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  1. 1. → A Guide to100 sustainablesolutionsSUSTAINIA2013
  2. 2. 110sectors100solutions128countriesof deployment→ A Guide to100 sustainablesolutions
  3. 3. 2Who’s behind?ManagementErik Rasmussen, Founder of SustainiaLaura Storm, Executive Director lss@mm.dkChristopher Sveen, Director of Business Development csv@mm.dkEditorsChristian Eika, Manager of Research & Development cef@mm.dkEsben Alslund-Lanthén, Analyst ela@mm.dkLead WritersBjørn Hvidtfeldt Larsen, Research AnalystEmil Damgaard Grann, Research AnalystJustin Gerdes, Freelance AnalystContributing WritersSolvej Karlshøj Christiansen, Project ManagerMarie Louise Gørvild, Communications ManagerSector ResearchBjørn Hvidtfeldt Larsen, Research AnalystChristian Eika, Manager of Research & DevelopmentEmil Damgaard Grann, Research AnalystEsben Alslund-Lanthén, AnalystMorten Jastrup, Senior Analyst, Building Sector mja@mm.dkSandra Neale, Senior Analyst, Health Sector sne@mm.dkSolvej Karlshøj Christiansen, Project Manager, Fashion Sector skc@mm.dkDesignLisa Haglund, Graphic DesignLiv Caroline Hotvedt Laursen, IllustrationSustainia100 Advisory BoardSee full list of Advisory Board members in the Methodology chapter page 160The Sustainia Secretariatc/o Monday MorningValkendorfsgade 13, P.O. Box 1127DK-1009 Copenhagen KPhone: +45 33 93 93 23www.sustainia.meA special thank goes out to our community who have been a great source ofinspiration and has helped us identify great solutions around the world.541 Printedmatter 457These certifications represent the prevention of 3.97 tons of C02 emissions.
  5. 5. 446 Fashion Sector48 Clothes Swapping Parties50 Design for Disassembly51 Vintage Clothing Library52 Sharing Design Globally for Upcycling Locally53 Reversible, Versatile and Sustainable Fashion54 Sustainable Clothing made Profitable56 Textile Dyeing without Water or Waste57 Reinventing the Fashion Calendar58 Upcycling Jewellery59 New Fashion from Fabric Discards 60 Transportation Sector62 Solar-Powered EV Charging Stations64 Kite-Powered Ships65 Wireless EV Charging66 Peer-to-Peer Carsharing67 Hydrogen-Powered Fuel-Cell Car68 Urban Bike-Sharing69 Electric City Bus with 250-km Range70 Battery-Driven Car Ferry72 Zero Emissions Transport Refrigeration System73 Empowering Auto-Rickshaw Drivers18 Building Sector20 Algae Clean Energy and Wastewater Treatment22 A Learning Thermostat23 Bringing Sunlight into Every Room24 Solar Air-Conditioning With Energy Storage25 Generating Energy from Water in Pipelines26 Bottling the Power of the Sun28 Wood-Hybrid Building System up to 30 Stories29 Optimal Light, Natural Air30 Wind Energy-Generating Skyscraper31 Rainwater-Harvesting Schools 32 Food Sector34 Package-Free Grocery Store36 Seawater Desert Greenhouses37 Keeping Food Fresh from Farm to Fork38 Lighting System “Listens” to Plants39 Intelligent Thermostats for Beverage Cooling40 Cheaper Meals with Heat-Retention Cookers41 Making Chutney out of Waste Food42 Replacing Animal Protein in Diets44 Red Worms Transform Waste into Fertilizer45 Redistributing Cosmetic Food Waste06 Foreword08 Introduction10 A World of Solutions12 Sustainia Award14 2012 Sustainia Award Winners16 How to Read the Solutions160 Methodology162 The 4 Key Pillars of Sustainia166 IndexContentSUSTAINIA100
  6. 6. 5116 Health Sector118 Solar Water Purification and Distillation120 Mobile Management of Life-Saving Medicine121 Self-Cleaning, Solar-Powered Toilet122 Cancer Prevention and Telemedicine Treatment124 Slashing Diesel Engine Particle Emissions125 Empowering Healthier Food Choices126 Audio-Instructed Infection Prevention127 High-Efficiency Cook Stove128 Innovating Eye Surgery129 Online Hospital Treatment 130 Cities Sector132 Climate Resilient Neighborhood134 Dynamic Parking Pricing135 Peer-to-Peer Borrowing and Lending136 Intelligent Streetlights137 Real-Time Ridesharing App138 City Design with Daylight139 Low-Carbon Growth in an Emerging City140 Inner-City Bus Rapid Transit141 River-Assisted District Cooling142 Retrofitting an Inner-City District 144 Resources Sector146 Chlorine Generator Kills Waterborne Pathogens148 Integrated Bioenergy Production for Aviation149 Waste Education and Collection150 Restoring Desert Land using Livestock151 Intelligent Waste and Recycling Collection152 Extending Life of Goods through Trade Rings153 Repair Broken Items at the Local Café154 Decentralized Wastewater Treatment156 Cash for your Mobile Phone157 Capturing CO2 to Create Beneficiary Byproducts74 IT Sector76 Connecting Kenya’s Unconnected78 Software for Reducing Water Loss79 Mobile-Based Farming Information80 Using Big Data for Energy Savings81 Online B2B Sharing Marketplace82 Environmental Scoring of Companies83 Solar-Powered IT-Centers84 Green Outdoor Site for Wireless Networking86 Industrial Symbiosis Web Platform87 Solar-Powered PCs for Education 88 Education Sector90 Community Light Centers92 Kick-Starting Markets for Affordable Housing93 Fixing the World One Device at a Time94 Environmental Experiences for Children95 Tying Energy Savings to Learning Opportunities96 Cash for Recycling97 Linking Sustainability to Commerce98 Demonstrating Sustainable Buildings100 Crowdsourcing the Future City101 Power-Saving Electricity Monitor 102 Energy Sector104 Solar Generation of Heat, Steam, and Electricity106 Intelligent Reduction of Peak Power Consumption107 Thermal Storage for Smart and Green Heating108 Generating Light from the Force of Gravity110 Capturing Carbon for Reuse as Fuel111 Using the Ocean to Power Tropical Islands112 EVs as an Electric Power Supply113 Making Every Light Intelligent114 “Energy Forests” in Former Coal Mines115 Waste to Energy without CombustionContentSUSTAINIA100
  7. 7. 606Connie HedegaardCalling for action at theSustainia Award Ceremony,October 2012
  8. 8. 707“The solutionsare available andthey’reprofitable”Don’t tell it. Show it. This rule applies to the art of writing,but also very much to the transition to a more sustainablesociety.And the solutions collected here do just that. They show it.They show that there are loads of good ideas and initiativesout there. They show that this transition is doable. And theyshow the contours of a society that is both healthier andwealthier than the one we have today.The solutions are available and they are profitable. Our chal-lenge is to bring them to scale. Political power can help thishappen by creating a framework with targets, standards,and pricing.But the power of example is just as important, perhaps evenmore so, to most people. Seeing that sustainable solutionsactually work. That they are profitable. Beautiful. Desirable.That is in the end what will make people change and choosesustainable solutions.ForewordConnie HedegaardEuropean Commissioner for Climate Action andmember of the Sustainia Award Committee
  9. 9. 808IntroductionSustainia100 is an annual guide to 100innovative solutions from around theworld that presents tangible projects,initiatives, and technologies at the fore-front of sustainable transformation.All solutions are readily available and introduce state-of-the-artpractices with a positive impact on communities and industriesworldwide.By identifying 100 outstanding sustainable solutions in 10 key sec-tors, Sustainia100 gives investors, regional developers, businessleaders, politicians, and consumers in-depth insights to some ofthe most promising projects and technologies. We see it as a bestpractices toolbox for those looking for successful sustainable de-velopments in the workplace, production facilities, municipalities,homes, schools, cities – wherever!Building on the 2012 edition of the Sustainia100 and the great in-terest it inspired, Sustainia has expanded its research efforts, gonethrough thousands of projects, explored new developments atresearch facilities and innovation hubs. We have carefully vettedover 500 solutions in order to present you with this year’s Sustai-nia100. The result is a unique overview of market proven solutionsthat highlight the most cutting-edge developments and invest-ment potential around the globe.The Sustainia100 is launched each year in June. But our efforts toidentify state-of-the art solutions are ongoing. Sustainia has devel-oped a comprehensive database of sustainable solutions, projects,and technologies from every corner of the globe across a widerange of sectors. Reviewing this data, we can confidently say thatimpressive progress is being made around the world, and we lookforward to sharing these developments with you.You are about to see 100 solutions that prove to us that sustain-able transformation of our key sectors is possible. Not in 10 yearstime, but today!Solutions Transformingour SocietyWhat makes a Sustainia100solution?The Sustainia100 shows progresswithin the environmental, social,and economic spheres of oursocieties. Sustainia has adopteda systematic approach to findingsolutions in concert with a globalsustainability community.Our online platform enables in-novators from around the globe tosubmit a solution. These submis-sions are supplemented by exten-sive research carried out to ensuregeographic and sector diversity.Finally, the solutions are carefullyvetted and selected using the Sus-tainia100 Criteria, in consultationwith our Advisory Board of exter-nal, independent sector experts.(See more in Methodology-chapter)Sustainia100CriteriaReadily availablePositiveenvironmentalimpactFinancially viableImprove qualityof lifeScalableThe solutions profiled in the Sustainia100 arebased on our triple-bottom line approachtowards sustainability: environmental, social,and economic.They also have the potential to scale upacross markets and societies.
