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    Sustainia Sustainia Document Transcript

    • → A Guide to100 sustainablesolutionsSUSTAINIA2013
    • 110sectors100solutions128countriesof deployment→ A Guide to100 sustainablesolutions
    • 2Who’s behind?ManagementErik Rasmussen, Founder of SustainiaLaura Storm, Executive Director lss@mm.dkChristopher Sveen, Director of Business Development csv@mm.dkEditorsChristian Eika, Manager of Research & Development cef@mm.dkEsben Alslund-Lanthén, Analyst ela@mm.dkLead WritersBjørn Hvidtfeldt Larsen, Research AnalystEmil Damgaard Grann, Research AnalystJustin Gerdes, Freelance AnalystContributing WritersSolvej Karlshøj Christiansen, Project ManagerMarie Louise Gørvild, Communications ManagerSector ResearchBjørn Hvidtfeldt Larsen, Research AnalystChristian Eika, Manager of Research & DevelopmentEmil Damgaard Grann, Research AnalystEsben Alslund-Lanthén, AnalystMorten Jastrup, Senior Analyst, Building Sector mja@mm.dkSandra Neale, Senior Analyst, Health Sector sne@mm.dkSolvej Karlshøj Christiansen, Project Manager, Fashion Sector skc@mm.dkDesignLisa Haglund, Graphic DesignLiv Caroline Hotvedt Laursen, IllustrationSustainia100 Advisory BoardSee full list of Advisory Board members in the Methodology chapter page 160The Sustainia Secretariatc/o Monday MorningValkendorfsgade 13, P.O. Box 1127DK-1009 Copenhagen KPhone: +45 33 93 93 23www.sustainia.meA special thank goes out to our community who have been a great source ofinspiration and has helped us identify great solutions around the world.541 Printedmatter 457These certifications represent the prevention of 3.97 tons of C02 emissions.
    • 446 Fashion Sector48 Clothes Swapping Parties50 Design for Disassembly51 Vintage Clothing Library52 Sharing Design Globally for Upcycling Locally53 Reversible, Versatile and Sustainable Fashion54 Sustainable Clothing made Profitable56 Textile Dyeing without Water or Waste57 Reinventing the Fashion Calendar58 Upcycling Jewellery59 New Fashion from Fabric Discards 60 Transportation Sector62 Solar-Powered EV Charging Stations64 Kite-Powered Ships65 Wireless EV Charging66 Peer-to-Peer Carsharing67 Hydrogen-Powered Fuel-Cell Car68 Urban Bike-Sharing69 Electric City Bus with 250-km Range70 Battery-Driven Car Ferry72 Zero Emissions Transport Refrigeration System73 Empowering Auto-Rickshaw Drivers18 Building Sector20 Algae Clean Energy and Wastewater Treatment22 A Learning Thermostat23 Bringing Sunlight into Every Room24 Solar Air-Conditioning With Energy Storage25 Generating Energy from Water in Pipelines26 Bottling the Power of the Sun28 Wood-Hybrid Building System up to 30 Stories29 Optimal Light, Natural Air30 Wind Energy-Generating Skyscraper31 Rainwater-Harvesting Schools 32 Food Sector34 Package-Free Grocery Store36 Seawater Desert Greenhouses37 Keeping Food Fresh from Farm to Fork38 Lighting System “Listens” to Plants39 Intelligent Thermostats for Beverage Cooling40 Cheaper Meals with Heat-Retention Cookers41 Making Chutney out of Waste Food42 Replacing Animal Protein in Diets44 Red Worms Transform Waste into Fertilizer45 Redistributing Cosmetic Food Waste06 Foreword08 Introduction10 A World of Solutions12 Sustainia Award14 2012 Sustainia Award Winners16 How to Read the Solutions160 Methodology162 The 4 Key Pillars of Sustainia166 IndexContentSUSTAINIA100
    • 5116 Health Sector118 Solar Water Purification and Distillation120 Mobile Management of Life-Saving Medicine121 Self-Cleaning, Solar-Powered Toilet122 Cancer Prevention and Telemedicine Treatment124 Slashing Diesel Engine Particle Emissions125 Empowering Healthier Food Choices126 Audio-Instructed Infection Prevention127 High-Efficiency Cook Stove128 Innovating Eye Surgery129 Online Hospital Treatment 130 Cities Sector132 Climate Resilient Neighborhood134 Dynamic Parking Pricing135 Peer-to-Peer Borrowing and Lending136 Intelligent Streetlights137 Real-Time Ridesharing App138 City Design with Daylight139 Low-Carbon Growth in an Emerging City140 Inner-City Bus Rapid Transit141 River-Assisted District Cooling142 Retrofitting an Inner-City District 144 Resources Sector146 Chlorine Generator Kills Waterborne Pathogens148 Integrated Bioenergy Production for Aviation149 Waste Education and Collection150 Restoring Desert Land using Livestock151 Intelligent Waste and Recycling Collection152 Extending Life of Goods through Trade Rings153 Repair Broken Items at the Local Café154 Decentralized Wastewater Treatment156 Cash for your Mobile Phone157 Capturing CO2 to Create Beneficiary Byproducts74 IT Sector76 Connecting Kenya’s Unconnected78 Software for Reducing Water Loss79 Mobile-Based Farming Information80 Using Big Data for Energy Savings81 Online B2B Sharing Marketplace82 Environmental Scoring of Companies83 Solar-Powered IT-Centers84 Green Outdoor Site for Wireless Networking86 Industrial Symbiosis Web Platform87 Solar-Powered PCs for Education 88 Education Sector90 Community Light Centers92 Kick-Starting Markets for Affordable Housing93 Fixing the World One Device at a Time94 Environmental Experiences for Children95 Tying Energy Savings to Learning Opportunities96 Cash for Recycling97 Linking Sustainability to Commerce98 Demonstrating Sustainable Buildings100 Crowdsourcing the Future City101 Power-Saving Electricity Monitor 102 Energy Sector104 Solar Generation of Heat, Steam, and Electricity106 Intelligent Reduction of Peak Power Consumption107 Thermal Storage for Smart and Green Heating108 Generating Light from the Force of Gravity110 Capturing Carbon for Reuse as Fuel111 Using the Ocean to Power Tropical Islands112 EVs as an Electric Power Supply113 Making Every Light Intelligent114 “Energy Forests” in Former Coal Mines115 Waste to Energy without CombustionContentSUSTAINIA100
    • 606Connie HedegaardCalling for action at theSustainia Award Ceremony,October 2012
    • 707“The solutionsare available andthey’reprofitable”Don’t tell it. Show it. This rule applies to the art of writing,but also very much to the transition to a more sustainablesociety.And the solutions collected here do just that. They show it.They show that there are loads of good ideas and initiativesout there. They show that this transition is doable. And theyshow the contours of a society that is both healthier andwealthier than the one we have today.The solutions are available and they are profitable. Our chal-lenge is to bring them to scale. Political power can help thishappen by creating a framework with targets, standards,and pricing.But the power of example is just as important, perhaps evenmore so, to most people. Seeing that sustainable solutionsactually work. That they are profitable. Beautiful. Desirable.That is in the end what will make people change and choosesustainable solutions.ForewordConnie HedegaardEuropean Commissioner for Climate Action andmember of the Sustainia Award Committee
    • 808IntroductionSustainia100 is an annual guide to 100innovative solutions from around theworld that presents tangible projects,initiatives, and technologies at the fore-front of sustainable transformation.All solutions are readily available and introduce state-of-the-artpractices with a positive impact on communities and industriesworldwide.By identifying 100 outstanding sustainable solutions in 10 key sec-tors, Sustainia100 gives investors, regional developers, businessleaders, politicians, and consumers in-depth insights to some ofthe most promising projects and technologies. We see it as a bestpractices toolbox for those looking for successful sustainable de-velopments in the workplace, production facilities, municipalities,homes, schools, cities – wherever!Building on the 2012 edition of the Sustainia100 and the great in-terest it inspired, Sustainia has expanded its research efforts, gonethrough thousands of projects, explored new developments atresearch facilities and innovation hubs. We have carefully vettedover 500 solutions in order to present you with this year’s Sustai-nia100. The result is a unique overview of market proven solutionsthat highlight the most cutting-edge developments and invest-ment potential around the globe.The Sustainia100 is launched each year in June. But our efforts toidentify state-of-the art solutions are ongoing. Sustainia has devel-oped a comprehensive database of sustainable solutions, projects,and technologies from every corner of the globe across a widerange of sectors. Reviewing this data, we can confidently say thatimpressive progress is being made around the world, and we lookforward to sharing these developments with you.You are about to see 100 solutions that prove to us that sustain-able transformation of our key sectors is possible. Not in 10 yearstime, but today!Solutions Transformingour SocietyWhat makes a Sustainia100solution?The Sustainia100 shows progresswithin the environmental, social,and economic spheres of oursocieties. Sustainia has adopteda systematic approach to findingsolutions in concert with a globalsustainability community.Our online platform enables in-novators from around the globe tosubmit a solution. These submis-sions are supplemented by exten-sive research carried out to ensuregeographic and sector diversity.Finally, the solutions are carefullyvetted and selected using the Sus-tainia100 Criteria, in consultationwith our Advisory Board of exter-nal, independent sector experts.(See more in Methodology-chapter)Sustainia100CriteriaReadily availablePositiveenvironmentalimpactFinancially viableImprove qualityof lifeScalableThe solutions profiled in the Sustainia100 arebased on our triple-bottom line approachtowards sustainability: environmental, social,and economic.They also have the potential to scale upacross markets and societies.
    • 909Introduction100 SolutionsReveal New Trends& DevelopmentsNew Fashion fromFabric DiscardsUsing Big Data forEnergy SavingsPeer-to-Peer Borrowingand LendingCommercializingDemand Responsein the GridMobile Management ofLife-Saving MedicineOver the past year, the Sustainiaresearch team considered thou-sands of solutions to select thefinal Sustainia100. Based on theextensive amount of data and re-search, trends and developmentshave emerged. Before you divedeeper into the solutions, proj-ects, and technologies, we wantto pan out for an introduction tothe trends and insights reflectedin the Sustainia100.TREND:New manufacturingtechnologies and sustainableproductionWe have been excited to see inno-vative solutions surface in sectorsrather new to the sustainabilityscene. One of these sectors is thefashion industry. There is a longway to go, but some of the mostgroundbreaking solutions are ap-pearing in this industry, such assophisticated dyeing methodsand young designers finding newapproaches to reduce waste.TREND:Technologies that interactwith consumer behaviorMore solutions acknowledge theimportance of consumer behav-ior by giving users access to dataand information that drive themto change their behavior or maketheir life easier. This not only en-courages users to reflect on theirconsumption, but also to takecontrol and make decisions thatfit their routines and lifestyle.TREND:Sharing resourcesand reducing costsSharing resources is emergingeverywhere from heavy machin-ery and cars to tools and appli-ances helping save resources,capital investments, and overallcost structure related to them.This also adds a social element tosustainable living by facilitatinginteractions between neighbors,colleagues, and residents.TREND:Mobile technology breakingbarriers of poor infrastructureA truly inspiring development isalso under way in the health sec-tor, where we see a strong trendof tech solutions taking advan-tage of the high mobile penetra-tion in sub-Saharan countries inorder to deliver medical care tocitizens and manage medical sup-plies.TREND:Big Data to big analyticsBig Data is making a big bet onsustainable innovation. In Sustai-nia100, you will find solutions thatcan collect large data sets with-out infrastructure plug-ins or sen-sors, as well as solutions that usethis data to find the leaks in yourwater pipes.Exciting as these trends are, we’rereminded of the most importanttakeaway: The Sustainia100 so-lutions are making lives, econo-mies, and environments betteraround the world
    • 10In North America,7 solutions arecleaning up thefashion industryIn South America,17 solutions areimpacting theresource sector19 solutions weredeveloped in Asia,spanning 10 countriesA World ofSolutions26 solutionsprovide healthbenefits27 solutions arefinding new waysto use IT forsustainability25 solutions aredeployed inAfrica, spanning26 countriesSustainia100 brings forth cases, trends,and insights from all over the world.About half of thesolutions impactthe energy sector28 solutions havean educationalpurpose19 in India13 in Mexico13 in South Africa10 in KenyaSolutions deployedin emerging economies
    • 11Circle colors correspond toour 10 sectorsSolutionsdeployed in  128countries
    • 12SustainiaAwardSustainia invites thought leadersand citizens with a passion forsustainability to celebrate thewinners during a festive eveningin Copenhagen.The Sustainia Award is an annual internationalaward that honors outstanding performancewithin sustainability.
    • 13Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger leads a high-level com-mittee of sustainability leaders that selects the award winnerand join Sustainia’s celebration of the innovative entrepre-neurs who are guiding the world toward a greener and moreprosperous future for us all.All 100 solutions in the Sustainia100 are nominees for theSustainia Award. The Sustainia Award is given to a solution,technology, or initiative with a significant potential to help builda more sustainable future. The award winner will gain globalawareness around its groundbreaking efforts, and Sustainia will,along with its partners, dedicate time and resources to help thewinner scale for greater impact.For the Sustainia Award celebration, Sustainia gathers morethan 1,400 people in its community, emphasizing that sustain-ability can indeed sell tickets when it is presented in an appeal-ing way. We also invite our friends and followers to get engaged,vote, and celebrate their winner. This award, the SustainiaCommunity Award, is the voice of global consumers and a rec-ognition of the winner’s ability to create enthusiasm and inspirea broader audience to embrace sustainability. Last year, com-munity members from 115 countries voted for their favoritesolution.Laura Storm, Sustainia’sExecutive Director,announcing the finalistsat the 2012 SustainiaAward Ceremony.Sustainia is a vibrantcommunity for thosewho believe that changeis created from thebottom up.Ten finalists for the Sustainia Awardwill also be presented to world busi-ness leaders and politicians duringthe United Nations General Assembly,in New York, with Sustainia’s partner,UN Global Compact,in September 2013.The AwardCommitteeArnoldSchwarzeneggerHonorary Chairman of SustainiaAward Committee and FormerGovernor of CaliforniaConnie HedegaardEuropean Commissioner forClimate ActionGro Harlem BrundtlandFormer Prime Minister of Norwayand Former Director-General,World Health OrganizationDr. Rajendra PachauriNobel Laureate and Chair,Intergovernmental Panel onClimate Change (Ipcc)BUILDING THE WORLDOF TOMORROWSUSTAINIATheSustainiaAwardandSustainiaCommunity Award winners areannounced in autumn 2013 at theSustainia Award Ceremony, heldat the Royal Danish Theater, inCopenhagen.JOIN US!
    • 142012 SustainiaAward WinnerAzuri Technologies2012 Sustainia Award WinnersThe Azuri solar solution,Indigo, brings great valueto off-grid communitiesthrough a combinationof easily available solartechnologies and mobilefinancing.Azuri took home theaward for their Indigopay-as-you-go solarsolution for homeslocated inoff-grid areas in thedeveloping world.The combination of solar and mobile phone technologies en-ables users to avoid unaffordable up-front costs and instead payfor their solar electricity as they use it by purchasing scratch-cards.In Kenya, a scratch-card costs $1.40 and provides eight hoursof fossil fuel-free lighting for two rooms and mobile phonecharging for a week. Indigo replaces kerosene as the primarysource of energy for lighting, cutting a family’s energy expens-es by up to 50%, which also makes the solution financially viableto low-income families.Since winning the Sustainia Award, Azuri has grown rapidlyand gained widespread attention. The company expanded intocountries in East and Southern Africa and initiated deploymentof the Indigo solution in West Africa. Having secured a landmarkfinance facility from Barclays Corporate Finance to acceleratefurther deployment, Azuri is ready to transform the lives of anadditional 30,000 rural customers in sub-Saharan Africa.Azuri benefitted from the international recognition and celeb-rity endorsement from Arnold Schwarzenegger that accom-panied the Sustainia Award. This has raised the profile of thebrand and its position as a sustainable business.
    • 15Chicago Lakeside Development is atransformative model for U.S. cityplanning and could upend the traditionalthinking of how people live and workacross the country.2012 Sustainia Award Winners2012 Sustainia Community Award WinnerChicago Lakeside DevelopmentSince winning the SustainiaAward, Azuri expanded withinEast and Southern Africa andstarted deployments in WestAfrica, including a rollout inSierra Leone.Deployed inKenya, Uganda,Zimbabwe,South Sudan, andSierra LeoneWinning the hearts and minds of the Sustainia community,Chicago Lakeside Development was voted winner of the Sustai-nia Community Award 2012.The solution represents a great opportunity for Chicago torecreate itself for the 21st century by setting new standards forsustainable living.Developed inUKwww.chicagolakesidedevelopment.comwww.azuri-technologies.com
    • 16How to Readthe SolutionsThis guide takes you through 100 solutions.We describe each solution and zoom in on key aspectssuch as sectors, geography, and benefits on the TripleBottom Line of sustainability:social, economic, and environmental.This is what to look for when reading:DescriptionA straightforwardexplanation of howthe solution works.JustificationThe key argumentsas to why this solu-tion is in the guide.ImageProvides a visualanchor point for thereader to under-stand each solution.Sustainia100 is a journey around the world. In the descrip-tion for each solution, we will show you both where it wasdeveloped and the country or countries where the so-lution is deployed. This reveals the contexts that eachsolution is benefitting.You will discover that great solutions are being developed,tested, and used in a wide variety of countries.GeographySolution developed inSolution deployed in
    • 17The solutions are divided into sec-tors. Each sector is equipped with asector icon making it easy to navi-gate solutions based on which sec-tors you are interested in.Many of the solutions in this guideimpact more than one sector andare thus equipped with severalicons proportionate in size withthe impact that the solution has oneach sector. Solutions that impactmultiple sectors are placed in thesector that it impacts the most.The cross-sector impact of mostsolutions reflects the holistic ap-proach that characterizes sustain-able solutions.Apart from the sector icons, the three icons below representthe triple bottom line of sustainability. For each solution, at leasttwo of the three elements are highlighted.ENVIRONMENTALHere you will find key argu-ments and statistics on howthe solution benefits the envi-ronment, i.e. by limiting CO2emissions, chemical use, etc.SOCIALHere you will finde key argu-ments that illustrate social sus-tainability, i.e. how the solutionimproves well-being and qual-ity of life etc.ECONOMICUnder this icon, you will findkey arguments or statistics thatillustrate the economic sustain-ability of the solution, i.e. why ithas a positive economic impact.BuildingsFooDFashionITEducationEnergyHealthCitiesResourcesSectorsThe TripleBottom LineTranspor-tation
    • Buildings18
    • BuildingsOnsite watertreatment systemsUtilizing naturalresources forair-conditioning,lighting, and heatingIntegrating newforms of renewablesApplying low-techsolutions indeveloping economiesSustainabilitythroughout a building’slife-cycleBuildingsectorKey trends19
    • Buildings20
    • BuildingsEnnesys’ water cycle recoversbiologic energy from wastewa-ter and solar energy to growmicroalgae, locally transformedinto heat and power, recyclingwastewater to irrigation andsanitation quality.Algae Clean Energy andWastewater TreatmentEnnesys’ biomimetic solution usesmicroalgae for the triple advantage ofwastewater remediation, clean energygeneration, and thermal insulation ofbuildings.In photo-bioreactors placed on building roofs or façades, micro-algae growth in sunlight is enhanced by the supply of wastewater.Pollutants are assimilated and increase biomass production. Afterharvesting, the biomass can be transformed locally to producepower, heat, or cooling, and the water is cleaned.The functioning demonstrator in France has proven the quality ofthe cleaned water, suitable for irrigation or sanitation. The position-ing of photo-bioreactors on the roof and façades of buildings im-proves their thermal behavior, providing better insulation and usercomfort.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Combining wastewater remediation and clean energy production, Ennesys’ technol-ogy allows city districts to recycle their organic waste and produce energy to coverlocal consumption. The low cost of the electricity generated and the wastewatertreated makes the technology scalable to other settings, particularly where decen-tralized water remediation is required.EnvironmentalOne hundred percent of wastewaterfrom office or residential buildings canbe recycled, generating 8 kWh of cleanelectricity, according to Ennesys.socialIn developing countries, local watertreatment leads to an increase of wateravailability for sanitation, reducing the riskof disease transmission.1EconomicHarvesting both solar and biologicalenergy leads to low-cost heat and powerproduction, as well as reduced heating andcooling demand in buildings.Developed inFranceDeployed in France,Brazil, Chile, Israel,Morocco1WHO, “Domestic WaterQuantity, Service Level andHealth.”Solution by Ennesys SAS and OriginOil21
    • BuildingsA LearningThermostatThe Nest Learning Thermostat can re-duce heating and cooling costs by learningthe habits of its users.The Nest Learning Thermostat remembers what temperatures youlike, creates a custom schedule for your home, and adjusts temper-ature settings when you’re away. The company says that once theNest has learned your schedule, it can save up to 20% on heatingand cooling bills.The Nest can be remotely controlled via a smartphone, tablet, orlaptop. Nest’s System Match optimizes controls for a home’s par-ticular heating and cooling system, while the Nest Leaf guides us-ers to energy-efficient temperature settings. The “Energy Historyand Energy Report,” enables users to see how much energy they’veused and provides tips on how to lower utility bills.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Nest alleviates the hassle of having to program a thermostat – just 11% of homeown-ers program their programmable thermostats because they’re too complicated. Homeheating and cooling accounts for about half of the average household’s energy bill. TheNest Learning Thermostat keeps users comfortable while helping them save energy.EnvironmentalNest addresses 10% of US energyconsumption – residential heating andcooling.socialBy learning its users’ habits and adjustingaccordingly, the Nest gets around people’stendency to forget to program homethermostats.EconomicAccording to Nest, once the thermostathas learned your schedule, it can save up to20% on heating and cooling bills.Developed inUSADeployed inUSA, CanadaSolution by Nest22
    • BuildingsBringing Sunlightinto Every RoomThe Parans system captures the rays ofthe sun and brings it deep into buildings,creating a skylight even four floors down.Parans’ solar lighting system brings sunlight into the indoor en-vironments where we work, learn, and live. Natural light confershealth benefits that cannot be substituted by artificial light. Thetechnology uses fiber optic cables to transport sunlight far intobuildings, which reduces the electricity used for illumination andcooling. The thin and flexible cables make it simple to install in newbuildings or retrofit into existing buildings.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Many of today’s buildings are designed so that artificial light is needed throughoutthe day. Parans’ solution allows buildings to use sunlight directly for illumination, en-hancing the quality of our indoor environments, as we need sunlight for good health.EnvironmentalLighting accounts for almost 20% ofglobal electricity consumption, accordingto Parans.socialSunlight keeps us awake and alert, syncingour 24-hour rhythm, hormone balance, andboosting the immune system.EconomicAccording to the company, workersexposed to natural light are moreproductive and sick less often.Developed inSwedenDeployed in 33 countriesin Europe and NorthAmericaSolution by Parans Solar Lighting23
    • BuildingsThe ClimateWell CoolStore component(the “tube”) is integrated in to conven-tional solar thermal collectors, onlypowered by the sun, to deliver heatingand cooling to buildings."At ClimateWell weare committed todelivering energyefficiency that paysfor itself."Per Olofsson, CEO ClimateWellSolar Air-Conditioningwith Energy StorageClimateWell’s CoolStore technologypowers solar air-conditioning systems withintegrated energy storage to provide heat-ing during winter, cooling during summer,and hot water every day.ClimateWell has developed a triple-state absorption technology thatconverts and stores solar energy into heating and cooling withoutneed of electricity. The high-density integrated energy storage in a“dry” salt has no moving parts, is fully scalable, and cost-effective.The ClimateWell CoolStore component (essentially a glass tube) isdirectly integrated into a solar collector, making installation easy,with no need for external equipment.The technology can be applied in single-family homes and com-mercial buildings alike, and can even be used for heat-driven air-conditioning for heavy-duty vehicles and trucks.Why a Sustainia100 solution? According to ClimateWell, 25% of the world’s energy consumption is used for heatingand cooling of buildings, with the largest part of this energy coming from fossil fuel-powered space heaters and electrically driven chillers. As the world’s first solar collec-tor with combined heating, cooling, and energy storage, this solution delivers twice asmuch energy compared to today’s state-of-the-art solar collectors, increasing energysavings and reducing CO2 emissions.EnvironmentalAccording to ClimateWell, a typicalresidential user of CoolStore-powered solarair-conditioning reduces the home’s CO2footprint by 15 tons annually.socialAs ClimateWell’s solar cooling solutionsrun without electricity, off grid areas couldbenefit from cooling and cold storage offoods and medicine.EconomicA typical U.S. homeowner usingClimateWell-powered solar cooling cutsenergy bills by 50%, according to thecompany.Developed inSweden, USA, GermanyDeployed in 16 countriesin Europe, North America,South America, Africa,and AsiaSolution by ClimateWell24
    • Buildings“Lucid Energy is improv-ing the economics ofdelivering safe, cleanwater while reducingdependence on fossilfuels.”GREGG SEMLER, PRESIDENT AND CEO,LUCID ENERGYGenerating Energy fromWater in PipelinesLucid Energy provides a new way forindustries to generate renewable energyaround the clock from the water in theirpipelines.The LucidPipe is an in-conduit hydropower technology that en-ables water-intensive industrial, municipal, and agricultural usersto produce carbon-free, low-cost electricity from water pipelinesand effluent streams. The technology recaptures energy embed-ded in fast-flowing water inside of large-diameter, gravity-fed pipe-lines without disrupting pipeline operations.The LucidPipe spherical turbines spin as water passes throughthem, producing a consistent and non-weather-dependent sourceof energy. A market study recently completed by Navigant Consult-ing sizes the opportunity for sales of Lucid Energy’s in-pipe hydro-power product at $5-6 billion in the USA alone.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The U.S. EPA estimates that $633 billion in water infrastructure upgrades are neededto replace aging pipelines and to satisfy new demand over the next 20 years. Byincorporating LucidPipe turbines into new and upgraded pipelines, millions of mega-watt-hours of carbon-free, low-cost electricity can be generated.EnvironmentalAccording to the U.S. EPA, 6% of theenergy consumed in the USA alone is usedto purify and deliver water.socialDelivering drinking and irrigation waterrequires energy that is often in shortsupply, expensive, and dependent on fossilfuels that further deplete resources.EconomicIn the USA, drinking water and wastewaterfacilities spend nearly $4 billion per yearon energy; by incorporating the use ofLucidPipe, millions of megawatt-hours oflow-cost electricity can be generated.Developed inUSADeployed in USA, China,Brazil, Mexico, Chile,Canada, Italy, Spain, andSouth AfricaSolution by Lucid Energy25
