TX History Ch 7.1


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TX History Ch 7.1

  1. 1. Chapter 7: Conflicts of Empire Section 1: Changes in Spanish Texas
  2. 2. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><li>1754: France and England go to war over control of the Ohio Valley </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><li>War spreads to Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Spain sides with France </li></ul><ul><li>Britain defeats France </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><li>Treaty of Paris signed after war </li></ul><ul><li>Cede —to officially give up a territory from one nation to another </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><li>Treaty of Paris: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France gave up Canada and all land East of the Mississippi River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain gave up Florida </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><ul><li>Agreement gives Louisiana to Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>French are no longer a threat to Texas </li></ul>
  7. 9. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><li>1766: The Marqués de Rubí begins an inspection of the northern borderlands </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes very concerned when inspecting northern presidios </li></ul>
  8. 10. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><li>Found better conditions at San Antonio and La Bahía </li></ul><ul><li>Noted efforts to convert and befriend Indians had failed </li></ul>
  9. 11. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><li>Spanish America’s northern borderlands were threatened in the 1760s because Spain did not have the people, power, or wealth to hold its land there. </li></ul>
  10. 12. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><li>Recommendations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain pull back to the “real” frontier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build a string of forts from CA to TX </li></ul></ul>A page from the Marqués de Rubí’s diary
  11. 13. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><ul><li>Only San Antonio and Santa Fe would remain above this line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abandon East Texas settlements </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><li>Recommendations for Texas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abandon all missions and presidios except those at La Bahía and San Antonio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>San Antonio should replace Los Adaes as the capital of Texas </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. The Marqués de Rubí Report <ul><li>Recommendations for Texas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish population in East Texas should be moved to San Antonio to strengthen defense of the settlement and mission there. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Befriend the Comanche and use their help in fighting the Apache </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Changes in Texas Policies <ul><li>1773: withdrawal from East Texas begins </li></ul><ul><li>Tejanos —persons of Spanish descent who lived in Texas </li></ul>
  15. 17. Changes in Texas Policies <ul><li>People did not want to leave </li></ul><ul><li>Los Adaes replaces San Antonio as capital </li></ul>
  16. 18. Changes in Texas Policies <ul><li>Best farmland is already taken </li></ul><ul><li>People become homesick and ask to return home </li></ul>
  17. 19. Changes in Texas Policies <ul><li>Allowed to return as far east as the Trinity River </li></ul><ul><li>1774: Antonio Gil Ybarbo—lead a group to present-day Madison County where they founded Bucareli </li></ul>
  18. 20. Changes in Texas Policies <ul><li>Bucareli plagued by Comanche raids, disease, and flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Antonio Gil Ybarbo leads settlers further east </li></ul>
  19. 21. Changes in Texas Policies <ul><li>Antonio Gil Ybarbo founded the town of Nacogdoches which became a gateway between Texas and Louisiana. </li></ul>Statue of Antonio Gil Ybarbo in present-day Nacogdoches
  20. 22. Changes in Texas Policies <ul><li>Spanish copy the French system of befriending the Indians by trading and giving them gifts </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish wanted to befriend the Comanche to get their help against the Apache </li></ul>
  21. 23. Changes in Texas Policies <ul><li>1785: The Spanish sign a peace treaty with the Comanche Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty maintained peace for some 30 years </li></ul>
  22. 24. Problems Actions Rub í’s Report