Fdr

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  • People had been coining their own money or creating state money
  • Fdr

    1. 1. January 6, 2012 <ul><li>Turn in your storyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Pick up TWO pages on the back table </li></ul><ul><li>Today we will </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze & categorize FDR’s solutions to the Great Depression </li></ul></ul>
    2. 2. FDR and the New Deal
    3. 3. Herbert Hoover gets blamed <ul><li>The Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Hawley-Smoot Tariff </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstruction Finance Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>Bonus Army </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WW1 Veterans march on D.C. to demand their promised bonus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hoover sends MacArthur/ troops to get rid of the camps </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Election of 1932 <ul><li>Landslide victory for Franklin Delano Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promised “A New Deal” for Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charismatic, excellent speaker, a new hope. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporters and media downplayed his disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fireside chats-let people feel connected </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. FDR & 1 st Inaugural Address
    6. 6. Hundred Days <ul><li>First three months FDR was in office, 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid and intense burst of congressional legislation to address the problems of the legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on Relief and Recovery </li></ul>
    7. 7. The First New Deal <ul><li>1933-1934 </li></ul><ul><li>*First time the Federal government would have direct involvement in peoples’ everyday lives. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political shift to the left </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus on action, corporation and pragmatism </li></ul><ul><li>Bank Holiday </li></ul>
    8. 8. FDR and Alphabet Soup
    9. 9. Bank Holiday <ul><li>March 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Closed banks for 8 days to reorganization </li></ul><ul><li>Restore confidence in banking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When opened again, more people were depositing than withdrawing </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Fixing the Problems <ul><li>Needed to repair the broken industry </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts production in half </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mills stood idle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NIRA/NRA (National Industrial Recovery Act: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gov’t regulate and negotiates prices, productions, and wages with industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose- to try and end price cuts and worker layoffs </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. THREE Categories <ul><li>Relief —help the people directly </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery —help industries hurt by the Great Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Reform —fix the problems that created the Great Depression </li></ul>
    12. 12. NRA <ul><li>Cooperating companies displayed blue eagle </li></ul><ul><li>Help unionization movement </li></ul><ul><li>SC case found NRA unconstitutional in 1935 </li></ul>
    13. 13. AAA <ul><li>Failing Farms b/c producing too much and prices kept falling </li></ul><ul><li>Some farmers forced off their land </li></ul>
    14. 14. The Dust Bowl <ul><li>Dust Bowl </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle/houses buried, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People packed up and headed west to California </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discrimination against the Mexican migrant workers </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Images from Dorothea Lange
    16. 16. AAA <ul><li>Agricultural Adjustment Act </li></ul><ul><li>Paid farmers to limit their productions </li></ul><ul><li>Objective to lift agricultural products to parity with industrial prices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat, corn, cotton, and tobacco </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First successful effort to support farm prices through a government program </li></ul><ul><li>Unconstitutional in 1936, reinstated in 1938 </li></ul>
    17. 17. TVA <ul><li>Tennessee valley Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to develop and improve the whole region </li></ul><ul><li>Built a series of Damns on the Tennessee River to control flooding= Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Constructed hydroelectric to attract more industry and provide power to homes </li></ul><ul><li>Private industries thought is was unfair </li></ul>
    18. 18. FERA <ul><li>Federal Relief Emergency Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Federal money distributed to the sates to distribute locally </li></ul>
    19. 19. CCC <ul><li>Civilian Conservation Corps </li></ul><ul><li>1933- 13,600,000 unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>FDR employs 500,000 men 18-25 </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in parks and forests, built roads </li></ul><ul><li>Favored this over handouts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give a man a fish and you can feed him for a day, teach him to fish and you will feed him for life </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. CCC-”Boys at Work”
    21. 21. Eleanor Roosevelt <ul><li>Eleanor Roosevelt was a tireless advocate of the poor and downtrodden </li></ul><ul><li>Campaigned for her husband and went out into the communities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave the public access to him through her. </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Did he do enough? <ul><li>Many of the New Deal Programs did not reach the African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>“ Blue eagle codes”- fired African Americans and replaced them with white workers </li></ul><ul><li>Many joked that the NRA was really the “Negro Removal Act” </li></ul><ul><li>Didn’t sign an anti-lynching law b/c afraid would shut down entire program (loose the southern lawmakers) </li></ul>

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