5 grade Poetry Unit thCreated & designed by Mrs. Hunter
Characteristics of Poetry• Written in stanzas• Not necessarily written in paragraphs• Not very long• Some rhyme, some do not• Sometimes written in certain shapes• Written going straight down• Written in lines• Can be similar to raps
Parts of Poetry• Let’s review our characteristics of poetry from yesterday.• Poetry Vocabulary – Stanza – Line Label me activity
Rhyme Schemes• Drop and stop rhyme• Must be labeled with letters• Opossums Oppossums at times take a notion to drop a Whatever they’re doing and come to a stop. a It’s called “playing possum,” and clearly it’s why b They’re mostly ignored by the folks passing by. B• Now it’s Your Turn• When they’re playing possum, opossums appear c And never revive til you’re on your way. d They are aware when there’s anyone near c When they’re playing possum, opossums don’t play.d
Couplets & Free Verse• Free verse is a form of poetry that can rhyme, but doesn’t have to.• A couplet is two lines of poetry that rhyme
Alliteration• Alliteration is the use of the same consonant sounds in words that are near each other• When you think of alliteration, think of it as a tongue twister.• For example, “Sally sells seashells by the seashore-This is an example of alliteration using the “s” sound.
Onomatopoeia• Onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like what it actually is.• Examples – Zip, crash, bang
Metaphors• A metaphor compares two things without using the words “like” or “asJane is an angel.Steve is a volcano ready to erupt.Sarah is a bright start in the class.Dan is a clown in class.
Simile• A simile compares two things USING the words “like” or “as”• Examples – Mr. Walker is like a giant. Eyes and Nose His eyes were bright blue like the skys nearly night. His nose was like a bulb with a red shaded light.
Metaphors & Similes Assessment• Butterflies are as light as feathers They a paper bags floating in the air And are as beautiful as dancing spirits I think they are small stars in the sky. Sometimes they are as blue as tear drops I bet they love flowers swaying in the breeze Butterflies are so cool!
Responding to Poetry & Reading Fluently• Night (poem in booklet)• Turn and Talk – I think this poem is about _____ because _____”. – How to Read a Poem Aloud (slip)
Haiku• A haiku is a special type of poetry that began in Japan. It is characterized by having 5 syllables in the 1st line, 7 syllables in the 2nd line, and 5 syllables in the 3rd lineMemorize me to remember I am first with fiveThen seven in the middle –Five again to end.
Cinquain• A cinquain is a 5-line poem that describes a noun.• 1-a noun• 2-two adjectives describing the noun• 3-three verbs or action verbs (ending in –ing)• 4-a phrase or sentence about the noun (4 words)• 5-one word synonym for the noun
Cinquain Example• Penguins Black, white Swimming, jumping, fishing All the penguins jump down into the water. Birds
Personification• Personification is giving human qualities to a non-human object.• 1. The flowers begged for water. 2. The stars winked at me. 3. Lightening danced across the sky. 4. The camera loved her. 5. The wind whispered softly in the night.
Mood in Poetry• Poets can create a mood in their poems, to make you feel a certain way when you read them.• A poem can have a happy, upbeat mood, or it can have a sad, slow mood, depending on the words the poet chooses to use• One-Way Ticket by Langston Hughes
Voice in Poetry• Voice in poetry is made up of many different ideas including tone and audience.• Tone refers to the writer’s attitude toward the subject and audience is the targeted reader or listener who will be reading the writing.• I, too sing America (Langston Hughes) mood• Mother to Son (Langston Hughes) voice
Point of View• In writing, there are three different options for point of view.• 1st person (I)• 2nd person (you) not often used• 3rd person (he, she) refers to a person other than the speaker or the reader