    • BuildingsUsing a recycled PETplastic bottle filled withwater and chlorine, Literof Light creates a 55-wattsolar bottle bulb powerfulenough to light up a home.Bottling the Powerof the SunLiter of Light redesigns solar lighting forthe developing world using plastic ­bottles.The simple design creates local jobs andteaches green skills.A Liter of Light is a plastic bottle filled with water and a bit of bleach.Inserted through the roof, each solar bottle refracts sunlight withthe intensity of a 55-watt light bulb. Using simple tools and basiccarpentry skills, volunteers and local entrepreneurs can light uptheir communities for just $2. The nighttime upgrade with a solarpanel retails at $10. Built by grassroots entrepreneurs and women’sgroups in the Philippines, the cost of finished goods are reducedby 40%.Liter of Light has grown from one home in Laguna, Philippines,to 350,000 lights in 10 countries in just 20 months. Three hun-dred and seventy grassroots solar entrepreneurs are trained in 20months, with each entrepreneur servicing an average of 11,000homes per year.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Over 1 billion people around the world suffer from lack of access to energy, including15 million people in the Philippines. Energy poverty will only be solved by using localmaterials, easily replicable technologies, and livelihood-generating enterprises. Literof Light is helping end energy poverty one bottle at a time.EnvironmentalDiscarded plastic bottles are reused andupcycled to a daylighting system in10 minutes.socialLiter of Light prevents fires and inhalationof toxic fumes from kerosene lamps.EconomicEach lamp saves households $10 monthlyin electricity costs and 200 kilograms ofcarbon emissions per year.Developed inPhilippinesDeployed in Indonesia,Cambodia, Bangladesh,India, South Africa,Kenya, Colombia, Peru,Mexico, SpainSolution by MyShelter Foundation26
    • BuildingsAzuri-technologiesThrough a simple, open source,do-it-yourself daylight tech­nology, customers can use thesavings from their electricitybills to purchase a locally builtupgrade for lighting at night.We want to reframe the way peoplethink about solutions to climatechange, not as a product ofindustrialized nations, but as a giftthat developing countries can sharewith the rest of the world.Illac Diaz, Execuive Director, Myshelter FoundationTHE IDEA BEHINDLiter of Light is a grassroots solar movement that empowers the most under-resourced communities throughthe ­creation of livelihood programs. The organization trains women from low-income and water scarce regions to­assemble locally sourced, sustainable, and affordable solar products.Off-the-shelf micro solar products already help millions but are not always the best solution in the long term.They are often imported, patented, hard to repair, and too expensive. This means that financing is required, e.g.through aid or micro credits, which may not always be an option.By training locals to supply green technologies to their own communities, Liter of Light is changing the story aboutsustainable development. From one where poor countries wait for aid to one where poor people acquire the skillsand tools to proactively improve their quality of life.www.aliteroflight.org27
    • BuildingsFor the constructionof the first officeprototype, LCT ONE inAustria, eight storieswere erected in justeight days.“With the LifeCycleTower we followan open-sourceapproach whichmeans to globalizeknowledge andlocalize valuecreation.”Hubert Rhomberg, CEO CreeWood-Hybrid BuildingSystem up to 30 StoriesThe LifeCycle Tower is a sustainablebuilding system for wood-hybrid, multi-story construction up to 100 meters and30 stories.The Cree timber building system, LifeCycle Tower, is based onachieving sustainability through material selection. The unenclosedwood structure provides a comfortable living and working environ-ment, saves resources, and promotes health. According to Cree,buildings can reach 30 stories and construction times are cut in half.Building layout, outside façades, surfaces, and interiors are individu-ally planned by architects, while system components such as slabs,columns, inside façade, and building services ensure the building’squality and functionality. The technology is open source in order toscale the solution globally.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The concept is a new development and state-of-the-art building system for urbansustainable architecture because of its resource efficiency, with an exposed woodload-bearing structure, system approach and off-site prefabrication of system ele-ments. An eight-story office building in Austria shows the technological, ecological,and economic advantages of the hybrid-timber construction system.EnvironmentalThe LifeCycle Tower improves CO2 balanceby up to 90%, resource efficiency up to50%, and ensures high recyclability andflexible usage.socialProduction of system elements byregional companies saves time andresources, creates new jobs and businessopportunities for SMEs, and reduces dust,dirt, and noise on site.EconomicForty percent of global resourceconsumption is caused by the buildingindustry, according to Cree.Developed inAustriaDeployed in AustriaSolution by Cree28
    • Buildings“As problem solvers,we must aspire todesign elementsthat will make apositive impact on ourhealth and naturalresources.”Ramon Guillot, Architect, LEED AP,Guillot ArquitectosWhy a Sustainia100 solution? By Mexican standards, the light and air chamber makes an unprecedented impact inenergy efficiency and office comfort while still providing good design that, accordingto the company, stands out to locals as an inspirational glimpse into a more sustain-able future.EnvironmentalThe light and air chamber minimizesthe use of HVAC and electrical systems,reducing the environmental footprintcompared to an average building.socialThe first of its kind in the region, thebuilding has made an impact socially bybeing dubbed by locals as the “ecologicalbuilding,” which raised awareness ofsustainability.EconomicAccording to the architects, their solutionreduces energy costs by an averageof 25%.Developed inMexicoDeployed in MexicoOptimal Light,Natural AirIn a Tijuana building, Guillot Arquitectos’light and air chamber improves the healthand productivity of occupants by providingnatural light and air.The air light chamber developed by Guillot Arquitectos capturesnatural air from the base of a tubular element and redirects it to thebuilding’s various levels, reducing the usage of heating, ventila-tion, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. Because the chamber ismade of low-E glass and perforated sheet metal, it also allows natu-ral light to permeate. This gives occupants a more natural setting.The chamber increases worker productivity and improves health,and also helps reduce energy costs by an average of 25%.Solution by Guillot Arquitectos, Basica, and SEICA29
    • Buildings“Pearl River Towershows the shape ofthe 21st century—ahigh-performancedesign that integratesarchitecture, engi-neering and technol-ogy to create a highlysustainable super-tallbuilding.”Richard F. Tomlinson, II, Partner, SOMThe tower’s sculpted bodydirects wind to a pair ofopenings at its mechani-cal floors, where travelingwinds push turbines, whichgenerate energy for thebuilding.Wind Energy-GeneratingSkyscraperThe Pearl River Tower, located in the cityof Guangzhou, China, is one of the world’smost energy-efficient high-rise structures.The 309-meter Pearl River Tower’s sculpted body directs wind to apair of openings at its mechanical floors, where turbines generateenergy for the building. Integrated solar panels, a double skin cur-tain wall, a chilled ceiling system, under-floor ventilation, and day-light harvesting are additional technologies that contribute to thebuilding’s energy efficiency.The tower’s integrated design approach results in a substantial de-crease in the amount of electrical power required to operate thebuilding’s cooling, heating, dehumidification, ventilation, and light-ing systems. Full implementation of Pearl River Tower’s sustainabil-ity strategies will result in overall energy savings of approximately50% compared to China’s baseline energy code.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Energy efficiency coupled with onsite renewable energy generation reduces the needfor electricity from fossil-fuel power plants, lowering energy-related greenhouse gasemissions. The Pearl River Tower addresses the difficult task of constructing sustain-able high rises.EnvironmentalEnergy savings of approximately 50%compared to China’s baseline energycode and associated conventional designguidelines.EconomicPearl River Tower’s design offers increasedrevenue potential resulting from theelimination of fan rooms and the reductionof airshaft sizes.Developed inUSADeployed in ChinaSolution by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP30
    • BuildingsA Waterbank schoolcosts the same as aconventional school butprovides triple the spaceand harvests 350,000liters of clean waterannually.“A Waterbank schoolenlists the rain totransform a child’shealth, education andthe future of theircommunity .“JANE HARRISON,EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, PITCHAfricaRainwater-HarvestingSchoolsPitchAfrica has developed a schoolbuilding concept for disadvantaged com-munities in semi-arid regions that providesclean water year round and imparts sus-tainability lessons.Waterbank schools are low-cost rainwater-harvesting schoolbuildings comprising a large roof, a central underground cistern,and an integrated ceramic water filtration system providing cleanwater and food year round. The school buildings integrate com-munity spaces with a wide range of school needs: classrooms, of-fices, dormitories, canteens, and sport-courts. The first Waterbankschool, built in Kenya, captures, stores, and filters 350,000 liters ofwater a year. Since opening, attendance has risen by 25% to 95%and instances of waterborne disease have dropped to zero amongpupils.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The majority of the 345 million people in Africa without access to clean water live inregions with inadequate rainfall. The World Bank estimates that 200,000 classroomsneed to be built in sub-Saharan Africa each year. Waterbank schools place a sustain-able supply of clean water at the heart of the school, improving children’s health, whileeducating them about sustainable lifestyles and practices.EnvironmentalAccording to UNEP, there is 13 times theamount of rain falling in Africa than isneeded by its population1.socialAccording to WHO, 40 billion work hoursare lost every year in Africa because of theneed to collect water.EconomicWaterbank schools can be built for thesame cost as conventional schools,using locally available materials and localexpertise.Developed inUSADeployed in Kenya,Senegal, Malawi1ICRAF & UNEP, “Potential forRainwater Harvesting in Africa:A GIS Overview.”Solution by PitchAfrica, The Zeitz Foundation, KimsKenya, and Guernsey Overseas Aid31
    • Food32
    • FoodFoodsectorKey trendsReusing wasteproductsProlonging lifetimeof food productsReducingfood wasteEnergy-efficientproductionSafer and more efficientcooking methods33
    • Food34
    • FoodPackage-FreeGrocery StoreBy encouraging customers to bringtheir own containers and fill them with real,local food, the in.gredients grocery storereduces food waste and packaging.According to the company, 40% of food is thrown away. in.gredientsprovides customers with a solution to food and packaging wastewhile building community around a sustainable food system.Customers bring in any container, weigh and label their containers,and fill it with bulk food and household items, reducing food andpackaging waste. The business model incorporates a neighbor-hood food hub, with an outdoor space and organic garden.Why a Sustainia100 solution? In the U.S., each person generates almost two kilos of trash per day. In.gredients’customers shop for healthy, local food and reduce the amount of waste sent to thelandfill. In order to provide the community with high-quality products that supportthe local economy, a majority of the products are locally grown and produced.EnvironmentalOn average, the in.gredients store sendsless than five pounds of trash and zeropounds of food waste to the landfill eachmonth.socialThe produce grown in the volunteer-rungarden goes back to neighborhood-supported agriculture, providing fresh,healthy food for the community.EconomicSixty-nine percent of the cost of goodssold has been from local vendors,supporting the local economy and helpingto build the community.Developed inUSADeployed in USASolution by in.gredients35
    • FoodSeawater DesertGreenhousesThe Seawater Greenhouse transformsseawater into cool, humid air, fresh water,salt, and nutrients, enabling crops to begrown in hot, arid regions.The world is not short of water; it is just in the wrong places and toosalty. Converting seawater to fresh water, in the right places, offersgreat potential. Seawater Greenhouse uses seawater to cool, steril-ize, and humidify the air going into the greenhouse. Cooler andmore humid conditions reduce the water demand of plants several-fold, typically by 4-8 times that of plants grown outside.In addition to the saved fresh water, both the yield and quality ofplants are higher.Why a Sustainia100 solution? With an increasing global demand for fresh water, agriculture is under pressure asone of the most water-dependent sectors. In general, agriculture uses 60-80% of theplanet’s scarce fresh water1. Shortage of water affects the carbon cycle, as shrinkingforests reduce carbon capture.EnvironmentalUnlike traditional greenhouses, whichoften rely on fossil fuels for temperaturecontrol, Seawater Greenhouses use onlyseawater and sunlight to control growingenvironments.socialFood can be grown where agriculture isconstrained by a lack of water and hightemperatures, leading to improved foodaccess in water-scarce areas.EconomicAccording to the company, the technologyenables development of land normallyconsidered unsuitable for agriculture,coupled with lower capital andoperating costs.Developed inUKDeployed in CanaryIslands, Abu Dhabi,Oman, Australia1The Guardian, “growingfood in the desert: isthis the solution to theworld’s food crisis?”Solution by Seawater Greenhouse36
    • FoodFreshPaper is a simple5”x 5” sheet that cankeep several pounds ofproduce fresh.“Simple ideas areoften the mostpowerful.”Kavita M Shukla, Inventor & Founder,FenugreenKeeping Food Freshfrom Farm to ForkA piece of paper can reduce global foodwaste. Low cost, compostable, and infusedonly with organic spices, FreshPaper keepsproduce fresh 2-4 times longer.FreshPapers are sheets of paper that are simply dropped into con-tainers, boxes, and bags of produce. By keeping food fresh fromfarm to fork in a scalable and sustainable way, while significantlyreducing resource and energy costs, FreshPaper promises to posi-tively impact the food economy and transform the lives of the 1.6billion people who still lack access to refrigeration. FreshPaper hasspread from a single farmer’s market to farmers, retailers, andconsumers in over 35 countries.Through its “Buy a Pack, Give a Pack” initiative, Fenugreen matchespurchases with donations of FreshPaper to food banks, and is nowworking to provide FreshPaper to farmers in the developing world.Why a Sustainia100 solution? While the world’s farmers harvest enough to feed the planet, we lose 25% of our foodsupply to spoilage, leaving 800 million hungry and exacting staggering societal andenvironmental costs.EnvironmentalThe UN acknowledges that the demand forfood increases steadily with the growth ofthe world population, negatively impactingfood resources and prices.socialFreshPaper empowers families and farmersto address food waste, reducing thetremendous amounts of land, energy, andwater lost across the entire food system.EconomicFreshPaper keeps food fresh 2-4 timeslonger by naturally inhibiting bacterial andfungal growth, working like refrigerationwithout energy and infrastructure costs.Developed inUSADeployed in 35 countries, including:USA, Canada, France, Italy, Germany,Spain, Denmark, UK, Greece, Australia,New Zealand, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina,Thailand, Japan, India, South Africa,Malawi, HaitiSolution by Fenugreen37
    • FoodThe smart lightingsystem consists ofremotely con-trolled, adjustable-spectrum lightscombined with sen-sors that provideinformation on howthe plants are usingthe light.Lighting System“Listens” to PlantsWith LED lighting systems includingsmart biofeedback, Heliospectra auto-mates plant production while achievinglonger durability, energy savings, and in-creasing yield.The Heliospectra LED lighting system with biofeedback “listens” toplants by using reflected light and fluorescence. This informationhelps the system optimize the light spectrum to produce only thenecessary light required, while encouraging desired plant char-acteristics. The result is energy and water saved, yield increased,waste reduced, and quality improved.A software management system provides growers with improve-ments based on the results of the whole grower community. Thedata is aggregated in an online database with predictive algo-rithms creating the best light conditions for growers depending onthe type of crops and environmental conditions.Why a Sustainia100 solution? With changes due to global warming, increased population, and urbanization, there isa need for locally produced food with continuous and regular crops. With LED-basedlighting systems, it is possible to reduce energy costs, create healthier and more du-rable plants, and reduce waste as well as the need for transportation.EnvironmentalThe system can reduce CO2 emissions by21 million metric tons annually if used by20% of the market.1EconomicReduction in energy costs and waste, aswell as increased yield, improve economicand environmental performance.Developed inSweden, UK,USA, AustraliaDeployed in Sweden, UK,USA, Australia1WWFClimateSolvers, “L4A EfficientGreenhouse Lighting.”Solution by Heliospectra38
    • FoodStore closed Store open Store closed°C141210864206pm 9pm6am 9am MidnightMidnightOptimumproducttemperatureduringstore openingElstat’s Energy Management Systemlearns and adjusts to the appliance’sworking environment, reducing energyuse and optimizing system performance.Intelligent Thermostatsfor Beverage CoolingThis solution minimizes energy use byobserving consumer behavior and learningabout the working environment refrigera-tion appliances operate in.Elstat’s Energy Management System is an intelligent thermostaticcontrol for commercial refrigeration appliances. The controllershave the ability to gather traffic and consumption data aroundthe cooler. This data is used to build an accurate overview of shopopening hours, cooler usage, and its ability to bring freshly loadedbeverages to the desired temperature.The solution achieves energy savings in the range of 25-40%, byknowing exactly when drinks need to be cool and assures the op-timum serving temperature when the shop is open and people usethe cooler.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Refrigeration is claimed as one of the greatest innovations in the history of the foodand beverage industry, providing consumers both rich and poor with a safe and con-venient solution. Yet its primary functions have barely changed in 100 years and re-mains a significant contributor of CO2 emissions. By intelligently adjusting the func-tionality of the refrigerator to the needs of the users, it is possible to gain energy, andeconomic savings.EnvironmentalAccording to Elstat, the product is capableof preventing the release of the equivalentof 2.2 million metric tons of CO2 annually.EconomicElstat claims a potential of $560 millionsaved annually in energy costs.Developed inUKDeployed in 90+countries across Africa,Asia, Australia, Europe,North- and SouthAmerica.Solution by Elstat39
    • FoodCheaper Meals withHeat-Retention CookersThe Wonderbag saves energy, water,and time by making cooking more energyefficient.The Wonderbag is a non-electric, heat-retention cooker thatenables food that has been brought to boil on a stove or fire tocontinue cooking for hours after it is removed from the fuel source.The insulating abilities of the bag allow food to finish cooking with-out the use of additional fuel.The solution is time efficient, as there is a limited need for tendingto the food. Instead, time can be better spent looking after children,earning an income, or doing essential chores. Wonderbag enablesfamilies to save energy and money.Why a Sustainia100 solution? In developing countries, there are huge challenges connected to the cooking process.Staple diets require long cooking hours, with limited access to energy and water. Theheat-retention cooker makes it possible to limit the use of both. With limited accessto clean fuels, the use of charcoal or wood for cooking is widespread. These cookingprocesses result in smoke inhalation and serious health risks.EnvironmentalAccording to the company, using theWonderbag saves up to half a metric ton ofcarbon emissions per year.socialUsing the heat-retention cooker reducesrisk of smoke inhalation and burns.EconomicAccording to the company, the Wonderbagreduces usage of cooking fuels by upto 60%.Developed inSouth AfricaDeployed in South Africa,Turkey, Rwanda, Somalia(Somaliland), UK, NigeriaSolution by Natural Balance40
    • Food“Endeavouring to makefood that not onlytastes good but isgood.”Jenny Dawson, Founder,Rubies in the RubbleMaking Chutneyout of Waste FoodRubies in the Rubble limits food wasteby reusing surplus fruit and vegetables tomake new food products, while employingdisadvantaged individuals.Rubies in the Rubble addresses food waste by using otherwisediscarded fruit and vegetables to produce chutneys and jams. Thefruit and vegetables are picked fresh from the market before theyare discarded. Preserves are a good way of making use of seasonalgluts and therefore provide a good starting point to address foodwaste.The company also provides training and employment opportuni-ties for individuals needing help back on the employment ladder.Why a Sustainia100 solution? According to the company, 16 million metric tons of food is wasted each year in theUK; research indicates that 60% of this is preventable. Avoidable food waste is re-sponsible for 20 million metric tons of CO2 per year. By focusing on employing disad-vantaged individuals, the company also addresses the social challenge of almost 1/4of all working age Londoners being unemployed.EnvironmentalAccording to the company, avoidable foodwaste is responsible for 20 million metrictons of CO2 per year.socialBy hiring individuals struggling to getback into employment, it is possible tostrengthen confidence, skills, and level ofresponsibility.EconomicThe UK generates over 16 million metrictons of food waste every year, costing anestimated $34 billion annually.Developed inUKDeployed in UKSolution by Rubies in the Rubble41
    • Food“Would we continue to raise andeat animals in such staggeringnumbers if a delicious and perfectplant-based replication of meatexisted? I decided to find out— and founded Beyond Meat.”ETHAN BROWN, FOUNDER AND CEO, BEYOND MEATDeveloped inUSADeployed inUSA, CanadaReplacing AnimalProtein in DietsBeyond Meat replaces animal proteinwith plant protein. Doing so, the start-upcreates nutritional value at a lower costwith an improved environmental footprint.Americans consume ½ pound of protein per day versus the recom-mended ½ pound per week. Beyond Meat’s Chicken-Free Strips area plant protein that mimics real chicken’s texture, bite, and succu-lence. Free of gluten, GMOs, cholesterol, trans-fats, hormones, andpreservatives, the Chicken-Free Strips are made from a soy and peaprotein blend that provides 19 grams of protein and 120 calories per3 oz. serving.The company’s first product is soy based, but future products couldreplace the controversial ingredient with ingredients like lupin, bar-ley, or mustard seed protein.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Plant protein benefits human health while addressing critical issues of climate change,resource scarcity, and animal welfare. Beyond Meat’s manufacturing footprint is smallenough to allow it to be replicated in any corner of the world. Relative to animalprotein, Beyond Meat promises comparable nutrition at a lower cost with a lowerenvironmental impact.EnvironmentalAccording to the International LivestockResearch Institute, livestock systemsoccupy 45% of the world’s surface area andcause up to 51% of worldwide greenhousegas emissions.1socialPlant protein has a positive impact onhuman health while also addressinganimal welfare.EconomicMeat production is expensive due to itsresource use; 2,500 gallons of water arerequired to produce a single poundof meat.21World watch institute,“livestock and climatechange.”2Robbins, john, “Diet fora new america.”Solution by Beyond Meat42
    • Food43
    • FoodGuatemalan womanin vermicompostingproduction plant.Red Worms TransformWaste into FertilizerByoearth promotes vermicompostingand its organic fertilizer in rural and urbancommunities in order to improve the livingconditions of vulnerable populations.Byoearth uses red worms to transform biodegradable waste into100% organic fertilizer through a digestion process. The solutioncombines vermicomposting with poverty eradication in vulnerablerural and urban areas and educates farmers on how to avoid thedependency of chemical fertilizer. The resulting produce is sold inthe most remote areas of Guatemala.The technique of using red worms is well known and holds the ca-pacity for more environmentally friendly waste management whileat the same time empowering women and disadvantaged com-munities.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Forty percent of the world’s soil is heavily degraded, compromising the ability to growfood and nurture families. Vermicomposting transforms waste into a business whilerestoring damaged soil and saving water. The solution is replicable worldwide and isalready empowering women in its production process and boosting the productivityof farmers.EnvironmentalThe fertilizer produced by worms addsbeneficial bacteria to soil and improves thesoil’s condition and nutrients.socialByoearth empowers women in urban andrural Guatemala and incorporates themin the production chain, creating a newsource of income.EconomicAccording to Byoearth, farmers cansave 15-25% of water when they usevermicomposting.Developed inGuatemalaDeployed in GuatemalaSolution by Byoearth44
    • FoodVolunteers reclaimapples from beingwasted at a farm inKent. Two metrictons of apples fromthis one day weredonated to Fare-Share in London.Redistributing CosmeticFood WasteGleaning Network UK saves fresh fruitand vegetables from being wasted onUK farms, and redistributes them to foodpoverty charities.Farmers across the UK often have no choice but to leave tons oftheir crops unharvested. Not because it is inedible, but because itdoes not look appealing. According to the Institution of Mechani-cal Engineers, as much as half of all the food produced in the world– equivalent to 2 billion metric tons – ends up as waste every year.Gleaning Network UK coordinates teams of volunteers, local farm-ers, and food redistribution charities to salvage food and redis-tribute it to food poverty charities like homeless hostels. So far,several tons of British produce have been redistributed, and thenetwork is growing.Why a Sustainia100 solution? According to FareShare, 5.8 million people suffer from deep poverty in the UK, andthis number is on the rise. Meanwhile, an estimated 20-40% of UK fruit and vegetablesare rejected even before they reach the shops, often because of strict supermarketcosmetic standards. Gleaning Network UK target to reduce food waste and food pov-erty at the same time.EnvironmentalAccording to the Gleaning Network UK,approximately 10% of the UK’s greenhousegas emissions come from producing,transporting, storing, and preparing foodthat is never eaten.socialOne metric ton of gleaned produceprovides roughly 12,500 portions of food,and Gleaning Network UK plans to reach 36metric tons of produce by September 2013.EconomicGleaning Network UK estimates thatincreasing the proportion of a farmer’scrop reaching the shelves by just 5%increases profit margins by up to 60%.Developed inUKDeployed in UKSolution by Gleaning Network UK45
    • Fashion46
    • FashionFashionsectorKey trendsTurning trash intotrendy clothesReinventing thefashion calendarDesigning fordisassemblyUpcycling servicesWaterless textile dyeing47
    • Fashion48
    • FashionSwishing gives women the chance to get new clothes without mak-ing an environmental impact. It’s a simple but powerful idea: Wom-en bring at least one high-quality item they no longer want to aSwishing party. Everything is collected and displayed, and every-one chooses something they love to take home.Swishing is open source. Anyone can throw a party. Organizersdownload a pack from the Swishing website and promote theirevent through the site, Twitter, and Facebook. Swishing is a party,and its social nature has global appeal. Hundreds and thousands ofwomen go to Swishing parties, from “Klädbyte” parties, in Sweden,to “Cambalache,” in Colombia.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Swishing is closed loop – there are no new items at a Swishing event. Participatingchanges women’s habits by making second hand glamorous. The collaborative andcelebratory approach has the potential to be scaled extensively.EnvironmentalAccording to Futerra, a garment that isswished rather than bought new saves anaverage of 0.4 kg CO2 and cuts toxins andwater use.socialSwishing lets women celebrate theirindividual style in a collaborative andcelebratory way.EconomicFuterra estimates that over 7,000 womenin the UK swish 25,000 items every year,saving the participants substantial amountson clothing expenditures.Developed inUKDeployed in 40 countriesin Africa, Asia, Australia,Europe, and North andSouth AmericaSwishing parties are glam-orous, social, and fun. Andthey’re redefining fashionaround the world.Clothes SwappingPartiesFashion is fabulous but doesn’t comecheap – for consumers or the environment.Futerra’s swishing concept organizes cloth-es swapping parties around the world.“Imagine finding aperfect new outfit.Now imagine it costsyou nothing, yourfriends helped youchoose it, and it cameserved with a glass ofbubbly. That’s Swishing”Lucy Shea, Founder, SwishingSolution by Futerra49