  10. 10. 909Introduction100 SolutionsReveal New Trends& DevelopmentsNew Fashion fromFabric DiscardsUsing Big Data forEnergy SavingsPeer-to-Peer Borrowingand LendingCommercializingDemand Responsein the GridMobile Management ofLife-Saving MedicineOver the past year, the Sustainiaresearch team considered thou-sands of solutions to select thefinal Sustainia100. Based on theextensive amount of data and re-search, trends and developmentshave emerged. Before you divedeeper into the solutions, proj-ects, and technologies, we wantto pan out for an introduction tothe trends and insights reflectedin the Sustainia100.TREND:New manufacturingtechnologies and sustainableproductionWe have been excited to see inno-vative solutions surface in sectorsrather new to the sustainabilityscene. One of these sectors is thefashion industry. There is a longway to go, but some of the mostgroundbreaking solutions are ap-pearing in this industry, such assophisticated dyeing methodsand young designers finding newapproaches to reduce waste.TREND:Technologies that interactwith consumer behaviorMore solutions acknowledge theimportance of consumer behav-ior by giving users access to dataand information that drive themto change their behavior or maketheir life easier. This not only en-courages users to reflect on theirconsumption, but also to takecontrol and make decisions thatfit their routines and lifestyle.TREND:Sharing resourcesand reducing costsSharing resources is emergingeverywhere from heavy machin-ery and cars to tools and appli-ances helping save resources,capital investments, and overallcost structure related to them.This also adds a social element tosustainable living by facilitatinginteractions between neighbors,colleagues, and residents.TREND:Mobile technology breakingbarriers of poor infrastructureA truly inspiring development isalso under way in the health sec-tor, where we see a strong trendof tech solutions taking advan-tage of the high mobile penetra-tion in sub-Saharan countries inorder to deliver medical care tocitizens and manage medical sup-plies.TREND:Big Data to big analyticsBig Data is making a big bet onsustainable innovation. In Sustai-nia100, you will find solutions thatcan collect large data sets with-out infrastructure plug-ins or sen-sors, as well as solutions that usethis data to find the leaks in yourwater pipes.Exciting as these trends are, we’rereminded of the most importanttakeaway: The Sustainia100 so-lutions are making lives, econo-mies, and environments betteraround the world
  11. 11. 10In North America,7 solutions arecleaning up thefashion industryIn South America,17 solutions areimpacting theresource sector19 solutions weredeveloped in Asia,spanning 10 countriesA World ofSolutions26 solutionsprovide healthbenefits27 solutions arefinding new waysto use IT forsustainability25 solutions aredeployed inAfrica, spanning26 countriesSustainia100 brings forth cases, trends,and insights from all over the world.About half of thesolutions impactthe energy sector28 solutions havean educationalpurpose19 in India13 in Mexico13 in South Africa10 in KenyaSolutions deployedin emerging economies
  12. 12. 11Circle colors correspond toour 10 sectorsSolutionsdeployed in  128countries
  13. 13. 12SustainiaAwardSustainia invites thought leadersand citizens with a passion forsustainability to celebrate thewinners during a festive eveningin Copenhagen.The Sustainia Award is an annual internationalaward that honors outstanding performancewithin sustainability.
  14. 14. 13Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger leads a high-level com-mittee of sustainability leaders that selects the award winnerand join Sustainia’s celebration of the innovative entrepre-neurs who are guiding the world toward a greener and moreprosperous future for us all.All 100 solutions in the Sustainia100 are nominees for theSustainia Award. The Sustainia Award is given to a solution,technology, or initiative with a significant potential to help builda more sustainable future. The award winner will gain globalawareness around its groundbreaking efforts, and Sustainia will,along with its partners, dedicate time and resources to help thewinner scale for greater impact.For the Sustainia Award celebration, Sustainia gathers morethan 1,400 people in its community, emphasizing that sustain-ability can indeed sell tickets when it is presented in an appeal-ing way. We also invite our friends and followers to get engaged,vote, and celebrate their winner. This award, the SustainiaCommunity Award, is the voice of global consumers and a rec-ognition of the winner’s ability to create enthusiasm and inspirea broader audience to embrace sustainability. Last year, com-munity members from 115 countries voted for their favoritesolution.Laura Storm, Sustainia’sExecutive Director,announcing the finalistsat the 2012 SustainiaAward Ceremony.Sustainia is a vibrantcommunity for thosewho believe that changeis created from thebottom up.Ten finalists for the Sustainia Awardwill also be presented to world busi-ness leaders and politicians duringthe United Nations General Assembly,in New York, with Sustainia’s partner,UN Global Compact,in September 2013.The AwardCommitteeArnoldSchwarzeneggerHonorary Chairman of SustainiaAward Committee and FormerGovernor of CaliforniaConnie HedegaardEuropean Commissioner forClimate ActionGro Harlem BrundtlandFormer Prime Minister of Norwayand Former Director-General,World Health OrganizationDr. Rajendra PachauriNobel Laureate and Chair,Intergovernmental Panel onClimate Change (Ipcc)BUILDING THE WORLDOF TOMORROWSUSTAINIATheSustainiaAwardandSustainiaCommunity Award winners areannounced in autumn 2013 at theSustainia Award Ceremony, heldat the Royal Danish Theater, inCopenhagen.JOIN US!
  15. 15. 142012 SustainiaAward WinnerAzuri Technologies2012 Sustainia Award WinnersThe Azuri solar solution,Indigo, brings great valueto off-grid communitiesthrough a combinationof easily available solartechnologies and mobilefinancing.Azuri took home theaward for their Indigopay-as-you-go solarsolution for homeslocated inoff-grid areas in thedeveloping world.The combination of solar and mobile phone technologies en-ables users to avoid unaffordable up-front costs and instead payfor their solar electricity as they use it by purchasing scratch-cards.In Kenya, a scratch-card costs $1.40 and provides eight hoursof fossil fuel-free lighting for two rooms and mobile phonecharging for a week. Indigo replaces kerosene as the primarysource of energy for lighting, cutting a family’s energy expens-es by up to 50%, which also makes the solution financially viableto low-income families.Since winning the Sustainia Award, Azuri has grown rapidlyand gained widespread attention. The company expanded intocountries in East and Southern Africa and initiated deploymentof the Indigo solution in West Africa. Having secured a landmarkfinance facility from Barclays Corporate Finance to acceleratefurther deployment, Azuri is ready to transform the lives of anadditional 30,000 rural customers in sub-Saharan Africa.Azuri benefitted from the international recognition and celeb-rity endorsement from Arnold Schwarzenegger that accom-panied the Sustainia Award. This has raised the profile of thebrand and its position as a sustainable business.
