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Non-Roman Italy

The Greeks and Etruscans

January 15, 2014
Trade, Mobility and Urbanization:
The Mediterranean between 900-700 BC
So-called “Nestor’s Cup”
Pithekoussai
8th century BC
Aristonothos Krater
680-650 BC
Painted terracotta
found at Caere
(Etruria)
from Pithekoussai?
Cumae
Magna Graecia
Naxos

Selinus
Akragas

Megara
Hyblaea
Temple of Concordia at Akragas
Temple of Concordia, Akragas, c. 425 BC, limestone
Basic Greek temple plan
Greek architectural orders
Greek architectural orders
Athena Nike temple, Athens, c. 410 BC, marble
view of Selinus (Selinunte) on the southwest coast of Sicily
View of the akropolis of Selinus – north is to the left
Temple C (c. 540-530 BC, limestone) on the akropolis of Selinus
Triglyphs & metopes from Temple C, Selinus
Metope from Temple C
“Apollo in his chariot”
c. 540-530 BC
Limestone
Selinus (Selinunte)
Metope from Temple C
“Perseus slaying the Gorgon”
c. 540-530 BC
Limestone
Selinus (Selinunte)
Metope from Temple C
“Herakles & the Kerkopes”
c. 540-530 BC
Limestone
Selinus (Selinunte)
Naxos

Selinus
Akragas

Megara
Hyblaea
“Ephebe” or Kouros
Akragas (Agrigento)
5th century / c. 480-470 BC
Marble
Magna Graecia
Temple of Hera I, c. 550-525 BC, limestone
Temple of Hera II, Paestum, c. 460 BC, limestone
Tomb of the Diver, Paestum
Tomb of the Diver, c. 480-470 BC, Paestum, limestone & paint
The Etruscans
Orientalizing Period in Italy
• Main agents = Phoenicians
• Process : artistic motifs & objects from
Near East are introdu...
Bocchoris Vase, 720-715 BC
faience, Tarquinia

Decorated ostrich egg,
mid 7th century BC,
Tarquinia
Caisra = Caere
Tarchna = Tarquinia
Regolini-Galassi Tomb
Caere, or Cerveteri and its surrounding necropoleis
Regolini-Galassi Tomb, c. 650 BC,
in the Sorbo necropolis, Caere
discovered in 1836
Gold necklace with pendants, c. 650
BC, gold and amber, Regolini-Galassi
tomb, Caere

Silver cup, inscribed as
belonging t...
Bronze cauldron with protomes in form of lion’s head,
Regolini-Galassi tomb, c. 650 BC, Caere (Cerveteri)
Gold disk fibula, c.
650 BC, RegoliniGalassi tomb,
Caere
~ 12.5” high
Gold pectoral,
gold laminate,
c. 650 BC,
Regolini-Galassi
tomb, Caere
~ 11 x 16”
Veii, Portonaccio Sanctuary
c. 500 BC
so-called Temple of Apollo,
most likely Temple of Minerva
Basic Italic temple style
• raised podium
• frontal stair
• deep front porch
• alae (wings)
• one or three cellae
• sine p...
antefix

pierced
cresting

columen
plaque
Greek

v. Etruscan
Archaic Greek v. Italic temples
Greek Temples

Italic / Etruscan Temples

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

•
•

Steps all around
Peris...
Veii, Portonaccio Sanctuary
so-called Temple of Apollo,
most likely Temple of Minerva
Portonaccio temple model
Portonaccio temple elevation
Apollo of Veii, c. 510 - 500 BC
painted terracotta
~5 ft. 10 in.
Villa Giulia Museum, Rome
Anavyssos
Kouros, late 6th
cent. BC

