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Disaster management


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. As part of the Kerala State Disaster Management Policy, it is envisaged to deal with disasters in a multi-hazard perspective with interagency cross-sectoral cooperation. It aim to identify the hazards, vulnerability and the possible risks in a proactive manner and prepare the communities, administration, the government and all other stakeholders against the consequences of disasters and equip them with emergency resources as well as mechanism for implementing these plans. The present project study would help in focusing on the hazard risk scenario of the coastal belt of the Kerala State and would make recommendations / suggestions for reducing these risks. It will also emphasize on role of local communities in identification and prevention / control of disaster incidences as well as impacts in these areas.

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Disaster management

  2. 2. Introduction The work is mainly focused on the struggling communities - Vypin Island. The coastal area is highly vulnerable to many hazards. The project concentrating on Public health Livelihood problems Faults and errors in governance Corporate sector involvement in disaster management Role of media in DM To manage existing difficulties in the study area
  3. 3. Vypin Island• Ernakulam- one among the fast growing cities in India• District is bounded by 46.2 km. coast lineAccording to the studies by National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) and Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM)Ernakulam showing high rate of sea level raise among other areas in IndiaBut most of the activities with in CRZ
  4. 4. Vypin…• The island is about 27 km long and an average of 2.7km width.• But in the case of density, it is one of the most densely populated Islands in the world.• Sea is very close to many houses because there is no other place for the people to build their homes.• Literacy of the people is very low and people are mostly working as fishermen.• Livelihood problems, lowering public health status other socio- economic disorders are existing in this area.
  5. 5. Vypin…• Illiteracy and lack of awareness alcohol drugs• Majority of the family don‟t have a sustainable source of livelihood.• 16.88% of houses were affected by the devastating disaster in the coastal wards. According to the previous study 37.5% of house affecting coastal flooding, 7.31% under the threat of wave attack, 16.66% of them under bund flooding with in the coastal wards (Susan, 2009)
  6. 6. Aim• To make multipronged struggling communities safer by managing challenges and creating effective multi hazard risk reduction in public safety, livelihood aspects and Governance.• Establish corporate social Risk Reduction Initiatives in the coastal area.
  7. 7. OBJECTIVES• Identification of grass root level existing problems in the study area in public heath and sustainable livelihood strategies• Make strategic measures to manage the existing problems on a sustainable basis with the help of community participation.• Give awareness to the community about the existing and upcoming facilities and schemes in the Government and private sector for getting financial support to housing and income generation programs.• Make a model of involvement of corporate sector in the field of disaster management.• Involvement of Media in Disaster management
  8. 8. METHODOLOGY Field Studies Interviews with community, Managing directors of different industries, charitable trusts ,other organizations and various department officials Community Meetings Awareness Camps Primary data collection through field visits Secondary Data Collection from local Panchayath, NGOs and different Govt . departments Organizing functions with the participation of the community to establish direct linkage between different departments and organizations
  9. 9. Study Area Elamkunnapuzha PanchayathVillages 1. Elamkunnapuzha 2. PuthuvypuArea 11.52 Km2 POPULATION -58007…….!
  12. 12. COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND AWARENESS CREATIONThe condition of shelter facilities is in very pathetic stageMany houses are in CRZLack of original record about the ownership of the property/„Pattayam‟ usually leading towards the missing of offers andschemes from the governmentUsually coastal community having some difference in characterfrom other region. It is difficult to get acceptance for a newperson or a scheme/project etc in this area
  13. 13. Houses are still there without getting any support fromgovernmentLack of awareness about the facilities and new schemes of thegovernment and private agencies The Panchayath is dealing only one scheme of housingfinance support that is EMS housing support. But the problemis that the scheme only provides 75000.Most of them under huge liabilities 75000 is not enough to make a house
  14. 14. A Drugs and ‘Panmasala’ banned Panchayath…!Community meetings and other reports states that more than80% of the families, alcohol acting as the main enemy N e e dMost vulnerable group-student communityOpportunity for the higher education is lackingNormally got Awareness…After 10th most of them go for different jobs 350-400/dayIt will lead them towards these threatsNumber of diseases, corruptions and social problems growingday by dayWidows of very small (20-30) age increasing drastically
  15. 15. STUDENTS AWARENESS CAMP AT MALIPPURAMUPPER PRIMARY SCHOOLNumber of students participated: 252 Awareness class taken by Mr. Vinoy, Regional Director of Bharath Scouts
  16. 16. Importance of Media in Handling These Hurdles Print Media & Electronic• Informing the people and the authorities during emergencies becomes critical, especially the ways in which media can play a vital role in public awareness and preparedness through educating the public about disasters• warning of hazards• Gathering and transmitting information about affected areas,• Alerting government officials• Helping relief organizations and the public towards specific needs and even in facilitating discussions about disaster preparedness and response.