  16. 16. 15Chicago Lakeside Development is atransformative model for U.S. cityplanning and could upend the traditionalthinking of how people live and workacross the country.2012 Sustainia Award Winners2012 Sustainia Community Award WinnerChicago Lakeside DevelopmentSince winning the SustainiaAward, Azuri expanded withinEast and Southern Africa andstarted deployments in WestAfrica, including a rollout inSierra Leone.Deployed inKenya, Uganda,Zimbabwe,South Sudan, andSierra LeoneWinning the hearts and minds of the Sustainia community,Chicago Lakeside Development was voted winner of the Sustai-nia Community Award 2012.The solution represents a great opportunity for Chicago torecreate itself for the 21st century by setting new standards forsustainable living.Developed
  17. 17. 16How to Readthe SolutionsThis guide takes you through 100 solutions.We describe each solution and zoom in on key aspectssuch as sectors, geography, and benefits on the TripleBottom Line of sustainability:social, economic, and environmental.This is what to look for when reading:DescriptionA straightforwardexplanation of howthe solution works.JustificationThe key argumentsas to why this solu-tion is in the guide.ImageProvides a visualanchor point for thereader to under-stand each solution.Sustainia100 is a journey around the world. In the descrip-tion for each solution, we will show you both where it wasdeveloped and the country or countries where the so-lution is deployed. This reveals the contexts that eachsolution is benefitting.You will discover that great solutions are being developed,tested, and used in a wide variety of countries.GeographySolution developed inSolution deployed in
  18. 18. 17The solutions are divided into sec-tors. Each sector is equipped with asector icon making it easy to navi-gate solutions based on which sec-tors you are interested in.Many of the solutions in this guideimpact more than one sector andare thus equipped with severalicons proportionate in size withthe impact that the solution has oneach sector. Solutions that impactmultiple sectors are placed in thesector that it impacts the most.The cross-sector impact of mostsolutions reflects the holistic ap-proach that characterizes sustain-able solutions.Apart from the sector icons, the three icons below representthe triple bottom line of sustainability. For each solution, at leasttwo of the three elements are highlighted.ENVIRONMENTALHere you will find key argu-ments and statistics on howthe solution benefits the envi-ronment, i.e. by limiting CO2emissions, chemical use, etc.SOCIALHere you will finde key argu-ments that illustrate social sus-tainability, i.e. how the solutionimproves well-being and qual-ity of life etc.ECONOMICUnder this icon, you will findkey arguments or statistics thatillustrate the economic sustain-ability of the solution, i.e. why ithas a positive economic impact.BuildingsFooDFashionITEducationEnergyHealthCitiesResourcesSectorsThe TripleBottom LineTranspor-tation
  19. 19. Buildings18
  20. 20. BuildingsOnsite watertreatment systemsUtilizing naturalresources forair-conditioning,lighting, and heatingIntegrating newforms of renewablesApplying low-techsolutions indeveloping economiesSustainabilitythroughout a building’slife-cycleBuildingsectorKey trends19
  21. 21. Buildings20
  22. 22. BuildingsEnnesys’ water cycle recoversbiologic energy from wastewa-ter and solar energy to growmicroalgae, locally transformedinto heat and power, recyclingwastewater to irrigation andsanitation quality.Algae Clean Energy andWastewater TreatmentEnnesys’ biomimetic solution usesmicroalgae for the triple advantage ofwastewater remediation, clean energygeneration, and thermal insulation ofbuildings.In photo-bioreactors placed on building roofs or façades, micro-algae growth in sunlight is enhanced by the supply of wastewater.Pollutants are assimilated and increase biomass production. Afterharvesting, the biomass can be transformed locally to producepower, heat, or cooling, and the water is cleaned.The functioning demonstrator in France has proven the quality ofthe cleaned water, suitable for irrigation or sanitation. The position-ing of photo-bioreactors on the roof and façades of buildings im-proves their thermal behavior, providing better insulation and usercomfort.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Combining wastewater remediation and clean energy production, Ennesys’ technol-ogy allows city districts to recycle their organic waste and produce energy to coverlocal consumption. The low cost of the electricity generated and the wastewatertreated makes the technology scalable to other settings, particularly where decen-tralized water remediation is required.EnvironmentalOne hundred percent of wastewaterfrom office or residential buildings canbe recycled, generating 8 kWh of cleanelectricity, according to Ennesys.socialIn developing countries, local watertreatment leads to an increase of wateravailability for sanitation, reducing the riskof disease transmission.1EconomicHarvesting both solar and biologicalenergy leads to low-cost heat and powerproduction, as well as reduced heating andcooling demand in buildings.Developed inFranceDeployed in France,Brazil, Chile, Israel,Morocco1WHO, “Domestic WaterQuantity, Service Level andHealth.”Solution by Ennesys SAS and OriginOil21
  23. 23. BuildingsA LearningThermostatThe Nest Learning Thermostat can re-duce heating and cooling costs by learningthe habits of its users.The Nest Learning Thermostat remembers what temperatures youlike, creates a custom schedule for your home, and adjusts temper-ature settings when you’re away. The company says that once theNest has learned your schedule, it can save up to 20% on heatingand cooling bills.The Nest can be remotely controlled via a smartphone, tablet, orlaptop. Nest’s System Match optimizes controls for a home’s par-ticular heating and cooling system, while the Nest Leaf guides us-ers to energy-efficient temperature settings. The “Energy Historyand Energy Report,” enables users to see how much energy they’veused and provides tips on how to lower utility bills.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Nest alleviates the hassle of having to program a thermostat – just 11% of homeown-ers program their programmable thermostats because they’re too complicated. Homeheating and cooling accounts for about half of the average household’s energy bill. TheNest Learning Thermostat keeps users comfortable while helping them save energy.EnvironmentalNest addresses 10% of US energyconsumption – residential heating andcooling.socialBy learning its users’ habits and adjustingaccordingly, the Nest gets around people’stendency to forget to program homethermostats.EconomicAccording to Nest, once the thermostathas learned your schedule, it can save up to20% on heating and cooling bills.Developed inUSADeployed inUSA, CanadaSolution by Nest22
  24. 24. BuildingsBringing Sunlightinto Every RoomThe Parans system captures the rays ofthe sun and brings it deep into buildings,creating a skylight even four floors down.Parans’ solar lighting system brings sunlight into the indoor en-vironments where we work, learn, and live. Natural light confershealth benefits that cannot be substituted by artificial light. Thetechnology uses fiber optic cables to transport sunlight far intobuildings, which reduces the electricity used for illumination andcooling. The thin and flexible cables make it simple to install in newbuildings or retrofit into existing buildings.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Many of today’s buildings are designed so that artificial light is needed throughoutthe day. Parans’ solution allows buildings to use sunlight directly for illumination, en-hancing the quality of our indoor environments, as we need sunlight for good health.EnvironmentalLighting accounts for almost 20% ofglobal electricity consumption, accordingto Parans.socialSunlight keeps us awake and alert, syncingour 24-hour rhythm, hormone balance, andboosting the immune system.EconomicAccording to the company, workersexposed to natural light are moreproductive and sick less often.Developed inSwedenDeployed in 33 countriesin Europe and NorthAmericaSolution by Parans Solar Lighting23
