons licenses, you are free to… Copy Mix Share Keep Edit Use
  23. 23. Picture credit: Question 1 by Virtual EyeSee https://www.flickr.com/photos/virtualeyesee/6107062655/ is licensed CC BY 2.0
  24. 24. open.umn.edu
  25. 25. 1 1 9 10 39 133 378 489 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 400 440 480 520 1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 2.0-2.5 2.5-3.0 3.0-3.5 3.5-4.0 4.0-4.5 4.5-5.0 Reviews Ratings Open Textbook Reviews
  26. 26. 12 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  27. 27. 5,201 Professors and Students http://openedgroup.org/
  28. 28. 50% Same35% Better 15% Worse http://openedgroup.org/
  29. 29. 13 Peer Reviewed Studies of Efficacy http://openedgroup.org/
  30. 30. 119,720 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  31. 31. 95% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  32. 32. Introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics 1272 pages Available in PDF ePub Print Web Bookshare (accessible) Instructor solution manual Powerpoint slides
  33. 33. Examples of Customizing
  34. 34. PM4ID
  35. 35. What can we do?
  36. 36. What can we do? • Take a look! (open.umn.edu) • Write a review! • Adopt if a book meets the needs of you and your students • Raise awareness - talk with colleagues in your program and department
  37. 37. More UK Open Textbooks…? OER18, Bristol, 18-19 April 2018 https://oer18.oerconf.org 18/4/18 in Cinema 3 at 11.30am OE Global, Delft, Netherlands, 24-26 April 2018 https://conference.oeconsortium.org/201 8/ 26/4/18 in Commissie 4 at 11.35am
  38. 38. Additional Resources • What do you think about the cost of textbooks? Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0d6HTN6llgo • Have you ever delayed purchasing a textbook because of cost? Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjaTJC8zZJ4 • The Impact of High Textbook Costs. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-4IswNs0WWE • UK Open Textbook Project resources: http://ukopentextbooks.org/resources/ • Open Education Group Review Project: http://openedgroup.org/review • Creative Commons: https://creativecommons.org/
  39. 39. Beck Pitt Beck.Pitt@open.ac.uk @BeckPitt Slides: https://www.slideshare.net/BeckPitt Open Textbook Library: open.umn.edu UK Open Textbook Project: http://ukopentextbooks.org By David Ernst and modified by Beck Pitt & Vivien Rolfe as part of the UK Open Textbooks project. Unless otherwise stated this work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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