Monroe Doctrine

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  • Monroe Doctrine

    1. 1. “ Tis our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world.” George Washington’s Farewell Address September 17, 1786
    2. 2. “ There can be no greater error than to expect or calculate upon real favors from nation to nation.” George Washington’s Farewell Address September 17, 1786
    3. 3. If these were the sentiments of one of our founding fathers, how has our country become so involved in foreign affairs?
    4. 4. The Monroe Doctrine December 2, 1823
    5. 5. Events that lead to the Doctrine <ul><li>By 1825, all Latin American countries, except for Cuba and Puerto Rico, had gained independence from Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1822, Brazil had gained independence from Portugal </li></ul>
    6. 6. And yet, it appeared the Europe might still colonization in Latin America!
    7. 7. The Quadruple Alliance (Russia, Austria, Prussia and Britain), after defeating Napoleon’s France, talked of similar action in the Americas.
    8. 11. Britain and the US <ul><li>Were enjoying profitable trade with the independent Latin American countries </li></ul><ul><li>The British foreign minister suggested a joint statement saying that both countries opposed intervention in Latin America and that neither would try to acquire it for themselves </li></ul>
    9. 12. And then… <ul><li>Russia claimed Alaska and said their territory extended into Oregon… </li></ul>
    10. 13. <ul><li>But, Oregon was also claimed by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The US </li></ul></ul>
    11. 14. Should the US join in Britain’s statement? <ul><li>Some backed signing the agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Others, such as John Adams, argued that it would look as if the US were following “in the wake of the British man-of-war”. </li></ul>
    12. 15. Well, what is a “British Man of War?”
    13. 16. So what did Adams mean?
    14. 17. <ul><li>Why would Britain be considered a force to be reckoned with? </li></ul>
    15. 19. <ul><li>Why would the US not be considered a threat? </li></ul>
    16. 20. <ul><li>So, President Monroe chose to act alone. </li></ul><ul><li>In an address to Congress, he introduced the doctrine in two widely separated passages. </li></ul>
    17. 21. So what happened next?
    18. 22. So what happened next? <ul><li>The Quadruple Alliance never intervened in Latin America! </li></ul>
    19. 23. So what happened next? <ul><li>The Quadruple Alliance never intervened in Latin America! </li></ul><ul><li>Russia agreed to withdraw from Oregon! </li></ul>
    20. 24. So the Monroe Doctrine was an immediate success!
    21. 25. Hmmmm
    22. 26. If one event happens after another event, does that mean the first event caused the second event?
    23. 27. <ul><li>The Quadruple Alliance never invaded Latin America, but not out of fear of the US. </li></ul><ul><li>If they actually ever considered it, it was because of fear of the British Navy! </li></ul>
    24. 28. <ul><li>Russia withdrew from Oregon…but not out of fear of the US but because they were overextended. </li></ul><ul><li>They could not effectively govern anything in North America all the way from Moscow! </li></ul>
    25. 29. What did the US need to make the Monroe Doctrine effective?

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