Disasterous Water

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This presentation will make us understand about different types of disasters from water.

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Disasterous Water

  1. 1. BANGLADESH WORST FLOOD OF THE YEAR KENYA DROUGHT SITUATION WORSE TSUNAMI HIT SOUTH ASIA HURRICANES HIT ASSAM EMERGENCY DECLARED
  2. 2. DISASTEROUS WATER
  3. 3. Water – An Elixir of Life Let it not threaten the life Water is undoubtedly a synonym to life. One can not survive in this cruel world without its existence . We always run short of words while presenting its glory. It’s pious for life but when in excess, hinders to survive. Water explosion is a big question mark for life. We face famine, drought in its absence& flood in abundance of it. Both the situations are disastrous, so let’s not waste this renewable source of nature, save it protect it, preserve it for a safe & insured future. Let everyone have their share Protect the world from Drought & despair We have to even shed the last drop of blood To save our nation from flood.
  4. 4. CONTENTS 1. Water – An Elixir of Life 2. Two Sides of Coin 3. Tsunami 4. Floods 5. Hurricanes 6. Drought 7.Global Warming
  5. 5. DISASTEROUS WATER EXCESSIVE SHORTAGE FLOOD TSUNAMI CYCLONES TYPHOONS UNHYGENIC OR CONTAMINAED WATER DISEASES TORRENTIAL RAIN HURRICANES DROUGHT STARVATION DEFORESTATION SOIL EROSION GLOBAL WARMING DRY RIVERS SHORTAGE OF NATURAL RESOURCES
  6. 6. What is Tsunami? A large wave on the ocean, usually caused by an undersea earthquake, a volcanic eruption, or coastal landslides. A tsunami can travel hundreds of miles over the open sea and cause extensive damage when it encounters land. It is also called tidal waves,however,oceanographersdiscouraged the term as misleading as they are not actually related to tides.
  7. 7. Amateur camcorder footage of the 2004 tsunami disaster. The footage captures the sudden crashing of a giant wave against the Vivekananda Rock Memorial, situated at the southern tip of Kanyakumari. The video was shot by Aniket Kale. After visiting the memorial, the 16 year-old and his family were waiting for a ferry to take them back to the mainland when the tsunami suddenly crashed into the memorial and the sea wall beside it. Hundreds of other tourists were around at the time. Kale and his family are from Pune in the western Indian state of Maharashtra, The devastating tsunami of December 26 which destroyed lives and property in several countries around the Indian Ocean, killed more than six thousand people in Tamil Nadu.
  8. 8. CAUSES TSUNAMI EARTHQUAKE VOLCANIC ERRUPTIONS UNDERWATER LANDSLIDES
  9. 9. EFFECTS INFERTILE SOIL DUE TO SALINITY LOSS OF LIFE & PROPERTY SUB- MERGENCE OF COASTAL AREA 1 2 3 4 EFFECTS MARINE LIFE Operation Blessing is helping more than 460 young tsunami survivors in south India learn to read and write so that they can qualify for scho
  10. 10. PREVENTIONS All information to be shared with family members. One should know the evacuation on route Prepare a community plan Identify tsunami prone area 4 1 2 3
  11. 12. 1. Bangladesh hit by the worst floods in years 2. Flood relief in Indonesia’s “Sesame Street” 3. 35 washed in Himachal Floods 4. Flood hit Assam declares Emergency 5. Chinese province facing worst flood
  12. 13. CAUSES FLOODS Monsoon Rains Landslides Melting of Snow Storm Surge Breaking of Dams Silting of riverbeds
  13. 14. EFFECTS OF FLOODS Kills people Shortage of Food & Fresh Water Water Borne Diseases Infertile Soil Damages Crops Infrastructure Damages Livestock
  14. 15. Flood Prone Area Map
  15. 16. Brings silt from up the river that is used for fertile soil. Nile river overflows Egypt Nile For at least 5000 Years No destruction but a good flow of water to arid desert. So it was a beneficial flood. Rivers and Stagnant pools over flowed. Northern Territory 1973 Damaged fences , roads railways and bridges also killing lots of farm animals Rain Depression Dubbo, Tamworth, Wellington, Narromine and Warren. 1955 Water flooded houses at great speed Over Raining Flooded N.S.W 1954 Washed away Albert Railway bridge at Indorroopilly. Brisbane River banks broke Brisbane QLD 1893 Destruction Cause Place Year
  16. 17. PREVENTION FROM FLOODS Buildings Should be on Elevated Land . Mapping of Flood Plain Flood Proofing Flood Diversion Embankments, Dams & Channels Cleaning of Debris's From streams Afforestation
  17. 18. Tropical storms that form in the southern Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and in the eastern Pacific Ocean Hurricanes gather heat and energy through contact with warm ocean Waters. Evaporation from the seawater increases their power. Hurricanes rotate in a counter-clockwise direction around an "eye." Hurricanes have winds at least 74 miles per hour.