  17. 17. Community Meeting Venue : Chappa Kadappuram, Malippuram, Vypin Date : 21-05-2011• More than 90 families have attended in the meeting• All the people who attended the meeting don‟t have any proper facility to live and no sustainable source of livelihood• The community awareness program was inaugurated by Mr. Sivadasan (Mathribhumi)• The participants of the meeting have one or more member in their family using alcohol regularly.• The most important result that formulated through the meeting was 18 families instead of 90 families who attended the meeting, were included in the Tsunami Rehabilitation List and even now itself they don‟t get any support from the Government.
  18. 18. Outcome of the Community Meeting• After the meeting the Tsunami Rehabilitation List was put forwarded from the Panchayath office to the District Collectorate• The people become aware of certain things about the schemes and facilities available for financial support for housing and other essential facilities.• The participants include, both men and women representatives, and the meeting was a perfect situation for them to convey their sufferings in front of the Panchayath and media.
  21. 21. Corporate Sector and DisasterManagement• Disaster management is a multi dimensional function, which need support from different sectors.• If any disaster occurs in one region the local government organizations and the available facilities may not be sufficient for the response and rehabilitation processes.• The corporate sector can play a pioneering role in supporting and leading the community in disaster management activities and in mobilizing human and financial resources as well as materials for utilization in different phases of disasters.
  22. 22. A MODEL TO SHOW THE ROLE OF CORPORATESECTOR AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS.Associating organizations Kerala Merchants association-DAYA Helping Hand Ammas Group of food courts and restaurants VC Pharmaceuticals Company Shasta Group It is difficult to approach these agencies
  23. 23. INAUGURAL FUNCTION OF STUDENTS EDUCATIONSUPPORTING PROGRAMDifferent Departments Involved Elamkunnapuzha Panchayath Health Department Film industry Media All Kudumbasree units
  24. 24. We can perfectly use these entities for disaster management activities
  25. 25. PUBLIC HEALTH AND SANITATION - EXISTING PROBLEMS AND MANAGEMENT• Due to its high population density, the area is highly vulnerable to communicable diseases.• The place is widely affected by Chicken Gunya during the year 2008-2009• Now the chances are increasing because people from different states are flowing into this island area due to the upcoming and existing huge projects
  26. 26. Malaria Place : Elamkunnapuzha Malaria Si.No. Name Of The Age & Type Of Disease Date Of Occupation & Place Patient Gender Reporting 1 Joshy 50, Male Malaria P.V. 2/10/2010 Construction Worker, Migrant From Mangalur 2 Prasad 28, Male Malaria P.V. 22/07/2010 Construction Worker, Migrant From Mumbai 3 Shibu 27, Male Malaria P.V. 3/9/2010 Construction Worker, Migrant From Mangalapuram 4 Prasad 28, Male Malaria P.V. 30/07/2010 Construction Worker, Migrant From Mumbai 5 Maneesha 25, Female Malaria P.V. 13/07/2010 Construction Worker, Migrant From Mumbai 6 Poornendu 40, Male Malaria P.V. 27/07/2010 Construction Worker, Naskar Migrant From Shornoor 7 Michel 62, Male Malaria P.V. 10/9/2010 …… / Elamkunnapuzha 8 Seetharam 36, Male Malaria P.V. 1/9/2010 Construction Worker, Migrant From Bihar (Health department)
  27. 27. Need of Palliative Care in Elamkunnapuzha In some cases, family needed more than 20000 per monthfor the treatment like dialysis. The real difficult situation can‟tovercome easily by the families itself; they need support fromoutside to compete with these situations. Completed palliative care needed people survey in thestudy area and presented in front of local authority-different organizations-health department
  28. 28. High Density of Mosquito• Kochi is very “famous” area for Mosquito• spending 10 Lakhs each year for controlling mosquito• only for temporary controlling >Fogging Temephos >Spraying for Controlling Larva Technical Malathion, Pyrethran >Source Reduction Activities Awareness CreationThese measures making negative impacts…respiratory problems, water contamination etc. Need permanent basis of treatment-channel clearing, new drainage facilities
  29. 29. Disaster Management TeamA disaster management core group is formulated in thePanchayath The Panchayath president is the commander of the group and the group members include the following; Panchayath member (Mr. Babu) CDS chairperson (Mrs. Galila Subramanian) Junior Health Inspector (Mr. Karthikeyan) 27 ADS members (working group)
  30. 30. Initial work of the Team• A common repository of available information of the local and national organizations/groups/companies etc. which are actively involving in disaster management preparation.• This data base helps to make link with these sectors and organizations by the core group.• This team also searches for the updates of new schemes and facilities which are issuing by the government and other agencies.• The information about the database is also delivered to the public and they can access and use these facilities through the team.
