Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Interactive Powerpoint

1,446 views

Published on

Covers the origins, programs created and results of the Great Depression

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Interactive Powerpoint

  1. 1. Instructions Movies sources THE CAUSES OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION THE RESULTS OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION
  2. 2. <ul><li>This sight is meant for you to use as a guide for this unit. Use this as a reference tool in lectures and projects. </li></ul><ul><li>To navigate this power point simply press on the word or button to go to the specified place. </li></ul><ul><li>The movies link will get you out of the power point but just click on the slide when done watching the videos and it will bring you back </li></ul>Main menu
  3. 3. <ul><li>FDR’s talks to America </li></ul><ul><li>News Reels </li></ul><ul><li>Documentaries </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Others… </li></ul><ul><li>To watch these movies you must have access to you tube, if not come and see me </li></ul>Main menu
  4. 4. <ul><li>Dorothea Lang's Famed Photo of a California Migrant Mother </li></ul><ul><li>The Grapes of Wrath (John Ford, 1940) &quot;I'll be there“ </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Depression (Remember) </li></ul><ul><li>The Face of the Great Depression </li></ul>Movies Main menu
  5. 5. <ul><li>Youth Jobs Program During Great Depression </li></ul><ul><li>The 1929 Stock Market Crash news footage </li></ul><ul><li>Dust Bowl Narratives </li></ul>Movies Main menu
  6. 6. <ul><li>1929 The stock market crash </li></ul><ul><li>Bonus March on Washington, DC: 1932 </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Depression-facts </li></ul>Main menu Movies
  7. 7. <ul><li>Discussing the Great Depression (wall street journal) </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Dust Storms-interview </li></ul><ul><li>Memere Interview Part 1 </li></ul>Main menu Movies
  8. 8. <ul><li>FDR Fireside chat: the banking crisis #1 1933/3/12 </li></ul><ul><li>FDR Fireside Chat #2, Better Wage Promises 1933/5/8 </li></ul><ul><li>FDR Economic Recovery Plan, Fireside Chat #4 1933/10/23 </li></ul><ul><li>FDR Fireside Chat #5, Report On Recovery 1934/6/27 </li></ul><ul><li>FDR Sees Fear Vanishing, Fireside Chat #7 1935/4/29 </li></ul><ul><li>Day of Infamy speech </li></ul>Movies Main menu
  9. 9. <ul><li>Banking </li></ul><ul><li>Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Working standards </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul>Main menu
  10. 10. <ul><li>Emergency Banking Act </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>FIDIC </li></ul><ul><li>U .S. Securities and Exchange Commission </li></ul><ul><li>SEC </li></ul><ul><li>National Industrial Recovery Act </li></ul>Main menu Categories
  11. 11. <ul><li>Workers Program Association </li></ul><ul><li>WPA </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian Conservation Corps </li></ul><ul><li>CCC </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Works Program </li></ul><ul><li>CWP </li></ul><ul><li>National Recovery Administration </li></ul><ul><li>NRA </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security Act </li></ul><ul><li>SSA </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Labor Standards Act </li></ul>Main menu Categories
  12. 12. <ul><li>Agricultural Adjustment Act </li></ul><ul><li>AAA </li></ul>Main menu Categories
  13. 13. <ul><li>Federal Housing Administration </li></ul><ul><li>FHA </li></ul>Main menu Categories
  14. 14. <ul><li>March 9, 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Closed down all failing banks and reorganized them for reopen </li></ul><ul><li>Within 300 days 5,000 banks reopened – roughly 2/3 of the U.S. banks </li></ul><ul><li>Produced Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 (FIDIC) </li></ul>Main menu Banking
  15. 15. <ul><li>Created by the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Protects peoples deposits in banks </li></ul><ul><li>A response to the closing of thousands of banks and people loosing all their deposits </li></ul><ul><li>Restored confidence in the banking system </li></ul>Main menu Banking
  16. 16. <ul><li>Section 4 of the Securities Exchange act of 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>regulates secondary trading between individuals and companies which are often unrelated to the original issuers of securities </li></ul><ul><li>The goal is to increase public trust in the capital markets by requiring uniform disclosure of information about public securities offerings </li></ul>1939-1940 SEC : Edward C. Eicher (seated - left); Jerome N. Frank (seated - center); Robert E. Healy (standing - left); Leon Henderson (seated - right); George C. Mathews (standing - right) Main menu Banking
  17. 17. <ul><li>Enacted in 1935 by FDR </li></ul><ul><li>Helped people retire in order to open jobs for younger men </li></ul><ul><li>Made to prevent elderly poverty, unemployment, and widows with children </li></ul><ul><li>First program to protect elderly </li></ul>Main menu Workers
  18. 18. <ul><li>March 21, 1933- workers relief program </li></ul><ul><li>Get young men out of cities and into the country to work </li></ul><ul><li>Make jobs for men </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in agriculture, on highways, in national parks </li></ul><ul><li>Ended in 1942 due to WWII </li></ul>Main menu Workers
  19. 19. <ul><li>Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935 - April 8, 1935 </li></ul><ul><li>Largest employment program in the New Deal at its peak employing 8 million people </li></ul><ul><li>The program built many public buildings, projects and roads and operated large arts, drama, media and literacy projects. It fed children and redistributed food, clothing and housing. </li></ul><ul><li>Ended in 1943 due to WWII </li></ul>Main menu Workers
  20. 20. <ul><li>November 8, 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Men worked on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>construction jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mainly improving or constructing buildings and bridges </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It hired 4, 000,000 people and paid them high wages </li></ul><ul><li>Shut down in 1934 due to its high operation cost of 200 million dollars a month </li></ul>Main menu Workers