  25. 25. BuildingsThe ClimateWell CoolStore component(the “tube”) is integrated in to conven-tional solar thermal collectors, onlypowered by the sun, to deliver heatingand cooling to buildings."At ClimateWell weare committed todelivering energyefficiency that paysfor itself."Per Olofsson, CEO ClimateWellSolar Air-Conditioningwith Energy StorageClimateWell’s CoolStore technologypowers solar air-conditioning systems withintegrated energy storage to provide heat-ing during winter, cooling during summer,and hot water every day.ClimateWell has developed a triple-state absorption technology thatconverts and stores solar energy into heating and cooling withoutneed of electricity. The high-density integrated energy storage in a“dry” salt has no moving parts, is fully scalable, and cost-effective.The ClimateWell CoolStore component (essentially a glass tube) isdirectly integrated into a solar collector, making installation easy,with no need for external equipment.The technology can be applied in single-family homes and com-mercial buildings alike, and can even be used for heat-driven air-conditioning for heavy-duty vehicles and trucks.Why a Sustainia100 solution? According to ClimateWell, 25% of the world’s energy consumption is used for heatingand cooling of buildings, with the largest part of this energy coming from fossil fuel-powered space heaters and electrically driven chillers. As the world’s first solar collec-tor with combined heating, cooling, and energy storage, this solution delivers twice asmuch energy compared to today’s state-of-the-art solar collectors, increasing energysavings and reducing CO2 emissions.EnvironmentalAccording to ClimateWell, a typicalresidential user of CoolStore-powered solarair-conditioning reduces the home’s CO2footprint by 15 tons annually.socialAs ClimateWell’s solar cooling solutionsrun without electricity, off grid areas couldbenefit from cooling and cold storage offoods and medicine.EconomicA typical U.S. homeowner usingClimateWell-powered solar cooling cutsenergy bills by 50%, according to thecompany.Developed inSweden, USA, GermanyDeployed in 16 countriesin Europe, North America,South America, Africa,and AsiaSolution by ClimateWell24
  26. 26. Buildings“Lucid Energy is improv-ing the economics ofdelivering safe, cleanwater while reducingdependence on fossilfuels.”GREGG SEMLER, PRESIDENT AND CEO,LUCID ENERGYGenerating Energy fromWater in PipelinesLucid Energy provides a new way forindustries to generate renewable energyaround the clock from the water in theirpipelines.The LucidPipe is an in-conduit hydropower technology that en-ables water-intensive industrial, municipal, and agricultural usersto produce carbon-free, low-cost electricity from water pipelinesand effluent streams. The technology recaptures energy embed-ded in fast-flowing water inside of large-diameter, gravity-fed pipe-lines without disrupting pipeline operations.The LucidPipe spherical turbines spin as water passes throughthem, producing a consistent and non-weather-dependent sourceof energy. A market study recently completed by Navigant Consult-ing sizes the opportunity for sales of Lucid Energy’s in-pipe hydro-power product at $5-6 billion in the USA alone.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The U.S. EPA estimates that $633 billion in water infrastructure upgrades are neededto replace aging pipelines and to satisfy new demand over the next 20 years. Byincorporating LucidPipe turbines into new and upgraded pipelines, millions of mega-watt-hours of carbon-free, low-cost electricity can be generated.EnvironmentalAccording to the U.S. EPA, 6% of theenergy consumed in the USA alone is usedto purify and deliver water.socialDelivering drinking and irrigation waterrequires energy that is often in shortsupply, expensive, and dependent on fossilfuels that further deplete resources.EconomicIn the USA, drinking water and wastewaterfacilities spend nearly $4 billion per yearon energy; by incorporating the use ofLucidPipe, millions of megawatt-hours oflow-cost electricity can be generated.Developed inUSADeployed in USA, China,Brazil, Mexico, Chile,Canada, Italy, Spain, andSouth AfricaSolution by Lucid Energy25
  27. 27. BuildingsUsing a recycled PETplastic bottle filled withwater and chlorine, Literof Light creates a 55-wattsolar bottle bulb powerfulenough to light up a home.Bottling the Powerof the SunLiter of Light redesigns solar lighting forthe developing world using plastic ­bottles.The simple design creates local jobs andteaches green skills.A Liter of Light is a plastic bottle filled with water and a bit of bleach.Inserted through the roof, each solar bottle refracts sunlight withthe intensity of a 55-watt light bulb. Using simple tools and basiccarpentry skills, volunteers and local entrepreneurs can light uptheir communities for just $2. The nighttime upgrade with a solarpanel retails at $10. Built by grassroots entrepreneurs and women’sgroups in the Philippines, the cost of finished goods are reducedby 40%.Liter of Light has grown from one home in Laguna, Philippines,to 350,000 lights in 10 countries in just 20 months. Three hun-dred and seventy grassroots solar entrepreneurs are trained in 20months, with each entrepreneur servicing an average of 11,000homes per year.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Over 1 billion people around the world suffer from lack of access to energy, including15 million people in the Philippines. Energy poverty will only be solved by using localmaterials, easily replicable technologies, and livelihood-generating enterprises. Literof Light is helping end energy poverty one bottle at a time.EnvironmentalDiscarded plastic bottles are reused andupcycled to a daylighting system in10 minutes.socialLiter of Light prevents fires and inhalationof toxic fumes from kerosene lamps.EconomicEach lamp saves households $10 monthlyin electricity costs and 200 kilograms ofcarbon emissions per year.Developed inPhilippinesDeployed in Indonesia,Cambodia, Bangladesh,India, South Africa,Kenya, Colombia, Peru,Mexico, SpainSolution by MyShelter Foundation26
  28. 28. BuildingsAzuri-technologiesThrough a simple, open source,do-it-yourself daylight tech­nology, customers can use thesavings from their electricitybills to purchase a locally builtupgrade for lighting at night.We want to reframe the way peoplethink about solutions to climatechange, not as a product ofindustrialized nations, but as a giftthat developing countries can sharewith the rest of the world.Illac Diaz, Execuive Director, Myshelter FoundationTHE IDEA BEHINDLiter of Light is a grassroots solar movement that empowers the most under-resourced communities throughthe ­creation of livelihood programs. The organization trains women from low-income and water scarce regions to­assemble locally sourced, sustainable, and affordable solar products.Off-the-shelf micro solar products already help millions but are not always the best solution in the long term.They are often imported, patented, hard to repair, and too expensive. This means that financing is required, e.g.through aid or micro credits, which may not always be an option.By training locals to supply green technologies to their own communities, Liter of Light is changing the story aboutsustainable development. From one where poor countries wait for aid to one where poor people acquire the skillsand tools to proactively improve their quality of life.www.aliteroflight.org27
  29. 29. BuildingsFor the constructionof the first officeprototype, LCT ONE inAustria, eight storieswere erected in justeight days.“With the LifeCycleTower we followan open-sourceapproach whichmeans to globalizeknowledge andlocalize valuecreation.”Hubert Rhomberg, CEO CreeWood-Hybrid BuildingSystem up to 30 StoriesThe LifeCycle Tower is a sustainablebuilding system for wood-hybrid, multi-story construction up to 100 meters and30 stories.The Cree timber building system, LifeCycle Tower, is based onachieving sustainability through material selection. The unenclosedwood structure provides a comfortable living and working environ-ment, saves resources, and promotes health. According to Cree,buildings can reach 30 stories and construction times are cut in half.Building layout, outside façades, surfaces, and interiors are individu-ally planned by architects, while system components such as slabs,columns, inside façade, and building services ensure the building’squality and functionality. The technology is open source in order toscale the solution globally.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The concept is a new development and state-of-the-art building system for urbansustainable architecture because of its resource efficiency, with an exposed woodload-bearing structure, system approach and off-site prefabrication of system ele-ments. An eight-story office building in Austria shows the technological, ecological,and economic advantages of the hybrid-timber construction system.EnvironmentalThe LifeCycle Tower improves CO2 balanceby up to 90%, resource efficiency up to50%, and ensures high recyclability andflexible usage.socialProduction of system elements byregional companies saves time andresources, creates new jobs and businessopportunities for SMEs, and reduces dust,dirt, and noise on site.EconomicForty percent of global resourceconsumption is caused by the buildingindustry, according to Cree.Developed inAustriaDeployed in AustriaSolution by Cree28
