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Power point1assignment   emily thorpe Power point1assignment emily thorpe Presentation Transcript

  • The Great Depression, FranklinD. Roosevelt, and His NewDeal Created by: Emily Thorpe
  • Those Who Play Must Pay – The1920s Come to an Abrupt Halt Stock market crash of 1929 did NOT cause the Great Depression Other Factors Involved  Industrial and agricultural overproduction  Unequal distribution of wealth in America  Over-extension of credit & high individual debt  Poor international economy due to World War I  Weak American banks
  • Herbert Hoover’s Response  Voluntary Measures  National Credit Association  Organization for Unemployment Relief  Limited Government Intervention  Thought businesses should be self- regulating  Called the “Do Nothing” President
  • 1932 Presidential Election Candidates  Herbert Hoover - (R)  Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) - (D) Roosevelt’s Platform  More active government  New ideas to get out of Depression
  • 1932 Election Results
  • Restoration of ConfidenceBegins
  • National Banking Crisis Between 1930 & 1932 there was widespread bank failure FDR called Congress back into session on March 6th, 1933 & enacted an emergency bank proposal By the end of March, citizens put their trust back into the bank system
  • It’s Time For a New Deal –Purposes of This Plan Relief: Recovery: Create jobs for the  Provide the economy with unemployed the tools to succeed again Protect farmers from foreclosure Reform: Overall Goal: Government regulation of banks Save Capitalism Abolish child labor Conserve farm lands
  • First New Deal (1933-1934) “The first hundred days” – March 9th to June 16th, 1933 All efforts went towards aiding big business, agriculture, & unemployed “Alphabet Soup”
  • Civilian Conservation Corps(CCC)  Provided jobs to “city boys”  Would be paid $30 monthly to do work in environment  Successful tool at this time
  • Civil Works Administration (CWA) Provided jobs for the unemployed to encourage moral Developed from the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)  Provided a budget to aid states in helping the unemployed
  • Reform for Financial Matters Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)  Oversee stock and bond markets Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)  Insure bank deposits that reach up to $5,000
  • Tennessee Valley Authority(TVA)  Aided one of the most devastated areas of country  Dams & hydroelectric plants built  Provided jobs & electricity
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act(AAA) Confronted the problem of overproduction Created the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) Goal to raise farm prices by encouraging farmers to produce less
  • National Industrial Recovery Act(NIRA)  Created the Public Works Administration (PWA) & the National Recovery Administration (NRA)  NRA  Created a partnership between businesses, labor, & the government  Labor Reforms
  • Second New Deal (1935-1936) Although First New Deal was successful, many were still unemployed FDR Presented list of reforms to Congress in Spring 1935  Requested & received $4.8 billion in relief
  • Works Progress Administration(WPA)  Able to employ 25% of country’s workforce  Low paying & temporary jobs to avoid competition with private enterprises  Types of Jobs  Repaired infrastructure  Ex: roads, bridges  Built schools
  • Social Security Act of 1935 Created a national pension fund, unemployment insurance program, & public assistance programs Pension would be financed by a payroll tax starting in 1937 Flaws to this law
  • Wagner Act of 1935  Prohibited employers from engaging in a variety of unfair labor practices  Created the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
  • FDR’s Second Term (1937-1940) “Court packing” Rise of Nazis in Germany Loss of New Deal momentum Fair Labor Standards Act  Abolished child labor  Gave minimum hourly wage (40 cents)  Gave maximum work week (40 hours)
  • Why It All Matters Physical rehabilitation to the nation Provided help to suffering citizens Revitalization of Politics Extension of the definition of democracy Strengthened the executive branch’s power Did not end the Great Depression
  • Works Cited Information: online-history.org/us2-docs/FDR-New-Deal.ppt Information: users.ipfw.edu/gatesb/H106h.PPT Information: American Passages – A History of the United States by Edward Ayers, David Oshinsky, Lewis Gould, & Jean Soderlund FDR Picture - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_D._Roosevelt Soup Kitchen Picture - http://blsciblogs.baruch.cuny.edu/his1005spring2011/tag/great-depression/ FDR Inaugural Address Audio - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lm3Bntsp2ck Political Cartoon - http://willrabbe.com/microblog/2011/2/10/fdr-hoover- inauguration-1933.html Electoral Map - http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fil:1932_Electoral_Map.png
  • Works Cited Continued FDR Inaugural Picture - http://voiceseducation.org/content/first-inaugural-address- franklin-d-roosevelt Alphabet Soup Cartoon - http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/money_13.html CCC Badge - http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/ccc/cccscope.html CCC Picture - http://siliconcowboy.wordpress.com/2010/04/10/fdrs-civilian- conservation-corps-was-created-on-april-10-1933/ Civil Works Picture - http://content.lib.washington.edu/civilworksweb/index.html TVA Graphic - http://newdeal.feri.org/tva/index.htm TVA Map - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tennessee_Valley_Authority
  • Works Cited Continued Famers Picture - http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/6696 NRA Picture - http://shopfloor.org/tag/wwii FDR New Deal Pin - http://thehayride.com/2012/01/people-like-jesse-jackson-will- never-understand-the-damage-fdrs-new-deal-inflicted-on-our-nation/ WPA Picture - http://www.americana-music-and-memories.com/works-progress- administration.html FDR Wheelchair Picture - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Featured_picture_candidates/FDR_in_whe el_chair FDR and Press Picture - http://history.howstuffworks.com/world-war-ii/start-world- war-27.htm
  • Works Cited Continued Social Security Picture - http://biggovernment.com/tag/social-security/ NLRB Picture - http://www.sjsapush.com/ch25.php “Why Can’t You Give My Dad A Job?” - http://www.profi- forex.us/news/entry4000000221.html