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A
PRESENTATION
ON
GEOLOGY AND HYDROLOGY
OF A CITY
(SUB- APPLIED GEOLOGY AND HYDROLOGY,BPLN0208)
Quila Mubarak Prepared by- Abhishek
2014bpln022
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
0
Today, we are going to see a city which has a history older than 1200 years, settled in
northern India, 328.14 km away from national capital, 5th largest city of its states on
account of substantial industrial development that has taken place its growth impulses
have led to growth outside the limits of its municipality Bhatinda, Punjab
Map. 1.
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
1 INTRODUCTION
Bhatinda, Punjab
Area of Bhatinda District- 571.54 sq. km
Tahsils - Rampur a phul, Tailwindi sabo, Bhatinda
No. of Towns- 12
No. of Villages- 281
Regional setting of bhatinda
Area of municipality – 73 sq. km
Located in Malwa region of southern Punjab
Latitude- 30° 4’ 30” N to 30° 4’ 20” N
Longitude- 74° 47’ 50” E to 75° 10’ 00” E
Hinterland is fertile and rich in agriculture.
Bhatinda comprises 3 towns Bhatinda, Goniana , Bhucho mandi,
Sangat
Recognizing the need for development of regulation of the entire
influenced area of bhatinda City, Govt. of Punjab initially declared
the Bhatinda Local Planning Area in July 2007 also known as LPA
Bhatinda
Map. 2.Map. 3.
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
2 PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
Bhatinda, Punjab
Sources of Water-
Ground Water and Surface
Water
Ground water quality not satisfactory
85% city is covered with pipe water supply total 68 sq. km
area
Water supply handled by PHD to all villages in
municipality
As regards sewage 65% population has facility
Ground water is 12m below
River Sutlej nearest to bhatinda located 100 km north
Fig. 3. Sources of Water in Bhatinda
Low lying Areas are flood prone during monsoon due to absence of planned
storm water drainage. Let flood water in sewer environmentally undesirable
Collection & Transportation of solid waste is managed by Municipal
Corporation . No following of Ministry of Environment and Forest Rules
Map. 4.Map. 5.
Map. 3. Showing Water supply by Public Health Department (source :- PHD, Bhatinda, Punjab )
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bhatinda, Punjab
3 PHYSIOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
Max. Elevation 220.6 m
Min. Elevation 197.5 m
Types of soils 2
Map.6.
The master slope of the area is towards Southwest.
The district has two types of soils, the arid brown soils and
siezoram soils.
The arid brown soils are found in mostly eastern parts of the
district and siezorem soils are found in the western part of
the district.
Max. temp.
in summers
49° C
Min. temp.
in winters
-1.4 ° C
Green Revolution
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
3 PHYSIOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
Bhatinda, Punjab
Sandy soil in rural areas
Big sand dunes
due to area has seen many changes
No river flow through Local Planning Area
Sirihind canal crosses in middle providing a good irrigation work
The district Bhatinda as well as LPA lie in South-western region
of the state and is far away from the Shivalik Hill ranges in
North east
Dusty region and dust laden winds are very common
Weather- dry but very humid in mid –day
Nearer to Thar Desert has a very hot summer
Map. 4.
Sirihind Canal
Chart .1.
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
3 PHYSIOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
Bhatinda, Punjab
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
4 RECREATIONAL
Bhatinda, Punjab
Lakes – 149. 89 hectares ( 2.2% of total municipality area)
Guru Nanak Dev
Thermal Plant
The Peninsula Mall
Mittal Mall Water Reservoirs
Rose Garden
Lake 1
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
5 ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
Bhatinda, Punjab
SPM (µg/m3 ) SO2 (µg/m3 ) NO2 (µg/m3 )
Residential and
Commercial
( permissible
levels)
120 80 80
Industrial
(permissible
levels)
200 120 120
Annual Avg.
of city (
Recorded on 7
of every month)
277
(425 on May
7th )
10
(17 on July
7th)
29
(35 on April
17th)
Source: Punjab Pollution Control Board, Bhatinda, year 2007
Emission generated by fuel burnt by industries have
contributed in lowering Air quality
Major contributors of Air Pollution
Vehicles
Absence of Public Transport
Narrow Roads
Power generators
Smoke by Industries
Air Pollution
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
5 ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
Bhatinda, Punjab
Existence of Dirty Water Ponds
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
5 ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
Bhatinda, Punjab
Here it contains high amount Cl and F
make ground water unfit for
Ground Water Pollution
And for plant life
Unsafe ground water leads to many diseases
The use of brackish ground water for agricultural purposes has also
led to the degradation of the soil and presence of heavy metals into
soil and vegetable crops grown in the area.
Reasons
Human settlements near canal
Industrial units located near to the canal.
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
6 CONCLUSION
Bhatinda, Punjab
SUSTAINABL
"The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and
to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic
policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall
quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources
distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision
making".
"The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and
to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic
policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall
quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources
distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision
making".
"The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and
to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic
policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall
quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources
distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision
making".
"The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and
to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic
policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall
quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources
distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision
making".
"The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and
to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic
policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall
quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources
distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision
making".
"The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and
to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic
policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall
quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources
distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision
making".
"The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and
to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic
policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall
quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources
distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision
making".
INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE
RECREATIONAL
ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
7 BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bhatinda, Punjab
Information source: Bhatinda Master Plan 2021
Image courtesy : Google images

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Bhatinda - Geology And Hydrology

  • 1. A PRESENTATION ON GEOLOGY AND HYDROLOGY OF A CITY (SUB- APPLIED GEOLOGY AND HYDROLOGY,BPLN0208) Quila Mubarak Prepared by- Abhishek 2014bpln022
  • 2. INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 0 Today, we are going to see a city which has a history older than 1200 years, settled in northern India, 328.14 km away from national capital, 5th largest city of its states on account of substantial industrial development that has taken place its growth impulses have led to growth outside the limits of its municipality Bhatinda, Punjab
  • 3. Map. 1. INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 1 INTRODUCTION Bhatinda, Punjab Area of Bhatinda District- 571.54 sq. km Tahsils - Rampur a phul, Tailwindi sabo, Bhatinda No. of Towns- 12 No. of Villages- 281 Regional setting of bhatinda Area of municipality – 73 sq. km Located in Malwa region of southern Punjab Latitude- 30° 4’ 30” N to 30° 4’ 20” N Longitude- 74° 47’ 50” E to 75° 10’ 00” E Hinterland is fertile and rich in agriculture. Bhatinda comprises 3 towns Bhatinda, Goniana , Bhucho mandi, Sangat Recognizing the need for development of regulation of the entire influenced area of bhatinda City, Govt. of Punjab initially declared the Bhatinda Local Planning Area in July 2007 also known as LPA Bhatinda Map. 2.Map. 3.
  • 4. INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 2 PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE Bhatinda, Punjab Sources of Water- Ground Water and Surface Water Ground water quality not satisfactory 85% city is covered with pipe water supply total 68 sq. km area Water supply handled by PHD to all villages in municipality As regards sewage 65% population has facility Ground water is 12m below River Sutlej nearest to bhatinda located 100 km north Fig. 3. Sources of Water in Bhatinda Low lying Areas are flood prone during monsoon due to absence of planned storm water drainage. Let flood water in sewer environmentally undesirable Collection & Transportation of solid waste is managed by Municipal Corporation . No following of Ministry of Environment and Forest Rules Map. 4.Map. 5. Map. 3. Showing Water supply by Public Health Department (source :- PHD, Bhatinda, Punjab )
  • 5. INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY Bhatinda, Punjab 3 PHYSIOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE Max. Elevation 220.6 m Min. Elevation 197.5 m Types of soils 2 Map.6. The master slope of the area is towards Southwest. The district has two types of soils, the arid brown soils and siezoram soils. The arid brown soils are found in mostly eastern parts of the district and siezorem soils are found in the western part of the district.
  • 6. Max. temp. in summers 49° C Min. temp. in winters -1.4 ° C Green Revolution INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 3 PHYSIOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE Bhatinda, Punjab Sandy soil in rural areas Big sand dunes due to area has seen many changes No river flow through Local Planning Area Sirihind canal crosses in middle providing a good irrigation work The district Bhatinda as well as LPA lie in South-western region of the state and is far away from the Shivalik Hill ranges in North east Dusty region and dust laden winds are very common Weather- dry but very humid in mid –day Nearer to Thar Desert has a very hot summer Map. 4. Sirihind Canal Chart .1.
  • 7. INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 3 PHYSIOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE Bhatinda, Punjab
  • 8. INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 4 RECREATIONAL Bhatinda, Punjab Lakes – 149. 89 hectares ( 2.2% of total municipality area) Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant The Peninsula Mall Mittal Mall Water Reservoirs Rose Garden Lake 1
  • 9. INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 5 ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS Bhatinda, Punjab SPM (µg/m3 ) SO2 (µg/m3 ) NO2 (µg/m3 ) Residential and Commercial ( permissible levels) 120 80 80 Industrial (permissible levels) 200 120 120 Annual Avg. of city ( Recorded on 7 of every month) 277 (425 on May 7th ) 10 (17 on July 7th) 29 (35 on April 17th) Source: Punjab Pollution Control Board, Bhatinda, year 2007 Emission generated by fuel burnt by industries have contributed in lowering Air quality Major contributors of Air Pollution Vehicles Absence of Public Transport Narrow Roads Power generators Smoke by Industries Air Pollution
  • 10. INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 5 ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS Bhatinda, Punjab Existence of Dirty Water Ponds
  • 11. INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 5 ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS Bhatinda, Punjab Here it contains high amount Cl and F make ground water unfit for Ground Water Pollution And for plant life Unsafe ground water leads to many diseases The use of brackish ground water for agricultural purposes has also led to the degradation of the soil and presence of heavy metals into soil and vegetable crops grown in the area. Reasons Human settlements near canal Industrial units located near to the canal.
  • 12. INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 6 CONCLUSION Bhatinda, Punjab SUSTAINABL "The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision making". "The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision making". "The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision making". "The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision making". "The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision making". "The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision making". "The environment must be protected… to preserve essential ecosystem functions and to provide for the well being of future generations; environmental and economic policy must be integrated; the goal of policy should be an improvement in the overall quality of life, not just income growth; poverty must be ended and resources distributed more equally; and all sections of society must be involved in decision making".
  • 13. INTRODUCTION PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PHYSIOGRAPHY & CLIMATE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY 7 BIBLIOGRAPHY Bhatinda, Punjab Information source: Bhatinda Master Plan 2021 Image courtesy : Google images