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The End of the Great War Chapter 25 Pages 858-868
Topics <ul><li>The End for Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement at Paris  </li></ul><ul><li>A Lasting Peace??? </li></ul><...
 
<ul><li>The End for Germany </li></ul><ul><li>The Last Offensive </li></ul><ul><li>The Kaiser Abdicates </li></ul><ul><li>...
A. The Last Offensive <ul><li>Germany hopes to win before U.S. arrives </li></ul><ul><li>Second Battle of Marne stops Germ...
B. The Kaiser Abdicates <ul><li>German leadership hopes for terms with U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged by 14 points ...
C. Public Perception <ul><li>Versailles treaty will anger Germans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced to sign it </li></ul></ul><...
II. Settlement at Paris <ul><li>Obstacles of the Big Four. </li></ul><ul><li>14 points </li></ul>
A. Obstacles of the Big Four  <ul><li>Britain wanted  Reparations . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>David Lloyd George </li></ul></u...
B. The 14 Points <ul><li>Wilson hoped to achieve a lasting peace  in Europe with justice and self determination. </li></ul...
III. A Lasting Peace??? <ul><li>League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>T...
A. League of Nations <ul><li>Wilson compromised with Allies to get League </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Refuses League </li></ul>...
 
 
B. Colonies <ul><li>Colonies are now  mandates </li></ul><ul><li>Mideast loved idea of  self determination </li></ul><ul><...
C. Germany <ul><li>Germany had to pay reparations </li></ul><ul><li>Germany had to accept full blame  </li></ul><ul><li>Ge...
 
 
D. The East <ul><li>Austria-Hungary was divided. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost land to newly formed nations of eastern Europe...
E. End of the Ottoman Empire <ul><li>Ottoman Empire was broken up. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Transjordan...
F. Russia is seen as a threat. <ul><li>Russia was communist under Lenin. </li></ul><ul><li>Russia signed the treaty of Bre...
Europe 1914
Europe Post Versailles
IV. Evaluating the Peace. <ul><li>Criticisms </li></ul><ul><li>Lasting Failures </li></ul>
A. Criticisms <ul><li>Was it too harsh? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not Wilson’s Idealism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No end to I...
B. Lasting failures <ul><li>Germany is bitter and isolated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not accept defeat </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Terms to know <ul><li>Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>14 Points </li></ul><ul><li>Woodrow Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>...
What we know… <ul><li>Germany lost, but did not accept it. </li></ul><ul><li>The victors were divided along idealism vs. n...
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Unit 6 Topic 4 - The End Of The Great War 4

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Unit 6 Topic 4 - The End Of The Great War 4

  1. 1. The End of the Great War Chapter 25 Pages 858-868
  2. 2. Topics <ul><li>The End for Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement at Paris </li></ul><ul><li>A Lasting Peace??? </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating the Peace </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>The End for Germany </li></ul><ul><li>The Last Offensive </li></ul><ul><li>The Kaiser Abdicates </li></ul><ul><li>Public Perception </li></ul>
  4. 5. A. The Last Offensive <ul><li>Germany hopes to win before U.S. arrives </li></ul><ul><li>Second Battle of Marne stops German advance </li></ul><ul><li>Too many reinforcements </li></ul>
  5. 6. B. The Kaiser Abdicates <ul><li>German leadership hopes for terms with U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged by 14 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany still controls foreign soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kaiser will abdicate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic Socialists will head government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Armistice Day 11/11/18 </li></ul>
  6. 7. C. Public Perception <ul><li>Versailles treaty will anger Germans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced to sign it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many believed they were winning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reparations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weimer Government will sign </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Democrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catholic Center </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. II. Settlement at Paris <ul><li>Obstacles of the Big Four. </li></ul><ul><li>14 points </li></ul>
  8. 9. A. Obstacles of the Big Four <ul><li>Britain wanted Reparations . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>David Lloyd George </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France wanted to weaken Germany. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>George Clemenceau </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Italy wanted Allied promises of land. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vittorio Orlando </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wilson’s idealism contradicted this </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ A Peace without Victors” </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. B. The 14 Points <ul><li>Wilson hoped to achieve a lasting peace in Europe with justice and self determination. </li></ul><ul><li>Points 1-5; stated no secret treaties, freedom of the seas, remove trade barriers, reduce arms and adjust colonial claims. </li></ul><ul><li>Points 6-13 returned Alsace Loraine to France and offered self determination to European Nations. </li></ul><ul><li>The 14 th point was the League of Nations. </li></ul>
  10. 11. III. A Lasting Peace??? <ul><li>League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>The East </li></ul><ul><li>End of the Ottoman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>The Russian Threat </li></ul>
  11. 12. A. League of Nations <ul><li>Wilson compromised with Allies to get League </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Refuses League </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Republican Senate was against the League. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It was a question of U.S. sovereignty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could an international organization send U.S. troops to war? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Problems of League </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany and U.S.S.R excluded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Military Force and Unanimity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No U.S. ??? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. B. Colonies <ul><li>Colonies are now mandates </li></ul><ul><li>Mideast loved idea of self determination </li></ul><ul><li>Independence encouraged </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No penalties if not achieved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1918 Balfour Declaration </li></ul>
  13. 16. C. Germany <ul><li>Germany had to pay reparations </li></ul><ul><li>Germany had to accept full blame </li></ul><ul><li>Germany Lost territory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alsace and Lorraine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polish Corridor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided into two separate regions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>German citizens were in shock </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Stab in the Back </li></ul></ul>
  14. 19. D. The East <ul><li>Austria-Hungary was divided. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost land to newly formed nations of eastern Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also lost land to Italy. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 20. E. End of the Ottoman Empire <ul><li>Ottoman Empire was broken up. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Transjordan and Palestine all became mandates of Britain. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turkey was all that remained of the Ottoman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Turkey, the Young Turks and Ataturk </li></ul>
  16. 21. F. Russia is seen as a threat. <ul><li>Russia was communist under Lenin. </li></ul><ul><li>Russia signed the treaty of Brest Litovsk </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin published secret treaties between Russia and the west </li></ul><ul><ul><li>West resented Lenin and the Bolsheviks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>West sided with the White Army in the Civil War </li></ul>
  17. 22. Europe 1914
  18. 23. Europe Post Versailles
  19. 24. IV. Evaluating the Peace. <ul><li>Criticisms </li></ul><ul><li>Lasting Failures </li></ul>
  20. 25. A. Criticisms <ul><li>Was it too harsh? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not Wilson’s Idealism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No end to Imperialism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reparations and an angry Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Was it too soft? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Punish the German’s more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t let Germany rebuild </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France depends on Anglo-Saxon support </li></ul></ul>
  21. 26. B. Lasting failures <ul><li>Germany is bitter and isolated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not accept defeat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S.S.R and U.S.A. are out of League </li></ul><ul><li>The League was a weak international actor </li></ul><ul><li>Imperialism and Empire were not over </li></ul>
  22. 27. Terms to know <ul><li>Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>14 Points </li></ul><ul><li>Woodrow Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nation </li></ul><ul><li>Self Determination </li></ul><ul><li>Alsace-Lorraine </li></ul><ul><li>Polish corridor </li></ul><ul><li>Weimer Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Reparations </li></ul><ul><li>mandates </li></ul><ul><li>The Big Four </li></ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire </li></ul>
  23. 28. What we know… <ul><li>Germany lost, but did not accept it. </li></ul><ul><li>The victors were divided along idealism vs. national interest. </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty was poorly written to keep the peace </li></ul><ul><li>The League will be too ineffective to keep the peace </li></ul>

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