Apollo of Veii, c.
500 BC 
Anavyssos Kouros

Apollo of Veii
Antefix
Gorgon’s head
Veii
Caisra = Caere = Cerveteri
Banditaccia
necropolis
c. 700 - 200 BC
Caere (Cerveteri)
Sarcophagus of the Married Couple
c. 520 BC
terracotta
Caere (Cerveteri)
Tumulus
Tomb of the Shields & Chairs
Tarchna = Tarquinia
Tarquinia: Montarozzi necropolis
Tomb of the Augurs, c. 520 BC, tufa & paint, Tarquinia
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
greeks and etruscans art
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  • Culture: Greek
    Title: Temple of Concord
    Work Type: architecture
    Date: c. 430-425 BCE
    Location: Agrigento. Italy
    Material: limestone
    Measurements: H. of columns: 6.7 m; h. of entablature: 2.96 m
    Style Period: Classical
    Description: Akragas (modern Agrigento) was a Greek colony on the southern coast of Sicily. The site preserves a number of Doric temples.
    Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives)
    Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y.
    Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx
    Source: http://www.scalarchives.com
    Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y.
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Culture: Greek
    Title: Temple of Concordia
    Title: View: view of the west facade
    Date: c. 425 BCE
    Location: Agrigento, Italy
    Style Period: Classical
    Description: Photographer: Susan Silberberg-Peirce
    Collection: Art, Archaeology, and Architecture (Canyonlights World Art Image Bank)
    ID Number: canyon_035_036
    Source: Image and original data provided by Canyonlights World Art Slides and Image Bank.
    Rights: For more information about rights and reproduction, please contact Susan Silberberg-Peirce, Canyonlights, 1127 Eagle Way, Lyons, CO 80540, Phone/Fax: 330-823-5913, Email: info@canyonlights.com, Web: www.canyonlights.com
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Culture: Greek
    Title: Temple of Concord, so-called, oblique view from the southeast
    Work Type: architecture
    Date: c. 425 BCE
    Location: Akragas (Agrigento), Italy
    Description: Photographer: Susan Silberberg-Pierce
    Collection: Art, Archaeology, and Architecture (Canyonlights World Art Image Bank)
    ID Number: canyon_053_005
    Source: For more information about rights and reproduction, please contact Susan Silberberg-Peirce, Canyonlights, 1127 Eagle Way, Lyons, CO 80540, Phone/Fax: 330-823-5913, Email: info@canyonlights.com, Web: www.canyonlights.com
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Title: Acropolis. Temple of Athena Nike. View from the east.
    Date: ca. 435-425 BC
    Location: Athens.
    Related Item: Maser catalog number: Greece.1956-155
    Subject: ARCHITECTURE:GREEK
    Collection: Moreen O'Brien Maser Memorial Collection (Skidmore College)
    ID Number: Accession number: 1978-33558
    Source: Image and original data provided by Skidmore College
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
    Rights: For more information please contact: David Seiler, Director, Visual Resources, Skidmore College; 815 N. Broadway, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866; Ph 518-580-5519; Fax 518-580-5541; Email dseiler@skidmore.edu
  • Culture: Greek
    Title: Temple C, view from the northwest
    Work Type: architecture
    Date: c. 550-525 BCE
    Location: Selinus (Selinunte), Italy
    Description: Photographer: Susan Silberberg-Pierce
    Collection: Art, Archaeology, and Architecture (Canyonlights World Art Image Bank)
    ID Number: canyon_052_011
    Source: For more information about rights and reproduction, please contact Susan Silberberg-Peirce, Canyonlights, 1127 Eagle Way, Lyons, CO 80540, Phone/Fax: 330-823-5913, Email: info@canyonlights.com, Web: www.canyonlights.com
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Culture: Magna Graecia
    Title: Temple "C" at Selinus (Selinunte): metopes: [L] Quadriga of Apollo; [C] Perseus slaying Medusa; [R] Herakles and the Kerkopes, ca. 560-550 B.C.
    Location: Museo Archeologico Nationale, Palermo, Sicily
    Material: limestone
    Collection: Art History Survey Collection
    Source: Catalogued by: Art Images for College Teaching
  • Title: Selinus: Temple C: Ext.: Metopes Quadriga of Apollo
    Date: c.540 B.C
    Location: Selinus (Extinct city)
    Subject: Selinus (Extinct city)--Temple C
    Subject: Apollo (Greek deity)
    Subject: Architecture:Site--Sicily (Greek)--6th C. B.C
    Subject: Metopes
    Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery
    Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Culture: Greek
    Title: Metope of Temple C at Selinunte with Perseus and the Gorgon
    Work Type: sculpture
    Date: c. 560 BCE
    Description: From Magna Graecia
    Repository: Museo archeologico regionale (Palermo, Italy)
    Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives)
    Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y.
    Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx
    Source: http://www.scalarchives.com
    Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y.
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Culture: Magna Graecia
    Title: Temple "C" at Selinus (Selinunte): metope: Herakles and the Kerkopes, ca. 560-550 B.C.
    Location: Museo Archeologico Nationale, Palermo, Sicily