    • FashionDesign forDisassemblyTimberland’s Design for Disassemblyboots are designed to pursue a cradle-to-cradle goal.EnvironmentalTimberland has saved approximately 500metric tons of carbon with its switch toDFD Earthkeepers boots.socialDFD encourages consumers to thinkabout the full life cycle of the productsthey consume, and creates jobs in theDominican Republic.EconomicCarbon savings resulting from the switch tomanufacturing DFD boots is equivalent tothe energy and heating used during threemonths at Timberland’s New Hampshire,USA, headquarters.Developed inUSADeployed in61 countries in Africa,Asia, Australia, Europe,and North and SouthAmericaThe Design for Disassembly (DFD) boots have the potential to berecycled to a much greater degree than other footwear. When bootsare returned to Timberland, the company estimates it will be able torecycle at least 50% of the materials in a factory in the DominicanRepublic. DFD shoes use fewer materials and more recycled con-tent than earlier generations of Timberland’s Earthkeepers boots,keeping materials out of landfills.Timberland says it will continue to work with designers and itsvalue chain to get closer the ultimate goal: a true cradle-to-cradleproduct.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Timberland is on a mission to make shoes with better materials using organic cotton,recycled PET plastics, and recycled rubber as the first step towards reducing thecompany’s carbon footprint.Solution by Timberland50
    • FashionVintage ClothingLibraryUnited Archive is a sustainable stylelibrary allowing women to borrow, wear,and return from a curated selection of qual-ity vintage clothing.Why a Sustainia100 solution? United Archive offers access over ownership and is striving towards a more circulareconomy by giving an extended life to underutilized garments, which are in high de-mand, and offering an alternative to fast fashion and high cost-per-wear items.EnvironmentalUnited Archive’s clothing library extendsthe lifecycle of underutilized garments.socialThe access over ownership model is anaffordable alternative to fast fashionthat allows more people to wear qualitygarments.EconomicAustralians spend approximately $1.7 billionannually on clothing they do not wear,according to United Archive.Developed inAustraliaDeployed in AustraliaThe United Archive vintage clothing library offers users access to acurated wardrobe extension of quality garments, without accumu-lating an expensive closet graveyard you never wear. The solutionenables sustainable and affordable style experimentation withoutthe guilt factor. Rather than buying a succession of expensive piec-es worn only once, customers simply borrow from United Archiveand return the garment after use.Solution by United Archive51
    • FashionEFFICIENTParellel production with main collection.rollendsIMMEDIATEFast design process, in cooperation withbrand design team.ACCESSIBLEGlobal approach, possible for everybodyaround the world85% less H2Ocalculated per item84% less CO2calculated per itemGREENMore efficient than recycling: faster, muchless energy, water and time consumed.INDUSTRIAL UPCYCLINGBY AUSDESIGN.marker cutting leftoversCRAZY SAVINGSFROM PRODUCTION WASTE TO A NEWPRODUCT BEFORE LEAVING THE FACTORYoverproductionwww.reetaus.comSharing Design Globallyfor Upcycling LocallyTrash to Trend is a Web platform thatenables upcycling by helping designers tocooperate with mass producers, brands,local services, and end users.Upcycling means creating new value for waste materials in eachstage of the lifecycle of a material. Trash to Trend offers a solutionto scale the opportunities for upcycling through a user-friendlyWeb platform, with tools for learning, cooperation, and creationof an upcycling market. This solution enables designers to play thecentral role not just in designing a garment but also in offering in-put in material development that reduces toxicity without losingdurability and improving production methods towards zero wasteand material reuse. Finally, Trash to Trend assists designers in de-veloping new services that enable changes in how people act whenpurchasing and treating their clothes.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Upcycling done in mass production in Bangladesh demonstrates that each new gar-ment made of waste materials uses an average 85% less water and creates 84% lessCO2 compared to a typical mass-produced item.EnvironmentalThe Trash to Trend platform can lead tosignificant savings in resource consumptionby spreading high-quality upcycling design.EconomicUpcycling enables cost-cutting in massproduction, it demands low investment inR&D, and gives fast outcomes in terms ofsales and reduction of energy andresource use.Developedin Estonia,BangladeshDeployed in Estonia, Latvia,Lithuania, Bangladesh, India,Norway, Sweden, Denmark,FinlandSolution by Aus Design, ReUse, Beximco, NICE Fashion, and Estonian Academy of Arts52
    • Fashion“Sustainability is about looking at ourproducts as the embodiment of communitiesand ecosystems in which we operate.Considering the life and impact of aproduct is how we dress smart.”Rhett Godfrey,Director of Sustainability,LoomstateReversible, Versatile andSustainable FashionIn 2012, Loomstate launched a fashionline called “Loomstate 321 – 3 ways 2 wear1 piece”. The concept combines color, re-versibility, and versatility using one knitfabric: Tencel.Tencel comes from sustainably grown forests of beech and euca-lyptus tree that require less land, water, and soil nutrients than anyother natural fiber. Ninety-nine percent of solvents used to processthe wood pulp into soft, silky threads are recycled in a closed-loopsystem. Loomstate says it is dedicated to organic cotton but is alsoconstantly learning about new sustainable fibers, like Tencel, andincorporating them into its designs.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Fashion has been an incredibly wasteful industry. Loomstate aims to change that byproducing long-lived clothing made from sustainably grown materials. The 321 col-lection goes even further by reducing the amount of clothing a person needs to pur-chase. Each garment is constructed with multiple layers of colorful fabric that can beflipped and reversed and worn multiple ways. The mission, Loomstate says, is to unitesustainability with modern style.EnvironmentalTencel is produced from renewable andsustainable resources using a closed-loop system with minimal impact on theenvironment.socialLoomstate hopes its 321 line will encouragecustomers to rethink fast fashion and findmore value in each piece of purchasedclothing. Clothing oneself in sustainableapparel encourages sustainable living.EconomicBy creating high-quality apparel that canbe worn in multiple ways, the 321 line limitsthe garments that a customer needs topurchase, saving money and time.Developed inUSADeployed in USASolution by Loomstate53
    • FashionWhy a Sustainia100 solution? Neutral.com is certified according to best in class environmental, social and ethicalstandards: GOTS, EU Eco-Label, Fairtrade and SA8000. By making a profit, the com-pany is paving the way towards structural change in the huge and highly scalablemarket for basic clothing.“WE BELIEVE IN BEINGOKAY. WITH 100%COMMITMENT TOCERTIFIED CLOTHING,WE CAN IMPROVE OURPLANET, MAKE PEOPLEHEALTHIER AND GIVEFARMERS HOPE. THAT’SOKAY.”LARS BECH, FOUNDER, NEUTRAL.COMSustainable Clothingmade ProfitableYears of commitment to achievingsustainability certifications have lead toNeutral.com developing a holistic approachto produce basic clothing for consumersand other labels.EnvironmentalWith the GOTS sustainable cotton and theEU Eco-Label certificates, Neutral.comcleans and reuses wastewater, uses windenergy, reduces and recycles wastesocialCombining Fairtrade and certified organiccotton is life changing for farmers, theSA8000 certification is the highest workerrights standard.1EconomicNeutral.com proves that the extra cost ofcertifications is a profitable business modelwhen products are designed to createadded value for consumers, companies andorganizations.Developed inDenmark andIndiaDeployed in IndiaTruly sustainable clothing production requires holistic approachesand certified processes. Neutral.com is producing basic clothingusing organic cotton, recycling wastewater and waste and usingalternative energy to power factories while giving poor farmers ex-tra money with Fairtrade and workers proper rights. The processis certified and monitored by independent, internationally recog-nized organizations to ensure a trustworthy final product.With its credibility, Neutral.com has become a platform for busi-nesses, NGOs, the public sector and other fashion labels to im-prove their own sustainable storytelling thereby making theproducts attractive business propositions beyond selling directlyto consumers.1Environmental JusticeFoundation, “The DeadlyChemicals in Cotton”.Solution by Neutral.com54
    • Fashion55Neutral.com is about leveragingpeople’s passion for sustainablechange to create best practicein production.
    • Fashion“Applied Separationsis excited to helpreinvent the textileindustry. Green is notjust a color.”Rolf Schlake, President and CEO,Applied Separations.Textile Dyeing withoutWater or WasteThe use of supercritical fluids in textiledyeing completely eliminates the use ofwater and reduces the energy required todye textiles.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The textile industry is a major consumer of water, as evidenced by the 25 liters ofwater required to dye just one T-shirt. Applied Separations’ supercritical fluids tech-nology is viable and currently under production with industry partners. 2013 looks tobe a breakthrough year for the technology, allowing the process of textile dyeing tobecome more resource efficient.EnvironmentalSupercritical fluids technology eliminatesuse of water in dyeing textiles.socialWater-poor areas around the world canbecome or continue to be viable locationsfor textile manufacturing.EconomicApplied Separations claims that the useof supercritical fluids in textile dyeing willrequire 50% less energy and 50% fewerchemicals, cutting production costs.Developed inUSADeployed inUSA, East AsiaEmploying supercritical fluids technology in textile dyeing has thepotential to revolutionize the textile industry. This waterless solu-tion not only conserves a valuable and diminishing resource, it alsouses less energy than traditional water-based textile dyeing.Rather than using aqueous or solvent solutions, Applied Separa-tions’ technology uses supercritical CO2 to take up the dye, whichreplaces water completely. And instead of sending the spent mix towaste-treatment facilities (or into rivers and lakes, as is sometimesdone in less-developed production facilities), the dye-mix can becaptured and reused. The CO2 for the process is taken from theenvironment and returned to it, creating no pollution and no waste.Solution by Applied Separations56
    • Fashion6050403020100Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov DecJan Dec806040200DesignSlow Fashion CalendarFast Fashion CalenderProductionSales“The wants of theprivileged nationsshould not affectthe quality of life ofothers. Instead, ourpurchasing powershould be used to helpthose in need.”TARA ST JAMES, Owner, STUDY NYFast fashion has created a de-pendence on cheap, disposableclothing and unsustainable pro-duction methods, victimizingthe workforce in developingcountries and increasing wastein consumer nations.Reinventing the FashionCalendarThe Anti-[fashion]-Calendar is an edu-cational and production concept for youngdesigners wanting to reduce consumptionand waste and drive the industry towardsethical fashion.Study NY’s Anti-[fashion]-Calendar reinvents the fashion calen-dar by educating young designers to create fewer styles and workcloser to season. The concept offers emerging designers a modelfor producing small capsule collections of 3-4 styles monthly, al-lowing more freedom and clarity in the design and developmentof each piece. Furthermore, with this concept, Study NY is demon-strating that collaboration with artisans in remote countries suchas Peru and Afghanistan is viable for producing limited-edition,handmade goods.The Anti-[fashion]-Calendar slows down consumption by eliminat-ing waste and educating consumers to be more aware of the sus-tainability of their purchases, leading to a permanent change in theworld’s consumption habits.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The Anti-[fashion]-Calendar improves the way future generations of designers man-age cash flow, reduces waste, and provides consumers with an understanding ofquality in ethically made clothing. It also provides retailers with more consistent andseasonal products.EnvironmentalAccording to the U.S. EPA, 13 million tonsof textiles are disposed of each year in theUSA.socialEmployment in the fashion industry isseasonal, with mass layoffs in betweenseasons. The Anti-[fashion]-Calendaraddresses this social challenge indeveloping countries.EconomicMaking resource allocation more balancedthroughout the year, the Anti-[fashion]-Calendar ensures stabile cash flows forupcoming designers.Developed inUSADeployed in USA, Peru,AfghanistanSolution by Study NY57
    • FashionReworking and reusing perfectly goodtextiles and accessories not only reduceswaste but is part of good living. Sustain-able fashion isn’t just another trend; beingresource-minded is the future.Lumoi creates eclectic, sustainable jewellery made from unwantedmaterials shipped to their upcycling service. “Fast fashion” accesso-ries encourage wastefulness due to their low cost and lack of qual-ity. Lumoi redesigns these “undesirable” materials into new objectsof beauty. The company ensures its jewellery is hand-crafted to thehighest standard for durability so accessories last. This approachensures environmentally friendly production, avoids waste, and re-sults in sustainable jewellery.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The need to find alternative ways to deal with waste has never been greater. Consum-ers throw an astonishing amount of textiles and accessories into landfills each year.Lumoi says its upcycling service is an eco-friendly way to dispose of broken, fastfashion jewellery.EnvironmentalUpcycling fast fashion accessories keepsperfectly good materials from enteringlandfills. By pursuing opportunities forreuse, the UK alone could reduce itsreliance on raw materials, including rareearths, by up to 20% by 2020.socialLumoi says its upcycling jewellery serviceillustrates the true value of finite naturalresources, giving people an option tochange their habits.EconomicUK businesses can save up to $35.75 billionthrough low- or no-cost improvements inthe efficient use of resources, accordingto research from the Department forEnvironment, Food and Rural Affairsin the UK.Developed inUKDeployed inUK, Canada, AustraliaUpcyclingJewellerySolution by Lumoi Jewellery58
    • FashionPiece x Piece createsbeautiful, high-qualityclothing from dis-carded fabric samplesrecovered from localdesign studios.“Piece x Piece is a thoughtfuldisruption to the traditional pathone usually takes in the apparelindustry from fabric mill tolandfill.”Elizabeth Brunner,Founder and Creative Director, Piece x PieceNew Fashion fromFabric DiscardsPiece x Piece creates women’s clothingfrom discarded fabric samples recoveredfrom local fashion studios. Each garmentis original, handmade, and sewn in smallquantities.Piece x Piece was established in response to the large amount offabric waste common in the fashion industry. The company saysits mission is to create beauty from fabric waste, and to stimulatethinking about what “waste” really means and how we address it.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Thousands of sample fabric swatches are discarded each season; until now, it hadbeen difficult to imagine a use for them. The result of ongoing reclamation, experi-mentation, and design, each Piece x Piece garment is, by nature, one-of-a-kind. Thefabric used in each piece is selected from an ever-changing stock of luxury discards.EnvironmentalDesign houses discard 5,000 or moreswatch cards every year used fordevelopment. Piece x Piece uses thesenew and viable fabrics which are normallythrown away in the early stages of clothingdesign.socialAt least 75% of consumers think about theecological and social impacts of the clothesand products they purchase. This group is apowerful force in the consumer market.EconomicPiece x Piece reduces waste and stimulatesSan Francisco’s economy by creating fairwage jobs and manufacturing locally.Developed inUSADeployed in USASolution by Piece x Piece59
    • Transportation60
    • TransportationTransportationsectorKey trendsNew ways of EVchargingShips powered byrenewablesSharing is gaininggroundElectric means oftransportationHydrogen cars in massproduction61
    • Transportation62
    • TransportationSolelia’s solar chargerspartnered with its Sol-banken system allowsfor charging electriccars with clean solarelectricity.Solar-Powered EVCharging StationsCombining solar chargers in parkinglots with an IT and energy managementsystem, Solbanken is an easy-to-use, rentaloption for renewable EV charging.Solbanken (The Sun Bank) enables solar charging in connectedchargers using parking lots as solar energy parks. The Solbankenplatform connects new or existing photovoltaic (PV) systems to EVcharging stations with smart grid functionalities such as “directcharging” from nearby solar systems and adjustment of power con-sumption to real-time solar production.Should additional electricity be needed, Solbanken automaticallypurchases clean solar electricity from external producers. Theshading PV canopy offers protection against the sun and rain, andrequires minimal area in parking lots.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Transportation accounts for over half of global oil consumption, and this share willincrease if the number of passenger cars doubles as predicted by the IEA. Replacinggasoline cars with electric cars is not as environmentally friendly if they are driven onfossil fuel-based electricity. WWF estimates that Solelia’s solar-powered charging cansave 21 million tons of CO2 emissions per year by 2022.EnvironmentalTransportation accounts for over halfof global oil consumption, and is set toincrease with a predicted doubling ofpassenger cars.1socialAir pollution in cities caused by traffic ison the world’s top 10 list of killer diseases,according to WHO.EconomicSolelia’s rental solution allows for solar-powered charging with no upfrontinvestment needed from the customer.Developed inSwedenDeployed inSweden, Norway1International EnergyAgency, “World EnergyOutlook 2012.”Solution by Solelia Greentech63
    • TransportationKite-PoweredShipsA wind propulsion technology based onlarge towing kites enables cargo ships tocut costs and reduce emissions.SkySails propulsion for cargo ships is a wind-propulsion systembased on large towing kites that can be installed on new ships andretrofitted onto most existing ships. The technology offers a solu-tion that can make a major environmental impact by reducing thecarbon emissions of the world’s merchant fleet. Three cargo shipsare currently equipped with SkySails, with a fourth ship expected toadd the technology soon.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Cutting-edge solutions in the field of renewable energy are needed in order to meetthe challenges faced by the shipping industry. Depending on the prevailing wind con-ditions, a ship’s fuel consumption and emissions can reportedly be reduced by up to30% by using the SkySails system. The latest SkySails product has a maximal propul-sion power of more than 2 MW, which approximates 2,700 horsepower and is equiva-lent to a ship engine.EnvironmentalSkySails’ technology can save 100 milliontons of CO2 annually if adopted broadly bythe world’s merchant fleet, according tothe company.socialDue to toxicity of ship emissions, there aremore than 50,000 premature deaths eachyear in the coastal areas of the EU.EconomicAccording to SkySails, the technology cansave up to 10 tons of oil per day, whichequals cost savings of approximately$5,000 daily.Developed inGermanyDeployed in Germany,Switzerland, GreecePhoto:SkySailsSolution by SkySails64
    • TransportationIn London, a two-year trial, inassociation with Renault, willtest the feasibility of and issuesaround wireless charging ofEVs.Wireless EVChargingUsing inductive transfer of energy,Qualcomm has developed a technologycapable of wirelessly charging EVs – evenwhen driving.Qualcomm’s Halo EV charging technology uses inductive wirelessenergy transfer to eliminate the plug-in cord used by EVs today.The technology works by fitting cars with a receiver pad that en-ables automatic charging when the car is parked via a transmitterpad embedded in the road.Qualcomm claims that its technology transfers power with thesame efficiency as a cable. The company aims to embed wirelesscharging in continuous strings along the roadway, with EVs con-stantly being powered as they drive over them. Qualcomm is trial-ing its technology in London with a fleet of 50 vehicles.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Wireless EV charging addresses key challenges to electric car uptake: charging con-venience and battery size and cost. The technology could be rolled out across citiesand eventually on major transit routes, significantly reducing the number and size ofbatteries needed for EVs and enabling electric car owners to travel greater distances.EnvironmentalAccording to Qualcomm, 15% of the totalenvironmental burden from EVs comesfrom the batteries.socialDoing away with the plug-in cord makesuse of electric vehicles more convenient.EconomicWireless charging can make EV batteriessmaller and cheaper because they needonly be charged in small, frequent bursts.Developed inIreland, USADeployed in Denmark,Finland, France, Germany,Norway, Poland,The Netherlands,Sweden, USASolution by Qualcomm65
    • TransportationBuzzcar makes itsimple to connectpeople ready toshare their vehicleswith people lookingto rent a carA new collaborative consumption initia-tive helps people save money, make betteruse of existing resources, and think localby sharing their cars.Buzzcar is a peer-to-peer carsharing platform, currently operat-ing in France, where people rent out their own cars. The platformis available online with a location-based mobile app. The servicematches people ready to share their car with people looking for acar to rent by the hour or by the day.To ensure quality, after each rental, drivers rate the cars, and theowners rate the drivers, building a vehicle and driver history. Thecompany also covers liability insurance.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Carsharing means fewer cars on the streets, less traffic jams, and less pollution. Ac-cording to the company, car production represents at least 30% of carbon emissionsover the car’s lifetime; Buzzcar reduces the need for car production and differs fromtraditional carsharing, as the solution doesn’t add cars to the streets, but simplymakes better use of cars already on the road.EnvironmentalAccording to Buzzcar, a properly sharedcar takes 8 cars off the road. Buzzcaroptimizes the utilization of existing cars, sofewer cars are added to the streets.socialMore than 20,000 people have joinedBuzzcar, participating in collaborative carconsumption.EconomicAccording to Buzzcar, owners renting outtheir car earn an average $130 monthlyand renters save up to 40% compared totraditional car renting.Developed inFranceDeployed in FrancePeer-to-PeerCarsharingSolution by Buzzcar66
    • TransportationThe Hyundai ix35 Fuel Cellis the world’s first series-produced fuel-cell car. Fuelledby hydrogen in just minutes,it emits only water vapor, andboasts a near-600-kilometerrange.“The ix35 fuel cellshows we are com-mitted to a society ofsustainable energyand zero-harmfulemissions in roadtransport.”IVAN FOSSAN, ADM. DIRECTOR, NORLEDHydrogen-PoweredFuel-Cell CarHyundai ix35 Fuel Cell is the world’s firstseries-produced, commercially availablehydrogen-powered fuel-cell car. It offerszero harmful tailpipe emissions and quietoperation without range compromises.The third-generation fuel-cell electric vehicle (FCEV) from Hyundaiis powered by hydrogen and driven by an electric motor, resulting inzero harmful tailpipe emissions and quiet operation. A single tankof hydrogen gives a range of almost 600 kilometers, and refuellingtakes just a few minutes, according to Hyundai.In January 2013, the Hyundai ix35 Fuel Cell became the first fuel-cell car in the world to enter series production. Deliveries to mu-nicipal and private fleets are already under way, with 1,000 units tobe built by the end of 2015.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The ix35 Fuel Cell demonstrates how hydrogen-powered FCEVs offer an effective so-lution that can help deliver sustainable mobility, as hydrogen refuelling infrastructuregrows and production volume increases. When produced directly from renewablesources, hydrogen can be 100% clean, if produced directly from renewable sources.The only tailpipe emissions are water vapor.EnvironmentalWhen the hydrogen used to power carsis from a carbon-neutral source, nearcarbon-neutral, emission-free personaltransportation becomes possible.socialThe Hyundai ix35 Fuel Cell contributes toimproved health through cleaner air.EconomicHydrogen can be produced locally ator near the point of use, meaning thatevery community can become an energyproducer.1Developed inSouth KoreaDeployed in Belgium,Denmark, The Netherlands,Norway, South Korea,Sweden, UK, USA1Centre for Energy,Canada: “How Is HydrogenProduced?”Solution by Hyundai Motor Company67
    • TransportationUrbanBike-SharingThe Hangzhou bike-sharing system has 60,600 bikes operatingfrom 2,700 stations. Bike-sharing stations can be found every 100meters. Users can ride for free for the first hour, followed by 1 yuan($0.16) for the second hour, 2 yuan ($0.33) for the third hour, and 3yuan ($0.49) for each additional hour.First-time users pay a 200-yuan ($32.50) deposit to obtain a smartcard for bike-sharing use. Smart-card technology facilitates auto-mated check-in and check-out at bicycle docking stations. Hang-zhou Public Bicycle plans to expand to 175,000 bikes by 2020.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The Hangzhou Public Transport Corporation launched the bike-sharing system in2008, in response to growing traffic congestion and air pollution. A March 2010 sur-vey of Hangzhou Public Bicycle members and non-members found that 30% of bike-share users incorporated bike-sharing into their commute. The survey also found thatthe bike-sharing system captured modal share from bus transit, walking, cars, andtaxis.EnvironmentalBike-sharing can displace trips by car,which reduces tailpipe emissions and trafficcongestion.socialQuick and convenient bike-sharingprograms make it easy to get around bybike, which promotes healthy living.EconomicThe bikes are free to use the first hour andprovide a free or cheap alternative to carsfor shorter distances.Developed inChinaDeployed in ChinaHangzhou, China, boasts the world’slargest bike-sharing program.Solution by Hangzhou Public Transport Corporation68
    • TransportationElectric City Bus with250-km RangeBYD ebus is a pure electric city bus with no tailpipe emissions andvery low noise levels. The bus is powered by BYD’s Fe (lithium ironphosphate) batteries, which are characterized by high energy den-sity, long service time, and low cost, according to the company.Powered by three battery packs with a combined capacity of 324kWh, the lightweight BYD ebus has a range of 250 km on a singlecharge in urban conditions.With a charging power of 60 kW, BYD ebus can be fully chargedin about 5 hours, and thus can be charged at night during off-peakhours. BYD says that the chemical materials contained in the bat-tery can be safely recycled.Why a Sustainia100 solution? With the ebus, BYD aims to gradually replace gasoline or diesel buses with fully elec-tric models that can dramatically reduce air pollution from the transportation sector.The ebus is estimated to reduce operating costs by 30% or more and fuel cost savingsby up to 80% compared to a standard diesel bus.EnvironmentalIf all buses in Shenzhen, China, are replacedby the ebus, potential CO2 emissionsreductions are over 1 million tons per year,according to company data.socialThe ebus enables swift public transport atvery low noise levels.EconomicIn Shenzhen alone, if all the publictransportation were electrified, the citywould save about $563 million annually.Developed inChinaDeployed in The Netherlands,UK, Denmark, Uruguay,Hungary, Colombia, Canada,USA, ChinaWith a range of 250 kilometers on asingle charge, this all-electric bus has theability to deliver large-scale sustainablepublic transportation.Solution by BYD Company Limited69
    • TransportationThe world’s first carferry without anydirect CO2 emissionswill be traffickingLarvik-Oppedal,Norway.Battery-DrivenCar FerryThe world’s first large all-electric car ferry is a 100% battery drivenaluminium catamaran. The 80-meter-long vessel will be able tocarry 120 cars and 360 passengers across the Sognefjord, in Nor-way.The ferry is designed with energy efficiency as highest priority, af-fecting operation, hull shape, materials, and on-board systems. Theferry will ply its route 34 times daily, with a crossing time of 20 min-utes. The estimated time at port is 10 minutes, which will be usedto fully charge the on-board, 1-MWh lithium-polymer battery pack.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The electric car ferry now being produced by Fjellstrand does not discharge anygreenhouse gases while operating. Compared to a standard diesel ferry serving thesame route, the electric ferry will save about 1 million liters of fuel annually and pre-vent 570 metric tons of CO2 from entering the atmosphere, according to Norled.Besides environmental benefits, the ferry will feature lower operational and mainte-nance costs.EnvironmentalDomestic ferries in Norway emitapproximately 400,000 metric tons of CO2per year1.socialWith no air pollution or noise, the electricferry is a pleasant and healthy alternativefor both passengers and crew.EconomicCompared to a standard diesel ferry, anelectric ferry will save approximately 30%on fuel, operational, and maintenancecosts.Developed inNorwayDeployed in NorwayEnvironmentally friendly ferry operationis not a distant dream. This smart, clean,and silent battery driven ferry will soon beat sea in Norway.1Opdal, O.A.: “Batteridriftav ferger”.Solution by Norled and Fjellstrand70
    • Transportation71
