The End Of The Great War 4
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

The End Of The Great War 4

on

  • 882 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
882
Views on SlideShare
882
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

The End Of The Great War 4 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The End of the Great War Chapter 25 Pages 858-868
  • 2. Topics
    • The End for Germany
    • Settlement at Paris
    • A Lasting Peace???
    • Evaluating the Peace
  • 3.  
  • 4.
    • The End for Germany
    • The Last Offensive
    • The Kaiser Abdicates
    • Public Perception
  • 5. A. The Last Offensive
    • Germany hopes to win before U.S. arrives
    • Second Battle of Marne stops German advance
    • Too many reinforcements
  • 6. B. The Kaiser Abdicates
    • German leadership hopes for terms with U.S.
      • Encouraged by 14 points
      • Germany still controls foreign soil
      • Kaiser will abdicate
      • Democratic Socialists will head government
    • Armistice Day 11/11/18
  • 7. C. Public Perception
    • Versailles treaty will anger Germans
      • Forced to sign it
      • Many believed they were winning
      • Loss of land
      • Reparations
    • Weimer Government will sign
      • Social Democrats
      • Catholic Center
  • 8. II. Settlement at Paris
    • Obstacles of the Big Four.
    • 14 points
  • 9. A. Obstacles of the Big Four
    • Britain wanted Reparations .
      • David Lloyd George
    • France wanted to weaken Germany.
      • George Clemenceau
    • Italy wanted Allied promises of land.
      • Vittorio Orlando
    • Wilson’s idealism contradicted this
      • “ A Peace without Victors”
  • 10. B. The 14 Points
    • Wilson hoped to achieve a lasting peace in Europe with justice and self determination.
    • Points 1-5; stated no secret treaties, freedom of the seas, remove trade barriers, reduce arms and adjust colonial claims.
    • Points 6-13 returned Alsace Loraine to France and offered self determination to European Nations.
    • The 14 th point was the League of Nations.
  • 11. III. A Lasting Peace???
    • League of Nations
    • Colonies
    • Germany
    • The East
    • End of the Ottoman Empire
    • The Russian Threat
  • 12. A. League of Nations
    • Wilson compromised with Allies to get League
    • U.S. Refuses League
      • Republican Senate was against the League.
      • It was a question of U.S. sovereignty.
      • Could an international organization send U.S. troops to war?
    • Problems of League
      • Germany and U.S.S.R excluded
      • No Military Force and Unanimity
      • No U.S. ???
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. B. Colonies
    • Colonies are now mandates
    • Mideast loved idea of self determination
    • Independence encouraged
      • No penalties if not achieved
    • 1918 Balfour Declaration
  • 16. C. Germany
    • Germany had to pay reparations
    • Germany had to accept full blame
    • Germany Lost territory
      • Alsace and Lorraine
      • Polish Corridor
      • Divided into two separate regions
    • German citizens were in shock
      • The Stab in the Back
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19. D. The East
    • Austria-Hungary was divided.
      • Lost land to newly formed nations of eastern Europe.
      • Also lost land to Italy.
  • 20. E. End of the Ottoman Empire
    • Ottoman Empire was broken up.
      • Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Transjordan and Palestine all became mandates of Britain.
      • Turkey was all that remained of the Ottoman Empire
    • Turkey, the Young Turks and Ataturk
  • 21. F. Russia is seen as a threat.
    • Russia was communist under Lenin.
    • Russia signed the treaty of Brest Litovsk
    • Lenin published secret treaties between Russia and the west
      • West resented Lenin and the Bolsheviks
    • West sided with the White Army in the Civil War
  • 22. Europe 1914
  • 23. Europe Post Versailles
  • 24. IV. Evaluating the Peace.
    • Criticisms
    • Lasting Failures
  • 25. A. Criticisms
    • Was it too harsh?
      • Not Wilson’s Idealism
      • No end to Imperialism
      • Reparations and an angry Germany
    • Was it too soft?
      • Punish the German’s more
      • Don’t let Germany rebuild
      • France depends on Anglo-Saxon support
  • 26. B. Lasting failures
    • Germany is bitter and isolated
      • Did not accept defeat
    • U.S.S.R and U.S.A. are out of League
    • The League was a weak international actor
    • Imperialism and Empire were not over
  • 27. Terms to know
    • Treaty of Versailles
    • 14 Points
    • Woodrow Wilson
    • League of Nation
    • Self Determination
    • Alsace-Lorraine
    • Polish corridor
    • Weimer Republic
    • Reparations
    • mandates
    • The Big Four
    • Ottoman Empire
  • 28. What we know…
    • Germany lost, but did not accept it.
    • The victors were divided along idealism vs. national interest.
    • The Treaty was poorly written to keep the peace
    • The League will be too ineffective to keep the peace