Simile Simile is a stated comparison between two things that are actually unlike but have something in common. A Simile is easy to recognize because it is introduced by the words like, as, resemble or similar to.Example:1. She is quiet as a mouse.
2. Like a glum cricket The refrigerator is singing From Flight by James Tate3. Twinkle, twinkle little star, How I wonder what you are! Up above the world so high Like a diamond in the sky.4. The morning dew smells like a new papaya in bloom
METAPHOR Makes a direct comparison of two unlike things that have something in common. A metaphor does not include the words like, as, resemble, or similar to.Example:1. “Even at night time, Mama is sunrise.” – Evelyn Tooley Hunt2. Stars are great drops of golden dew.
EXTENDED METAPHOR Makes a comparison that is carried throughout a literary selection. The continued use of the same metaphor creates a strong image for the reader.“O Captain, My Captain” by Walt Whitman compares Abraham Lincoln to a captain of a ship.
PERSONIFICATION Isa figure of speech that gives a human qualities to an object, an animal or an idea. It enables the reader to see the ordinary things in a new and interesting way.Example:1. The Sun puts a rainbow scarf about Rains shoulders when they go out together.
2. “Q is for Quietness of Sunday Avenues When silence walks the city In her pretty velvet shoes. - Phyllis McGinley3. The sun was a chariot of fire.
APOSTROPHE Addresses personified objects as a real persons, the absent as if they were present, the dead as if they are alive.Examples:1. Ah, Liberty, how many crimes are committed in thy name.2. Rizal, see the fair hope of the fatherland.3. “Farewell my beloved Philippines, the sorrow of my sorrows.”
ALLUSION Is a reference in a work of literature to another work of literature, or to a well known person, place or event outside literature1. Mythological Allusion: Jonathan is the Adonis of his class2. Literary Allusion Political Pied Pipers try everything.
3. Historical Allusion Some call Marcos a modern day Hitler.4. Biblical Allusion I took my power in my hand And went against the world; Twas not as much as David had, But I was twice as bold.
HYPERBOLE Is a figure of speech that exaggerates an idea so vividly that the reader has an instant picture. Examples:1. Her back is broader than Mt. Apo2. I cried a river of tears when he left me.3. “Is this the face that launched a thousand ships And burnt the topless towers of Ilium?” -Christopher Marlowe
IRONY Is the general name given to literary techniques that involve differences between appearance and reality, expectation and result, meaning and intention. Types of Irony a. Verbal Irony – words are used to suggest the opposite of what is meant. In everyday speech, a verbal irony is easily recognized because of the speakers tone
Example: Two friends have planned to have a day of picnicking and hiking. As they step out of the door, it begins to rain. One says, “Oh great! I was hoping it would rainb. Irony of the situation- In this type of irony, an event occurs that directly contradicts the expectations of the characters, the reader or the audience.Example: A penniless young couple want to buy each other special Christmas presents. The wife has her beautiful long hair cut
and buys a chain worthy of her husband’s prized gold pocket watch. The husband sells his watch to buy an exquisite tortoise shell combs for his wife’s beautiful long hair.c. Dramatic Irony- Here, there is a contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader or audience knows to be true.Example: “Just as the conspirators gather around Caesar to assassinate him, he asks, are
OXYMORON Isthe combination of two mutually contradictory words in a case where the contradiction is apparent only, the two ideas being realized.Example: 1. James Bond is a well known Secret Agent. 2. Parting is such a sweet sorrow.
PARADOX Isseemingly contradictory but true statement.Example:1. More haste, less speed. 2. Attack is the best form of defense. 3. We are our own parents.
ALLITERATION Is the repetition of a consonant sounds. It is an important tool for the poets. It gives musical quality and rhythm to a poem.1. There once was a witch of Willowby Wood, And weird wild witch was she. – Rowena Bennett
ASSONANCE Refers to the recurrence in words that are close together, of the same vowel sound.1. What a world of merriment their melody foretells.2. No bubble, no trouble.3. Double, double, toil and trouble Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
METONYMY Is the substitution of one noun for another which it suggests. It is based on association (e.g the author for his works, the source for the product, the cause for the effect)1. We watched Spielberg today. (director for his work)2. Malacañang declared suspension of classes.
SYNECDOCHEA type of metonymy in which a significant part is used to represent the whole.1. It’s useless to preach to empty stomachs.2. Give us this day our daily bread.3. A sail rose out of the sea.4. Life is hard when you have eight hungry mouths to feed.
Identify the figures of speech used in the following sentence.1. “O liberty, liberty! What crimes are committed in thy name?2. A stick-thin old man with white hair was looking a them.3. Winter sat tight on, our shoulder blades.4. Spare the rod and spoil the child.5. Character is a diamond that scratches every item.6. We study Shakespeare today.7. Ambition, you have been a cruel master.
8. If I were Circe, I would change my enemies into swine.9. Bang-Whang-Whang goes the drum, tootle-te-tootle the fife, oh a day in the city-square there is no such pleasure in life. - Robert Browning10. Her cheeks are like the petals of a rose.11. I wandered lonely as a cloud.12. In the company of the playful sea, the wind sings and blows all day.13. How good of you to refuse to help us.