  21. 21. <ul><li>Created by the National Industrial Recovery Act - June 16, 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Industries could make “codes of fair competition” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>setting minimum wages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>maximum weekly hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collectively set minimum prices on products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If businesses did not have the blue eagle in their windows or on their products they were often boycotted </li></ul>Main menu Workers
  22. 22. <ul><li>June 16, 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed the President to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>regulate banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulate the United States economy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Created the National Recovery Administration </li></ul>Main menu Banking
  23. 23. <ul><li>June 25, 1938 </li></ul><ul><li>Established a minimum wage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40 cents and hour </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Established time and a half for over 40 hours of work </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited child labor </li></ul>Main menu Workers
  24. 24. <ul><li>May 12, 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>It paid farmers (subsidies) to reduce their crop production surplus </li></ul><ul><li>Helped raise the value of their crops giving farmers more stability </li></ul><ul><li>The Administration monitored the distribution of subsidies to farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Considered first U.S. Farm Bill </li></ul>Main menu Farming
  25. 25. <ul><li>National Housing Act of 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to improve housing standards and conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to provide an adequate home financing system through insurance of mortgage loans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to stabilize the mortgage market </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In response to thousands of foreclosures due to the failing bank system, causing the housing market to plummet </li></ul>Main menu Housing
  26. 26. <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Speculation </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Mismanagement </li></ul><ul><li>Myths </li></ul>Main Menu
  27. 27. <ul><li>The New Deal </li></ul><ul><li>World War II </li></ul>Main Menu
  28. 28. <ul><li>The Farming industry had been lagging for most of the 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Kept afloat mostly through massive government subsides </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough demand to keep pace with supply </li></ul>Main Menu Causes Main Menu
  29. 29. <ul><li>Despite government backing and money, agriculture still not doing that well </li></ul><ul><li>Many farms went under in the 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>The depression in agriculture not fully realized by wall street </li></ul>Main Menu Causes
  30. 30. <ul><li>Since the economy was slowing down and Wall street did not reflect that a large speculative bubble formed </li></ul><ul><li>Companies and assets were valued at much more than they were worth </li></ul>Main Menu Causes
  31. 31. <ul><li>Did not act very quickly to moderate interest rates </li></ul><ul><li>Moderation of rates is seen as a good way to curb inflation </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Reserve board largely inactive or simply not active enough </li></ul>Main Menu Causes
  32. 32. <ul><li>Banking system a total mess in the United States in the 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly a large collection of small banks scattered around everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Very little centralized banking structure like is in place today </li></ul><ul><li>This system allowed for many more banks to fail than probably should have </li></ul>Main Menu Causes
  33. 33. <ul><li>The Great Depression was not caused by the stock market crash in 1929. In fact after the crash, the market actually rebounded for a number of months before going down again. </li></ul><ul><li>The crash may have been a component of the depression but did not cause it. Agricultural affairs and polices, gross speculation, the Federal Reserve system, and poor management of banks caused it. </li></ul>Main Menu Causes
  34. 34. <ul><li>Elected to the Presidency in 1932 FDR pushed through a number of pieces of legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>These were meant to stave off any more immediate economic decline and start to build economic development. </li></ul>Main Menu Results
  35. 35. <ul><li>Up until the Second World War, a large amount of legislation was passed creating numerous federal programs aimed at providing economic relief. </li></ul><ul><li>Not to say however that the President did not have his problems with Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>Reductions to the deal were ground out through partisan politics with the elections of 1938. </li></ul>Main Menu Results
  36. 36. <ul><li>Contrary to popular belief, it was the Second World War that ended the depression in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Huge amounts of production required huge amounts of people </li></ul>Results Main Menu
  37. 37. <ul><li>At the end of the Depression decade 1 in 7 people were still unemployed. </li></ul><ul><li>That is an employment rate that exceeds 14%. </li></ul><ul><li>Effects of New Deal on the Depression are debatable however the effects of the Second World War are not. </li></ul><ul><li>United States emerges from the war not economically beaten or exhausted like Germany and Britain but the world’s sole economic superpower. </li></ul>Main Menu Results
  38. 38. <ul><li>http://www.sechistorical.org/collection/photos/1920_0101_commodities.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ssa.gov/history/pics/fdrvalid.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/images/photodb/27-0809a.gif </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wikipedia.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://memory.loc.gov/learn/educators/workshop/greatdepression/GD_PhotoAnalysis.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://newdeal.feri.org/images/y68.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://sporkinthedrawer.typepad.com/photos/uncategorized/2007/04/25/childlabor.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom From Fear by David Kennedy </li></ul><ul><li>The Forgotten Man: A New History of the Great Depression by Amity Shales </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Crash of 1929 by John Kenneth Galbraith </li></ul>Main menu

×