    • TransportationThermo King’s Cryo-Tech solution enablesclean, green, and silentdeliveries of perish-able products in urbanareas while maintainingthe load at the higheststandards.Thermo King’s CryoTech transportationrefrigeration system uses CO2 for cooling,resulting in clean, green, and silent deliver-ies of perishable goods.CryoTech has developed a technology using CO2 in an innovativeopen-loop system that provides airflow for refrigeration in the loadspace of trucks. The CO2 used for cooling is a byproduct of am-monia production, resulting in no new greenhouse gas emissions.Thermo King CryoTech units achieve a significant reduction in emis-sions and improved performance over conventional diesel-poweredunits. The system offers faster temperature recovery, which is idealfor the distribution market, where the cooling unit is often inter-rupted as drivers deliver goods at multiple locations.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The system has zero harmful emissions during the cooling cycle. Depending on ap-plication, CryoTech claims that the solution can deliver a 75% to 90% reduction in totalgreenhouse gas emissions. CryoTech units are virtually silent during operation andsignificantly quieter than the standard level of 60 decibels. This ensures reductions inurban noise pollution and happy neighbors in delivery areas.EnvironmentalZero harmful emissions during the coolingcycle.socialEnables sustainable deliveries in urbanareas by reducing engine noise.EconomicReduces operational costs and may spareretailers and distribution companies fromcosts to comply with stricter noise andemissions regulations.Developed inIreland, USADeployed in Denmark, Finland, France,Germany, Norway, Poland, the Netherlands,Sweden, USAZero Emissions TransportRefrigeration System“With more than500 units in servicetoday, we havesuccessfully shownthat Thermo King’sCryoTech solutionrepresents thesustainable transportrefrigeration systemof the future.Pascal Richard, Transport ProductLeader, EMEIA, Thermo KingSolution by Thermo King72
    • TransportationEmpowering Auto-Rickshaw DriversThree Wheels United tackles the chal-lenges faced by the working poor in theauto-rickshaw sector in India while reduc-ing CO2 emissions and air pollution.Three Wheels United (TWU) is based on a three-pillar solution: fairloans to drivers enabling them to purchase their own auto-rick-shaws, the possibility of additional streams of income to the driv-ers through advertisements, and clean technology that lowers fuelcosts and lessens environmental harm.TWU has been operational in Bangalore for the past two years, andhas achieved a total of 120 vehicles on the road and over 700 driv-ers registered in their savings scheme. They expect to reach a totalof 750 vehicles in Bangalore by the end of 2013.Why a Sustainia100 solution? With over 5 million auto-rickshaws in India, the sector serves between 10% and 20%of the daily engine-driven city commutes. TWU’s model makes drivers owners of theirvehicles and encourages savings, while ensuring that the drivers are under a socialsecurity system. According to TWU, air pollution is reduced by 40%.EnvironmentalBy replacing two-stroke engines withcleaner-burning four-stroke models, TWUreduces harmful particulate and CO2emissions.socialBanks now consider TWU’s drivers to beworthy customers, with drivers able toreceive health, life, and accident insurance.EconomicAccording to TWU, the solution increasesthe net earnings of drivers by over 70%from existing levels.Developed in India,the NetherlandsDeployed in IndiaSolution by Three Wheels United73
    • IT74
    • ITITsectorKey trendsApps are taking overEnabling resourcesharingBig Data isboomingIT for empowermentin developingcountriesHousehold energysolutions75
    • IT76
    • ITMicrosoft and partners install-ing one of dozens of solarpanels used to power wirelessbroadband connections to theInternet in rural Africa.Developed inUSA,UKDeployed in KenyaLeveraging solar power and a new ap-proach to delivering high-reliability broad-band connectivity, this solution opens upthe world of the Internet to rural Africans.Using a new approach to wireless broadband called dynamic spec-trum access, Microsoft and its partners have built a mobile broad-band network that taps into previously unused TV spectrum, alsoknown as TV White Spaces, to establish broadband Internet con-nections. Using the television frequency allows signals to travelmuch greater distances, and is claimed to outperform traditionalwireless networking experiences.The wireless broadband connections are powered by solar panels,making the solution available off grid. This innovative approachto delivering broadband Internet is providing the benefits of theknowledge society to some of the most rural and difficult-to-reachareas in Kenya.Why a Sustainia100 solution? With billions of people still not connected to the Internet, new approaches must bedeveloped, and they must be anchored in innovative and sustainable models. Thissolution is sustainable and scalable because of its healthy underlying business modeland the nature of the multi-pronged approach.EnvironmentalSolar energy is powering the broadbandInternet.socialAccess to the knowledge and connectivitypotential of the Internet can unlockunprecedented social change andcommunity creation.EconomicPromoting education and enabling microbusiness, Internet access can drivesignificant positive economic impact.Connecting Kenya’sUnconnectedSolution by Microsoft, Indigo, and Adaptrum77
    • ITTaKaDu utilizes existingnetwork data to give waterutilities real-time controlover network events usingstatistical and mathematicalalgorithms and a user-friend-ly Web application.“The global watercrisis is actuallya water managementcrisis.”Amir Peleg, Founder and CEO, TaKaDuDeveloped inIsraelDeployed in Australia,UK, Spain, Portugal,Israel, ChileSoftware for ReducingWater LossTaKaDu’s software uses data fromsensors to create actionable alerts aboutwater network anomalies sent to users viaan easy-to-use Web application.TaKaDu has developed a novel approach to water network moni-toring that helps water utilities increase network efficiency andsave water. The solution takes data from existing sources, analyzesit using sophisticated statistical algorithms, and automatically lo-cates and classifies water network events, such as leaking pipes,at early stages.By using TaKaDu, utilities know sooner about network anomalies,such as leaks and meter faults and their location, gain improvednetwork visibility, and can make better use of their resources. As aresult, utilities using TaKaDu increase their team and network effi-ciency while saving water, energy, money, and time. As a software-as-a-service solution, it can be deployed quickly and remotely,with no need for capital expenditure or onsite installation, allowingfor wide adoption and scalability.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Water utilities experience large losses due to inefficiencies in various parts of the wa-ter supply network. TaKaDu helps reduce water loss and increase network efficiency.EnvironmentalAccording to TaKaDu, water loss amountsto 25-30% of the world’s water production,equivalent to $14 billion annually.socialThe World Bank estimates that reducingwater losses in developing countries by50% could provide water to an additional90 million people.EconomicTaKaDu claims to increase field crews’efficiency and the early awareness ofleakage events by 50%, generating greaterwater savings at lower cost.Solution by TaKaDu78
    • ITDeveloped inKenyaDeployed inKenya, UgandaMobile-Based FarmingInformationAirtel Africa’s “Voice of the Farmer”initiative uses mobile phone networks toprovide farmers in developing countrieswith agricultural information.Working with the GSMA, mobile service provider Airtel Africa hasinitiated a project to provide approximately 250,000 small-holderfarmers in Kenya reliable and relevant agricultural information viatheir mobile phones.The project, dubbed “Sauti ya Mkulima” (Swahili for “Voice of theFarmer”), offers farmers access to pertinent agriculture-related in-formation, advice, and research that will help them make better de-cisions about their crops, increasing the productivity of their yield,as well as their potential income.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Better-informed farmers can increase the productivity of land already under cultiva-tion. Airtel is exploring the use of alternative forms of energy, include hybrid batterybanks and solar and wind power, to power its Africa operations. In recent months, 105solar sites have been set installed in Nigeria, reducing the use of diesel generatorsfrom 24 hours to 3 to 4 hours daily.EnvironmentalBy the end of 2013, Airtel aims to eliminatethe use of diesel to power its network.socialVoice of the Farmer offers farmers away to share experiences and exchangeinformation about social gatherings, events,and job opportunities.EconomicTimely, accurate agricultural informationcould help farmers increase productivity,which boosts yields and earnings.Solution by Airtel Africa79
    • ITDeveloped inUSADeployed in USA,Canada, the Netherlands,Australia, New ZealandUsing Big Data forEnergy SavingsCombining mobile, cloud, and innova-tive Big Data technology, Bidgely empow-ers consumers to lower their energy bills bydelivering real-time feedback and insightsinto energy consumption.Bidgely’s Appliance Tracing is a cloud-based technology that ana-lyzes energy data from millions of homes and generates appliance-level insights without any plug-level sensors inside the homes.With cloud-based disaggregation algorithms, Bidgely extractsenergy signatures that are unique to appliances in any household,measures energy consumption by each appliance, and identifiesthe source of the greatest inefficiencies, whether it’s an applianceor a behavior.Using Web and mobile apps, Appliance Tracing takes the guess-work out of savings and provides customers with tools and tips tomake informed decisions on how to become more energy efficient.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Bidgely is a zero-touch, scalable technology that leverages the existing grid infra-structure and unlocks the potential of residential energy efficiency. Bidgely is alreadyhelping thousands of families to reduce their energy usage by 5-30% and live moresustainably.EnvironmentalAccording to Bidgely, $50 in annual energysavings in every U.S. home is comparableto the CO2 absorbed by 4 billion trees.socialLess money spent on energy bills leavesmore disposable income to meet othernecessities in life.EconomicAccording to the company, customersrealize savings of between 5-30% onenergy bills.Bidgely’s cloud-based software ex-tracts appliance-level insights fromelectric meter data, helping consum-ers identify inefficiencies and deliverenergy efficiency at a massive scale.Solution by Bidgely80
    • IT“For companies tobe more sustainable,thinking patternsbased oncollaboration,sharing and trust,are very important.”Kim Tjoa, Founding member FLOOW2.Companies renting out their capacity gain animproved return on investment for assets, andrenters reduce investments in new equipmentor permanent employees.Developed inLuxembourgDeployed inThe Netherlands,Belgium, Luxembourg,GermanyOnline B2B SharingMarketplaceFLOOW2 is a business-to-businessmarketplace where companies and institu-tions can share equipment and the skillsand knowledge of personnel.Via FLOOW2 companies of all sizes in the construction, agriculture,health care, transportation, real estate, and service industries canshare their underutilized overcapacity of goods and services. Themarketplace unites demand and supply. Owners generate a higherturnover and renters reduce costs by not buying products or hiringpersonnel.Business flexibility is magnified by working together and combin-ing efforts. Doing more with what one already has leads to moresustainable businesses.Why a Sustainia100 solution? By helping keep in check overproduction, less raw materials and energy will be con-sumed and less CO2 will be emitted. FLOOW2 gives a longer life to goods and enablesevery company worldwide to contribute to a more sustainable world.EnvironmentalWith FLOOW2, less new equipment needsto be produced, resulting in less energyand raw materials wasted.socialFLOOW2 builds on collaboration andtrust, which leads to better bonds andconnectedness between people andcompanies.EconomicCompanies renting out their capacity gainan improved return on investment forassets, and renters reduce investments innew equipment or permanent employees.Solution by FLOOW281
    • IT“amee passionatelybelieves that greenerbusiness is betterbusiness”Tim Murphy, CEO, ameeDeveloped inUKDeployed in UKEnvironmental Scoringof CompaniesTo encourage the development ofsustainable supply chains, amee has cre-ated a freely accessible repository of envi-ronmental data on businesses and organi-zations in the UK.amee has created the largest publicly available repository of en-vironmental data by combining a range of data sources with itsown statistical modeling system. Every business and organisation isgiven a unique profile, which provides key environmental data suchas annual carbon emissions. Companies are also given a score, theAMEEscore, to enable comparison with industry peers.Companies are then encouraged to update their profiles with actualdata. By doing so, they demonstrate their commitment to trans-parency and sustainability – attributes increasingly valued by com-panies with large supply chains.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The lack of credible environmental data on companies’ environmental performance isone of the biggest barriers to achieving more sustainable supply chains. Amee’s com-mitment to free and transparent environmental data, as well as use of big data, has thepotential to disrupt conventional business models and scale globally.EnvironmentalCredible environmental data on carbonemissions, water usage, and wastegeneration enable meaningful actiontowards sustainable supply chains.socialTransparency provides insight forresearchers and consumers.EconomicCompanies gain further insight into theirsupply chains, and can use this informationto reduce environmental and economicrisks – remaining profitable despiteincreasing resource scarcity and pricevolatility.Solution by amee UK82
    • ITSolar-powered NICECentres offer ambi-tious youth in Africatechnology solutionsfor education, workand business.Developed inthe NetherlandsDeployed in GambiaSolar-PoweredIT-CentersCombining solar power and energy-efficient IT, NICE Centres offer ambitiousyoung Africans technology solutions foreducation, work, and business.NICE Centres are solar-powered IT-centers that combine severalbenefits under one roof: a shop selling IT and renewable energyproducts; educational facilities offering training courses in busi-ness and technology; business hubs offering flexible work spacesand networking opportunities to ambitious youth; and an outsourc-ing area offering computer-based work to people to help themgenerate income.There are six NICE Centres operating in Gambia; local entrepre-neurs operate two as franchises. NICE Centres are financially viablebusinesses, as people pay for products and services on a pay-per-use basis. The existing NICE Centres in Gambia have demonstratedtheir financial sustainability, and NICE plans to scale up to 250 cen-tres across Africa by 2020.Why a Sustainia100 solution? A 10% increase in Internet access generates 1.1-1.4% additional GDP growth1. NICE isgiving people in Africa affordable access to the Internet and helping them to use theInternet in a productive manner. By using solar power and energy-efficient comput-ers, the environmental impact of the centers is reduced.EnvironmentalThrough energy efficiency and theuse of solar, NICE Centres have a lowenvironmental footprint.socialNICE Centres help people gain accessto an income, either directly by bringingin outsourced work or indirectly througheducation.EconomicAccording to the World Bank, improvedaccess to the Internet results in GDPgrowth.1The World Bank,“Information andCommunications forDevelopment - ExtendingRreach and IincreasingIimpact.”Solution by NICE International BV83
    • ITEnvironmentally friendlyMini-shelter used as awireless site.“OUR MINI-SHELTER ISA DEMONSTRATION OFHUAWEI’S COMMITMENTTO A GREENER ICTENVIRONMENT”.TAO HONGMING, VICE-PRESIDENT OFHUAWEI NETWORK ENERGY PRODUCT LINEDeveloped inChinaDeployed in Norway,Canada, Kuwait, SaudiArabia, Bangladesh,ChinaGreen Outdoor Site forWireless NetworkingWith a smartly controlled separatecooling system and compatible design,Huawei’s Mini-shelter reduces energy con-sumption for cooling and makes the wire-less site more environmentally friendly.A wireless site or “hotspot” is a fixed communications location thatallows devices such as computers, tablets, or smartphones in prox-imity of the site to access the Internet. Huawei’s Mini-shelter greenswireless sites by separating the equipment and battery compart-ment according to different temperature requirements, which en-sures zero energy waste from the cooling system.Compared with traditional solutions, the Mini-shelter saves up to80% of energy consumption for cooling. Thanks to a highly inte-grated and standardized modular design, the Mini-shelter an in-creased housing capacity, realizing easy site acquisition and fastdeployment.Why a Sustainia100 solution? For a traditional indoor wireless site, cooling energy takes up more than 40% of thesite’s energy consumption. Huawei’s Mini-shelter, with its focus on energy savings,drastically reduces this power consumption for cooling. More than 100,000 Mini-shel-ters have been deployed in 60+ countries, realizing more than 250,000 tons of CO2emission reductions per year, according to Huawei.EnvironmentalUp to 30% of site energy can be saved, andthe compact structure of the site saves upto 50% of building materials, according toHuawei.socialHuawei’s Mini-shelter reduces noise, andits small size saves up to 70% of landresources.EconomicAccording to a Huawei analysis, the Mini-shelter helps carriers save more than 30%on operating expenses annually.Solution by Huawei Technologies84
    • IT85
    • ITDevelopedin UKDeployed in Belgium,Brazil, China, Finland,Hungary, Mexico,the Netherlands, Poland,Romania, Slovakia, SouthAfrica, Turkey, UKIndustrial SymbiosisWeb PlatformThe Web-based platform SYNERGieenables organizations in an industrial sym-biosis to record and analyze resource data,identifying links between participatingcompanies.International Synergies has developed SYNERGie, a Web-basedplatform that offers database functionality, project management,and reporting tools for companies participating in industrial symbi-osis programs. It enables users to record and manage informationabout resources such as waste materials, byproducts, processingcapacity, waste heat, water, logistics, and expertise, which also in-clude associated financial and environmental benefits.Together with technical support the platform provides companiesand organizations with opportunities to maximize the value of theirresources, reduce costs, generate revenue, and move towards zerowaste.Why a Sustainia100 solution? In an industrial symbiosis, companies exchange products, byproducts, and waste,which reduces the environmental footprint of industrial areas. SYNERGie providescompanies with information that drives cooperation and more resource-efficientbusiness models.EnvironmentalIndustrial symbiosis helps divert resourcesaway from landfills, reduces industrialwater usage, carbon emissions, anddemand for virgin materials.socialSupporting a new way of doing business,industrial symbiosis is based on increasedcollaboration and trust betweencompanies.EconomicThe platform aids companies in achievingcost savings through reduced wastedisposal, purchasing, storage, andtransport costs, and creates value forpreviously unvalued resources.Solution by International Synergies86
    • ITDeveloped inUSADeployed in IndiaSolar-Powered PCsfor EducationThinlabs and its partners are creatingaffordable solar-powered computers foreducational use in rural areas of developingcountries.Using solar energy to power batteries for cheap energy efficientdesktop computers, this solution seeks to address many of thechallenges related to the adoption of computers in the schools ofdeveloping countries, e.g. scarcity of electricity and usually high ini-tial as well as maintenance costs.These computers are designed for an average lifespan of 5 to 7years and are built using low power components, reducing thepower consumption below 30 Watts. The batteries are capable ofrunning for a whole school or working day without having to becharged. The product is currently in development and should beready by early July, according to ThinLabs.Why a Sustainia100 solution? One thing available in plenty in the developing world is the sun. Using solar energy forpowering computers with low power consumption, along with a long life span of hard-ware, is contributing to making this solution environmentally-friendly. Disseminatingthis solution will improve access to IT and thus help to foster social and economicprogress.EnvironmentalSolar powered and made of environmentalfriendly and recyclable materials.socialIT in education helps foster social progress,and with their large 22” screens the modelsencourage a collaborative learning culture.EconomicZero power costs and 5-7 years ofguaranteed life results in a low total cost ofownership.Solution by Thinlabs and Kvaliteta Systems and Solutions87
    • Education88
    • EducationEducationsectorKey trendsAiding greenentrepreneurshipTeachingsustainable valuesto youthCreating markets forsustainabilityNudging consumersCrowdsourcingsustainability visions89
    • Education90
    • EducationPhilips Community LightCenters enable socialand economic develop-ment for communitiescurrently living withoutelectricity.“We now have a reallyexciting opportunityto help enablesocial and economicdevelopment acrossemerging markets.”Ronald de Jong, Chief Market leader andmember of the Philips executive committeeCommunityLight CentersCommunity Light Centers provide solar-powered lighting as an enabler of social andeconomic development in areas lacking re-liable electricity in developing countries.Philips’ Community Light Centers are areas dedicated to makinga social and economic impact by enabling sports, education, ru-ral healthcare, and extended hours of commercial activities. Theareas measure 1,000 m2 (the size of a small soccer pitch) and arelit with a new generation of innovative, solar-powered LED lightingsystems that provide light to enable life at a communal level afterdark.Philips will create more than 100 of the centers across Africa overthe next two years. Partnering with the Dutch Football Association(KNVB) to develop the concept further in Africa and South Ameri-ca, the project also has the backing of the UN’s Sustainable Energyfor All (SE4ALL) initiative.Why a Sustainia100 solution? This solution offers the prospect of sustainable economic and social development at acommunal level for parts of the world that suffer from energy poverty. It also involvesa technology leap to the latest 21st century solutions, with a minimal carbon footprint.EnvironmentalAccording to Philips, more than 90% of theenvironmental impact of lighting occurs inthe usage phase, a phase powered here bysunlight.socialEnables development at a communal levelof social activities such as sport, education,and healthcare.EconomicCommunity Light Centers extend theday for economic activity, increasingemployment. Furthermore, they offset theneed for big investments in power grids.Developed inthe Netherlands,South Africa,ChinaDeployed in South Africa, Botswana,Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, Kenya,Ethiopia, Nigeria, Ghana, Morocco,Algeria, EgyptSolution by Philips91
    • EducationKick-Starting Markets forAffordable HousingDeveloping a market for affordablehousing in West Africa, based on ancientconstruction techniques, this solution pro-vides sustainable homes in rural areas.Association La Voûte Nubienne’s (AVN) is based on three integrat-ed concepts. The first one being a roof: The Nubian Vault is a sim-plified, standardized, and proven adaptation of an ancient Egyptianbuilding technique based on vaulted earth roofs, using only locallysourced materials.The second concept is a skill: AVN animates a network of masonswho train apprentices for free through apprenticeships on eachbuilding site. The third integrated concept is a market: AVN dis-seminates the techniques by creating autonomous markets in whichvillagers pay the masons, supporting the trained masons in theirdetermination to become independent entrepreneurs. This inte-grated concept leads to the emergence of autonomous marketsthrough which, once started, the Nubian Vault technique is diffusedorganically.Why a Sustainia100 solution? AVN helps avoid unnecessary transportation of materials and improves quality oflife in the long term for masons and homeowners. The solution is already spreadingthroughout Burkina Faso, Mali, and Senegal.EnvironmentalEach Nubian Vault house saves trees,avoids transport of imported materials, andsaves the equivalent of 2 tons of CO2.socialDecent housing is the second priority forpeople in West Africa, after paid work.EconomicEach Nubian Vault built generates, onaverage, $1,000 in local economic impact(salaries of the masons and unskilledworkers), according to AVN.Developed inFranceDeployed in Burkina Faso,Mali, Senegal, Benin“The Nubian Vaultis a constructiontechnique urgentlyneeded by millions ofAfricans and probablythe next revolution inaffordable housing.”Thomas Granier, Co-Founder, Director,Association “La Voûte Nubienne”Solution by Association “La Voûte Nubienne”92
    • Education“E-waste is aproblem with globalramificationsRepair is part of thesolution. iFixit fightsfor a future wheretechnology is asustainable part ofour lives.“Kyle Wiens, CEO, iFixitFixing the World OneDevice at a TimeMost people want to fix what’s broken; they just lack the resourc-es to do so. iFixit’s specialized tools and free, step-by-step repairmanuals minimize the barrier to repair — even for beginners.E-waste is one of the fastest-growing components in the globalwaste stream. Americans alone throw away over 300 million elec-tronics every year. iFixit writes and hosts repair manuals for every-thing from computers to cars, so people around the world havethe instructions they need to fix what they own, instead of throwingthings away.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Last year, iFixit served 29.5 million people across 106 countries, helping to extend thelife of electronic devices and spreading the message of repair, reuse, and responsibleconsumerism.EnvironmentalElectronics are resource-intensive to makeand hazardous to dispose of; repair extendsthe life of electronics.socialiFixit’s half-million registered users answerrepair questions, contribute repair guides,and support other like-minded fixers.EconomicAccording to iFixit their repair manualshave sparked hundreds of independentrepair businesses around the world.Developed inUSADeployed in 90+ countriesworldwide, includingPoland, Germany, USA,Brazil, India, Thailand,Taiwan, Mexico, and EgyptiFixit is a free, publicly editable repairmanual with a mission to empower peo-ple to fix their stuff and save money whilekeeping electronics out of landfills.Solution by iFixit93
    • EducationProject Learning Treehelps the youngest oflearners interact withnature and the worldaround them throughapproaches that are de-velopmentally appropri-ate – and fun!EnvironmentalExperiences for ChildrenProject Learning Tree trains teachers to incorporate environmen-tal education into school curricula. Too much time spent inside iscontributing to obesity, attention problems, hyperactivity, and lackof appreciation for the earth’s resources. Taking children outsideregularly to explore nature increases physical activity and improvesperformance at school.Developed for children aged 3-6, Project Learning Tree’s Environ-mental Experiences for Early Childhood guide provides educators,youth group leaders, child care providers, and parents with morethan 130 activities to engage children in outdoor exploration andplay. The activities integrate art, literature, math, music, and move-ment. Topics include exploring nature with five senses and experi-encing trees through the seasons.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Teaching children to understand and value nature is vital to raising the next genera-tion of environmental stewards. Project Learning Tree connects children to nature,develops critical-thinking, and encourages students to take action to improve theirenvironment.EnvironmentalPupils grow up to become better-informedadult consumers who are conscious abouttheir own lifestyles and practices.1socialAmerican children aged 3-12 spend only 1%of their time outdoors.2Developed inUSADeployed in USA,Mexico, Japan1World Forum Foundation,“Re-connecting the World’sChildren to Nature.”2Hofferth, “Changes in AmericanChildren’s Time, 1997-2003.”By engaging young children in outdoorexploration and play, this solution helps fu-ture generations understand and value theenvironment while adopting a more activelifestyle.Solution by Project Learning Tree94
    • EducationTying Energy Savings toLearning OpportunitiesThrough initiatives ranging from curricular activities to adoption ofextensive energy monitoring systems, Okehampton College hasachieved energy reductions and a reduced environmental footprint.By installing state-of-the-art renewable energy generation systems,much of Okehampton College’s energy consumption is coveredby clean sources, and building retrofits have been applied as well.But the college hasn’t limited the green campus to technical as-pects. It recognizes the human factor by offering energy monitor-ing clubs and has integrated energy into the curriculum, linking sus-tainability to the school’s core activity. The school is also dedicatedto disseminating its experiences, and has helped more than 200other schools adopt similar initiatives.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The initiative provides an excellent academic grounding for pupils to become sustain-ably minded, while offering valuable lessons for scaling to other educational institu-tions.EnvironmentalAccording to Okehampton College, theinitiative has reduced carbon emissions bymore than 200 tons annually, and furtherreductions are expected.socialOkehampton College has raised energyawareness and influenced the attitudesthousands of people – pupils, localbusinesses, staff, and other stakeholders.EconomicRealizing reductions in energy spendingof 50%, Okehampton College isslashing costs.Developed inUKDeployed in UK“As well as providingan excellent academicgrounding for ourpupils, we promotethe need to livesustainably.”Daryll Chapman, Principal,Okehampton CollegeBy measuring and dis-playing real-time ener-gy use, it is possible tocheck that no unusualenergy consumption ishappening at any timeof day or night.Okehampton College showcases howsignificant reductions in energy use can berealized in an educational institution andtranslated into saved costs and opportuni-ties for learning.Solution by Okehampton College95
