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The Supreme Court Ch 18 Sec 3


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The Supreme Court Ch 18 Sec 3

  1. 1. The Supreme Court Chapter 18 section 3
  2. 2. Topics <ul><li>Judicial Review </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Court Operations </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. Judicial Review <ul><li>Marbury vs Madison </li></ul><ul><li>The Impact </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. Marbury vs Madison <ul><li>The Midnight Judges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Marbury was a Federal appointment. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marbury claimed that Judiciary act of 1789 gave Supreme Court power to hear his case on original jurisdiction. </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall said no!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution is supreme law of land. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The J.A. of 1789 conflicted with Const. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court has right to review all laws. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. B. The Impact <ul><li>The Power of interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>The court can actively decide constitutionality of laws. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plessy vs Ferguson. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brown vs Board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roe vs Wade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miranda vs Arizona </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidential Elections???????? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. II. Supreme Court Jurisdiction <ul><li>Original Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Appellate Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>How cases reach the court </li></ul>
  7. 7. A. Original Jurisdiction <ul><li>Cases that involve a state as a party. </li></ul><ul><li>Those affecting ambassadors, public ministers, and consuls. </li></ul><ul><li>Very few cases each term. </li></ul>
  8. 8. B. Appellate Jurisdiction <ul><li>Every other case it hears on appeals. </li></ul>
  9. 9. C. How cases reach the court <ul><li>8,000 entries, less than 100 on docket. </li></ul><ul><li>The rule of four: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 judges must agree it should be on docket. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If case is not selected, lower ruling stands. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May tell lower court to reconsider in light of other precedents. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agrees to hear case. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. III. Court Operations <ul><li>Oral Arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Briefs </li></ul><ul><li>Court Conference </li></ul><ul><li>The Opinions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Majority opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Precedents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concurring Opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissenting Opinion </li></ul></ul>