Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
  • Save
Synchronous Communication
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Synchronous Communication

  • 3,875 views
Published

 

Published in Business , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
3,875
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
2

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Synchronous Communication Tools in the Classroom By Richard Turnbull January 2008
  • 2. Synchronous vs. Asynchronous
    • Synchronous
    • Users connected at the same time
    • Real time conversation
    • Limited participants
    • Text chat
    • Voice chat
    • Video conferencing
    • Virtual worlds (e.g. Second Life)
    • Asynchronous
    • Users not on line at the same time
    • “ Delayed” conversation
    • Unlimited participants
    • Discussion groups
    • Notice boards
    • Social Networking (e.g. Facebook, MySpace)
  • 3. Synchronicity – Considerations
    • Users must be connected to the Internet
    • Potential bandwidth/latency issues particularly with video conferencing
    • Most programmes require signing up with a user name and password
    • Activities must be clear and focussed to ensure students stay “on task”
    • Ideally used as one stage of a lesson to blend with other offline activities (e.g. as a final practice activity)
  • 4. Text Chat – Background
    • Programmes include MSN Messenger, Yahoo Messenger, ICQ, Jabber, AIM etc.
    • Text chat is also appearing built in to many websites (e.g. in a sales assistant role)
    • Can be between 2 or more participants
    • Could be seen as “written speech” – Ss need to respond immediately but have more time to check their language reducing pressure
    • Conversations are automatically saved or can be copied to a word processor
  • 5. So let’s do it...!
    • Log in to MSN Messenger
    • Chat with a partner and discuss:
      • How text chat can be used in a lesson
      • The advantages and disadvantages of using text chat in the classroom
    • Be ready to feed back to the class with your findings!
    • ( Watch out – it may be your conversation that’s used as an example on the board! )
  • 6. Text Chat – Applications
    • Ranking & Categorising
    Discourse Analysis Register Group discussions Dictation Turn-taking Role-Play Dialogues Spelling Information Gap Activities Peer Correction Quizzes
  • 7. Text Chat – Evaluation
    • Advantages
    • Engaging, motivational and fun!
    • Fairly low-tech and easy to use
    • Many students familiar with the technology and use it in their free time
    • Realistic and authentic activity
    • Great for analysing language systems – vocabulary, grammar and particularly discourse management
    • Provides opportunities for negotiating meaning
    • Can be integrated as part of any skills based lesson
    • Allows cross boundary communication, potentially with other schools
    • Can be used as a homework activity outside the class with the log emailed to the teacher
    • Typing in English often a key business skill
    • Free!
    • Disadvantages
    • Reliant on an Internet connection
    • Students can be hampered by their typing speed/ability
    • Pair work can be dominated by one member as there is only one keyboard
    • Hard to monitor – students may go “off track” easily
    • Shouldn’t replace face to face interaction without sound pedagogical reasoning
    • In analysis, it may be difficult to determine the origin of the mistake or error (mistyping or “real” mistake?)
    • In a large group chat, it may be difficult to control the flow and coherence of the conversation
    • Teacher may have to trouble shoot technical problems
  • 8. Voice Chat – Background
    • Programmes include Skype, Google Talk, Windows Net Meeting etc
    • Requires headset with a microphone
    • A lot of cross over with chat programmes
    • Audio quality higher with Skype plus the ability to phone out to real numbers
    • Skype can be used with 2 to 10 participants
    • Disables paralinguistic communication – very realistic telephone exchanges
    • Conversations can be recorded with additional free software
  • 9. So let’s do it...!
    • Log in to Skype
    • Chat with a partner and discuss:
      • How voice chat can be used in a lesson
      • The advantages and disadvantages of using text chat in the classroom
    • Be ready to feed back to the class with your findings!
    • ( Watch out – calls may be recorded for training or quality purposes! )
  • 10. Voice Chat – Applications
    • Functional language
    Pronunciation Register Group discussions Telephoning Turn-taking Role-Play Intonation Dictation Information Gap Activities Fluency Quizzes
  • 11. Voice Chat – Demonstration
    • These are some recordings made by my students phoning Currys...
        • Stephane –
        • Harvey –
        • Andres –
    • ... some more successful than others!
    • There are certain privacy and ethical issues to be aware of when recording.
  • 12. Voice Chat – Evaluation
    • Advantages
    • Engaging, motivational and fun!
    • Fairly low-tech and easy to use
    • Many students familiar with the technology and use it in their free time
    • Realistic and authentic activity
    • Great for disabling paralinguistic communication to allow Ss to focus on speaking and listening skills
    • Provides opportunities for negotiating meaning
    • Can be integrated as part of any skills or systems based lesson
    • Allows cross boundary communication, potentially with other schools
    • Can be used as a homework activity outside the class with the recording emailed to the teacher
    • Telephoning in English is a key business skill
    • Free!
    • Disadvantages
    • Reliant on an Internet connection
    • Computers ideally need two headphones connected to allow for pair work
    • Hard to monitor – students may go “off track” easily
    • Shouldn’t replace face to face interaction without sound pedagogical reasoning
    • In a large group call, it may be difficult to control the flow and coherence of the conversation
    • Students are often shy of speaking on the telephone, particularly native speakers – consideration must be given to the learner’s style and level
    • Students often don’t like to be recorded or to have their voice broadcast publicly
    • Teacher may have to trouble shoot technical problems
    • Recordings calls can sometimes prove complex
  • 13. The future...
    • A lot of research is being done on providing language lessons through the Internet using text chat, voice chat and video conferencing.
    • The ultimate tool amongst
    • of all these is Second Life,
    • a virtual online world.
    • To find out more go to
    • www.secondlife.com.
  • 14. Conclusions
    • There are a variety of synchronous tools available for teachers to use.
    • They can allow a variety of activities to take place to aid learners’ systems and skills.
    • There are certain considerations that have to be remembered when planning and teaching.
    • It is very difficult to “break” a computer – experiment to see what happens!
    • But – as with any lesson, always have a contingency plan!
  • 15.
    • Any questions?
    • [email_address]
    • Www.tefltech.com