  18. 19. The 10 Biggest Hurricanes From 1900-2000 <ul><li>Unnamed storm, which hit the Florida Keys in 1935. Category 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Camille, which hit Mississippi, Louisiana and Virginia in 1969. Category 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew, which hit Florida and Louisiana in 1992. Category 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Unnamed storm, which hit the Florida Keys and Texas in 1919. Category 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Unnamed storm that hit Lake Okeechobee, Florida, in 1928. Category 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Donna, which hit Florida and the Eastern U.S. in 1960. Category 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Unnamed storm, which hit Galveston, Texas, in 1900. Category 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Unnamed storm, which hit Grand Isle, Louisiana, in 1909. </li></ul><ul><li>Category 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Unnamed storm, which hit New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1915. Category 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Carla, which hit Texas in 1961. Category 4 </li></ul>NASA, the U.S. Air Force and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration all use aircraft to study and track hurricanes
  19. 20. LATEST HURRICANES OF WORLD Hurricane Katrina killed or severely damaged 320 million large trees in Gulf Coast forests ATLANTIC 30.7.07 CHANTAL WESTERN PACIFIC 27.3.07 BECKY EASTERN ATLANTIC 2.6.07 BARRY WESTERN PACIFIC 24.1.07 ARTHUR ATLANTIC 9.5.07 ANDREA WESTERN PACIFIC 15.5.07 AKASH OCEAN DATE NAME
  20. 21. DROUGHT
  21. 22. A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. Generally, this occurs when a region receives consistently below average precipitation . It can have a substantial impact on the ecosystem and agriculture of the affected region. DROUGHT
  22. 23. CONSEQUENCES OF DROUGHT <ul><li>Death of livestock. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced crop yeilds. </li></ul><ul><li>Wildfires, such as Australian, busfires, are more common during times of drought. </li></ul><ul><li>Shortages of water for industrial users. </li></ul><ul><li>Malnutrition, dehydration and related diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Famine due to lack of water for irrgation. </li></ul><ul><li>Social unrest. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass migration, resulting in internal displacement and international refugees </li></ul><ul><li>War over natural resources, including water and food. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced electricity production due to insufficient available coolant </li></ul>
  23. 24. DROUGHT PRONE AREAS DROUGHT PRONE AREAS
  24. 27. WHAT CAN WE DO: <ul><li>Reduce electricity usage around the home </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>switch to energy-efficient lighting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>improve the efficiency of home appliances </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>buy energy-efficient appliances </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reduce energy needed for heating </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reduce energy needed for cooling </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve vehicle fuel-efficiency practice fuel-efficient driving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>buy a fuel-efficient car </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recycle air conditioner coolant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>drive less </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conserve energy in the home and yard reduce lawn size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recycle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eat locally produced food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eat vegetarian meals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>paint your home a light color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>choose clean energy options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>buy clean energy certificates and carbon offsets </li></ul></ul>
  25. 28. Be Prepared <ul><li>Natural Disasters can not be predicted but we can prevent ourselves from major disasters . </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Control Population </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution Control </li></ul><ul><li>Government Policies for after relief measures . </li></ul>Presented By: Hoshima VII Animesh VII

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