Kinds of Sentences according to Structure

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Kinds of Sentences according to Structure

  1. 1. Kinds of Sentences according to Structure
  2. 2. Sentence or Fragment? <ul><li>Ben studies well. </li></ul><ul><li>To gain useful experience and get valuable insights from it. </li></ul><ul><li>Looking up at the sky. </li></ul><ul><li>Having devoured its prey, the boa coiled itself and slept. </li></ul><ul><li>Check your answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Run. </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever the doctor arrives at the hospital. </li></ul><ul><li>Because the firemen didn’t come. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Identifying Subject and Predicate <ul><li>Sulayman departed for Maguindanao. </li></ul><ul><li>The monster sprang at the man and sank its claws into his flesh. </li></ul><ul><li>Lam-and Dona Ines returned home and lived a happy and contented life. </li></ul><ul><li>Datu Puti and his companions left Bornay in boats. </li></ul><ul><li>All the villagers, except Marikudo, had left the village. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Fragments <ul><li>Phrase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>group of words that has neither subject nor predicate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dependent Clause </li></ul><ul><ul><li>group of words that has both subject and predicate, but that does not express a complete thought </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Examples of Phrases <ul><li>walking quietly along the corridor </li></ul><ul><li>to believe everything seen or heard </li></ul><ul><li>the writings on the wall </li></ul><ul><li>millions of miles apart </li></ul><ul><li>beyond the seven seas </li></ul><ul><li>understanding a difficult person </li></ul><ul><li>washed, dried, and folded </li></ul>
  6. 6. Examples of Dependent Clauses <ul><li>because they love each other deeply </li></ul><ul><li>unless he talks to the manager </li></ul><ul><li>although their families were not in good terms </li></ul><ul><li>while Sharmaine waits at the cafeteria </li></ul><ul><li>wherever the mother went </li></ul>
  7. 7. List of Common Subordinating Conjunctions because as in order that since so that after as soon as as long as before once still until whenever when while
  8. 8. Four Kinds of Sentences according to Structure <ul><li>Simple Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>one that has only one complete thought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The subject may be either simple or compound; the predicate may also be either simple or compound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compound Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Complex Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Compound Complex Sentence </li></ul>
  9. 9. Examples of Simple Sentences <ul><li>The epic revolves around heroic deeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Indarapatra traveled with great speed and reached the mountain at once. </li></ul><ul><li>Indarapatra and Sulayman embraced each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Alunsina and Paubari fled to the mountains and stayed there during the deluge. </li></ul><ul><li>Marikudo and his wife received gifts and left the village. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Four Kinds of Sentences according to Structure <ul><li>Simple Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>one that has only one complete thought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The subject may be either simple or compound; the predicate may also be either simple or compound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compound Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>consists of a two or more simple sentences closely related in thought </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complex Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Compound Complex Sentence </li></ul>
  11. 11. Examples of Compound Sentences <ul><li>I will go, and the land will be avenged. </li></ul><ul><li>Sulayman looked on the land and villages, but he could see no living thing. </li></ul><ul><li>The ten datus formed a confederation, and they worked for a united village. </li></ul><ul><li>Lakambini’s cry was too late, for Pirang Kawayan had struck Sinag-Tala. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Four Kinds of Sentences according to Structure <ul><li>Simple Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>one that has only one complete thought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The subject may be either simple or compound; the predicate may also be either simple or compound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compound Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>consists of a two or more simple sentences closely related in thought </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complex Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>consists of an independent clause and at least one dependent clause </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compound Complex Sentence </li></ul>
  13. 13. Examples of Complex Sentences <ul><li>The original Parang Saheb, which is an epic of the Tausug, revolves around the exploits of early Muslim warriors. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ifugao’s Hudhud and Alim are long narratives which require several days of continuous recitation. </li></ul><ul><li>The epics were chanted to people who found them an effective means of strengthening tribal pride and unity. </li></ul><ul><li>Until writing elements became easily available, the epics were handed down in the oral tradition. </li></ul><ul><li>The Maranaw natives that tell about the brave and handsome Bantugan are known chiefly as Darangan. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Four Kinds of Sentences according to Structure <ul><li>Simple Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>one that has only one complete thought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The subject may be either simple or compound; the predicate may also be either simple or compound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compound Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>consists of a two or more simple sentences closely related in thought </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complex Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>consists of an independent clause and at least one dependent clause </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compound Complex Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>consists of two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Examples of Compound Complex Sentence <ul><li>Before the sun rises, the whole village awakens, and the farmers go to the field. </li></ul><ul><li>The village became peaceful, but the monsters never stayed away since the strange man appeared. </li></ul><ul><li>As it happens, you are right, and I am wrong. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Identify the dependent clause and the independent clauses. <ul><li>Before the Spanish conquered Peru, the Incas had built a walled city called Machu Picchu; this tour visits the ruins of that city. </li></ul><ul><li>(simple subject and verb of the first independent clause) ____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>(simple subject and verb of the second independent clause) __________________________ </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>The Grand Canyon is a stunning sight, but Yosemite National Park also has many impressive features that you will never forget. </li></ul><ul><li>(simple subject and verb of the first independent clause) ____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>(simple subject and verb of the dependent clause) ____________________________ </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>New Orleans is known for its lively French Quarter, and visitors who have an interest in history will enjoy a tour of the historic sites. </li></ul><ul><li>(simple subject and verb of the dependent clause) _________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>(simple subject and verb of the second independent clause) __________________________ </li></ul>
  19. 19. Identify the type of sentences below according to their structure. <ul><li>1. Stay a little longer if you like. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Although my dog can play the piano, he does not do it well, and nobody asks him for encores. </li></ul><ul><li>3. After the last song, the musicians packed up their instruments and got on the bus. </li></ul><ul><li>4. No one should ride on a motorcycle unless he or she wears a helmet. </li></ul><ul><li>5. I’ll go if I can, but several events are scheduled for that day. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Spring came and went quickly, but I was ready for summer. </li></ul><ul><li>7. When you called, I was reading a book; now I can’t find my place. </li></ul><ul><li>8. At last, the ambulance arrived in the midst of the raging typhoon. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Identify the type of sentences below according to their structure. <ul><li>While the sun shone, they stayed on the beach. </li></ul><ul><li>I went into town, and then drove to Manchester airport. </li></ul><ul><li>All of a sudden, in the middle of the match, the phone rang. </li></ul><ul><li>The girl had a blister on her heel. </li></ul><ul><li>The panda ate loads of bamboo shoots. </li></ul><ul><li>Caravans were parked all the way along the coast. </li></ul><ul><li>The new Harry Potter book is brilliant. </li></ul><ul><li>I like all types of food including fish. </li></ul><ul><li>When the branch snapped, Matt fell out of the tree and broke his arm. </li></ul><ul><li>Elephants, which are large mammals, are bigger than snails. </li></ul>

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