    • EducationWongpanit provides adaily buying pricel-ist for more than 220items of recyclablewaste to attractpeople, communities,organizations, andmanufacturers to sortand sell their waste.Prices are quoted inThai Baht/kg.“I BELIEVE THAT WASTEDOES NOT EXIST ONTHIS PLANeT, MERELYMISPLACED RESOURCES.”DR. SOMTHAI WONGCHAROEN,PRESIDENT, WONGPANITCash forRecyclingRewarding people with cash to recycleis a very practical, highly effective solutionthat promotes environmental protectionand educates communities.Asking people to save the environment by recycling is not alwaysenough. But a powerful economic incentive and showing how doto it right can make people take action while learning about re-cycling of precious resources. Wongpanit’s franchise recyclingbusiness solves waste problems at the root cause by changingpeople’s perception of waste from useless, dirty garbage to valu-able resources.Wongpanit provides recyclers with an incentive by buying sortedgarbage. The solution makes it possible for entire communities to ef-fectively save the environment as well as support economic activity.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Wongpanit’s activities increase recycling in communities and the business model edu-cates people about the true value of the resources that are thrown away in the streets,in nature, or taken to landfills. Wongpanit also offers training to communities on howto start recycling businesses.EnvironmentalRecycling results in less consumption ofnatural resources and energy, with fewerlandfills, and a cleaner local environment.socialEveryone in communities, whether richor poor, homeless or jobless, can earnextra income by selling sorted garbage toWongpanit.EconomicWongpanit is helping municipalities in EastAsia to reduce funds allocated to wastecollection and disposal.Developed inThailandDeployed in Thailand,MalaysiaSolution by Wongpanit96
    • EducationLinking Sustainabilityto CommerceCombining scientific research and com-mercial insights helps businesses turn thevision of sustainability into new products.Businesses increasingly focus on quantifying the return on sustain-ability. Companies need knowledge in this area and on how to linkenvironmental, social, and governance efforts with market impactand value creation. The Duke Center for Sustainability & Commercedelivers academic-driven research and education programs in thenexus of sustainability and business.As part of Duke’s Nicholas School of the Environment, the center isdedicated to engaging with industry to serve as a catalyst for cre-ating a new generation of knowledge, solutions, and products thatcan bring sustainability into the marketplace.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The Duke Center for Sustainability & Commerce helps close the gap between visionand reality by advancing new knowledge to help businesses innovate. It builds newknowledge on multiple levels and educates students, graduates, and executives fromaround the world to help businesses meet global sustainability challenges.EnvironmentalUncovering data and generating knowledgeto quantify and qualify how productsand services impact the environment isessential for advancing sustainability.socialThe center offers an environment foracademics and private businesses tobuild stronger relations and a commonunderstanding of sustainability challenges.EconomicCompanies can create value throughsustainability if coupled with the rightknowledge and deep insight into whichsustainability issues matter the most fortheir bottom line.Developed inUSADeployed in USA, India,South Africa, China,Brazil“Universities playa critical rolein developingand distributingtechnologies,policies, and industryleaders to addresssustainabilitychallenges.”Dr. Jay S. Golden, Center Director andAssociate Vice Provost, Duke UniversitySolution by Duke Center for Sustainability & Commerce, Duke University97
    • Education“The green innovationsdeveloped through therealization of GreenSolution House willactively be sharedas open source andcan be replicatedworldwide.”TRINE RICHTER, MANAGING DIRECTOR,GREEN SOLUTION HOUSEGreen Solution Housewill bring togetherfirst-movers from thebuilding industry, andshowcases how sus-tainable solutions canenhance architecture.DemonstratingSustainable BuildingsGreen Solution House is a knowledgeand conference center for climate tech-nology and sustainability where affiliatedresearchers analyse, develop, and shareknowledge on site.The Green Solution House (GSH), on the Danish island of Bornholm,brings together principles from Cradle to Cradle, Active House, andDGNB-DK in a single demonstration facility, and integrates a per-sonalized monitoring card to inform each guest of their interactionwith the building’s energy balance through live climate simulations.By bringing nature inside, the house combines quality of life andsustainability, introducing living green walls with local plants forsun shading and living machines for cleaning wastewater.GSH is designed with a light-optimizing modular façade that pro-duces clean energy and improves the indoor environment. Selectedbuilding parts are designed for disassembly and continuous im-provement, ensuring that GSH remains a living showroom for thenewest green innovations. GSH will be completed in spring 2014.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The project examplifies the sustainable development of a remote area, where the ho-listic design approach to energy, water management, biodiversity, indoor air quality,and materials helps push the boundaries for what a green building can be.EnvironmentalGSH showcases positive solutions toaddress energy consumption in buildings,which accounts for up to 40% of globalenergy demand.socialGSH stimulates knowledge sharing,increases local sustainable knowhow, andstrengthens the “Bright Green Island”brand of Bornholm.EconomicSituated on the remote island of Bornholm,Green Solution House will create 100 jobsfor craftsmen and some 70-80 jobs in thetourism sector.Developed inDenmarkDeployed inDenmarkSolution by Green Solution House, 3xN Architects, VELUX, and Bright Green Island98
    • EducationAzuri-technologiesIn Bornholm 75% of the en-ergy produced comes fromrenenauble sources. Thiscontributes to the island’sposition as a living laboratoryfor sustainable societies.To stay ahead you have to wake upearly. Bornholm is the first place inDenmark that sees the sunrise –­thisleap ahead symbolises our core ideaand vision of becoming a 100% greenand sustainable society by 2025.Mette Tiensuu, International Relations Manager, Bright green islandTHE IDEA BEHINDBright Green Island, Bornholm is a 588 km2living laboratory showing solutions and initiatives that can create a­sustainable society today. The island has deployed a long range of solutions that together show how some of theworld’s energy and sustainability challenges can be addressed while benefitting the local community.With its holistic approach to sustainability, Green Solution House will contribute further to making Bornholm the­go-to-place for inspiration on how to implement sustainability in communities. Technology plays a central role in­making Bornholm’s energy supply renewable and more efficient. But Bright Green Island is more than just technology.It is a mind-set anchored with large parts of the island’s population that is dedicated to implementing sustainabilityin all ­aspects of life. As such, Bornholm provides unique opportunities for others to learn how solutions and new­approaches to sustainability can be implemented and scaled.www.brightgreenisland.com99
    • EducationCrowdsourcing theFuture CityNexthamburg introduces community-driven crowdsourcing, engaging citizensto create, discuss, and collaborate on com-mon projects and visions for a better urbanfuture.Nexthamburg is a collaborative, non-profit, citizen-driven thinktank for the urban future. Beginning in 2009, over 800 ideas asbeen created and collected into a citizens’ vision published in 2012.With its community of 7,000 people, Nexthamburg now works on40 projects ranging from small interventions to big political issueslike future mobility or scenarios for the Port of Hamburg.Since 2010, Nexthamburg has partnered with several institutions,including the municipal government, allowing for the transfer ofideas back into governmental processes. Nexthamburg has initi-ated the transfer of its model to an independent incubator, startingin Belgrade and Bangalore.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Top-down governmental participation is reaching its limits – especially when address-ing sustainability issues that may impact lifestyle such as traffic and consumption.Project backers say Nexthamburg has proven that opening a creative and indepen-dent channel for collaboration has led to a new planning culture that increases ac-ceptance, even for critical issues – a model that may lead to more durable solutionsin other cities.EnvironmentalNexthamburg addresses sustainabilityissues in a creative way, aiming to achievebehavior change and to raise awareness ofthe benefits of sustainable lifestyle.socialNexthamburg has connected a communityof citizens who want to change the citypositively – enabling them to act like urbandevelopers.EconomicOver time, Nexthamburg says its processcan help to reduce conflict costs inplanning processes by matching policiesand projects to citizens’ ideas and needs.Developed inGermanyDeployed in Germany,Serbia, IndiaSolution by Nexthamburg100
    • EducationWith Wattson, families canlearn about their electricityuse around the house. Thesimple colors and numbersraise awareness about goodpractices.ABOVE AVERAGE USAGEYOUR AVERAGE USAGEBELOW SVERAGE USAGEEXPORTING ELECTRICITYPower-SavingElectricity MonitorWith its simple numbers and colors,Wattson keeps homeowners interested inand aware of the need to save electricity.Wattson is a handheld electricity monitor that shows energy usershow much electricity is being used in the home, using very simplenumbers to display money, watts, or carbon. With its unique colorsystem, showing when there is high or low energy use, anyone cansee, at a glance, whether there is unusual electricity consumption.The software Holmes also enables users to track usage over time,helping them root out electricity waste. The system can also beused with solar photovoltaic systems, or other onsite generationsystems.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The proliferation of smart phones, tablets, and other electricity-hungry gadgetsthreatens to overwhelm efficiency gains made elsewhere in buildings. By raisingawareness about electricity consumption in the home or at work, energy users areable to make better choices that reduce their carbon footprint and save money atthe same time.EnvironmentalBuildings account for 40% of globalgreenhouse gas emissions. If users aremade aware of energy waste, they canreduce planet-warming emissions.socialBy learning good practices at home, energyusers can save electricity at school, in theworkplace, or wherever they happen to be.EconomicAccording to Energeno, a user surveyfound that households using Wattson cutelectricity use by an average of nearly 20%.Developed inUKDeployed in UK, France, Germany,Australia, Italy, Spain, theNetherlands, Belgium, Austria,Latvia, Lithuania, Brunei, Singapore,Switzerland, South Africa, Greece“By making Wattsonand Holmes simple, weknow that familieschange the way theyuse electricity.”Mark Elliott, COO, EnergenoSolution by Energeno101
    • Energy
    • EnergyEnergysectorKey trendsThe ocean asan energy sourceSmart energysystemsNew biomassproduction methods High-efficiencysolar energyImproved LED lighting103
    • Energy104
    • EnergySolar Generation of Heat,Steam, and ElectricityAbsolicon’s concentrating solar collectors follow the sun and con-centrate light, which makes them capable of producing electricity,heat, and steam in the same system.The solar collectors help reduce production costs, while simultane-ously providing a high degree of energy efficiency in the form ofthermal energy, solar electricity, solar cooling, solar heat, and solarsteam. This solution improves the economics for utilizing the often-times unused renewable energy potential of building rooftops.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Concentrating solar collectors are flexible and can greatly improve the economicsof renewable energy generation, helping to overcome important barriers to a moresustainable energy supply.Developed inSwedenDeployed in Sweden,Germany, Italy, Greece,Chile, India, SpainEnvironmentalAccording to Absolicon Solar, solarconcentrators have the potential to replace100 gigawatts of fossil heat in Europeanindustry, reducing CO2 emissions by 40million tons annually.socialThe solar concentrators are producedlocally, creating jobs, and reducingdependence on imported fuel.EconomicReplacing natural gas with solarconcentrators has only five years paybacktime in sunny regions, the company claims.Solar collectors follow the sun, produc-ing electricity, heat, and steam in the samesystem, which improves the economics ofrooftop renewable energy generation.Solution by Absolicon Solar Collector105
    • EnergyKiWi Power’s demandreduction strategy extractselectricity savings fromnon-essential equipmentsuch as air-conditioning andlighting to reduce the use ofpeaking power stations.Intelligent Reduction ofPeak Power ConsumptionKiWi Power offers a way to commer-cialize the demand response market in theUnited Kingdom and electricity marketsaround the globe.KiWi Power reduces peak power consumption by increasing de-mand side response. Peak power reserves are deployed at timesof high demand, typically less than 100 hours annually. This extrastrain on the grid is rare but has to be effectively managed. KiWiPower provides an alternative to polluting and expensive powerreserves. The technology targets non-essential power, such asair-conditioning and lighting, and is designed not to compromiseoperational efficiency or comfort. The result is a demand reductionstrategy that reduces customers’ electricity consumption slightlyduring times of peak demand.In the United Kingdom, KiWi Power’s customers benefit from pay-ments from the National Grid, improved green credentials, and bet-ter energy intelligence.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The entire community benefits from cheaper and greener energy added to the elec-trical grid. Power reserves typically come from diesel-fired generators and otherhigh-emission technologies. The requirement to maintain “spinning” reserves in theform of standby generation plants is a costly and environmentally damaging balanc-ing method. Demand response can reduce these negative impacts.EnvironmentalPower reserves typically come from highlypolluting diesel-fired generators. A demandresponse strategy can reduce the need forsuch assets.socialThe entire community benefits when cheapand green electricity is fed to the grid.EconomicUnlike traditional energy-efficiencyproducts, which come with an upfront costand varying payback times, KiWi Poweroffers businesses a new, recurring revenuestream, and shrinks their carbon footprint.Developed inUKDeployed inUK, IsraelSolution by KiWi Power106
    • EnergyDeveloped inSwedenDeployed in Sweden,FranceA gigantic, 37,000 m3reservoir stores hotwater when produc-tion exceeds heatingdemand and releasesenergy when demandexceeds production.Thermal Storage forSmart and Green HeatingThe need for heating varies over the course of a day, depending onthe available sunlight and outdoor temperatures. In a multi-fuelsdistrict heating network, there are some periods with no particularneed for the energy produced from biomass. At other times, addi-tional conventional boilers have to be enlisted.Borås energi och miljö, the public company that owns the districtheating network in Borås, Sweden, has deployed a storage cell – agigantic, 37,000-m3 reservoir – to uncouple supply from demandand increase energy efficiency. The heating system is optimized bystoring the produced energy as hot water during low usage peri-ods. When demand for heat peaks, the hot water is then sent to thedistrict heating network.Why a Sustainia100 solution? This solution has a tremendous scalability potential since there are thousands of heat-ing networks globally to which it can be applied. Depending on storage capacity, theenergy reserve can supply heating networks anywhere from a few hours to a fewdays, helping to reduce greenhouse gas emissions significantly.EnvironmentalThis solution reduces fossil fueldependency and slashes greenhouse gasemissions by about 5,500 metric tonsannually.socialThermal storage reduces local air pollutionand improves urban air quality.EconomicIntegrating thermal storage into districtheating offsets the need to build newheating plants to supply peak consumption.This district heating network withthermal storage responds to peak con-sumption, limits fossil fuel consumption,and maximizes use of renewable energies.Solution by Veolia Environment, Dalkia, and Borås Energi och Miljö107
    • EnergyGenerating Light fromthe Force of GravityGravityLight uses the force of gravity tocreate sustainable energy that makes lightavailable to people living in off-grid areas.By using gravity to power an LED lamp, this solution helps to im-prove access to light in off-grid areas. It takes 3 seconds to lift theweight that powers GravityLight, which will provide up to 30 min-utes of light as the weight drops under the force of gravity. Themass weight is a bag that the user fills with 9-12.5 kg of material(dirt, rocks, or sand) which connects to the unit via a plastic strap.A series of gears inside the device translates this mass into energyas a strap passes through the generating mechanism.Why a Sustainia100 solution? GravityLight has no reliance on the external environment, and because there are nooperating costs after the initial low-cost purchase, it has the potential to lift peopleout of light poverty while reducing dependence on expensive and polluting fossil fu-els.Developed inUKDeployed inSri LankaEnvironmentalGravityLight eliminates the need forkerosene lighting solutions, resulting in lessindoor air pollution.socialAccess to reliable and affordable lightfor the world’s off-grid population has apositive impact on health and opportunitiesfor income-generating activities.EconomicThe absence of operating costs after anaffordable initial purchase generates steadyand continuous savings for the customer.Using an original yetsimple approach,GravityLight aimsto eliminate lightingpoverty in off-gridareas.Solution by Therefore and Deciwatt108
    • EnergyGravityLight seeks to empowerindividuals by meeting theirbasic needs, at the lowest costpossible, with zero overhead.Jim Reeves, Design Engineer and Associate Director at thereforeTHE IDEA BEHINDAbout 1.5 billion people worldwide live without reliable access to electricity. These people rely instead on biomassand fossil fuels to meet their entire energy demand, including indoor lighting.Deciwatt is working to connect the world’s unconnected populations by offering low-power electronics togetherwith off-grid energy generation. Gravity Light is their second project - which is currently at a prototyping stageand has been able to secure funding via Indiegogo.Deciwatt also envisages other projects to allow the same off-grid populations to access the world’s knowledgevia the internet, peer-to-peer communication, and education. Deciwatt is working to make this possible by applyingwell-known electronics and building momentum from the ground up.www.deciwatt.org109
    • EnergyCapturing Carbon forReuse as FuelLanzaTech has developed a biological process in which microbesconvert carbon monoxide containing gases produced by industriessuch as steel manufacturing, oil refining, and chemical production,as well as gases generated by gasification of forestry and agricul-tural residues, municipal waste, and coal, into fuel and chemicalproducts.The solution mitigates carbon emissions from industry and pro-duces low-carbon fuels without adversely impacting food produc-tion. LanzaTech’s process has successfully operated at demonstra-tion scale and is now entering commercialization.Why a Sustainia100 solution? LanzaTech was created with a vision of meeting the increasing global demand for af-fordable, low-carbon fuels and sustainably produced chemicals. Universal access tosustainable energy will catalyze the Third Industrial Revolution.Developed inUSA, China,New ZealandIn Shanghai, China’s larg-est steel conglomerate,Baosteel, and the ChineseAcademy of Scienceshave constructed a plantusing LanzaTech’s gasfermentation technologyfor the production of fuelethanol from steel milloff-gases.Deployed in New Zealand,China, USA, India, EuropeEnvironmentalLife-cycle analysis by Tsinghua Universityand Michigan Technological Universityhas shown a 60% reduction in carbonfootprint of ethanol produced from steelmill waste gases compared to conventionalpetroleum-based gasoline.Economic65% of steel mills worldwide use technol-ogy that could be retrofitted to use theLanzaTech process, which translates to 30billion gallons of ethanol. At today’s pricefor ethanol, $2.37 per gallon, LanzaTechrepresents a $71-billion opportunity.LanzaTech captures and reuses carbon,transforming waste and residues into re-sources through a unique gas fermentationtechnology.Solution by LanzaTech110
    • EnergyBy clustering economi-cally viable and maturetechnologies, Blueriseaims to incubate andcommercialize scalableenergy, food, and watersolutions.Using the Ocean toPower Tropical IslandsDutch Bluerise BV is developing its first ocean thermal energy con-version (OTEC) plant, allowing the tropical island of Curaçao, lo-cated in the southern Caribbean Sea, to use the ocean as a powerplant. The technology generates electricity by exchanging heatbetween the warm surface and the cool depths of the ocean.In addition, the Curaçao Ocean Ecopark will use deep ocean waterto cool buildings in the local airport with savings of up to 90% ofthe electricity typically required for air-conditioning, according toBluerise. The Ocean Ecopark will integrate a range of sustainablesolutions, ranging from fresh water production to ocean-cooledgreenhouses and fish farming.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Tropical regions will account for a large share of global increases in energy demand.Providing a sustainable, scalable, and economical energy solution for these regions willaddress a major sustainability issue while serving as an incubator for OTEC technology.Developed inthe NetherlandsDeployed in Curacao“The Deep Ocean provides a newsource of wealth, one that issustainable and can provide notonly energy but also fresh waterand food for an increasing demandin tropical regions.”Remi Blokker, CEO, BlueriseEnvironmentalThe technology has the largest recoverablepotential at the lowest projected cost of allrenewable ocean conversion technologies1.socialThe Ocean Ecopark provides opportunitiesfor attracting new industries and research,benefitting the population on Curaçao.EconomicOn the island of Curaçao, energy-relatedimports currently amount to more than$5,000 per household per year.1International Institute forApplied Systems Analysis,“2012 Global EnergyAssessment Report.”The Curaçao Ocean Ecopark is devel-oping an ocean thermal power plant andcombining it with natural cooling of build-ings by using deep ocean water.Solution by Bluerise BV and Curaçao Airport Holding111
    • EnergyEVs as anElectric Power SupplyThe “LEAF to Home” power supply system can supply electric-ity from Nissan LEAF electric vehicle onboard batteries to a homewhen used with the “EV Power Station” unit developed by Nichi-con. Electricity is delivered from the LEAF’s battery pack via a rapidcharging connector and Power Control System connected to thehome’s distribution board.The system has enough output to allow all household electronicsto function at once, even during morning and evening consumptionpeaks. The LEAF’s lithium-ion batteries can store up to 24kWh ofelectricity, sufficient to supply an average Japanese householdfor about two days.Why a Sustainia100 solution? In Japan, the tsunami and Fukushima disaster has increased demand for renewableenergy and distributed storage solutions. Private homeowners have come to recognizethe need for flexibility, and the government is taking steps to encourage adaptationof new technologies that will allow households to power themselves at times whendemand is at the peak or during power outages.Developed inJapanDeployed in JapanEnvironmentalThe ability of EV batteries to store anddispatch electricity as needed providesflexibility to the grid and reduces the needfor dirty fossil fuel-fired peakerpower plants.socialEVs connected to a LEAF to Home unitcould provide electricity to neighborswithout power during outages.EconomicThe EV Power Station encourageshomeowners to charge EVs at night, whendemand is low and electricity is cheaper.“LEAF to Home” is a backup power sup-ply system that can transmit the electricitystored in the batteries of Nissan LEAFs to aresidential home.Solution by Nissan and Nichicon112
    • EnergyIntelligent LED lightingsystems deliver energysavings, flexibility, andunique value to com-mercial and industrialcustomers.With intelligence capabilities at the fixture and system levels, Digi-tal Lumens’ intelligent LED lighting systems deliver concrete en-ergy savings and flexibility that makes the value proposition of LEDadoption more tangible to companies. Each system is wirelesslyintegrated with Light Rules technology, which helps maximizelighting energy efficiency by managing and fine-tuning settingsto match business needs and provides detailed key performancemetrics reports to act upon.The company’s vision of an intelligent and connected future isbacked by a strategic partner program that brings the proven ad-vantages of integrated intelligence to the full range of commercialand industrial lighting applications. Digital Lumens claims thatthis initiative will take the cost of controls from dollars to pennieson a per square foot basis.Why a Sustainia100 solution? According to the U.S. Department of Energy, lighting uses 29% of U.S. electricity, with58% in the commercial and industrial sector alone. Digital Lumens makes energy ef-ficiency improvements measurable by offering valuable insight into lighting-relatedcosts, while also providing organizations with the tools needed to make a changetowards greater energy efficiency.Developed inUSADeployed in USA,Canada, UKEnvironmentalDigital Lumens accelerates energyefficiency in commercial and industrialbuildings by driving LED adoption.socialIncreased lighting control in commercialbuildings makes for a better workingatmosphere and higher productivity.EconomicDigital Lumens claims to save large-scalecustomers up to 90% on lighting-relatedcosts, realizing more than $25 millionannually for its customers.Making Every LightIntelligent“Our vision has alwaysbeen to make everylight intelligent,which drives radicalenergy efficiency andbuilds a platform fordistributed buildingintelligence.”Brian Chemel, Founder and CTO,Digital LumensDigital Lumens’ intelligent LED lightingsystems provide wireless controls and per-formance metrics to achieve savings of upto 90% on lighting costs.Solution by Digital Lumens113
    • EnergyDeveloped inDenmarkDeployed in CzechRepublic, Italy, Denmark“Energy Forests”in Former Coal MinesThe objective is to produce a CO2-neutral energy feedstock in theform of biomass (wood pellets). Production will occur in a sustain-able, closed-loop environment. The customers are to be Europe’sCHP plants. The European GreenWood Company plans to establisha 15,000-hectare poplar Energy Forest at the site of a deterioratedformer coal mine in the northern Czech Republic.The Energy Forest is planted in circulating fields to maintain an-nual harvests over a five-year cycle. Annual production is estimatedto be 225,000 tons of wood pellets. Under the closed productionmodel, the European GreenWood Company maintains full owner-ship of all stages in the value chain (raw materials, production, sup-ply, and distribution).Why a Sustainia100 solution? Production facilities for the Energy Forrest are powered by renewable wind and bio-mass electricity and use proven technologies while reusing existing coal-mining in-frastructure.EnvironmentalThe Energy Forest replaces coal miningwith reforestation and CO2-neutral cleanenergy production.socialThe Energy Forest will include recreationalpockets, which will be open for useby locals. The project does not use food-producing agriculture land.EconomicThe project will provide jobs for approxi-mately 100 inhabits in an economicallydepressed region. Production is expectedto commence in early 2014.The “Energy Forest” is amanifestation of the transi-tion from carbon to sustani-able energy.European GreenWood Company isdeveloping an “Energy Forest,” a sustain-ably harvested source of biomass for Euro-peancombinedheatandpower(CHP)plants,on previously disturbed land in the CzechRepublic.Solution by European GreenWood Company114