    Material: limestone
    Collection: Art History Survey Collection
    Source: Catalogued by: Art Images for College Teaching
  • Culture: Greek
    Title: Kouros from Agrigento
    Work Type: sculpture
    Date: c. 5th century BCE
    Style Period: Classical
    Repository: Museo archeologico regionale di Agrigento
    Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives)
    Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y.
    Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx
    Source: http://www.scalarchives.com
    Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y.
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Culture: Greek
    Title: Temple of Hera I, oblique view from the southwest
    Work Type: architecture
    Date: c. 550-525 BCE
    Location: Paestum, Italy
    Material: limestone
    Description: Photographer: Susan Silberberg-Pierce
    Collection: Art, Archaeology, and Architecture (Canyonlights World Art Image Bank)
    ID Number: canyon_007_004
    Source: For more information about rights and reproduction, please contact Susan Silberberg-Peirce, Canyonlights, 1127 Eagle Way, Lyons, CO 80540, Phone/Fax: 330-823-5913, Email: info@canyonlights.com, Web: www.canyonlights.com
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Culture: Greek
    Title: Temple of Hera I, interior of the peristyle and remains of the cella, looking east
    Work Type: architecture
    Date: c. 550-525 BCE
    Location: Paestum, Italy
    Material: limestone
    Description: Photographer: Susan Silberberg-Pierce
    Collection: Art, Archaeology, and Architecture (Canyonlights World Art Image Bank)
    ID Number: canyon_007_006
    Source: For more information about rights and reproduction, please contact Susan Silberberg-Peirce, Canyonlights, 1127 Eagle Way, Lyons, CO 80540, Phone/Fax: 330-823-5913, Email: info@canyonlights.com, Web: www.canyonlights.com
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Culture: Greek
    Title: Temple of Hera II, oblique view from the southwest
    Work Type: architecture
    Date: c. 460 BCE
    Location: Paestum, Italy
    Material: limestone
    Description: Photographer: Susan Silberberg-Pierce
    Collection: Art, Archaeology, and Architecture (Canyonlights World Art Image Bank)
    ID Number: canyon_007_011
    Source: For more information about rights and reproduction, please contact Susan Silberberg-Peirce, Canyonlights, 1127 Eagle Way, Lyons, CO 80540, Phone/Fax: 330-823-5913, Email: info@canyonlights.com, Web: www.canyonlights.com
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Culture: Greek
    Title: Temple of Hera II, detail, superimposed columns of the cella
    Work Type: architecture
    Date: c. 460 BCE
    Location: Paestum, Italy
    Material: limestone
    Description: Photographer: Susan Silberberg-Pierce
    Collection: Art, Archaeology, and Architecture (Canyonlights World Art Image Bank)
    ID Number: canyon_007_016
    Source: For more information about rights and reproduction, please contact Susan Silberberg-Peirce, Canyonlights, 1127 Eagle Way, Lyons, CO 80540, Phone/Fax: 330-823-5913, Email: info@canyonlights.com, Web: www.canyonlights.com
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Title: Tomba del Tuffatore
    Title: Tomb of the Diver
    Date: c.480 B.C
    Subject: Painting--Greek: Transitional--480-450 B.C
    Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery
    Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Culture: Greek
    Title: Tomb of the Diver: slab with kottabos players and lovers
    Work Type: fresco
    Date: c. 480 BCE
    Style Period: Classical
    Repository: Museo archeologico nazionale (Paestum, Italy)
    Collection: Italian and other European Art (Scala Archives)
    Source: Image and original data provided by SCALA, Florence/ART RESOURCE, N.Y.
    Source: http://www.artres.com/c/htm/Home.aspx
    Source: http://www.scalarchives.com
    Rights: (c) 2006, SCALA, Florence / ART RESOURCE, N.Y.
    Rights: Please note that if this image is under copyright, you may need to contact one or more copyright owners for any use that is not permitted under the ARTstor Terms and Conditions of Use or not otherwise permitted by law. While ARTstor tries to update contact information, it cannot guarantee that such information is always accurate. Determining whether those permissions are necessary, and obtaining such permissions, is your sole responsibility.
  • Title: Tomba del Tuffatore: North Slab: symposium scene: det.: kottabos player
    Title: Tomb of the Diver
    Date: c.480 B.C
    Material: travertine, fresco
    Repository: Museo archeologico nazionale (Paestum, Italy)
    Subject: Paestum (Extinct city)
    Subject: Painting--Greek: Transitional--480-450 B.C
    Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery
    Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Title: Tomba del Tuffatore: North Slab: symposium scene: det.: kottabos player
    Title: Tomb of the Diver
    Date: c.480 B.C
    Material: travertine, fresco
    Repository: Museo archeologico nazionale (Paestum, Italy)
    Subject: Paestum (Extinct city)
    Subject: Painting--Greek: Transitional--480-450 B.C
    Collection: ARTstor Slide Gallery
    Source: Data from: University of California, San Diego
  • Transcript of "greeks and etruscans art"

