Geography OCR-B Theme 3 Review Quiz

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A powerpoint made for the 'Qwizdom' system to review Geography OCR-B Theme 3.

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Geography OCR-B Theme 3 Review Quiz

  1. 1. A Qwizdom Quiz by S.Rackley (FEHS 2009)
  2. 2. <ul><li>Death & destruction </li></ul><ul><li>Threat & potential </li></ul><ul><li>Damage & disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>Inconvenience & Impact </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Time/duration </li></ul><ul><li>Severity </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Size/area </li></ul>
  4. 4. A B C D
  5. 5. <ul><li>TRUE -or- FALSE </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The coastlines of ____________ and ___________ appear to fit together. Also, fossils from the same animals were found on both continents. </li></ul><ul><li>North America & Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Australasia (Oceania) & Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Europe & Africa </li></ul><ul><li>South America & Africa </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>Eurasian </li></ul><ul><li>Nazca </li></ul><ul><li>Scotia </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Collision zone </li></ul><ul><li>Constructive margin </li></ul><ul><li>Transform </li></ul><ul><li>Subduction zone </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>convergent, convergent, conservative, divergent </li></ul><ul><li>convergent, divergent, conservative, convergent </li></ul><ul><li>divergent, convergent, convergent, conservative </li></ul><ul><li>conservative, convergent, divergent, convergent </li></ul>Type of plate boundary Direction of movement Types of crust involved Tectonic features Collision 1? Continental – Continental Subduction 2? Continental (or oceanic) – oceanic Transform 3? Any Constructive 4? Continental-continental or oceanic-oceanic
  10. 10. <ul><li>island arcs, mid-ocean ridges, violent earthquakes, fold mountains </li></ul><ul><li>mid-ocean ridges, island-arcs, fold mountains, violent earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>violent earthquakes, mid-ocean ridges, fold mountains, island arcs </li></ul><ul><li>fold mountains, island arcs, violent earthquakes, mid-ocean ridges </li></ul>Type of plate boundary Direction of movement Types of crust involved Tectonic features Collision Convergent (towards each other) Continental – Continental 1? Subduction Convergent (towards each other) Continental (or oceanic) – oceanic 2? Transform Conservative (sliding past each other) Any 3? Constructive Divergent (away from each other) Continental-continental or oceanic-oceanic 4?
  11. 11. <ul><li>Constructive (divergent) </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative (transform) </li></ul><ul><li>Destructive (convergent subduction) </li></ul><ul><li>Collision (convergent) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>A B C D </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>A B C D </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The African plate subducts under the Eurasian plate </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous eruptions of magma (lava), builds up the composite/cone volcano of Etna. </li></ul><ul><li>As the plate subducts it melts into magma </li></ul><ul><li>The magma rises, pushing through the crust </li></ul><ul><li>The Juan de Fuca plate subducts under the N.American plate </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous eruptions of magma (lava), builds up the shield volcano of Etna. </li></ul><ul><li>Convection currents in the mantle move the plates above </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Farming on the rich, fertile soil </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermal power </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of minerals such as gold, diamonds, zinc etc </li></ul><ul><li>A comfortable climate </li></ul><ul><li>Income through tourism </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Fault </li></ul><ul><li>Epicentre </li></ul><ul><li>Richter </li></ul><ul><li>Seismic </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Ground shaking </li></ul><ul><li>Landslides/avalanches </li></ul><ul><li>Tsunami </li></ul><ul><li>Liquefaction </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>The Kobe earthquake took place in ??? at around 6am in the morning. It was ??? on the Richter Scale. It was caused by the ??? Plate subducting under the Eurasian Plate. ??? effects included buildings and highways collapsing, death and injury. ??? effects included fires, flooding and homelessness. The Japanese believed that they could ??? earthquakes, which is why they were criticised for not being fully prepared. </li></ul><ul><li>1. predict 2. Jan 1995 3. primary 4. Dec 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>5. secondary 6. stop 7. 7.2 8. Philippine 9. 9.0 </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>TRUE </li></ul><ul><li>-or- </li></ul><ul><li>FALSE </li></ul>
  20. 20. B A C D
  21. 21. <ul><li>26 th December 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>9.0 on Richter Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Off the coast of Sumatra </li></ul><ul><li>Indo-Australian & Eurasian plates </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200,000 deaths, many more homeless and missing </li></ul><ul><li>Disease, contaminated water </li></ul><ul><li>$7 billion of overseas aid </li></ul><ul><li>26 th December 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>8.0 on Richter Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Off the coast of Sri Lanka </li></ul><ul><li>Indo-Australian & Eurasian plates </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200,000 deaths, many more homeless and missing </li></ul><ul><li>Disease, contaminated water </li></ul><ul><li>But little overseas aid </li></ul><ul><li>26 th December 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>9.0 on Richter Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Off the coast of Sumatra </li></ul><ul><li>Indo-Australian & Eurasian plates </li></ul><ul><li>Over 500,000 deaths, many more homeless and missing </li></ul><ul><li>Disease, contaminated water </li></ul><ul><li>$7 billion of overseas aid </li></ul><ul><li>26 th December 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>9.0 on Richter Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Off the coast of Sumatra </li></ul><ul><li>Indo-Australian & Pacific plates </li></ul><ul><li>Over 500,000 deaths, many more homeless and missing </li></ul><ul><li>Disease, contaminated water </li></ul><ul><li>$7 billion of overseas aid </li></ul>A B C D
  22. 22. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  23. 23. <ul><li>Type in the number... </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>TRUE </li></ul><ul><li>-or- </li></ul><ul><li>FALSE </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Type in the number... </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>New Orleans is built below sea-level </li></ul><ul><li>The levees protecting the city failed </li></ul><ul><li>Damaging high winds also pushed a storm surge into the city </li></ul><ul><li>New Orleans has a high population density </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Mangroves </li></ul><ul><li>Levees </li></ul><ul><li>Rip-rap walls </li></ul><ul><li>Coral reefs </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>A yearly rainfall of less than 100mm </li></ul><ul><li>A period of 3 months without rain </li></ul><ul><li>When evapotranspiration is greater than rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>It depends on the location, dependant on what the usual climate is </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Use and users </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul><ul><li>They are all factors </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Type in the number </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Yearly rains fail to move far enough north </li></ul><ul><li>Desertification leading to loss of soil and moisture </li></ul><ul><li>Intense farming uses the little soil nutrients and moisture left </li></ul><ul><li>Weak amount of rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation leading to exposure of soil </li></ul><ul><li>Higher sea surface temperatures </li></ul>
  32. 33. <ul><li>Type in a year... </li></ul>
  33. 34. <ul><li>900 million </li></ul><ul><li>90 million </li></ul><ul><li>9 million </li></ul><ul><li>0.9 million </li></ul>
  34. 35. <ul><li>Low walls built across fields to reduce run-off </li></ul><ul><li>Drip-and-sprinkle irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Use of concrete water coolers to utilise hot groundwater </li></ul><ul><li>Areas created for tree planting to conserve moisture in the soil </li></ul><ul><li>Stone piles to collect water by allowing water to condense onto the cold stones </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud seedinjg – injecting clouds with ‘seeds’ of silver iodide, salt or dry ice to make the clouds’ water particles bigger </li></ul><ul><li>Sea water greenhouses that use solar power to evaporate sea water and produce fresh water </li></ul><ul><li>Planting drought-resistant crops </li></ul>
  35. 36. <ul><li>That’s it! </li></ul>

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