    • EnergyWaste to Energywithout CombustionO2E Technologies uses a patented catalytic depolymerisation pro-cess to convert organic wastes (including biomass, plastic, and rub-ber) into high-caloric fuels for energy production, and into com-post and fertilizers that that can be used for local food production.According to the company, the self-contained process can convertmunicipal solid waste and any organic waste streams quickly intochemical derivatives (diesel, oil, benzene, kerosene), fertilizer, or di-rectly into electricity and heat.Why a Sustainia100 solution? O2E Technologies’ waste-to-energy technology can process waste without need forlandfills, dumpsites, or incineration – thus avoiding greenhouse gas emissions fromstorage or combustion of waste material. The company’s waste conversion units aremodular and scalable.EnvironmentalAccording to O2E Technologies, pollutantssuch as chlorine, sulfur, mercury, chromium,and other heavy metals are removed fromfeedstocks and neutralized in its wasteconversion units.socialOrganic household waste and industrialplastic and packaging waste can be con-verted locally for new high-energy fuels,chemicals, and compost and fertilizer toboost food production.EconomicO2E Technologies’ waste-to-energy tech-nology is in operation in Germany, whereit is successfully transforming waste tovaluable resources.Developed inGermany, UK,Austria, SpainDeployed inGermany, SpainFertilizers and compost aresome of the byproductsfrom the patented depoly-merisation process.O2E Technology’s waste conversiontechnology is an innovative approach torecycle organic waste to create new prod-ucts such as fuels, chemicals, electricity,and local food.Solution by O2E Technologies115
    • Health116
    • HealthHealthsectorKey trendsAfricansbenefitting frommobile phonesSafe and efficientcook stovesIT as a healthenablerInstruments forsanitation anddisinfectionInnovative waterpurification117
    • HealthSolar Water Purificationand DistillationF Cubed’s solar energy technologypurifies, desalinates, and distils any wa-ter source by mimicking the natural watercycle, with minimal ongoing costs.F Cubed aims to be a solution to the world’s clean water issues us-ing only natural renewable solar energy to produce purified waterfrom any contaminated feed water source. The technology is bio-mimicking the natural water cycle of evaporation and condensationto produce pure distilled water. In addition, it produces a secondwater supply of UV disinfected, heated, and filtered water, precipi-tating inorganic compounds and leaving no waste.Each panel has a 20-year operating life and treats an average of20 liters per m2/day of water, exceeding WHO drinking water stan-dards, with zero carbon footprint.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Contaminated drinking water causes over 3.4 million deaths per year, huge healthcosts, and loss of productivity. The F Cubed solution purifies water; eliminates theneed for boiling; is low-cost, modular, and robust; and provides a positive global envi-ronmental impact while improving the quality of life for millions of people.EnvironmentalThree hundred million families purify watervia boiling daily. Replacing boiling with FCubed’s solution means a reduction of 1-2tons of CO2 per family/year.¹socialestimates that 23 billion productive daysare lost annually through illness and diseasecaused by contaminated water sources.²EconomicAccording to F Cubed, universal accessto improved water sources by 2015 wouldresult in an annual economic benefit of$344 billion.Developed inAustraliaDeployed in 36 countries, includingAustralia, China, Fiji, Sri Lanka,Botswana, Peru and USA.1Thomas Clasen,“Estimating the Scopeof Household WaterTreatment in Low-and Medium-IncomeCountries.”2WHO, “SaferWater, Better Health:Costs, Benefits, andSustainability ofInterventions to Protectand Promote Health.”Solution by F Cubed118
    • HealthSolution by F CubedAzuri-technologiesBefore the F Cubed waterpurification solution in Maddhy-abil Village, people needed totravel two hours to collect safedrinking water after the 2009cyclone Aila destroyed all waterfacilities in the village.solar, not carbon, is the solutionto water purification. Our goal is toprovide clean drining water to theunderserved, eliminate water bornediseases and dramatically reducecarbon emissions.Peter Johnstone, Founder and CEO, F CubedTHE IDEA BEHINDF Cubed creates cost-effective, state-of-the-art solar stills that use sustainable, renewable solar energy for watertreatment. The panel’s simplistic, modular and robust design is targeted at developing countries with the mostremote and isolated regions, and allows for fast and easy installation with no tools or prior training.F Cubed water panels can process some of the most contaminated waters to produce pure, clean drinking waterand a secondary stream of UV-disinfected, filtered hot water for cleaning. F Cubed’s system is not limited to justthe domestic market, it can also be applied to the treatment of industrial wastewater for meeting safe-discharge­standards and to create a new industry of sustainable salt-harvesting by recapturing the flow-through water for­further processing. This enables a Zero Liquid Discharge System with smaller environmental footprints.www.fcubed.com.au119PhotocourtesyofWaterAidBangladesh
    • Health“Transformingsocieties is aboutworking collabora-tively to providesimple, cost effective,and scalablesolutions that bringabout long-termchange.”Jim Barrington, Director, SMs for LifeSMS for Life harnessesthe power of mobileand electronic mappingtechnologies to create ascalable and sustainablesolution to the problemof drug stock-outs.Mobile Management ofLife-Saving MedicineUsing mobile and electronic mappingtechnologies, SMS for Life is eliminatingdrug stock-outs and improving access tohealth care.Maintaining adequate supplies of medicine is challenging in remoteareas. SMS for Life eliminates the risk of people reaching a healthcare facility and finding it’s out of stock of essential medicines bysending weekly stock request messages to the mobile phones ofregistered health facility workers. They then send information backfor free by SMS. District officers use the messages to decide on or-ders and redistribution of medicines between sites. This eliminatesstock-outs, increases access to health care, and reduces deaths.In Tanzania, the partnership has focused on anti-malarial stocks,which are critical because medication must be taken within 18-24hours of the onset of symptoms to be fully effective.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Poor tracking of drug supplies leads to unnecessary deaths from preventable andcurable diseases like malaria. SMS for Life is impacting the lives of Tanzanians by pro-tecting the population from the risk of reaching a health care facility that has run outof stock of vital anti-malarial drugs. The system has reached over 5,000 health carefacilities in Tanzania, and is now being rolled out in other African countries.EnvironmentalPoor forecasting results in an unnecessaryburden being placed on the environment interms of transportation and production ofemergency orders.socialSMS for Life helps ensure that patientshave timely access to pharmaceuticalswhen they need it, thus saving lives.EconomicThe economic impact of malaria isestimated to cost Africa $12 billion a year.1Developed inTanzaniaDeployed in Tanzania,Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya,Democratic Republic ofthe Congo1Greenwood, Bojang,Whitty, and Geoffrey,“Malaria.”Solution by Novartis and partners120
    • HealthSelf-Cleaning,Solar-Powered ToiletResearchers from Caltech have devel-oped a solar-powered, self-cleaning toiletable to convert human waste into hydro-gen and fertilizer.Caltech’s toilet system uses the sun to power an electrochemicalreactor. The reactor breaks down water and human waste into fer-tilizer and hydrogen, which can be stored in hydrogen fuel cellsas energy. The treated water can then be reused to flush the toiletor for irrigation. The system can function off-grid and without anysubsurface infrastructure.The creators aim for a price of $1,000 per unit, which may be abarrier to extensive scaling. A new prototype will be available inJuly 2013, and is planned to be deployed in India by early 2014 forfurther testing.Why a Sustainia100 solution? 2.6 billion people do not have access to safe and affordable toilet facilities. Providingstand-alone sanitation facilities for developing countries and remote areas can elimi-nate the contamination of ground water, soil, and ecosystems caused by inappropri-ate human waste disposal, and thus improve human health and reduce child deaths.EnvironmentalFlush toilets require 10 times more waterthan our daily drinking water requirement.social1.5 million children under the age of five dieeach year because of sanitation problems,according to the WHO.EconomicCaltech’s toilet system does not needexpensive sewer systems or water supplyinfrastructure.Developed inUSADeployed in USA, India,Peru, China, Thailand,KenyaSolution by Caltech and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation121
    • HealthCancer Prevention andTelemedicine TreatmentElectronic Cervical Cancer Control (eC3) is a low-cost, high-impactapproach to cervical cancer prevention developed in Zambia. Theprogram uses traditional marriage counselors to raise awareness inthe target community about cervical cancer. Nurses then screen,diagnose, and treat pre-cancer and cancer patients. Telemedicineis used for immediate remote consultation and peer-review, withdigital photography used as a diagnostic tool.Using eC3 as its operational matrix, the program has opened 25clinics across Zambia, screened over 100,000 women, and treated20,000 pre-cancers or cancers since its inception in 2006. The pro-gram is integrated into the public health system, and is expandingnationally. Over 225 healthcare professionals from 12 African na-tions have received onsite training in how to deploy eC3 in theircountries.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Cervical cancer kills 250,000 women each year, with the vast majority living in de-veloping nations. In sub-Saharan Africa, it is the number one cause of cancer-relateddeath, largely due to a lack of physicians, under-capacitated laboratories, and under-developed health care systems.socialThe program reduces the psychologicaland social consequences associated withcancer, such as anxiety, fear of death, joband school absences, and inadequatechildcare.EconomicKeeping women healthy is crucial toeconomic stability in sub-SaharanAfrica, where women have the primaryresponsibility for maintaining thehousehold and food production.Developed inZambiaDeployed in Zambia,Cameroon, Tanzania,Nigeria, South Africa,Botswana, ZimbabweThrough the creative use of existing so-cial infrastructure and telemedicine, CIDRZhas developed a cervical cancer preventionsolution for sub-Saharan Africa.Solution by Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia (CIDRZ)122
    • HealthAzuri-technologiesThe CIDRZ Cervical CancerPrevention Program in Zambiais a scalable matrix of moderntelecommunications technology,task shifting and communitymobilization that saves lives.Dr. Charles Holmes, CEO, CIDRZTHE IDEA BEHINDThe Centre for Infectious Disease Research (CIDRZ) is a Zambian NGO that started in 2001 to help increase thehealth of Zambians. Besides programs for the prevention of cervical cancer and breast cancer control, the centrealso works with the treatment and care of people infected with HIV and tuberculosis.CIDRZ collaborates with the Zambian government to strengthen primary healthcare systems. The centre alsoconducts research into healthcare practice and training for the benefit of local communities.www.cidrz.org123
    • HealthSlashing Diesel EngineParticle EmissionsDinex’ development of modern exhaust systems includes a rangeof different emission-control technologies manifested in the Com-bined Diesel Particulate filter and SCR catalyst. The system fa-cilitates close to zero particle emissions from heavy-duty dieselengines. This includes harmful gasses such as nitrogen oxides, un-combusted hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and particulates. Re-moving these gases will improve local air quality and reduce airpollution-related diseases.Dinex’ aims to replace the conventional exhaust system with a“chemical factory” capable of saving CO2 while ensuring cost-ef-fectiveness and not compromising fuel economy.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Particulates and gases polluting the air is an increasing challenge in many large, heav-ily trafficked cities. This solution enables a significant reduction in harmful and pollut-ing gases, as well as an almost 100% elimination of particulates. Emissions reductionsfrom diesel engines contribute to a healthier local environment for urban dwellers andpeople living near transportation corridors.EnvironmentalDinex’ exhaust system delivers reductionsin particulate and black carbon emissionsfrom diesel engines.socialReduced pollution from diesel engineswill improve local air quality, reduce airpollution-related diseases, and improvequality of life in urban areas.EconomicAccording to the company, the healthbenefits of the exhaust system areproven to be economical in the reductionof premature deaths and health costsconnected to poor air quality.Developed inDenmarkDeployed inEurope, NorthAmerica, Russia,ChinaAchieving almost zero particle emissionsfrom heavy-duty diesel engines, Dinex hasdeveloped an exhaust system that signifi-cantly reduces air pollution-related diseases.Solution by Dinex Group124
    • HealthEmpowering HealthierFood Choices“IT STARTED AS A TOOLTO INFORM CONSUMERSABOUT HOW TO SHOPHEALTHIER. IT’STURNED INTO A TOOLTHAT INFORMS USABOUT WHAT THE FOODINDUSTRY IS UP TO.”Bruce Neal, Professor of Medicineand inventor of FoodSwitchColoured traffic light labels giveat-a-glance nutritional informationWith specific recommendationsfor alternative products - mak-ing smarter shopping easy forconsumers.FoodSwitch is a smartphone app that employs barcode scanningand a large food composition database. Shoppers download theapp and use their phone camera to acquire the product barcode,which is matched to a food in the database. A traffic light labelconsisting of red, yellow, and green colors indicates levels of fat,saturated fat, sugar, and salt in the selected product. Concurrently,the app searches a database of 40,000 products for similar buthealthier replacements and suggests specific alternative brands tobuy instead.FoodSwitch uses crowdsourcing to provide researchers with in-formation on and a photograph of products not present in the appand is thus continuously expanding its database.Why a Sustainia100 solution? FoodSwitch is an accessible and easy-to-use app that provides insight into the nutri-tional content of packaged foods. The immediate point-of-sale advice helps consum-ers to make healthier and more sustainable food choices.EnvironmentalThe crowdsourced data providesresearchers with the information requiredto drive global food manufacturers towardsmore environmentally friendly products.socialPoor diets contribute to the globalepidemics of obesity, high blood pressure,and diabetes, impacting the lives of billionsof people around the world.EconomicFoodSwitch is a low-cost, scalablesolution that empowers consumers’ andresearchers’ efforts to reduce the billionsof dollars of health care costs attributed topoor diets.Developed inAustraliaDeployed in Australia,UK, New ZealandCombining smartphones with nutritionalknowhow, the FoodSwitch app providesshoppers with insight into the nutritionalcontent of packaged foods.Solution by The George Institute for Global Health, Xyris Software, and Bupa125
    • HealthUsers select how instru-ments will be sterilized;the monitor guides themto make sterilization aseasy as possible.Audio-InstructedInfection PreventionBy adding audio instructions to an autoclave, a proven medicalinstrument sterilizer, OttoClave makes this essential device moreaccessible for use in resource-constrained areas. A sterilizationmonitor talks to users in their native language, providing users withdirections on how to clean reusable medical instruments and con-firms when sterilization has been successful.This solution makes regular sterilization simpler and more con-venient. The monitor connects to a pressure cooker, which cleansinstruments up to the standards required by the U.S. Centers forDisease Control and Prevention. Solar collectors can also power thedevice, making it a truly off-grid solution.The technology is currently undergoing rigorous testing in the Ka-vre district of Nepal, in preparation for rapid deployment acrossNepal and India.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Dirty surgical instruments cause up to 1 in 3 patients to become infected in resource-constrained areas after undergoing simple procedures. In these areas, basic infectioncontrol measures such as using autoclaves have the potential to save millions of livesand lead to major cost savings for health care systems.EnvironmentalOttoClave takes advantage of existingmanufacturing capacity and distributionnetworks to minimize waste.socialDirty medical instruments cause infectionsthat can kill patients. A simple sterilizationsystem can improve the status quoimmediately.EconomicBetter infection control will lead to majorcost savings to health care systemsglobally.1Developed inUSA, NepalDeployed in Nepal1Pittet, Allegranzi, Storr,”Infection Control as a MajorWorld Health OrganizationPriority for DevelopingCountries.”This talking device simplifies the pro-cess used to sterilize medical instruments,making the techniques more accessible,which prevents infections and saves lives.Solution by OttoClave126
    • Health“Design forsustainabilityshould be driven byactual users.”ANKIT MATHUR, CTO, GREENWAY GRAMEENINFRAThe Greenway SmartStove delivers 65%fuel savings and 70%smoke reduction ascompared to tradi-tional mud stoves.High-EfficiencyCook StoveThe Greenway Smart Stove is a user co-created biomass stove thatdelivers 65% fuel savings and 70% smoke reduction and workswith any solid biomass fuel.1Over 3 billion people worldwide, including 68% of India’s population,still cook daily meals on unhealthy, inefficient traditional mud stovesor indoor open fires. This stove employs a patent-pending air-flowgenerator that ensures clean combustion without any moving ormotorized parts. The unit retails for $23. Usage of the stove pre-vents the release of 1.8 tons of greenhouse gas emissions annu-ally, while reducing household air pollution levels to those deemedsafe by the WHO.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Families burning biomass do not have access to modern fuels such as petroleum gasor electricity due to lack of infrastructure and the cost. This solution makes use of lo-cally available biomass, burning it cleaner and healthier.EnvironmentalAccording to the company, a GreenwaySmart Stove mitigates 1.8 tons of GHGemissions annually.socialEmissions from traditional cook stoves areresponsible for 4 million premature deathsannually, according to the Global Alliancefor Clean Cookstoves.EconomicThe Greenway Smart Stove uses 65% lessfuel than traditional mud stoves, leadingto reduced fuel costs and need for fuelgathering.Developed inIndiaDeployed in India,Bangladesh1Test report by theIndian National BiomassCookstoves Initiative.Greenway Grameen Infra has developedan efficient biomass cook stove that deliv-ers clean combustion without any movingparts.Solution by Greenway Grameen Infra127
    • HealthInnovatingEye SurgerySince 1976, Aravind has been able to attain a position as a high-volume and high-quality institute providing eye care for thousandsof people annually. Aravind’s surgeons conduct 2,000 operationsa year, on average. By comparison, U.S. surgeons only conduct 125per year. The high number of surgeries does not mean more mis-takes, or a compromise on quality, and makes state-of-the-art eyesurgery accessible to the masses.Building on an innovative business model that pushes for ever high-er efficiency and greater outreach to disadvantaged patients, Ara-vind has become a network of multiple hospitals across India, and300 clinics in India and beyond are using the Aravind model.Why a Sustainia100 solution? With its ultra-efficient, high-quality system of clinics and integrated training pro-grams, Aravind is expanding no-fee surgery to the masses, curing unnecessary blind-ness. Patients only pay if they want to, and the majority pays only a symbolic amountor nothing at all. These surgeries are then funded by fees from paying patients.socialAravind makes surgery available todisadvantaged people in rural India whomay not even know they have options toregain their vision.EconomicAravind is able to do more than double theamount of eye surgeries compared to theUK National Health System, at one one-thousandth of the cost.1Developed inIndiaDeployed in India1Tina Rosenberg, “AHospital Network With aVision.”Aravind Eye Care is innovating healthcare by employing production and serviceprinciples from other industries to increaseaccess to eye surgery in India.Solution by Aravind Eye Care System128Photo:Reuters/Landov
    • HealthOnline HospitalTreatmentHealth care is human capital intensive, as the best doctor for a par-ticular disease may not be within traveling distance. At MediAngels,you potentially have every doctor available regardless of physicallocation. MediAngels makes it possible to consult a specialist notavailable locally for any ailment, at any given time, directly fromhome.MediAngels also has an extensive plan for philanthropy, planning tomake free consultations available in remote areas of China, India,and sub-Saharan Africa.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Delivering quality health care at the click of a mouse, MediAngels transcends barriersof distance, cost, and time zones, and enables consultations with specialists whenconvenient, which also cuts transportation costs and emissions. It is important tostress that MediAngels currently is only meant to complement, not replace, the physi-cal interaction between physicians and patients.EnvironmentalGlobal eHospital reduces the need fortransportation and office space.socialBeing able to get medical consultationsfrom home eliminates queuing, shuttlingbetween different hospital sections,appointment hassles, and traveling stress.EconomicGlobal eHospital cuts transportation costs,and a typical query can cost as little as $10,according to MediAngels.Developed inIndiaDeployed in India, China,and sub-Saharan AfricaMediAngels is an innovative globaleHospital aiming to remove geographicalbarriers between health care consumersand medical specialists from around theworld.Solution by MediAngels129
    • Cities130Waste hincinerato chill wCool waterinflowWaste hincinerato chill wCool waterinflowWaste hincinerato chill wCool waterinflowWaste hincinerato chill wCool waterinflow
    • CitiesCitiessectorKey trendsSaving resources andbuilding communitythrough sharingAdapting concepts tolocal city contextInvolvement throughopen sourcesoftwarePartnerships betweenpublic, private, and volunteerorganizationsRetrofitting whilerespecting culturalheritage131heat from wasteation plant usedwaterWateroutletSupplytemp. 6°CReturntemp. 16°Cheat from wasteation plant usedwaterWateroutletSupplytemp. 6°CReturntemp. 16°Cheat from wasteation plant usedwaterWateroutletSupplytemp. 6°CReturntemp. 16°Cheat from wasteation plant usedwaterWateroutletSupplytemp. 6°CReturntemp. 16°C
    • CitiesThe City of Copenhagen wants tocreate a green climate resilient neighbor-hood in the city’s Østerbro district.In the Klimakvarter (climate neighborhood), located in Copenha-gen’s Østerbro district, planners want to prepare the city for heavyrains with green solutions at street level. The improvements cre-ate lush, green urban spaces while leading water from cloudburstsaway from inhabited buildings to areas where it causes no dam-age.The solutions are being developed in cooperation with local resi-dents and target both public (streets) and private areas (innercourtyards).Why a Sustainia100 solution? Researchers expect that climate change will bring more heavy rains and cloudburststo Copenhagen’s densely built city center, where the sewer system is ill-equipped tohandle the increased rainfall. Expanding the sewer system would be expensive, andwould require digging up large parts of the city for decades, disturbing traffic anddisrupting city life.EnvironmentalClimate adaptation solutions improve urbanbiodiversity, reduce CO2 emissions, andreduce the urban heat island effect in thecity.socialAccess to green areas increases publichealth and provides new spaces for socialinteraction.EconomicGreen and surface-based climateadaptation provides a double benefit(reducing the cost of damage fromcloudbursts, increasing liveability) and ischeaper than expanding sewers.Climate ResilientNeighborhoodDeveloped in Copenhagen,DenmarkDeployed in DenmarkSolution by Klimakvarter and the City of CopenhagenLarge areas of asphalt will betransformed into green areas,trees and rain-gardens. Byoptimizing the streets, a green,­thriving urban space can be­created while still leaving roomfor cars, cyclists and pedestrians.132
    • CitiesKlimakvarter will transformØsterbro to the greenest urbandistrict in Copenhagen and thefirst climate adapted city area inDenmark.In the future we will get more rain,higher sea levels and warmer weath-er. Klimakvarter is adapting to climatechange by using blue and green ele-ments in the urban space, which willmake Copenhagen an even greener andmore attractive city in which to live.Ayfer Baykal, Mayor of the Technical andEnvironmental Administration, the City of CopenhagenTHE IDEA BEHINDThe approach of Klimakvarter is to view rainwater as a positive – and visible – element in the city. The project seesrainwater as a resource that should be showcased, not as a hazard to be flushed away underground. By retaining­rainwater above ground in green reservoirs, swales and storage tanks, rainwater becomes an active part of a neigh-bourhood’s urban identity and residents’ lives.Children will be using rainwater at playgrounds, while parents tap storage tanks to water plants. Klimakvarter aimsto solve the technical problem of a sewer system being too small to handle the increased amount of rainwater dueto climate change with positive elements such as parks, swales and resilient urban spaces. Awareness of rain as a­resource is created, along with bigger incentives to create resilient neighbourhoods among the citizens.www.klimakvarter.dk133
    • CitiesThe SFpark projectcovers about 25%of San Francisco’s29,200 parkingmeters.“Better parkingmanagement is apowerful tool forimproving a city’ssustainability, qualityof life, and economiccompetitiveness.”Jay Primus, Program Manager, SFparkDynamic ParkingPricingSFpark is pioneering parking manage-ment using demand-responsive pricing tomake parking easier for urban dwellers inSan Francisco, while reducing emissionsdue to circling for parking.Under the slogan “Circle Less, Live More,” SFpark manages parkingdemand in San Francisco by collecting and distributing real-timeinformation about where parking is available. To help achieve theright level of parking availability, SFpark periodically adjusts meterand garage rates. The aim is to reduce double parking and the timedistracted drivers circle looking for parking. The program reducescongestion, wasted time and fuel, while improving the speed andreliability of public transit, access to businesses, and road safety.Furthermore, SFpark engages citizens by encouraging indepen-dent developers and researchers to use its public data and opensource code to create new apps and data.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Effective parking management encourages potential drivers to take other modes oftransportation and reduces carbon emissions. Lessons learned from the project aredocumented and publicly available, which will help scale demand-responsive pricingto the entire city and persuade other cities to adopt a similar approach.EnvironmentalThirty percent of traffic in central businessdistricts is vehicles searching for parking.1socialDouble-parked cars cause accidents, anddistracted drivers looking for parking aremore likely to collide with pedestrians,cyclists, or other cars. Better parkingmanagement results in fewer accidents andsafer roads.EconomicBetter parking management is good foreconomic vitality by making it easier toaccess and enjoy the city’s commercialareas.Developed inUSADeployed in USA1Shoup,”Cruising forparking.”Solution by the City of San Francisco and the SFpark project134
    • Cities“WHEN I CREATEDNEIGHBORGOODS, ITHOUGHT SHARING WASABOUT THE OBJECTS. ILEARNED VERY QUICKLY,SHARING IS ABOUTPEOPLE.”MICKI KRIMMEL, FOUNDER & CEO,NEIGHBORGOODSNeighborGoodsconnects neighborsto share resources,helping them savemoney and buildstronger communi-ties.Save money and resources by sharinggoods and skills with your neighbors.NeighborGoods.net is a social platform for peer-to-peer borrow-ing and lending. Need a ladder, wheelbarrow, or power drill? Bor-row it from your neighbor. Have a bike, backpack, or sleeping bagcollecting dust in the garage? Lend it out, and make a new friend.NeighborGoods facilitates transactions with a reservation calen-dar, automated reminders, wishlist alerts, and private messagingbetween neighbors. NeighborGoods also keeps track of members’loaned property. Neighbors can rate each other and flag anothermember’s account if something goes wrong. Borrowing and lend-ing items on NeighborGoods is free, but members may charge adeposit or a rental fee for the use of their items.Why a Sustainia100 solution? NeighborGoods notes that Americans spend $22 billion annually on self-storage.Sharing with NeighborGoods can give a second life to little-used gear, tools, andproducts. If a consumer borrows an item instead of buying something new, it savesmoney and resources and builds bonds between neighbors.EnvironmentalBy sharing goods, consumers increaseenergy and resource efficiency and saveresources at every step of the life cycle.socialNeighbors helping neighbors builds socialcapital and resilient local communities.EconomicNeighborGoods says the average activeneighbor has saved over $2,000 and savedhis or her neighbors twice that amount.Peer-to-Peer Borrowingand LendingDeveloped in USADeployed in USA,Canada, UKSolution by NeighborGoods135