    1. 1. Non-Roman Italy The Greeks and Etruscans January 15, 2014
    2. 2. Trade, Mobility and Urbanization: The Mediterranean between 900-700 BC
    3. 3. So-called “Nestor’s Cup” Pithekoussai 8th century BC
    4. 4. Aristonothos Krater 680-650 BC Painted terracotta found at Caere (Etruria) from Pithekoussai?
    5. 5. Cumae
    6. 6. Magna Graecia
    7. 7. Naxos Selinus Akragas Megara Hyblaea
    8. 8. Temple of Concordia at Akragas
    9. 9. Temple of Concordia, Akragas, c. 425 BC, limestone
    10. 10. Basic Greek temple plan
    11. 11. Greek architectural orders Greek architectural orders
    12. 12. Athena Nike temple, Athens, c. 410 BC, marble
    13. 13. view of Selinus (Selinunte) on the southwest coast of Sicily
    14. 14. View of the akropolis of Selinus – north is to the left
    15. 15. Temple C (c. 540-530 BC, limestone) on the akropolis of Selinus
    16. 16. Triglyphs & metopes from Temple C, Selinus
    17. 17. Metope from Temple C “Apollo in his chariot” c. 540-530 BC Limestone Selinus (Selinunte)
    18. 18. Metope from Temple C “Perseus slaying the Gorgon” c. 540-530 BC Limestone Selinus (Selinunte)
    19. 19. Metope from Temple C “Herakles & the Kerkopes” c. 540-530 BC Limestone Selinus (Selinunte)
    20. 20. Naxos Selinus Akragas Megara Hyblaea
    21. 21. “Ephebe” or Kouros Akragas (Agrigento) 5th century / c. 480-470 BC Marble
    22. 22. Magna Graecia
    23. 23. Temple of Hera I, c. 550-525 BC, limestone
    24. 24. Temple of Hera II, Paestum, c. 460 BC, limestone
    25. 25. Tomb of the Diver, Paestum
    26. 26. Tomb of the Diver, c. 480-470 BC, Paestum, limestone & paint
    27. 27. The Etruscans
    28. 28. Orientalizing Period in Italy • Main agents = Phoenicians • Process : artistic motifs & objects from Near East are introduced into western art through trade and other contacts • 8th through 6th centuries BC • Style = hybrid of Egyptian/Assyrian motifs
    29. 29. Bocchoris Vase, 720-715 BC faience, Tarquinia Decorated ostrich egg, mid 7th century BC, Tarquinia
    30. 30. Caisra = Caere Tarchna = Tarquinia
    31. 31. Regolini-Galassi Tomb Caere, or Cerveteri and its surrounding necropoleis
    32. 32. Regolini-Galassi Tomb, c. 650 BC, in the Sorbo necropolis, Caere discovered in 1836
    33. 33. Gold necklace with pendants, c. 650 BC, gold and amber, Regolini-Galassi tomb, Caere Silver cup, inscribed as belonging to “Larth”
    34. 34. Bronze cauldron with protomes in form of lion’s head, Regolini-Galassi tomb, c. 650 BC, Caere (Cerveteri)
    35. 35. Gold disk fibula, c. 650 BC, RegoliniGalassi tomb, Caere ~ 12.5” high
    36. 36. Gold pectoral, gold laminate, c. 650 BC, Regolini-Galassi tomb, Caere ~ 11 x 16”
    37. 37. Veii, Portonaccio Sanctuary c. 500 BC so-called Temple of Apollo, most likely Temple of Minerva
    38. 38. Basic Italic temple style • raised podium • frontal stair • deep front porch • alae (wings) • one or three cellae • sine postico - no rear porch
    39. 39. antefix pierced cresting columen plaque
    40. 40. Greek v. Etruscan
    41. 41. Archaic Greek v. Italic temples Greek Temples Italic / Etruscan Temples • • • • • • • • • • • • Steps all around Peristyle > peripteral Interior columns Pronaos, cella, opisthodomos Doric & Ionic orders Closed pediment with sculpture Antefixes Water spouts Uniform look all around Eastward orientation • • • • • • • • • • • High, raised podium Prostyle, sometimes pseudoperipteral No interior columns usually (pronaos), cella, and alae Tuscan order Open pediment; columen sculpture Pierced cresting Sculpture on ridgepole Antefixes Water spouts Strong overhang in eaves Frontal orientation Southward orientation, usually
    42. 42. Veii, Portonaccio Sanctuary so-called Temple of Apollo, most likely Temple of Minerva
    43. 43. Portonaccio temple model
    44. 44. Portonaccio temple elevation
    45. 45. Apollo of Veii, c. 510 - 500 BC painted terracotta ~5 ft. 10 in. Villa Giulia Museum, Rome
    46. 46. Anavyssos Kouros, late 6th cent. BC Apollo of Veii, c. 500 BC 
    47. 47. Anavyssos Kouros Apollo of Veii
    48. 48. Antefix Gorgon’s head Veii
    49. 49. Caisra = Caere = Cerveteri
    50. 50. Banditaccia necropolis c. 700 - 200 BC Caere (Cerveteri)
    51. 51. Sarcophagus of the Married Couple c. 520 BC terracotta Caere (Cerveteri)
    52. 52. Tumulus
    53. 53. Tomb of the Shields & Chairs
    54. 54. Tarchna = Tarquinia
    55. 55. Tarquinia: Montarozzi necropolis
    56. 56. Tomb of the Augurs, c. 520 BC, tufa & paint, Tarquinia
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