  30. 30. Buildings“As problem solvers,we must aspire todesign elementsthat will make apositive impact on ourhealth and naturalresources.”Ramon Guillot, Architect, LEED AP,Guillot ArquitectosWhy a Sustainia100 solution? By Mexican standards, the light and air chamber makes an unprecedented impact inenergy efficiency and office comfort while still providing good design that, accordingto the company, stands out to locals as an inspirational glimpse into a more sustain-able future.EnvironmentalThe light and air chamber minimizesthe use of HVAC and electrical systems,reducing the environmental footprintcompared to an average building.socialThe first of its kind in the region, thebuilding has made an impact socially bybeing dubbed by locals as the “ecologicalbuilding,” which raised awareness ofsustainability.EconomicAccording to the architects, their solutionreduces energy costs by an averageof 25%.Developed inMexicoDeployed in MexicoOptimal Light,Natural AirIn a Tijuana building, Guillot Arquitectos’light and air chamber improves the healthand productivity of occupants by providingnatural light and air.The air light chamber developed by Guillot Arquitectos capturesnatural air from the base of a tubular element and redirects it to thebuilding’s various levels, reducing the usage of heating, ventila-tion, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. Because the chamber ismade of low-E glass and perforated sheet metal, it also allows natu-ral light to permeate. This gives occupants a more natural setting.The chamber increases worker productivity and improves health,and also helps reduce energy costs by an average of 25%.Solution by Guillot Arquitectos, Basica, and SEICA29
  31. 31. Buildings“Pearl River Towershows the shape ofthe 21st century—ahigh-performancedesign that integratesarchitecture, engi-neering and technol-ogy to create a highlysustainable super-tallbuilding.”Richard F. Tomlinson, II, Partner, SOMThe tower’s sculpted bodydirects wind to a pair ofopenings at its mechani-cal floors, where travelingwinds push turbines, whichgenerate energy for thebuilding.Wind Energy-GeneratingSkyscraperThe Pearl River Tower, located in the cityof Guangzhou, China, is one of the world’smost energy-efficient high-rise structures.The 309-meter Pearl River Tower’s sculpted body directs wind to apair of openings at its mechanical floors, where turbines generateenergy for the building. Integrated solar panels, a double skin cur-tain wall, a chilled ceiling system, under-floor ventilation, and day-light harvesting are additional technologies that contribute to thebuilding’s energy efficiency.The tower’s integrated design approach results in a substantial de-crease in the amount of electrical power required to operate thebuilding’s cooling, heating, dehumidification, ventilation, and light-ing systems. Full implementation of Pearl River Tower’s sustainabil-ity strategies will result in overall energy savings of approximately50% compared to China’s baseline energy code.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Energy efficiency coupled with onsite renewable energy generation reduces the needfor electricity from fossil-fuel power plants, lowering energy-related greenhouse gasemissions. The Pearl River Tower addresses the difficult task of constructing sustain-able high rises.EnvironmentalEnergy savings of approximately 50%compared to China’s baseline energycode and associated conventional designguidelines.EconomicPearl River Tower’s design offers increasedrevenue potential resulting from theelimination of fan rooms and the reductionof airshaft sizes.Developed inUSADeployed in ChinaSolution by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP30
  32. 32. BuildingsA Waterbank schoolcosts the same as aconventional school butprovides triple the spaceand harvests 350,000liters of clean waterannually.“A Waterbank schoolenlists the rain totransform a child’shealth, education andthe future of theircommunity .“JANE HARRISON,EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, PITCHAfricaRainwater-HarvestingSchoolsPitchAfrica has developed a schoolbuilding concept for disadvantaged com-munities in semi-arid regions that providesclean water year round and imparts sus-tainability lessons.Waterbank schools are low-cost rainwater-harvesting schoolbuildings comprising a large roof, a central underground cistern,and an integrated ceramic water filtration system providing cleanwater and food year round. The school buildings integrate com-munity spaces with a wide range of school needs: classrooms, of-fices, dormitories, canteens, and sport-courts. The first Waterbankschool, built in Kenya, captures, stores, and filters 350,000 liters ofwater a year. Since opening, attendance has risen by 25% to 95%and instances of waterborne disease have dropped to zero amongpupils.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The majority of the 345 million people in Africa without access to clean water live inregions with inadequate rainfall. The World Bank estimates that 200,000 classroomsneed to be built in sub-Saharan Africa each year. Waterbank schools place a sustain-able supply of clean water at the heart of the school, improving children’s health, whileeducating them about sustainable lifestyles and practices.EnvironmentalAccording to UNEP, there is 13 times theamount of rain falling in Africa than isneeded by its population1.socialAccording to WHO, 40 billion work hoursare lost every year in Africa because of theneed to collect water.EconomicWaterbank schools can be built for thesame cost as conventional schools,using locally available materials and localexpertise.Developed inUSADeployed in Kenya,Senegal, Malawi1ICRAF & UNEP, “Potential forRainwater Harvesting in Africa:A GIS Overview.”Solution by PitchAfrica, The Zeitz Foundation, KimsKenya, and Guernsey Overseas Aid31
  33. 33. Food32
  34. 34. FoodFoodsectorKey trendsReusing wasteproductsProlonging lifetimeof food productsReducingfood wasteEnergy-efficientproductionSafer and more efficientcooking methods33
  35. 35. Food34
  36. 36. FoodPackage-FreeGrocery StoreBy encouraging customers to bringtheir own containers and fill them with real,local food, the in.gredients grocery storereduces food waste and packaging.According to the company, 40% of food is thrown away. in.gredientsprovides customers with a solution to food and packaging wastewhile building community around a sustainable food system.Customers bring in any container, weigh and label their containers,and fill it with bulk food and household items, reducing food andpackaging waste. The business model incorporates a neighbor-hood food hub, with an outdoor space and organic garden.Why a Sustainia100 solution? In the U.S., each person generates almost two kilos of trash per day. In.gredients’customers shop for healthy, local food and reduce the amount of waste sent to thelandfill. In order to provide the community with high-quality products that supportthe local economy, a majority of the products are locally grown and produced.EnvironmentalOn average, the in.gredients store sendsless than five pounds of trash and zeropounds of food waste to the landfill eachmonth.socialThe produce grown in the volunteer-rungarden goes back to neighborhood-supported agriculture, providing fresh,healthy food for the community.EconomicSixty-nine percent of the cost of goodssold has been from local vendors,supporting the local economy and helpingto build the community.Developed inUSADeployed in USASolution by in.gredients35
  37. 37. FoodSeawater DesertGreenhousesThe Seawater Greenhouse transformsseawater into cool, humid air, fresh water,salt, and nutrients, enabling crops to begrown in hot, arid regions.The world is not short of water; it is just in the wrong places and toosalty. Converting seawater to fresh water, in the right places, offersgreat potential. Seawater Greenhouse uses seawater to cool, steril-ize, and humidify the air going into the greenhouse. Cooler andmore humid conditions reduce the water demand of plants several-fold, typically by 4-8 times that of plants grown outside.In addition to the saved fresh water, both the yield and quality ofplants are higher.Why a Sustainia100 solution? With an increasing global demand for fresh water, agriculture is under pressure asone of the most water-dependent sectors. In general, agriculture uses 60-80% of theplanet’s scarce fresh water1. Shortage of water affects the carbon cycle, as shrinkingforests reduce carbon capture.EnvironmentalUnlike traditional greenhouses, whichoften rely on fossil fuels for temperaturecontrol, Seawater Greenhouses use onlyseawater and sunlight to control growingenvironments.socialFood can be grown where agriculture isconstrained by a lack of water and hightemperatures, leading to improved foodaccess in water-scarce areas.EconomicAccording to the company, the technologyenables development of land normallyconsidered unsuitable for agriculture,coupled with lower capital andoperating costs.Developed inUKDeployed in CanaryIslands, Abu Dhabi,Oman, Australia1The Guardian, “growingfood in the desert: isthis the solution to theworld’s food crisis?”Solution by Seawater Greenhouse36
