Sustainable Development


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Sustainable Development

  1. 1. Sustainable Development <ul><li>Presented by: Bharat Jhalani </li></ul><ul><li>July 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Sustainable development is a pattern of resource use that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but in the indefinite future. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition <ul><li>“ Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.“ </li></ul><ul><li>- Brundtland Commission </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sustainable Development <ul><li>The field of sustainable development can be conceptually broken into three constituent parts: environmental sustainability, economic sustainability and sociopolitical sustainability. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Focus areas <ul><li>Sustainable development does not focus solely on environmental issues. The United Nations 2005 World Summit Outcome Document, refers to the &quot;interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars&quot; of sustainable development as economic development, social development, and environmental protection”. </li></ul>
  6. 7. The United Nations Division for Sustainable Development lists the following areas as coming within the scope of sustainable development: [6] <ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><li>SIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic Chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Trade and Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Waste (Hazardous) </li></ul><ul><li>Waste (Radioactive) </li></ul><ul><li>Waste (Solid) </li></ul><ul><li>Water Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>International Law </li></ul><ul><li>International Cooperation for Enabling Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Land management </li></ul><ul><li>Major Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>National Sustainable Development Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Oceans and Seas </li></ul><ul><li>Education and Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Forests </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh Water </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Human Settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Information for Decision Making and Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Biotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity-building </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption and Production Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Desertification and Drought </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Reduction and Management </li></ul>
  7. 8. Decade of Education for Sustainable Development <ul><li>The United Nations has declared a Decade of Education for Sustainable Development starting in January of 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>Active sectors teams have formed for youth, higher education, business, religion, the arts, and more. </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations and individuals can join in sharing resources and success stories, and creating a sustainable future. </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable development is not just about business perspective but should be understood in such way to benefit the whole as a world. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Problems in Implementation <ul><li>Sustainable development is said to set limits on the developing world. While current first world countries polluted significantly during their development, the same countries encourage third world countries to reduce pollution, which sometimes impedes growth. Some consider that the implementation of sustainable development would mean a reversion to pre-modern lifestyles. </li></ul>
  9. 10. What is Sustainable Development? <ul><li>Many definitions but can usefully think of SD in terms of 10 challenges: </li></ul><ul><li>- Clean air - Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>- Clean water - Housing </li></ul><ul><li>- Food - Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>- Energy - Waste disposal </li></ul><ul><li>- Land use - Health care </li></ul><ul><li>Key is integration across all three domains of SD: social, economic and environmental </li></ul>
  10. 11. Elements of Sustainable Development
  11. 12. Measures <ul><li>Slashing buildings’ energy use </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings are responsible for at least 40% of energy use in most countries. This figure is rising fast as construction booms, especially in countries such as China and India. </li></ul><ul><li>Existing technologies combined with common sense design can increase energy efficiency by 35% and reduce heating costs by 80% for the average building in industrialized markets. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Measures <ul><li>Saving water </li></ul><ul><li>Water shall not be wasted and rain water should be conserved. </li></ul><ul><li>Rain water harvesting technique should be promoted by governments through tax soaps and incentives. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Measures <ul><li>Forest conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Forest conservation is an imperative step that must be taken by making tough laws and implementing them stringently. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Measures <ul><li>Reducing consumption of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Changing sustainable consumption and production are essential requirements for sustainable development . The ways in which products (goods and services) are delivered to our societies have become increasingly extravagant. By making packaging of those products more simple, will result in cost savings for the companies and will help our environment a great deal. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Measures <ul><li>Eco-Patent Commons </li></ul><ul><li>The Eco-Patent Commons is an initiative to create a collection of patents on technology that directly or indirectly protects the environment. The patents will be pledged by companies and other intellectual property rights holders and made available to anyone free of charge. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Thank you