    • Cities“TECHNOLOGY IS THEKEY TO SOLVE TODAY’SENVIRONMENTALCHALLENGES. THISPRINCIPLE IS THEFOUNDATION OF OURCOMPANY.”Chintan Shah, CEO, TvilightThe Tvilight system dims street-lights if there is no occupancynearby. Lights then glow whentraffic is detected, creating apath of light.Tvilight uses smart controls to adjustthe illumination and energy levels of street-lights.Tvilight combines hardware, a tiny intelligent module that includessensors, wireless communication, and a dimmer that can be in-stalled on any existing dimmable streetlight, and advanced soft-ware that controls streetlights, monitors electricity usage, and ana-lyzes traffic data. The system detects human occupancy to controlthe light intensity in an area. The lights dim during off-peak hours,but when a unit detects a pedestrian, bicycle, or automobile, thesurrounding lights return to full brightness.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Millions of streetlights burn all night, even when there is no human activity in thearea. Tvilight estimates that the Netherlands alone pays over $390 million annually onstreet lighting electricity, with CO2 emissions of 1.6 million tons. Tvilight’s intelligentstreetlights reduce electricity consumption and maintenance costs by up to 80% and50% respectively, without compromising public safety.EnvironmentalThe 91 million streetlights in Europeconsume over 68 terawatt-hours ofelectricity annually. Huge reductionsin GHG emissions can be realized withintelligent streetlights.socialIntelligent streetlights improve publicsafety and reduce light pollution.EconomicEurope’s 91 million streetlights consumeover $13 billion in electricity annually.IntelligentStreetlightsDeveloped inThe NetherlandsDeployed in The Netherlands,Ireland, Germany, UK, USA,Canada, Australia, India,United Arab EmiratesSolution by Tvilight136
    • CitiesWhile on theroad, Sidecar’sapp matchesdrivers withextra seats withpeople in needof a ride.SideCar is a ride-matching app thatconnects willing drivers on the roads withpeople needing a ride.Pre-screened drivers willing to make their private cars availableto people in need of a ride are alerted via the SideCar mobile phoneapp when a ride is requested from someone nearby. If drivers ac-cept the request, passengers are taken to their destination. At thetime passengers submit a SideCar pick-up request, they receive asuggested average “donation” for their trip. Payments are volun-tary and are handled via a cashless system between smartphones.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Filling empty seats in cars already on the road makes better use of roads and high-ways, which saves energy, relieves congestion, and reduces air pollution. The servicealso makes car transport available to those without a car.EnvironmentalBy preventing single-occupancy car trips,SideCar helps reduce vehicle tailpipeemissions, often the largest source of airpollution in cities.socialBy connecting willing drivers with peoplein need of a ride, SideCar can help build afeeling of community.EconomicUsers in the San Francisco Bay Area oftenpay about half as much for long-distancetrips booked with SideCar as the same tripmade by taxi.Real-TimeRidesharing AppDeveloped in USADeployed in USASolution by SideCar137
    • CitiesThrough daylight simulations,urban areas can be plannedto optimize the distributionof daylight. This approachreduces the energy consump-tion of buildings and increasesthe quality of its indoor andoutdoor spaces.A new design method is optimizing dis-tribution of daylight in cities to revitalizebuildings and neighborhoods while reduc-ing energy consumption.Daylight is a valuable resource to harness in cities. Henning LarsenArchitects and partners have developed a method for sustainableurban planning that systematically analyses and maps daylight inurban areas and buildings, putting in place an operational strategyfor sustainable renovation in residences and on a city level.The method is a scalable tool for urban planners, with value-add-ing benefits for residents, owners, and authorities. The new designmethod has been developed based on scientific research, whichproves that using daylight as the sole means of revitalizing citiesand buildings has a tremendous positive influence on the environ-ment in cities and the energy consumption of buildings.1Why a Sustainia100 solution? Daylight has a significant influence on the health and comfort of citizens. It is essentialthat urban planners incorporate daylight in their designs, and acknowledge the pos-sibility of energy-related synergies between the various elements that make up a city.This method makes possible the design of cities and buildings that improve the qual-ity of urban life while reducing environmental impact.EnvironmentalIn 2012, Henning Larsen Architectsdesigned more than 500,000 m2 ofbuildings with an energy consumption of40 kWh/m2/yr, a reduction of 15 millionkWh compared to Danish regulatorystandards.socialMore daylight will increase the social capitalof a neighborhood, due to a comfortableand improved microclimate.EconomicDaylight is a marketable attribute in realestate. It reduces energy consumption andincreases the appeal and market value ofbuildings.City Designwith DaylightDeveloped in DenmarkDeployed in Denmark,Faroe Islands, Germany1Henning Larsen Architects:“What about daylight?”Solution by Henning Larsen Architects, Algreen Arkitekter,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, and Realdania138
    • CitiesImproving mobility, Monteria isincreasing use of bicycles as ameans of urban transportation.The Colombian city of Montería is show-casing how cities in emerging economiescan grow their economies while adaptingto and mitigating climate change.Monteria’s population of 400,000 is increasingly being exposed toclimatic changes such as heavy rainfall and risk of flooding. Mon-tería Green City 2019 is a pioneering Latin American city initiativethat targets current and future greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions,adapting the city to climate change, and improving urban growth.The plan comprises 26 actions to address 15 challenges in order toreduce GHG emissions by 20% by 2019. The actions cover areasranging from urban mobility, with increased use of bikes, to wastemanagement, and protecting the city’s natural heritage with biodi-versity and reforestation.Through a public-private partnership with Proactiva Medio Am-biente in 2011, Montería was the first Colombian city to calculateits carbon footprint. Montería has since developed a detailed plantogether with key stakeholders in the city, notably the university,companies, farmers, and architects, as well as the public.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Montería Green City 2019 will guide the next 10 years of the city’s history towardsbalanced and innovative growth that respects the environment, reduces carbon emis-sions, and ensures the quality of life for Monteríans.EnvironmentalNon-OECD countries are responsible forover 50% of current GHG emissions andare projected to account for the bulk ofincreases until 2035.1socialOne million trees will be planted in Monteríaover the next 10 years, with increasedaccess to public parks and recreation.EconomicMontería has gained regional and nationalrecognition, increasing competiveness andattracting investors, according to ProactivaMedio Ambiente.Low-Carbon Growth inan Emerging CityDeveloped inColombia, SpainDeployed in Colombia1IEA, “World EnergyOutlook 2011.”Solution by the City of Montería and Proactiva Medio Ambiente139
    • Cities“Metrobus Line 4provides an efficienttransport, clean andsafe transportationthat rescues andintegrates valuablehistorical spaces.”ADRIANA LOBO, DIRECTOR, CTS-MÉXICOMetrobus Line 4 is providinggroundbreaking mobility inMexico City.Streets in Mexico City’s downtown wererebuilt to accommodate a new bus rapidtransit (BRT) line, Line 4, while preservinghistorical structures.Mexico City’s pioneer mobility project, Metrobus Line 4, utilizes allof the components of a successful bus rapid transit (BRT) system:dedicated lanes, enclosed stations with levelled access and pre-payment, large buses with multiple doors, advanced fare collection,and a sleek image. Inaugurated in April 2012, Metrobus Line 4 runsthrough Mexico City’s historical downtown, with an extension to theinternational airport.Line 4 was carefully designed to preserve the colonial architec-ture of the historical city center. Metrobus Line 4 operates the firsthybrid buses deployed in Latin America.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Metrobus Line 4 is a showcase project that has improved mobility and public health,without sacrificing the cultural heritage of Mexico City’s Historical District. The BRTline has reduced travel times along its route and has improved the connectivity of thecity’s existing transportation infrastructure. The reorganization of public transport inthe city center has made it a more pleasant and attractive place for tourists to visitand residents to call home.EnvironmentalMetrobus Line 4 has reduced particulateemissions by 94%, NOX emissions by 75%,and CO2 emissions by 35% compared to itspredecessor.socialLine 4 serves up to 50,000 passengersdaily, and has connected the publictransport network in Mexico City better.EconomicUsers of Line 4 pay just $2 dollars forthe ride from the airport to Mexico City’shistorical city center.Inner-City BusRapid TransitDeveloped in MexicoDeployed in MexicoSolution by Mexico City’s Government, Metrobus, and CTS-EMBARQ Mexico140
    • CitiesThe City of Gothenburg, Sweden, builta district cooling system supplemented byfree cooling provided by the river Göta älv.Gothenburg, Sweden, uses free cooling from the river Göta älv topre-cool water used in its large-scale district cooling system. By us-ing a combination of river water for pre-cooling and waste heatfrom an incineration plant to drive its absorption chillers, Gothen-burg substantially lowered CO2 emissions compared to conven-tional cooling methods. Customers get the environmental benefitof sustainable cooling at an affordable cost.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Gothenburg’s district cooling system harnesses free, local resources – river water andsurplus heat – in order to offer citizens a cost-competitive, energy-efficient alternativeto conventional air-conditioning. District cooling in Gothenburg is a sustainable wayof providing a solution for a growing cooling market.EnvironmentalThe system reduces CO2 emissions by upto 80% compared to conventionalair-conditioning.socialDistrict cooling provides much higheravailability and reliability than the stand-alone alternatives.EconomicIn return for investing in an energy transferstation, customers only pay for the coolingthey use.River-AssistedDistrict CoolingDeveloped in SwedenDeployed in SwedenWaste heat from wasteincineration plant usedto chill waterCool waterinflowWateroutletSupplytemp. 6°CReturntemp. 16°CIn Gothenburg, Sweden, riverwater and surplus heat helpsdeliver sustainable districtcooling.Solution by Capital Cooling141
    • Cities142
    • Cities“At King’s Cross,sustainabilityinfluences everythingwe do and thebenefits are alreadybeing delivered. Ifyou need proof thatsustainability works, Iwould encourage youto come and see it foryourself.”DAVID PARTRDGE, DIRECTOR,ARGENTIn the heart of London, the King’s Crossdevelopment is achieving sustainabilitywhile protecting cultural heritage.The 66 acre development at King’s Cross is creating a new pieceof London: 50 new buildings, 2,000 new homes, 20 new streets,and 10 new parks and public spaces. The cultural heritage of thearea was given priority during the “retrofitting” process. Reuse ofheritage buildings and programs to create affordable homes are inplace in order to protect social and cultural diversity. King’s Crossincludes energy-efficient buildings, with all new buildings achiev-ing a BREEAM “Excellent” rating, green transportation, and a tree-planting program.Eighty percent of power demand is to come from renewable tech-nologies like roof-mounted wind turbines and solar panels as wellas a combined heat and power (CHP) plant that is 80% efficient,compared to 30% in the conventional UK electricity supply. How-ever, with the CHP plant being gas powered, King’s Cross shoulddevelop a plan to achieve 100% renewable energy in order to betruly inspirational in terms of energy production.Why a Sustainia100 solution? When complete, 45,000 people will live, work, or study in King’s Cross, demonstrat-ing that sustainable solutions are viable, can improve people’s lives, and are availableon a massive scale in cities.EnvironmentalEnergy usage at King’s Cross will be atleast 39% less than industry norms.socialImproved quality of life is expected throughtransforming the physical environment andcreating new affordable housing, parks,public spaces, and sports facilities.EconomicEnergy-efficient design will provideresidents and tenants with significantsavings on energy costs.Retrofitting anInner-City DistrictDeveloped in UKDeployed in UKSolution by King’s Cross Central Limited Partnership and Argent143
    • Resources144
    • ResourcesResourcessectorKey trendsEnsuring cleandrinking waterEliminating wastegenerationCreatingclosed loopsRepairing and reusingbroken itemsUpscaling wasteproducts145
    • ResourcesChlorine Generator KillsWaterborne PathogensWaterStep’s M-100 chlorinator providesup to 38,000 liters of safe water daily,advancing quality of life by eradicating wa-terborne illness and improving hygiene.Functioning as a mini-water treatment plant, the M-100 provides acontinuous supply of safe water. It is a flexible system easily pairedwith filtration, storage tanks, and hand pumps, depending on its siteof deployment. Further, it is portable and can be carried from sta-tion to station to purify water.The M-100 is easily operated by non-technical individuals usingsalt and a 12-volt car battery or solar panel. The design results infaster, thorough sanitation of water through the distribution ofmanufactured chlorine gas that kills waterborne pathogens.Why a Sustainia100 solution? A child dies every 48 seconds due to waterborne illnesses. The UN declared 2013 In-ternational Year of Water Cooperation, reporting that 2.5 billion people lack access tobasic sanitation. WaterStep’s solution empowers collaboration in both developmentand disaster situations, providing safe water and sanitation remedies. The M-100’sbyproducts, chlorine and sodium hydroxide, can be used in first aid and kill mosquitolarvae to enhance community stability.EnvironmentalThe M-100 manufactures chlorine andsodium hydroxide as byproducts thatcan be combined to create a safe salinesolution at the conclusion of the treatmentprocess.socialWaterStep’s chlorination process has beendeployed in 24 countries, bringing safewater to close to 1 million people daily.EconomicClean water makes people more productivemembers of their communities.Developed inUSADeployed in Brazil, DemocraticRepublic of Congo, Costa Rica,Dominican Republic, Ethiopia,Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Pakistan,Honduras, India, Iraq, Kenya,Malawi, Mexico, Myanmar,Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, SierraLeone, Tanzania, Thailand,Uganda, USASolution by WaterStep146
    • ResourcesWater is diplomacy and­empowerment that requires theparticipation of communitieseverywhere to generate ­compas-sion and peace.WaterStep equips and empowerspeople to provide safe watersolutions for healthier communitiesby using a simple, affordable,adaptable, efficient, and robustchlorine generator.Mark Hogg, Founder and CEO, WaterStepTHE IDEA BEHINDUsing tools like the M-100 chlorinator, WaterStep actualizes a vision for the future in which: all medical facilities haveaccess to safe water; disaster-relief efforts utilize efficient options other than bottled water; a virtual water companyis dependent on people rather than infrastructure; and water education is available via mobile devices.WaterStep is working towards this vision through various projects, such as implementing flood-relief efforts in Paki-stan, developing backpacks designed to easily carry the M-100 between communities, and teaching hand-pumprepair coupled with sanitation classes in Malawi.Partners as diverse as the United States Southern Command, General Electric, Ivy Technical Institute and MahindraSatyam are invested in this future through skill-based volunteering that spans their employee network. Sustainablewater solutions connect people of all backgrounds, histories and religions to save lives.www.waterstep.org147
    • Resources1Stratton, Wong, andHileman, “Life CycleGreenhouse Gas Emissionsfrom Alternative JetFuels.”2Valerio Crespi, “GlobalDesert Aquaculture at aGlance.”Utilizing seawater and desert land, thissolution produces bioenergy and food byusing waste streams from one subsystemas input for the next.Taking advantage of the synergies and interactions between sev-eral subsystems, the Integrated Seawater Energy and AgricultureSystem (ISEAS) uses non-arable desert land, irrigated with seawa-ter, to produce bioenergy and food. The system integrates fish orshrimp farming with the production of the salt-tolerant crop Sali-cornia and sea mangroves. Utilizing the oilseed from the Salicorniaplant, liquid biofuel for aviation is produced via hydro-processing,with leftover biomass from this process as well as the mangroveproduction made available for bioenergy.The benefits of the integrated system stem from the use of co-products from each process to supplement energy or material in-puts for the other processes with the end result being biologicallytreated seawater.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The ISEAS has the potential to provide drop-in aviation and other types of bioenergywith life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions less than those of conventional fossil fuel-based aviation fuels. The ISEAS offers the additional benefits of using seawater, notfreshwater, while making productive use of marginal land.EnvironmentalA Salicornia-based biofuel could resultin a 100% reduction in life-cycle GHGemissions.1socialThirteen percent of the world’s people livein arid zones2. This solution can providenew jobs and opportunities in resource-challenged regions.EconomicAlternative fuels help diversify supply forthe aviation industry, generating optionsfor the purchase of fuel, which representsclose to 40% of an airline’s operating costs.Integrated BioenergyProduction for AviationDeveloped inUnited Arab EmiratesDeployed inUnited Arab EmiratesNutrientrich waterSeawaterBiogicallyTreatedSeawaterRemainingwaterOceanSalicorniaAviation fuels and biomassFish farmFish or shrimpMangrovesBiomassSolution by The Boeing Company, Etihad Airways, UOP-Honeywell, Safran,and the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology148
    • ResourcesTerraCycle is a global initiative focusedon the collection and repurposing of other-wise non-recyclable waste streams work-ing in 21 countries worldwide.TerraCycle runs recycling fundraisers that collect and reuse over60 different non-recyclable waste streams ranging from pens tohospital waste to cigarette butts. Any school, charity, individual, orbusiness can sign up for free to earn money for non-profits by col-lecting trash they used to throw away.For every piece of waste a collector returns, two cents (or the localequivalent) is donated to a school or non-profit of their choice. Thecollected material is recycled or upcycled into consumer products,building materials, and industrial applications.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Garbage is a major global environmental issue. Recycling rates remain low in mostcountries, and environmental education is not a priority at most schools. TerraCycle’ssolution helps to reduce waste today by providing an incentivized collection system,while also focusing on educating younger generations to become more sustainablecitizens. The solution does not solve the vast issue of waste production itself, but it isa positive contribution to waste management.EnvironmentalOver 2.5 billion pieces of waste collectedand recycled have resulted in a 40-80%carbon savings over traditional disposaloptions, the company claims.socialOver 25 million students have engaged inTerraCycle’s recycling and environmentaleducation programs.EconomicAlmost $8 million has been donated toschools since 2008.Waste Educationand CollectionDeveloped inAustralia, SouthKorea, Japan,India, China,Columbia, ItalyDeployed in USA, Canada,Mexico, Argentina,Brazil, UK, Ireland,France, Germany, Spain,Belgium, Luxembourg,The Netherlands, Austria,Switzerland, Denmark,Sweden, Norway, Hungary,Israel, TurkeySolution by TerraCycle149
    • ResourcesThe Savory Institute promotes large-scale restoration of the world’s grasslandsusing properly managed livestock, whileeducating and empowering people livingin desert regions.The Savory Institute uses livestock to combat desertification. Byenhancing biological decay, the timely stomping and excrementfrom a large number of animals holds the potential to reverse dry,exposed land into healthy grasslands with rich soils.The Savory Institute is empowering people to reverse desertifica-tion by teaching them Holistic Management, a decision makingprocess used to ensure livestock are at the right place, at the righttime, for the right reasons, with the right behavior. Savory Hubs of-fer consulting and training services, and provide access to land,networks, and funding resources necessary to expand the practicesacross regions.Why a Sustainia100 solution? For many years, large swaths of grasslands around the world have been turning intobarren deserts. An estimated one-third of the Earth’s surface is covered with grass-lands threatened by desertification. The possibility of restoring the land provides op-portunities not only for food production and social development, but could positivelyimpact efforts to slow climate change by keeping carbon in the ground that wouldotherwise be released into the atmosphere with desertification.EnvironmentalDry, infertile, exposed soil is unable to storecarbon, releasing it into the atmosphere.socialThe Savory Institute establishes locallyled and managed hubs around the worldempowering people to use properlymanaged livestock to heal the land.EconomicThe Savory Institute has joined acollaboration of sheep producers inArgentina that works to restore 40 millionacres of grasslands and add value to thewool produced.Restoring Desert Landusing LivestockDeveloped in USADeployed in USA, Canada, Mexico,Australia, Pakistan, Kenya, Namibia,New Zealand, South Africa, Brazil,Chile, Argentina, Turkey, Sweden,Zimbabwe, UK, Spain.Solution by The Savory Institute150
    • ResourcesBigBelly Solar provides garbage collec-tors with real-time data and onsite com-paction to bring cost savings, environmen-tal benefits, and ease traffic congestion.Through the use of solar power and smart monitoring technologies,BigBelly Solar makes garbage collection intelligent with benefits tocities, transit organizations, and college campuses.By providing garbage collectors with real-time data and histori-cal reporting for collection sites, this solution makes it possible toswitch from uninformed schedules to just-in-time collection. Theseinsights mean that collection frequency can be slashed to conservefuel, reduce emissions, and make operations more efficient.Why a Sustainia100 solution? BigBelly Solar is bringing 21st Century technology solutions to a service that has seenlittle innovation in many decades. Garbage trucks are some of the least efficient ve-hicles on the road, some only getting 2 miles per gallon. Taking these trucks off theroad conserves fuel, limits emissions, avoids traffic jams, and cuts down on wear andtear on the streets. The BigBelly garbage collectors are powered by 100% renewablesolar energy.EnvironmentalBigBelly Solar slashes greenhouse gasemissions, and reduces fuel consumption,from garbage trucks.EconomicGarbage collectors save money by usingless fuel and allocating staff to other tasks,as well as reducing landfill tipping fees.Intelligent Waste andRecycling CollectionDeveloped in USADeployed in USA,Canada, Mexico, Brazil,Colombia, Panama, UK,France, Spain, Sweden,Denmark, Germany,Austria, Switzerland,Australia, Monaco,Ireland, Belgium“BigBelly Solar ishelping thousandsof communities helpthe environmentwhile saving moneyand creating cleanerpublic spaces.Everybody wins.”Jim Norrod, CEO, BigBelly SolarSolution by BigBelly Solar151
    • ResourcesJohn wishes for alife vest and will payLinda $20Melina wishes forroller skates andoffers a life vestLinda wishes formoney and offersa strollerAndrew wishesfor a stroller andoffers roller skatesTradeRingNetcycler allowsfor up to fivepeople to enter atrade ring gener-ated from theiroffers and wishes,including thepossibility of cashpayment.Netcycler brings back the value of thethings you own, and enables you to use thatvalue to get the stuff you actually want andneed.Netcycler makes it easy to swap, sell, and buy pre-owned items. Us-ing computer algorithms, the service is able to automatically com-bine the item wishes and offers for several people into trade ringsof up to five people. This significantly increases the probability ofmatching offers and wishes compared to traditional one-to-oneswapping.Users simply list the items they no longer need and make a wishlistof items they would like to get. After that, the service builds tradeproposals based on these offers and wishes.Why a Sustainia100 solution? When a pre-owned item finds a new owner, it means there is no need to buy a newmanufactured item. By limiting the need for manufacturing, Netcycler limits the useof resources and energy, transportation, and therefore CO2 emissions. Swapping ex-tends the life of goods and keeps stuff out of landfills. It is a positive step towards thecreation of a closed-loop system.EnvironmentalNetcycler reduces the use of resources andenergy to manufacture new goods.socialInstead of using money to buy new items,the consumer can use existing goods as acurrency when swapping.EconomicThe advanced categorization andautomatic trade ring technology makesusing the service easy, which expands themarket for reuse of goods.Extending Life of Goodsthrough Trade RingsDeveloped inFinlandDeployed in Finland,Germany, UK, USASolution by Netcycler152
    • ResourcesInstead of throwing items away, RepairCafés strive to bring them back by makingrepair a social activity in communities.Repair Cafés are free meeting places where volunteer repairexperts help neighbors fix broken items that they have broughtfrom home. This way, new social interactions between neighborsare established and people with practical skills use and pass ontheir skills to others.The products that are repaired and saved from the trash bin keepitems and raw materials in use. As a result, energy consumptionfrom the production of new items is avoided and money is saved.The Repair Café Foundation helps local groups in Europe andbeyond start their own repair meetings and Repair Cafés in theircommunity.Why a Sustainia100 solution? People in the Western world create waste by consuming and throwing away vastamounts of stuff. This would not be necessary if people would use and appreciatethe practical repair skills still present in the communities. The Repair Café Foundationhelps communities to identify the people who possess these skills and involve themin the local Repair Café.EnvironmentalBecause of the Repair Café concept, moreitems can continue to be used, which savesraw materials and energy and reduces CO2emissions.socialAt the Repair Café, people with practicalrepair skills, who tend to be sidelined inWestern societies, are highly appreciated.EconomicThe Repair Café saves money becauseitems that can be repaired by a volunteerrepair expert do not have to be replaced bynew ones.Repair Broken Itemsat the Local CaféDeveloped inthe NetherlandsDeployed inthe Netherlands,Belgium, Germany, France,UK, Italy, Brazil, Australia,USA, CanadaSolution by Repair Café Foundation153
    • Resources“Water scarcity canbe fought by treatingwastewater locallyand reusing it. Itrequires a paradigmshift in the way weview and managewastewater.”Bent Gadgaard, Managing Director,Grundfos BioBooster A/STreating wastewater on site, the Bio-Booster allows for water reuse and pre-serves the local aquatic environment with-in a given watershed.Grundfos BioBooster is a full-scale decentralized wastewater treat-ment plant based on an advanced membrane ultrafiltration pro-cess. The filtration process removes bacteria from the wastewater,which can be reused for irrigation of recreational areas and crops.The modularity of the plant will match exact wastewater capac-ity and specific types of flows from both industrial and municipalsources.Supporting the concept of a self-sustained village, the decentral-ized treatment plant does not require infrastructure such as pipesand pumping stations, translating into reduced energy costs. Theplant is remotely monitored, which ensures constant regulation ofthe processes.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The world’s population is growing and demanding more water. But only 3% of theEarth’s water is fresh, of which only 1% is available for consumption. By treating waste-water, it is possible to protect the local aquatic environment from waste and enablewater reuse, which helps to conserve fresh water.EnvironmentalRemoval of pollutants and pathogens fromwastewater ensures that the water treatedand returned back to nature or reused isclean and safe.1socialBioBooster can be located withinresidential areas with no hazard topersonnel and surrounding neighbors andwithout unwanted odors.EconomicBioBooster provides an alternative tocentralized wastewater treatment plants,with reduced energy for piping andpumping stations.Decentralized WastewaterTreatmentDeveloped inDenmarkDeployed in Denmark,Norway, Sweden1Safir4eu, “VegetablesIrrigated with RecycledWater Are safe.”Solution by Grundfos BioBooster154
    • Resources155Thefull-scaledecentralizedwastewatertreatmentplantwillremovepathogensfromhospi-talwastewateronthegroundsofHerlevHospital,Denmark.