  38. 38. FoodFreshPaper is a simple5”x 5” sheet that cankeep several pounds ofproduce fresh.“Simple ideas areoften the mostpowerful.”Kavita M Shukla, Inventor & Founder,FenugreenKeeping Food Freshfrom Farm to ForkA piece of paper can reduce global foodwaste. Low cost, compostable, and infusedonly with organic spices, FreshPaper keepsproduce fresh 2-4 times longer.FreshPapers are sheets of paper that are simply dropped into con-tainers, boxes, and bags of produce. By keeping food fresh fromfarm to fork in a scalable and sustainable way, while significantlyreducing resource and energy costs, FreshPaper promises to posi-tively impact the food economy and transform the lives of the 1.6billion people who still lack access to refrigeration. FreshPaper hasspread from a single farmer’s market to farmers, retailers, andconsumers in over 35 countries.Through its “Buy a Pack, Give a Pack” initiative, Fenugreen matchespurchases with donations of FreshPaper to food banks, and is nowworking to provide FreshPaper to farmers in the developing world.Why a Sustainia100 solution? While the world’s farmers harvest enough to feed the planet, we lose 25% of our foodsupply to spoilage, leaving 800 million hungry and exacting staggering societal andenvironmental costs.EnvironmentalThe UN acknowledges that the demand forfood increases steadily with the growth ofthe world population, negatively impactingfood resources and prices.socialFreshPaper empowers families and farmersto address food waste, reducing thetremendous amounts of land, energy, andwater lost across the entire food system.EconomicFreshPaper keeps food fresh 2-4 timeslonger by naturally inhibiting bacterial andfungal growth, working like refrigerationwithout energy and infrastructure costs.Developed inUSADeployed in 35 countries, including:USA, Canada, France, Italy, Germany,Spain, Denmark, UK, Greece, Australia,New Zealand, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina,Thailand, Japan, India, South Africa,Malawi, HaitiSolution by Fenugreen37
  39. 39. FoodThe smart lightingsystem consists ofremotely con-trolled, adjustable-spectrum lightscombined with sen-sors that provideinformation on howthe plants are usingthe light.Lighting System“Listens” to PlantsWith LED lighting systems includingsmart biofeedback, Heliospectra auto-mates plant production while achievinglonger durability, energy savings, and in-creasing yield.The Heliospectra LED lighting system with biofeedback “listens” toplants by using reflected light and fluorescence. This informationhelps the system optimize the light spectrum to produce only thenecessary light required, while encouraging desired plant char-acteristics. The result is energy and water saved, yield increased,waste reduced, and quality improved.A software management system provides growers with improve-ments based on the results of the whole grower community. Thedata is aggregated in an online database with predictive algo-rithms creating the best light conditions for growers depending onthe type of crops and environmental conditions.Why a Sustainia100 solution? With changes due to global warming, increased population, and urbanization, there isa need for locally produced food with continuous and regular crops. With LED-basedlighting systems, it is possible to reduce energy costs, create healthier and more du-rable plants, and reduce waste as well as the need for transportation.EnvironmentalThe system can reduce CO2 emissions by21 million metric tons annually if used by20% of the market.1EconomicReduction in energy costs and waste, aswell as increased yield, improve economicand environmental performance.Developed inSweden, UK,USA, AustraliaDeployed in Sweden, UK,USA, Australia1WWFClimateSolvers, “L4A EfficientGreenhouse Lighting.”Solution by Heliospectra38
  40. 40. FoodStore closed Store open Store closed°C141210864206pm 9pm6am 9am MidnightMidnightOptimumproducttemperatureduringstore openingElstat’s Energy Management Systemlearns and adjusts to the appliance’sworking environment, reducing energyuse and optimizing system performance.Intelligent Thermostatsfor Beverage CoolingThis solution minimizes energy use byobserving consumer behavior and learningabout the working environment refrigera-tion appliances operate in.Elstat’s Energy Management System is an intelligent thermostaticcontrol for commercial refrigeration appliances. The controllershave the ability to gather traffic and consumption data aroundthe cooler. This data is used to build an accurate overview of shopopening hours, cooler usage, and its ability to bring freshly loadedbeverages to the desired temperature.The solution achieves energy savings in the range of 25-40%, byknowing exactly when drinks need to be cool and assures the op-timum serving temperature when the shop is open and people usethe cooler.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Refrigeration is claimed as one of the greatest innovations in the history of the foodand beverage industry, providing consumers both rich and poor with a safe and con-venient solution. Yet its primary functions have barely changed in 100 years and re-mains a significant contributor of CO2 emissions. By intelligently adjusting the func-tionality of the refrigerator to the needs of the users, it is possible to gain energy, andeconomic savings.EnvironmentalAccording to Elstat, the product is capableof preventing the release of the equivalentof 2.2 million metric tons of CO2 annually.EconomicElstat claims a potential of $560 millionsaved annually in energy costs.Developed inUKDeployed in 90+countries across Africa,Asia, Australia, Europe,North- and SouthAmerica.Solution by Elstat39
  41. 41. FoodCheaper Meals withHeat-Retention CookersThe Wonderbag saves energy, water,and time by making cooking more energyefficient.The Wonderbag is a non-electric, heat-retention cooker thatenables food that has been brought to boil on a stove or fire tocontinue cooking for hours after it is removed from the fuel source.The insulating abilities of the bag allow food to finish cooking with-out the use of additional fuel.The solution is time efficient, as there is a limited need for tendingto the food. Instead, time can be better spent looking after children,earning an income, or doing essential chores. Wonderbag enablesfamilies to save energy and money.Why a Sustainia100 solution? In developing countries, there are huge challenges connected to the cooking process.Staple diets require long cooking hours, with limited access to energy and water. Theheat-retention cooker makes it possible to limit the use of both. With limited accessto clean fuels, the use of charcoal or wood for cooking is widespread. These cookingprocesses result in smoke inhalation and serious health risks.EnvironmentalAccording to the company, using theWonderbag saves up to half a metric ton ofcarbon emissions per year.socialUsing the heat-retention cooker reducesrisk of smoke inhalation and burns.EconomicAccording to the company, the Wonderbagreduces usage of cooking fuels by upto 60%.Developed inSouth AfricaDeployed in South Africa,Turkey, Rwanda, Somalia(Somaliland), UK, NigeriaSolution by Natural Balance40
  42. 42. Food“Endeavouring to makefood that not onlytastes good but isgood.”Jenny Dawson, Founder,Rubies in the RubbleMaking Chutneyout of Waste FoodRubies in the Rubble limits food wasteby reusing surplus fruit and vegetables tomake new food products, while employingdisadvantaged individuals.Rubies in the Rubble addresses food waste by using otherwisediscarded fruit and vegetables to produce chutneys and jams. Thefruit and vegetables are picked fresh from the market before theyare discarded. Preserves are a good way of making use of seasonalgluts and therefore provide a good starting point to address foodwaste.The company also provides training and employment opportuni-ties for individuals needing help back on the employment ladder.Why a Sustainia100 solution? According to the company, 16 million metric tons of food is wasted each year in theUK; research indicates that 60% of this is preventable. Avoidable food waste is re-sponsible for 20 million metric tons of CO2 per year. By focusing on employing disad-vantaged individuals, the company also addresses the social challenge of almost 1/4of all working age Londoners being unemployed.EnvironmentalAccording to the company, avoidable foodwaste is responsible for 20 million metrictons of CO2 per year.socialBy hiring individuals struggling to getback into employment, it is possible tostrengthen confidence, skills, and level ofresponsibility.EconomicThe UK generates over 16 million metrictons of food waste every year, costing anestimated $34 billion annually.Developed inUKDeployed in UKSolution by Rubies in the Rubble41
