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  • 1. What is Intellegence By Yvonne Baker
  • 2. What is Intellegence? Where does it come from?
    • Intellegence :The ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trieng situations
    • The act of understanding the skilled use of reasoning
    • The ability to imply knowledge to manipulate one’s invironment or to think abstractly as measured by objective criteria
  • 3. Intellegence begins with human reasoning
    • Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky was first to come up with this concept.
    • By focusing on experiments they created in real life scenario’s They were able to define human reasoning to cognition
    • Cognition can be defined as the intellectual process through which information is obtained
  • 4. Cognition
    • Processes information
    • Information that is obtained transformed kept and used
    • Is obtained through the senses
    • Transformed through interpretive processes of perception and thinking
    • Concepts
    • Concepts are the basic units of thinking
    • Natural concepts have medium degree of inclusiveness
    • Superordinant concepts are very inclusive
  • 5. Two types of conceptual thinking and reasoning
    • Problem solving and thinking
    • Uses information to reach goals
    • Problem solving gives us three ways to deal with problems
    • 1 st formulate the problem
    • 2 nd evaluate the elements of the problem
    • 3rd generate a list of solutions
    • Understand and organize elements of the problem
    • Use cold hard logic in solving the problem
    • Lahe7 P.275-278
  • 6. Creating problem solving
    • Algorisms are strategies that guarentee correct solutions through computer use
    • Heuristic reasoning is based on strategies that increase the probability of finding a correct solution
    • Use creativity and covert thinking
    • Guilford concepts of convergent and givergent thinking provides excellent framework for understanding
    • creativity
  • 7. Intellegence tests
    • To measure intellegence we test one’s IQ
    • IQ is an intellegence quotient or a numerical value of intellegence derived from the results of an IQ test
    • IQ tests were created by Alfred Binet to measure intellegence in 1903
    • Fluid intellegence is the ability to learn or invent new strategies to deal with new problems
    • Crystilized intellegence is the ability to use previously learned information and skills to solve familiar problems
  • 8. Four types of Intellegence tests
    • Information tests ( asks a question)
    • Similarities tests ( difference between choice of 2 things
    • Arithmetic tests ( mathmatical equations)
    • Comprehension Tests ( how we understand)
    • The construction of a intellegence test looking for large number of items related to cognitive efficiency that differentiated childern of various ages
  • 9. To measure good tests
    • Use standardization administer the test to all the same way
    • Norms is to compare each individual score with that of others
    • Objectivity construct the test so that there is no ambiguity to constitute what a correct answer is
    • Reliability make the scores the same as if measured on two different occasions
    • Validity the scale of measurement must be valid
  • 10. Be Intellegent
    • When one utilizes intellegence he or she must first have a understanding of what it is
    • Use good reasoning
    • Master the ability of understanding