    • ResourcesMazuma Mobile has prevented over 4million mobile phones from reaching land-fills by giving consumers cash for their usedhandsets.Mazuma Mobile offers cash for your old handset. Mazuma uses anonsite Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Direc-tive-compliant facility to test and categorise mobiles for reuse.Fully working and repairable phones are reused by approved re-use partners; non-repairable phones are recycled by approved re-cycling partners. Since 2007, Mazuma Mobile has paid customersa total of $275 million and recycled over 4 million mobile phones.Why a Sustainia100 solution? With millions of consumers storing old handsets, Mazuma Mobile provides an eco-nomical and ecological solution for the hundreds of thousands of mobiles destinedfor landfills, or left unused in kitchen drawers, each month. By reusing the recycledhandsets in emerging countries, Mazuma Mobile is able to improve the quality of lifefor, and provide Internet access to, those in developing countries for whom new tech-nology is not readily available. Mazuma Mobile has already established long-term re-lationships with approved partners in China and Africa. The next step should be to ad-dress end-of-life challenges for the mobile phones recycled in developing countries.EnvironmentalReuse is the most effective form ofrecycling, as it prevents the need foradditional virgin resources to make newproducts.socialMazuma Mobile enables those in emergingmarkets to have access to new technologyand to the Internet.EconomicBy repurposing the phone, or recyclingits components, Mazuma increases thelifespan of a mobile phone.Cash for your MobilePhoneDeveloped in UK, AustraliaDeployed in UK,AustraliaSolution by Mazuma Mobile156
    • ResourcesThis carbon capture and neutraliza-tion solution lowers CO2 emissions, reuseswaste material and water, and creates alu-minium and water as byproducts.Cuycha Innovation’s solution captures CO2 emissions from flue gasand neutralizes and permanently binds them in carbonate form.According to the company, this method enables a 40% to 90% re-duction of CO2 emissions. The flue gas is washed with water ormine drainage to form carbonic acid. The resulting mildly acidic wa-ter is passed through a series of reaction silos filled with crushedfeldspar. This material is readily available as it forms over 60% ofthe Earth’s crust.The byproducts of this process are typically valuable, easily market-able compounds like aluminium oxides, various carbonates, and bi-carbonat water. Joint ventures have been set up in Africa, Australia,and the UK, with one plant under construction and three industrialprojects in the implementation phase.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Carbon capture solutions often stall due to high energy consumption. It is unverifiedwhether this solution will be able to overcome this barrier and scale globally, but ifthe potential is realized across multiple industries, carbon capture and neutralizationcould represent an important building block for the sustainable society.EnvironmentalAccording to Cuycha Innovation Oy, thetechnology is capable of reducing CO2emissions by 40% to 90% while reusingwaste minerals.EconomicApart from the lowering of CO2 emissions,this solution provides valuable andcommercially usable byproducts.Capturing CO2 to CreateBeneficiary ByproductsDeveloped inFinland, Botswana, South Africa, UK,AustraliaDeployed inFinland, Botswana,South AfricaBioDieselLithiumCalciumCarbonateAlumina QuartzSolution by Cuycha Innovation157
    • 158“Thesesolutions aretransformingour homes,reshaping ourcities, andbringing newideas to entirecommunities.”Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger,Honorary Chair of Sustainia Award Committee,Chairman of Regions20“With its 100 solutionsto build our future,this innovative initiative,Sustainia, presents a worldof opportunities.Helle Thorning-Schmidt,Prime Minister of Denmark
    • 159“The Sustiania100process hasinspired manycompanies,consumers, andpolicy makers.”Georg Kell,Executive Director, UN Global Compact,Sustainia Award Ceremony 2012“With the Sustainia100there is no excusefor not choosing asustainable path to thefuture. The solutions arethere. Ready for use.”Gro Harlem Brundtland,former Prime Minister of Norway andformer General-Secretary WHO
    • 160MethodologyWe strive tocontinously improveSustainia100, and makeit a valuable tool thatcan guide the transfor-mation to a sustainablesociety.Finding and selecting the solutionsIn early 2013, we launched a campaign to get sub-missions from the global sustainability communi-ty. Together with our own extensive research intotrends and new developments within 10 sectors,this resulted in 500+ applicants analyzed for finalreview.We reviewed solutions from 79 countries, span-ning all 10 sectors, and representing a wide varietyof business models. All applicants were reviewedusing five criteria, which enabled us to select215 Candidates to be presented to our externalAdvisory Board of sector experts.Picking the nomineesAdvisory Board members were asked to observeour Evaluation Criteria when making their judg-ments on solutions within their fields of expertise.They were also encouraged to apply their sector-specific sustainability expertise during this process,and to share all considerations or concerns in meet-ings with Sustainia. Advisory Board members wereinvited to suggest alternative candidates that theyfelt deserved consideration.We requested additional information from 143 can-didates. With this information, we were able to an-swer outstanding questions and qualify our final se-lection of the 100 solutions and projects publishedin this book.How we define sustainabilityThe concept of “sustainable development” wasintroduced in 1987 by the World Commission onEnvironment and Development, in the report “OurCommon Future” (also known as “the BrundtlandReport”). The report defines sustainable develop-ment as:… development that meets the needs ofthe present without compromising theability of future generations to meet theirown needs. It contains within it two keyconcepts:• the concept of ‘needs,’ in particular theessential needs of the world’s poor, towhich overriding priority should be giv-en; and• the idea of limitations imposed by thestate of technology and social organi-zation on the environment’s ability tomeet present and future needs.The notion of the triple bottom line – environmental,social, and economic sustainability – is inspired bythe definition from the Brundtland Report, and isalso a pivotal point of reference for evaluating thesolutions.“”FEBRUARYCAMPAIGNCALL FORSOLUTIONSANALYZEAPPLICANTSCONSULTADVISORYBOARDSELECTCANDIDATESWRITE UPTHE BOOKPUBLISHAND INSPIREPICKFINALISTSAWARDANDCELEBRATEADVANCEWINNERMARCHMAYJUNEAUGUSTOCTOBERNOVEMBERAPRIL
    • 161The Sustainia100 Advisory Board1. Readily availableSustainia100 candidates must be more than just vagueideas or blueprints. Sustainia100 is all about solutions thatare accessible and able to move us towards a sustainablesociety today. It does include solutions that are not yetrealized and some that are only prototypes. Such caseshave been included because they have strong commit-ment from investors, partners, markets, or politicians thatsuggest further development is likely in progress. 2. Positive environmental impactAt the very least, Sustania100 candidates represent animprovement from the status quo in terms of having apositive impact on global climate or local environmentalfactors. The best candidates incorporate cutting-edgetechnologies or methods that challenge present stan-dards and the “business as usual” mentality.3. Financially viableThe cost of a given solution or project must be justi-fied in light of its promised benefits. Candidates are notdiscredited for relying on subsidies or highly philanthrop-ic business models. But affordability and financial sus-tainability are key qualities for Sustainia100 candidates.4. Improve quality of lifeSolutions and projects that make for a better and moresustainable life is what Sustainia is all about. Solutionsare assessed on their ability to deliver such improve-ments. Sustainia100 soltions should enhance the qualityof life for citizens, and help communities bring about realchange.5. ScalableThe ability to scale up is essential. This entails that solu-tions can have a wider and lasting impact beyond theirpresent location and circumstances. Scalable solutionsare characterized by being backed by strong partners,quality management, and having a sound business model. Evaluation CriteriaSustainia100 solutions meet five criteriaWWF Climate SolverStefan Henningsson,Senior Adviser Climate Innovation,WWF InternationalStephan Singer,Director Global Energy Policy,WWF InternationalJean-Philippe Denruyter,Manager, Global RenewableEnergy Policy, WWF InternationalSabina Andrén,Project Manager,Sustainable Cities, WWF SwedenSubhro Sen,Senior Programme Officer,WWF IndiaAarhus UniversityMartin Brynskov,Associate Professor,Center for Digital Urban LivingRambollLars Ostenfeld Riemann,Group Director, BuildingsSøren Hansen,Project Director,Urban Development andTransportationLisbet Poll Hansen,Senior Project Manager,Sustainability and EnvironmentAnders Dyrelund,Senior Market Manager, Energyand ClimateHanne Tine Ring Hansen,Chief Consultant,Buildings and SustainableBuilding Design ConsultancyPegasus CapitalAdvisorsJennifer Hickman,Operating PartnerSustainableApparel CoalitionRyan Young,Index ManagerFoundation forEnvironmental EducationSarah Pickering,Program and CommunicationsDirectorIndependent expertsGraham Vickery,Ph.D., Information Economics,former Head of the InformationEconomy Group, OECDBrian Edwards,Emeritus Professor of Architecture(ECA – Edinburgh University)Our Advisory Board consists of experts with whom Sustainia has a non-financial relationship.Sustainia has been in close dialogue with the advisors, who have been encouraged todisclose any biases, such as technology preferences, personal interests, and/or policies oforganizations they represent. Some members of the Advisory Board have asked to remainunaccredited due to internal policies of the organizations they represent.
    • 162Insight→ New knowledgeand trendsInvolvement→ co-creation ofthe future forindustry andpolicyInnovation→ New business modelsand technologicalsolutionsinfluence→ setting theinternationalAgendaSustainia serves the community, industry leaders,and policy-makers by providing insight, involvement,innovation, and influence as a platformfor a sustainable future.We hope you have been inspired and gained insightinto the Sustainia100 solutions as well as the excitingtrends and developments represented within our10 sectors. We believe these readily available solutionsare showcase examples of how we can make our societiesmore sustainable today.The 4 Key Pillarsof Sustainia
    • 163Our Partners and How YouMight Get InvolvedINSIGHT→ NEW KNOWLEDGE AND TRENDSSustainia’s research actively develops new knowl-edge and uncovers emerging trends in the market-place. These insights deliver inspiration and the ben-efits of sustainability with concrete reference points.INVOLVEMENT→ CO-CREATION AND DEVELOPMENTSustainia brings together key stakeholders to co-create and develop action steps to help drive a trans-formational agenda within their respective industriesand across multiple sectors. Sustainia’s approach toour 10 sectors enables stakeholders to be specificallyinvolved in one or more of the sectors in respect totheir business activities.Cross-sector stakeholder involvement provides real-time marketplace development intelligence whichensures that our insight and trends are on the cuttingedge. These stakeholders can then learn from eachother, as well as implement actual projects shapingsustainability within their respective value chains.INNOVATION→ BUSINESS MODELS ANDTECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONSIn collaboration with our network, partners, and so-cial outreach programs, Sustainia has been able toproactively pursue unique and innovative sustainablesolutions. These solutions provide tangible, practicalexamples of sustainability outperforming previouslyperceived expectations.These solutions stress the benefits that come withovercoming barriers and taking the next step.INFLUENCE→ SETTING THE INTERNATIONAL AGENDA,THE FUTURE OF INDUSTRY AND POLICYThrough market insight, stakeholder involvement,and sustainable innovations, Sustainia develops aplatform capable of influencing and shaping theglobal agenda. The platform builds momentum de-cision-makers can leverage, driving change and thefuture of industry and policy. Our most importantstakeholder is society as a whole, showing how amovement of the few can inspire the masses.Our Founding Partnershelp set the overall direc-tion for our workThe Founding Partners areforward thinking companieslooking to drive the globaladoption of readily avail-able sustainable solutions.Innovators in their own re-gard, they whole heartedlybelieve in Sustainia’s visionand mission and have puttheir full support behindour initiative. Serving as theSteering Committee of Sus-tainia they are involved inour strategic developments.Our Strategic Partners arelike-minded organizationsand institutionsThe Strategic Partners sharea common mission and am-bitious goals of Sustainiawhere we provide eachother mutual benefit of ourindividual global platformsand knowledge resourcebase. As Strategic Partnerswe seek to collaborate andenhance each other’s plat-forms so that we may to-gether reach our goals andobjectives.Our Sector Partners trulyinfluence their industryand set a new sustainableagendaSustainia is actively expan-ding our in-depth sectortracks and is bringing in keySector Partners to play acrucial role within their in-dustries in an effort to ac-celerate change and driveadoption. These partnersare on the forefront of sus-tainable practice or lookingfor innovation and inspira-tion across their value-chainoperations to improve theirmarket position.Our Knowledge Partnersprovide resources andintelligence to all of ouractivitiesThe Knowledge Partnersconsist of organizationsthat help provide Sustainiawith ideas, market solutionsand R&D to enhance ourinsight to new trends andmarketplace developments.Each partner brings differ-ent values to the Sustainiaplatform having unique per-spectives into different sec-tors.Sustainia is always looking to work with companies andorganizations dedicated to move their industries, citiesand communities forward. We welcome new ideas andpartners. Please do get in touch with our managementto learn more.
    • 164Sustainia has a number of activities, events andpublications that bring together the bigger picture forour key stakeholders.We start from our overall vision of a sustainable society,zoom in on a city focus, complete a full sector analysis, andthen identify and evaluate market solutions as shownin this publication.Explore morefrom SustainiaThe book“guide to sustainia”→ The full vision andintegrated storytellingGuide to Sustainia describes the overall vision and model ofSustainia and demonstrates a new way of communicatingabout sustainability. By using clear and simple language alongwith easily read illustrations, it draws a tangible picture of whatthe sustainable society could look like ten years from now basedon solutions available today.SustainiaCity Guides→ Exploring the sustainable citiesand regions of tomorrowSustainia City Guides zooms in on real existing cities to show-case how life in sustainable cities will be better. Sustainia CityGuides provide insight into new ways of urban planning, un-derstanding of what drives innovation towards sustainability inthe built environment, and tools for communicating visions tocity stakeholders.
    • 165Sustainiasector guides→ STIMULATING THE MARKET SECTORSFOR SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONSThe Sector Guides aim to stimulate the marketplace for each ofour 10 sectors. In 2012 we launched the Buildings Sector Guideand in 2013 we are launching both the Fashion and HealthSectors. Each sector takes a unique approach and builds aroundkey stakeholders to ascertain real-time challenges within. TheBuilding Sector focused on the socio-economic benefits of ret-rofitting and building sustainably, gathering the arguments fora big push towards sustainability. This included healthy indoorclimate, productivity and quality of life as well as energy andresource efficiency. The Health Sector will focus on lifestyle andthe world we live in whereas the Fashion Sector focuses on co-creating a sustainable value chain for the fashion industry.Sustainia100→ 100 sustainable solutionsdelivered every yearSustainia is working continuously to identify, and analyze so-lutions for this annual catalogue of trends and developmentsacross our ten sectors. It is part of our ongoing effort to stressthe benefits of sustainability, demonstrate the possibilities andinspire communities, businesses and policy makers. The Sustai-nia100 also acts as a list of nominees for the Sustainia Award.Sustainiaaction forum→ Key decision makers committingto concrete actionsOur annual Action Forum brings together key stakeholdersfrom top level executives, policy makers, through to inspiringthought leaders. This provides an open platform where theymay engage, learn from, and collaborate on implementingsustainable solutions within their respective activities. As a re-sult, we see real decisions being made by those who can imple-ment change on various levels and scale.Sustainiastrategy and advice→ Tailor made, solution orientedsustainability strategiesWe believe in innovating sustainability to increase value cre-ation. Having worked with some of the world’s leading compa-nies when it comes to uniting sustainability and profitability,and with an experienced and highly-creative staff, Sustainia isable to offer advisory and tailor made insights to support thesustainability strategies and communication efforts of our part-ners and our network.
    • 166Company/Organization Solution Page3xN Architects Demonstrating Sustainable Buildings 98Absolicon Solar Collector Solar Generation of Heat, Steam, and Electricity 104Adaptrum Connecting Kenya’s Unconnected 76Airtel Africa Mobile-Based Farming Information 79Algreen Arkitekter City Design with Daylight 138amee UK Environmental Scoring of Companies 82Applied Separations Textile Dyeing without Water or Waste 56Aravind Eye Care System Innovating Eye Surgery 128Association “La Voûte Nubienne” Kick-Starting Markets for Affordable Housing 92Aus Design Sharing Design Globally for Upcycling Locally 52Basica Optimal Light, Natural Air 29Beximco Sharing Design Globally for Upcycling Locally 52Beyond Meat Replacing Animal Protein in Diets 42Bidgely Using Big Data for Energy Savings 80BigBelly Solar Intelligent Waste and Recycling Collection 151Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Self-Cleaning, Solar-Powered Toilet 121Bluerise BV Using the Ocean to Power Tropical Islands 111The Boeing Company Integrated Bioenergy Production for Aviation 148Borås Energi och Miljö Thermal Storage for Smart and Green Heating 107Bupa Empowering Healthier Food Choices 125Buzzcar Peer-to-Peer Carsharing 66BYD Company Limited Electric City Bus with 250-km Range 69Byoearth Red Worms Transform Waste into Fertilizer 44Caltech Self-Cleaning, Solar-Powered Toilet 121Capital Cooling River-Assisted District Cooling 141Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia (CIDRZ) Cancer Prevention and Telemedicine Treatment 122ClimateWell Solar Air-Conditioning with Integrated Energy Storage 24Copenhagen, city of Climate Resilient Neighborhood 132Cree Wood-Hybrid Building System up to 30 Stories 28CTS-EMBARQ Mexico Inner-City Bus Rapid Transit 140Curaçao Airport Holding Using the Ocean to Power Tropical Islands 111Cuycha Innovation Capturing CO2 to Create Beneficiary Byproducts 157Dalkia Thermal Storage for Smart and Green Heating 107Digital Lumens Making Every Light Intelligent 113Dinex Group Slashing Diesel Engine Particle Emissions 124Duke Center for Sustainability & Commerce, Duke University Linking Sustainability to Commerce 97Elstat Intelligent Thermostats for Beverage Cooling 39Energeno Power-Saving Electricity Monitor 101Ennesys Algea Clean Energy and Wastewater Treatment 20Estonian Academy of Arts Sharing Design Globally for Upcycling Locally 52Etihad Airways Integrated Bioenergy Production for Aviation 148European GreenWood Company “Energy Forests” in Former Coal Mines 114F Cubed Solar Water Purification and Distillation 118Fenugreen Keeping Food Fresh from Farm to Fork 37Fjellstrand Battery-Driven Car Ferry 70FLOOW2 Online B2B Sharing Marketplace 81Futerra Clothes Swapping Parties 48The George Institute for Global Health Empowering Healthier Food Choices 125Gleaning Network UK Redistributing Cosmetic Food Waste 45Green Solution House Demonstrating Sustainable Buildings 98Greenway Grameen Infra High-Efficiency Cook Stove 127Grundfos BioBooster Decentralized Wastewater Treatment 154Guernsey Overseas Aid Rainwater-Harvesting Schools 31Guillot Arquitectos Optimal Light, Natural Air 29Hangzhou Public Transport Corporation Urban Bike-Sharing 68Heliospectra Lighting System “Listens” to Plants 38Henning Larsen Architects City Design with Daylight 138Huawei Technologies Green Outdoor Site for Wireless Networking 84Hyundai Motor Company Hydrogen-Powered Fuel-Cell Car 67iFixit Fixing the World One Device at a Time 93in.gredients Package-Free Grocery Store 34Indigo Connecting Kenya’s Unconnected 76International Synergies Industrial Symbiosis Web Platform 86Kims Kenya Rainwater-Harvesting Schools 31King’s Cross Central Limited Partnership Retrofitting an Inner-City District 142KiWi Power Intelligent Reduction of Peak Power Consumption 106Klimakvarter Climate Resilient Neighborhood 132Kvaliteta Systems and Solutions Solar-Powered PCs for Education 87Index
    • 167Company/Organization Solution PageLanzaTech Capturing Carbon for Reuse as Fuel 110Loomstate Reversible, Versatile and Sustainable Fashion 53Lucid Energy Generating Energy from Water in Pipelines 25Lumoi Jewellery Upcycling Jewellery 58The Masdar Insititute of Science and Technology Integrated Bioenergy Production for Aviation 148Mazuma Mobile Cash for your Mobile Phone 156MediAngels Online Hospital Treatment 129Metrobus Inner-City Bus Rapid Transit 140Mexico City’s Government Inner-City Bus Rapid Transit 140Microsoft Connecting Kenya’s Unconnected 76Montería, city of Low-Carbon Growth in an Emerging City 139MyShelter Foundation Bottling the Power of the Sun 26Natural Balance Cheaper Meals with Heat-Retention Cookers 40NeighborGoods Peer-to-Peer Borrowing and Lending 135Nest A Learning Thermostat 22Netcycler Extending Life of Goods through Trade Rings 152Neutral.com Sustainable Clothing made Profitable 54Nexthamburg Crowdsourcing the Future City 100NICE Fashion Sharing Design Globally for Upcycling Locally 52NICE International BV Solar-Powered IT-Centers 83Nichicon EVs as an Electric Power Supply 112Nissan EVs as an Electric Power Supply 112Norled Battery-Driven Car Ferry 70Novartis Mobile Management of Life-Saving Medicine 120O2E Technologies Waste to Energy without Combustion 115Okehampton College Tying Energy Savings to Learning Opportunities 95OriginOil Algea Clean Energy and Wastewater Treatment 20OttoClave Audio-Instructed Infection Prevention 126Parans Solar Lighting Bringing Sunlight Into Every Room 23Philips Community Light Centers 90Piece x Piece New Fashion from Fabric Discards 59PitchAfrica Rainwater-Harvesting Schools 31Proactiva Medio Ambiente Low-Carbon Growth in an Emerging City 139Project Learning Tree Environmental Experiences for Children 94Qualcomm Wireless EV Charging 65Realdania City Design with Daylight 138Repair Café Foundation Repair Broken Items at the Local Café 153ReUse Sharing Design Globally for Upcycling Locally 52The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture City Design with Daylight 138Rubies in the Rubble Making Chutney out of Waste Food 41Safran Integrated Bioenergy Production for Aviation 148San Francisco, city of Dynamic Parking Pricing 134The Savory Institute Restoring Desert Land Using Livestock 150Seawater Greenhouse Seawater Desert Greenhouses 36SEICA Optimal Light, Natural Air 29SFpark Dynamic Parking Pricing 134SideCar Real-time Ridesharing App 137Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP Wind Energy-Generating Skyscraper 30SkySails Kite-Powered Ships 64Solelia Greentech Solar-Powered EV Charging Stations 62Study NY Reinventing the Fashion Calendar 57TaKaDu Software for Reducing Water Loss 78TerraCycle Waste Education and Collection 149Therefore Generating Light from the Force of Gravity 108Thermo King Zero Emissions Transport Refrigeration System 72Thinlabs Solar-Powered PCs for Education 87Three Wheels United Empowering Auto-Rickshaw Drivers 73Timberland Design for Disassembly 50Tvilight Intelligent Streetlights 136United Archive Vintage Clothing Library 51UOP-Honeywell Integrated Bioenergy Production for Aviation 148VELUX Demonstrating Sustainable Buildings 99Veolia Environment Thermal Storage for Smart and Green Heating 107WaterStep Chlorine Generator Kills Waterborne Pathogens 146Wongpanit Cash for Recycling 96Xyris Software Empowering Healthier Food Choices 125The Zeitz Foundation Rainwater-Harvesting Schools 31Index
    • 168BUILDING THE WORLDOF TOMORROWSUSTAINIAFounding partnersStrategic partnersKnowledge partners
    • SUSTAINIAJoin us on Facebookfacebook.com/sustainiaFollow us on twitter@sustainia_meFind us onwww.sustainia.meSustainia100 is a testament to the power of innovation.It is Sustainia’s annual guide to 100 innovative solutionsfrom around the world that presents tangible projects,initiatives, and technologies at the forefront of sustainabletransformation.All solutions are readily available and introduce state-of-the-art practices with a positive impact on communitiesand industries worldwide. With the Sustainia100, Sustainiagives investors, business leaders, politicians, and consumersin-depth insights into the most promising projects andsolutions across our 10 sectors.The solutions in the Sustainia100 are efficient, innovative,and fascinating.We hope you will be inspired!BUILDING the worldof tomorrow