  43. 43. Food“Would we continue to raise andeat animals in such staggeringnumbers if a delicious and perfectplant-based replication of meatexisted? I decided to find out— and founded Beyond Meat.”ETHAN BROWN, FOUNDER AND CEO, BEYOND MEATDeveloped inUSADeployed inUSA, CanadaReplacing AnimalProtein in DietsBeyond Meat replaces animal proteinwith plant protein. Doing so, the start-upcreates nutritional value at a lower costwith an improved environmental footprint.Americans consume ½ pound of protein per day versus the recom-mended ½ pound per week. Beyond Meat’s Chicken-Free Strips area plant protein that mimics real chicken’s texture, bite, and succu-lence. Free of gluten, GMOs, cholesterol, trans-fats, hormones, andpreservatives, the Chicken-Free Strips are made from a soy and peaprotein blend that provides 19 grams of protein and 120 calories per3 oz. serving.The company’s first product is soy based, but future products couldreplace the controversial ingredient with ingredients like lupin, bar-ley, or mustard seed protein.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Plant protein benefits human health while addressing critical issues of climate change,resource scarcity, and animal welfare. Beyond Meat’s manufacturing footprint is smallenough to allow it to be replicated in any corner of the world. Relative to animalprotein, Beyond Meat promises comparable nutrition at a lower cost with a lowerenvironmental impact.EnvironmentalAccording to the International LivestockResearch Institute, livestock systemsoccupy 45% of the world’s surface area andcause up to 51% of worldwide greenhousegas emissions.1socialPlant protein has a positive impact onhuman health while also addressinganimal welfare.EconomicMeat production is expensive due to itsresource use; 2,500 gallons of water arerequired to produce a single poundof meat.21World watch institute,“livestock and climatechange.”2Robbins, john, “Diet fora new america.”Solution by Beyond Meat42
  44. 44. Food43
  45. 45. FoodGuatemalan womanin vermicompostingproduction plant.Red Worms TransformWaste into FertilizerByoearth promotes vermicompostingand its organic fertilizer in rural and urbancommunities in order to improve the livingconditions of vulnerable populations.Byoearth uses red worms to transform biodegradable waste into100% organic fertilizer through a digestion process. The solutioncombines vermicomposting with poverty eradication in vulnerablerural and urban areas and educates farmers on how to avoid thedependency of chemical fertilizer. The resulting produce is sold inthe most remote areas of Guatemala.The technique of using red worms is well known and holds the ca-pacity for more environmentally friendly waste management whileat the same time empowering women and disadvantaged com-munities.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Forty percent of the world’s soil is heavily degraded, compromising the ability to growfood and nurture families. Vermicomposting transforms waste into a business whilerestoring damaged soil and saving water. The solution is replicable worldwide and isalready empowering women in its production process and boosting the productivityof farmers.EnvironmentalThe fertilizer produced by worms addsbeneficial bacteria to soil and improves thesoil’s condition and nutrients.socialByoearth empowers women in urban andrural Guatemala and incorporates themin the production chain, creating a newsource of income.EconomicAccording to Byoearth, farmers cansave 15-25% of water when they usevermicomposting.Developed inGuatemalaDeployed in GuatemalaSolution by Byoearth44
  46. 46. FoodVolunteers reclaimapples from beingwasted at a farm inKent. Two metrictons of apples fromthis one day weredonated to Fare-Share in London.Redistributing CosmeticFood WasteGleaning Network UK saves fresh fruitand vegetables from being wasted onUK farms, and redistributes them to foodpoverty charities.Farmers across the UK often have no choice but to leave tons oftheir crops unharvested. Not because it is inedible, but because itdoes not look appealing. According to the Institution of Mechani-cal Engineers, as much as half of all the food produced in the world– equivalent to 2 billion metric tons – ends up as waste every year.Gleaning Network UK coordinates teams of volunteers, local farm-ers, and food redistribution charities to salvage food and redis-tribute it to food poverty charities like homeless hostels. So far,several tons of British produce have been redistributed, and thenetwork is growing.Why a Sustainia100 solution? According to FareShare, 5.8 million people suffer from deep poverty in the UK, andthis number is on the rise. Meanwhile, an estimated 20-40% of UK fruit and vegetablesare rejected even before they reach the shops, often because of strict supermarketcosmetic standards. Gleaning Network UK target to reduce food waste and food pov-erty at the same time.EnvironmentalAccording to the Gleaning Network UK,approximately 10% of the UK’s greenhousegas emissions come from producing,transporting, storing, and preparing foodthat is never eaten.socialOne metric ton of gleaned produceprovides roughly 12,500 portions of food,and Gleaning Network UK plans to reach 36metric tons of produce by September 2013.EconomicGleaning Network UK estimates thatincreasing the proportion of a farmer’scrop reaching the shelves by just 5%increases profit margins by up to 60%.Developed inUKDeployed in UKSolution by Gleaning Network UK45
  47. 47. Fashion46
  48. 48. FashionFashionsectorKey trendsTurning trash intotrendy clothesReinventing thefashion calendarDesigning fordisassemblyUpcycling servicesWaterless textile dyeing47
  49. 49. Fashion48
  50. 50. FashionSwishing gives women the chance to get new clothes without mak-ing an environmental impact. It’s a simple but powerful idea: Wom-en bring at least one high-quality item they no longer want to aSwishing party. Everything is collected and displayed, and every-one chooses something they love to take home.Swishing is open source. Anyone can throw a party. Organizersdownload a pack from the Swishing website and promote theirevent through the site, Twitter, and Facebook. Swishing is a party,and its social nature has global appeal. Hundreds and thousands ofwomen go to Swishing parties, from “Klädbyte” parties, in Sweden,to “Cambalache,” in Colombia.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Swishing is closed loop – there are no new items at a Swishing event. Participatingchanges women’s habits by making second hand glamorous. The collaborative andcelebratory approach has the potential to be scaled extensively.EnvironmentalAccording to Futerra, a garment that isswished rather than bought new saves anaverage of 0.4 kg CO2 and cuts toxins andwater use.socialSwishing lets women celebrate theirindividual style in a collaborative andcelebratory way.EconomicFuterra estimates that over 7,000 womenin the UK swish 25,000 items every year,saving the participants substantial amountson clothing expenditures.Developed inUKDeployed in 40 countriesin Africa, Asia, Australia,Europe, and North andSouth AmericaSwishing parties are glam-orous, social, and fun. Andthey’re redefining fashionaround the world.Clothes SwappingPartiesFashion is fabulous but doesn’t comecheap – for consumers or the environment.Futerra’s swishing concept organizes cloth-es swapping parties around the world.“Imagine finding aperfect new outfit.Now imagine it costsyou nothing, yourfriends helped youchoose it, and it cameserved with a glass ofbubbly. That’s Swishing”Lucy Shea, Founder, SwishingSolution by Futerra49
  51. 51. FashionDesign forDisassemblyTimberland’s Design for Disassemblyboots are designed to pursue a cradle-to-cradle goal.EnvironmentalTimberland has saved approximately 500metric tons of carbon with its switch toDFD Earthkeepers boots.socialDFD encourages consumers to thinkabout the full life cycle of the productsthey consume, and creates jobs in theDominican Republic.EconomicCarbon savings resulting from the switch tomanufacturing DFD boots is equivalent tothe energy and heating used during threemonths at Timberland’s New Hampshire,USA, headquarters.Developed inUSADeployed in61 countries in Africa,Asia, Australia, Europe,and North and SouthAmericaThe Design for Disassembly (DFD) boots have the potential to berecycled to a much greater degree than other footwear. When bootsare returned to Timberland, the company estimates it will be able torecycle at least 50% of the materials in a factory in the DominicanRepublic. DFD shoes use fewer materials and more recycled con-tent than earlier generations of Timberland’s Earthkeepers boots,keeping materials out of landfills.Timberland says it will continue to work with designers and itsvalue chain to get closer the ultimate goal: a true cradle-to-cradleproduct.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Timberland is on a mission to make shoes with better materials using organic cotton,recycled PET plastics, and recycled rubber as the first step towards reducing thecompany’s carbon footprint.Solution by Timberland50
