Westward expansion

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Westward expansion

  1. 1.  Explore the life of the settlers  Identify challenges of settling the west  Identify innovations which changed the West  Discuss resulting political movements
  2. 2. Three primary topics for discussion The West The Cattle Industry The Farmers The Populist Movement Growth of the Cattle Industry: with the decline of the buffalo and rise of railroads cattle ranching became BIG business The Farmers & Homesteaders: Federal land policy , railroads, and further innovation encouraged rapid settlement The Populist Movement: unfavorable economic cycles and difficult conditions unify farmers
  3. 3.  What is the cattle industry?  What are the origins of cattle ranching?
  4. 4.  Much of American Cattle Ranching & American Cowboy got origins from Spanish/Mexican culture  Longhorn cattle  Brought by the Spaniards  Sturdy, short tempered accustomed to dry grasslands  MexicanVaquero  Chaparreras  Caballo bronco “rough horse”  Charqui “jerky”  Mexican Rancho  Coral  Rodeo
  5. 5.  Americanize  Added fur to chaps  Boots with pointed toes and heels  The bandanna  Six shooter
  6. 6.  Not much of a industry before the CivilWar  Ranchers didn’t move far with cattle  After the CivilWar demand for beef skyrocketed  Population increase in cities  Railroads reach the West  Chicago Union StockYards Open (1865) Demand after CivilWar
  7. 7.  With an increase in demand, cattle ranchers will take their herds on the Long Drive  TheTrails  Western Trail  ChisholmTrail  Baxter Springs Trail  Goodnight-Loving Trail
  8. 8. THE HARDSHIPS  3 months on the trail  Coffee, beans, bacon, bread  Sleeping on the ground, bathing in streams  The dangers  River crossings  Lightning  stampede DECLINE OFTHE INDUSTRY  Increasing numbers of ranchers trying to make it  Competition for grazing land  Sheepherders (range wars)  Drought of 1883  Blizzard of 1887  68 degrees below zero  Barbed wire  Closing of the wide openWest
  9. 9.  Which two (pull)factors drove settlement of the west?  Homestead Act/ Railroads
  10. 10.  Faced immediate hardships  Droughts/floods  Fires  Blizzards  Locust  Possible raids by Outlaws/native americans  Limited trees on the plains
  11. 11.  Dugouts & Soddies  Before farming the land settlers had to build shelter for themselves  Because of lack of lumber, settlers used the prairie turf, grass and earth to make shelters  Havens for snakes, insects and other pests
  12. 12.  1837 (John Deere) Steel Plow  1847 reaper  1874 barbed wire  By 1890 there are over 900 manufacturers of farm equipment  In 1830 it took 183 minutes to produce a bushel of grain; by 1900 it took 10 minutes  What does this all mean for the farmers?
  13. 13.  Morrill Land Grant Act 1862 & 1890  Land to states for agricultural colleges

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