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Cellphones in Class: Necessity or Distraction


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From Research Ed Ontario in Mississauga, Ontario on April 14th, 2018

Published in: Education

Cellphones in Class: Necessity or Distraction

  1. 1. April 14, 2018 Cellphones in the Classroom: Distraction or Digital Necessity? Andrew Campbell (@acampbell99)
  2. 2. Cellphones in the Classroom
  3. 3. Motorola 1983 Nokia 1994 Blackberry 2003 Cell Phones Through The Ages
  4. 4. Cellphones in Schools (2006-2010)
  5. 5. April 2007, TDSB Bans Cellphones
  6. 6. Apple Invents the Smart Phone January 9, 2007, MacWorld
  7. 7. “Schools Should be Open to Cellphones in Class” September 2010, Mount Joy School in Markham
  8. 8. “School boards are moving away from providing hardware for students in schools. Boards focussing more on providing infrastructure for students and expecting families to provide hardware. BYOD is the future of EdTech” –An IT Consultant for an Ontario School Board (2011)
  9. 9. What is the ‘D’ in BYOD? Discrimination? Divide?… ✤ Equity- Not all families can afford to buy hardware ✤ Inequality- Some students will have the latest, up to date technology and others won’t. ✤ If we believe in using technology, we need to provide it.
  10. 10. BYOD – Worst Idea of the 21st Century? ✤ Cell phones are limited ✤ Don’t make educative decisions on price ✤ Education is reduced to information access & chatting ✤ Increases teacher anxiety ✤ Weakest device
  11. 11. BYOD is bad educational practice …But no one listened
  12. 12. Danika Tipping (@DanikaTipping) Students created twitter accounts and tweeted on their phones as those characters.
  13. 13. Growth of BYOD Continued School boards began spending less on hardware and instead installing wifi connections for students and developing BYOD policies. “…student cell phones should be turned off and stored during school hours, unless a teacher gives permission” motion passed at 2013 ETFO AGM 2014 Study by MSL found that almost 60% of Ontario schools had BYOD policies and allowed students to bring own devices
  14. 14. Cellphone Ban (2017) ✤ Wasn’t a ban ✤ Phones in lockers during class time, but could be used outside class ✤ Two issues ✤ Inappropriate uses at break ✤ Parents texting students during class time ✤ Enforceable??
  15. 15. Michael Drezak (@m_drez) Rolland Chidiac (@rchids) An Ongoing Tension
  16. 16. The Case Against Cell Phones in Class
  17. 17. a survey of high schools in Birmingham, London, Leicester and Manchester in spring of 2013 “following a ban on phone use, student test scores improve by 6.41%” no significant gains in student performance if a ban is not widely complied with Students in the lowest quartile of prior achievement gain 14.23% students in the top quartile are neither positively nor negatively affected "We found the impact of banning phones for these students was equivalent to an additional hour a week in school, or to increasing the school year by five days."
  18. 18. Australian study on effect of Facebook distractions in the classroom Interaction between engagement and FB intrusions and the effect of learning Allocated 150 participants to one of 6 random groups Students that were engaged by learning were less likely to be distracted by FB Even when engaged by learning, FB distractions “significantly reduced lecture comprehension” compared to no distractions. “The results highlight the need for recourses that will help educators increase student engagement with their learning task.”
  19. 19. examined the impact of different cell phone policies on learning and emotion‐regulation style randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions students that were not allowed access to a cell phone tested better than students that had access to cell phones.
  20. 20. The Case In Favour of Cell Phones in Class
  21. 21. Online interviews with 1,000 students in grades 6-8 Improved learning Students used smartphones in the classroom were more likely to be interested in STEM More likely to feel smart, happy, or excited about STEM subjects Wealthier students were more likely to be allowed to use smartphones in the classroom “Our research supports the fact that mobile technology can inspire and engage students today. We need to meet children where they are and leverage their use of mobile devices to increase their interest in STEM”. Rose Stuckey Kirk, President of the Verizon
  22. 22. Research review focussing on “at risk’ students and technology positive impacts on student enhanced when there is at least one device per student the devices are readily available for multiple uses by the student throughout the school day Given current cost restrictions in most schools this is best facilitated through BYOD policies.
  23. 23. 2017 study conducted by Dr. James Derounian at the University of Gloucestershire 100 participants 45% of students believe that the use of phones in classrooms supports their education Phones allowed students to access digital textbooks and thus engage deeper with the material presented
