How do Faculty Frame Academic Honesty and Plagiarism?
Respect for intellectual propertyMany hours of work go towards the creation of adocument. Once you have created this document it isyours and no one may claim that it is not. It is only rightfor you to give credit to the person(s) who created thedocument.I tell students that all works, text or image, should includea reference as a matter of respect to the creator. Respectof anothers work is the key consideration.I explain it as giving credit where credit is due.
CredibilityIt strengthens your claim by pointing to its support in thework of others.[You] need solid support from the research literature toback up any claims [you] make.Readers will want to know if your arguments are based onanything more than your own words.It strengthens your paper and shows good researchpractices if you cite credible sources.
IntegrityReminding people, and demonstrating, that integrity matters.In science the whole process would totally collapse if wedidnt have a high degree of integrity.You explain the need to cite sources as the way to maintainyour integrity . . .Either you are maintaining your integrity, or you are not.My plagiarism policy is "Integrity is mandatory"
TheftIts lying and stealing.I explain that it is basically intellectual theft . . .I tell them if they dont they are stealing.You would never think of stealing someones money orbelongings. Why would you steal their ideas or words?An idea I hope they understand is that when you are theone that did the writing it is a product of your own effort.If someone copies that from you it would feel as if theystole something from you.
DeceptionCiting a source acknowledges the work of other peoplerather than attempts to conceal the way that you havebenefited from them.Sometimes students actually intend to present anotherswords or ideas as their own, knowing full well that they arenot. This is academic dishonesty and an egregious form ofplagiarism.Plagiarism is using another persons ideas or words in away that leads others to believe they are your own ideasor words.
Work EthicCiting demonstrates academic effort.Laziness: Some students would rather not put more workinto a class than they have to.A student may be unable to paraphrase or too lazy toparaphrase. Ignorance. Laziness.. . . laziness, starting the assignment too late and usingplagiarism to hurry up the process.Students seem to think that the final product is all that isimportant and may be gotten by any means. They do notsee individual effort as important.
“These are the rules”I do not explain, I just require it.Published materials are subject to copyright laws. Ifstudents violate these laws by copying without citation,they are committing a crime.Sometimes students dont understand the rules for citingthe work of others.It does not matter what country a student comes from, theyare here learning our way and our cultural rights andwrongs. They need to meet American standards.
What do Faculty Think are theReasons Students Plagiarize?
Avoid academic consequencesTo take credit for work another person has done in order toobtain a better grade in a course or to come off as smarter,better informed than you are.In some cultures, it is more shameful to turn in a bad paperand receive a bad grade than to present someone elseswork as ones own and receive a good grade.
The easy way outTime and stress: Students may be overloaded withhomework and want to get an assignment "out of theway" as soon as possible.Laziness: Some students would rather not put more workinto a class than they have to.Ignorance. Laziness.Because it is easy and fast or because you dont knowthat you arecopying.
Lack understandingLack of understanding of the material (so it is difficult toput into your own words).If you dont have enough depth of knowledge to explainsomething in your own words.