  31. 31. Prominence of the Data base There are a lot of facilities in the hands of Government/privatesector and organizations which can support the sufferingcommunities for housing, education support, palliative care,medical support, job opportunities etc.
  32. 32. Data Base Prepared• Palliative care needed people survey data• People needed support for housing• The details of the people included in the tsunami rehabilitation list who doesn‟t get any help from the government.• Families need support for the student education
  34. 34. Achievements of the Work Identification of grass root level problems existing in the area The main achievement of the project is creation of a strong link between different organizations and struggling community. The Tsunami rehabilitation list is forwarded. Creation of a core DM group. Building of strong awareness On a sustainable basis because the NGOs and other organizations can now take up the awareness generation programmes for the future.
  35. 35. Achievements… Creation of awareness against the use of alcohol and drugs in the student community. Health department and palliative care Education support for the students Involvement of different medias.Some reports about the area is now in the processing stage Mere over – a mental support to the struggling communities
  36. 36. REFERENCES• Calow, P.,(1998), Handbook of Environmental Risk Assessment and Managemnt, Blackwell Science, Australia. Pages 1-10Jain, S. K., Murty, C. V. R., Rai, D. C., Malik, J. N., Sheth, A. R., and Jaiswal, A., (2005) Effects of M 9 Sumatra earthquake and tsunami of 26 December 2004, Current. Sciences.• Chadwick,A., Fleming ,C.( 2004), Coastal Engineering, Dominic Reeve, , Spon Oress, New York• Clark ,J. R., (1996),Coastal Zone Management, Lewis Publishers• Dale, R. (2006), Developmental planning; Concepts and tools for planners, managers and facilitaters, Academic foundation, New Delhi. Pages 17-30, 50-60, 182-207• Kapur ,A.(2010), Vulnerable India; A Geographical Study of Disasters, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, Pages 1-9• McLusky, D. S., Elliott, M.,( 2004), The Estuarine Ecosystem ecology;threats and management (third Edition), Oxford University Press• Ministry of environment and forests,( 2011), Coastal regulation zone notification Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part-II, Section 3, Sub-section (ii) of dated the 6th January, page 15• NIDM , (June 2008), Action Plan to Mitigate Natural Disasters and sea erosion in coastal areas of Tamil Nadu Report of the expert Team, , New Delhi. Government of India ,Kerala Development Report (2008), Planning Commission, , Academic foundation, New Delhi, Pages 31-33, 49-52, 367-378• Peter ,W. F., (1997), Coastal Estuarine Management, Routledge, London• Spechler, R. M., (1994)Saltwater Intrusion and Quality of Water in the Floridan Aquifer System, Northeastern Florida, U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 92-4174, Tallahassee, Florida• Unnikrishnan, A.S., Kumar K. R., Sharon ,F. E., Michael ,G.S., Patwardgan ,S.K., (2006),Sea Level Changes along the Indian Coast: Observations and Projections, Current Science, volume 90 Number 3, 10 February, pages 362-368.
  37. 37. "At the end of life we will not be judged byhow many diplomas we have received, howmuch money we have made, how manygreat things we have done. We will bejudged by "I was hungry, and you gave mesomething to eat, I was naked and youclothed me. I was homeless, and you tookme in."Mother Teresa Thank You…