  24. 24. How is learning defined and measured? Are standardized tests an effective way to measure the learning in your class? What instructional methods are being used? Are results generated in lectures translatable to other instructional methods? YMMV-What may not be effective for you, may be effective in another class. Professional judgment.
  25. 25. Jess (@EnglishTeach75) Missouri HS English “I just pick my battles...modelled and moved on. I have AP and Honors though. Deep content and not a lot of time to fuss over phones.
  26. 26. YONDR Locking up the phones so that students don’t get distracted
  27. 27. Clearly Defined Expectations and Procedures This letter is to inform you of the class policy regarding Mobile Phone (and ot If a student’s phone is seen at any time during the 75-minute class period, the 1. The student will be sent directly to the office; 2. A vice-principal may confiscate the cell phone for the remainder of the scho 3. The student will be sent back to class.
  28. 28. Clearly Defined Expectations and Procedures
  29. 29. Clearly Defined Expectations and Procedures Kyle Geerlings (@MrGeelings) Every teacher has put their own interpretation/spin, but overall the core expectations are still the same Personally doesn’t use the letter and instead put a note about it on the course outline. “In no way have I figured out the best approach yet to all this, but for my classes, not having their cellphones out the majority of the time has helped immensely - something they even agree with.”
  30. 30. The "Stoplight System" (developed by Troy Tennant and Cindy Cosentino in HDSB) assroom norms wrt cellphone use. Why do students use them?
  31. 31. The "Stoplight System" (developed by Troy Tennant and Cindy Cosentino in HDSB) set of class norms that is either co-created, partially co-created or fully teache
  32. 32. The "Stoplight System" (developed by Troy Tennant and Cindy Cosentino in HDSB)
  33. 33. The "Stoplight System" (developed by Troy Tennant and Cindy Cosentino in HDSB)
  34. 34. The "Stoplight System" (developed by Troy Tennant and Cindy Cosentino in HDSB) Collaborative Note Taking
  35. 35. The "Stoplight System" (developed by Troy Tennant and Cindy Cosentino in HDSB) “Front of the class and shared verbally whenever the signs change. Not just "we are moving from Red to Yellow"...but why the class is moving, "When we do a lab you can use your phone for a calculator, but safety is important so no texting or picture taking” “Conversations with the student. Calls Home. Refer to admin. Usually doesn’t come to that. The students co-construct what each stoplight means. So if a student doesn’t or won’t follow it, it’s easy to say “This is what you and your classmates wanted...”. "Yes, students are for the most part worse at mental math, but when they come to us knowing how to use technology well, we can do way more interesting problems in math class" Transitions? Student Refusal? Technological Reliance?
  36. 36. Self-Assessing Student Cell Phone Usage (Lisa Rubini-LaForest, @rubinilaforest) TDSB, Grade 11 Computer Science) Students enter the class and the rubric in on the board. Discuss. Use the rubric to self-assess.
  37. 37. Self-Assessing Student Cell Phone Usage (Lisa Rubini-LaForest, @rubinilaforest) TDSB, Grade 11 Computer Science) Students enter “look fors” that will be used to help them assess their cell phone use.
  38. 38. Self-Assessing Student Cell Phone Usage (Lisa Rubini-LaForest, @rubinilaforest) TDSB, Grade 11 Computer Science) Provide students with the self-assessment form and encourage them to provide honest answers. Remind them that you are not marking their answers. Use that as part of ongoing assessment and feedback.
  39. 39. Self-Assessing Student Cell Phone Usage (Chris Cluff) York Region, HS Special Education, Students completion online survey about their use of cell phones. He uses this to assess their knowledge of how to use a cellphone to support learning.
  40. 40. Self-Assessing Student Cell Phone Usage (Chris Cluff) York Region, HS Special Education, On the basis of the survey he restricts students access to their cell phones in class Creates activities to improve their ability in using productivity tools As students prove they are capable, their ability to use their cell phone in class increases Every student (including those with SEA equipment) have to demonstrate skills competence before they can “freestyle” Must also be able to demonstrate self-regulation skills which is part of an ongoing conversation In some cases devices get packed away and students have to work their way back to full access.
  41. 41. DeValle HS in Austin, Texas Students required to bring their phones every day
  42. 42. Hero K-12 School-wide system to capture and collect data 100,000 schools, 3M students
  43. 43. Hero K-12
  44. 44. Cellphones in the Classroom
  45. 45. Thank y o u f o r l i s t e n i n g Enjoy therest o f thec o n f e r e n c e AndrewSCampbell.Com @acampbell99