  52. 52. FashionVintage ClothingLibraryUnited Archive is a sustainable stylelibrary allowing women to borrow, wear,and return from a curated selection of qual-ity vintage clothing.Why a Sustainia100 solution? United Archive offers access over ownership and is striving towards a more circulareconomy by giving an extended life to underutilized garments, which are in high de-mand, and offering an alternative to fast fashion and high cost-per-wear items.EnvironmentalUnited Archive’s clothing library extendsthe lifecycle of underutilized garments.socialThe access over ownership model is anaffordable alternative to fast fashionthat allows more people to wear qualitygarments.EconomicAustralians spend approximately $1.7 billionannually on clothing they do not wear,according to United Archive.Developed inAustraliaDeployed in AustraliaThe United Archive vintage clothing library offers users access to acurated wardrobe extension of quality garments, without accumu-lating an expensive closet graveyard you never wear. The solutionenables sustainable and affordable style experimentation withoutthe guilt factor. Rather than buying a succession of expensive piec-es worn only once, customers simply borrow from United Archiveand return the garment after use.Solution by United Archive51
  53. 53. FashionEFFICIENTParellel production with main collection.rollendsIMMEDIATEFast design process, in cooperation withbrand design team.ACCESSIBLEGlobal approach, possible for everybodyaround the world85% less H2Ocalculated per item84% less CO2calculated per itemGREENMore efficient than recycling: faster, muchless energy, water and time consumed.INDUSTRIAL UPCYCLINGBY AUSDESIGN.marker cutting leftoversCRAZY SAVINGSFROM PRODUCTION WASTE TO A NEWPRODUCT BEFORE LEAVING THE FACTORYoverproductionwww.reetaus.comSharing Design Globallyfor Upcycling LocallyTrash to Trend is a Web platform thatenables upcycling by helping designers tocooperate with mass producers, brands,local services, and end users.Upcycling means creating new value for waste materials in eachstage of the lifecycle of a material. Trash to Trend offers a solutionto scale the opportunities for upcycling through a user-friendlyWeb platform, with tools for learning, cooperation, and creationof an upcycling market. This solution enables designers to play thecentral role not just in designing a garment but also in offering in-put in material development that reduces toxicity without losingdurability and improving production methods towards zero wasteand material reuse. Finally, Trash to Trend assists designers in de-veloping new services that enable changes in how people act whenpurchasing and treating their clothes.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Upcycling done in mass production in Bangladesh demonstrates that each new gar-ment made of waste materials uses an average 85% less water and creates 84% lessCO2 compared to a typical mass-produced item.EnvironmentalThe Trash to Trend platform can lead tosignificant savings in resource consumptionby spreading high-quality upcycling design.EconomicUpcycling enables cost-cutting in massproduction, it demands low investment inR&D, and gives fast outcomes in terms ofsales and reduction of energy andresource use.Developedin Estonia,BangladeshDeployed in Estonia, Latvia,Lithuania, Bangladesh, India,Norway, Sweden, Denmark,FinlandSolution by Aus Design, ReUse, Beximco, NICE Fashion, and Estonian Academy of Arts52
  54. 54. Fashion“Sustainability is about looking at ourproducts as the embodiment of communitiesand ecosystems in which we operate.Considering the life and impact of aproduct is how we dress smart.”Rhett Godfrey,Director of Sustainability,LoomstateReversible, Versatile andSustainable FashionIn 2012, Loomstate launched a fashionline called “Loomstate 321 – 3 ways 2 wear1 piece”. The concept combines color, re-versibility, and versatility using one knitfabric: Tencel.Tencel comes from sustainably grown forests of beech and euca-lyptus tree that require less land, water, and soil nutrients than anyother natural fiber. Ninety-nine percent of solvents used to processthe wood pulp into soft, silky threads are recycled in a closed-loopsystem. Loomstate says it is dedicated to organic cotton but is alsoconstantly learning about new sustainable fibers, like Tencel, andincorporating them into its designs.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Fashion has been an incredibly wasteful industry. Loomstate aims to change that byproducing long-lived clothing made from sustainably grown materials. The 321 col-lection goes even further by reducing the amount of clothing a person needs to pur-chase. Each garment is constructed with multiple layers of colorful fabric that can beflipped and reversed and worn multiple ways. The mission, Loomstate says, is to unitesustainability with modern style.EnvironmentalTencel is produced from renewable andsustainable resources using a closed-loop system with minimal impact on theenvironment.socialLoomstate hopes its 321 line will encouragecustomers to rethink fast fashion and findmore value in each piece of purchasedclothing. Clothing oneself in sustainableapparel encourages sustainable living.EconomicBy creating high-quality apparel that canbe worn in multiple ways, the 321 line limitsthe garments that a customer needs topurchase, saving money and time.Developed inUSADeployed in USASolution by Loomstate53
  55. 55. FashionWhy a Sustainia100 solution? is certified according to best in class environmental, social and ethicalstandards: GOTS, EU Eco-Label, Fairtrade and SA8000. By making a profit, the com-pany is paving the way towards structural change in the huge and highly scalablemarket for basic clothing.“WE BELIEVE IN BEINGOKAY. WITH 100%COMMITMENT TOCERTIFIED CLOTHING,WE CAN IMPROVE OURPLANET, MAKE PEOPLEHEALTHIER AND GIVEFARMERS HOPE. THAT’SOKAY.”LARS BECH, FOUNDER, NEUTRAL.COMSustainable Clothingmade ProfitableYears of commitment to achievingsustainability certifications have lead developing a holistic approachto produce basic clothing for consumersand other labels.EnvironmentalWith the GOTS sustainable cotton and theEU Eco-Label certificates, Neutral.comcleans and reuses wastewater, uses windenergy, reduces and recycles wastesocialCombining Fairtrade and certified organiccotton is life changing for farmers, theSA8000 certification is the highest workerrights proves that the extra cost ofcertifications is a profitable business modelwhen products are designed to createadded value for consumers, companies andorganizations.Developed inDenmark andIndiaDeployed in IndiaTruly sustainable clothing production requires holistic approachesand certified processes. is producing basic clothingusing organic cotton, recycling wastewater and waste and usingalternative energy to power factories while giving poor farmers ex-tra money with Fairtrade and workers proper rights. The processis certified and monitored by independent, internationally recog-nized organizations to ensure a trustworthy final product.With its credibility, has become a platform for busi-nesses, NGOs, the public sector and other fashion labels to im-prove their own sustainable storytelling thereby making theproducts attractive business propositions beyond selling directlyto consumers.1Environmental JusticeFoundation, “The DeadlyChemicals in Cotton”.Solution by Neutral.com54
  56. 56. is about leveragingpeople’s passion for sustainablechange to create best practicein production.
  57. 57. Fashion“Applied Separationsis excited to helpreinvent the textileindustry. Green is notjust a color.”Rolf Schlake, President and CEO,Applied Separations.Textile Dyeing withoutWater or WasteThe use of supercritical fluids in textiledyeing completely eliminates the use ofwater and reduces the energy required todye textiles.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The textile industry is a major consumer of water, as evidenced by the 25 liters ofwater required to dye just one T-shirt. Applied Separations’ supercritical fluids tech-nology is viable and currently under production with industry partners. 2013 looks tobe a breakthrough year for the technology, allowing the process of textile dyeing tobecome more resource efficient.EnvironmentalSupercritical fluids technology eliminatesuse of water in dyeing textiles.socialWater-poor areas around the world canbecome or continue to be viable locationsfor textile manufacturing.EconomicApplied Separations claims that the useof supercritical fluids in textile dyeing willrequire 50% less energy and 50% fewerchemicals, cutting production costs.Developed inUSADeployed inUSA, East AsiaEmploying supercritical fluids technology in textile dyeing has thepotential to revolutionize the textile industry. This waterless solu-tion not only conserves a valuable and diminishing resource, it alsouses less energy than traditional water-based textile dyeing.Rather than using aqueous or solvent solutions, Applied Separa-tions’ technology uses supercritical CO2 to take up the dye, whichreplaces water completely. And instead of sending the spent mix towaste-treatment facilities (or into rivers and lakes, as is sometimesdone in less-developed production facilities), the dye-mix can becaptured and reused. The CO2 for the process is taken from theenvironment and returned to it, creating no pollution and no waste.Solution by Applied Separations56
  58. 58. Fashion6050403020100Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov DecJan Dec806040200DesignSlow Fashion CalendarFast Fashion CalenderProductionSales“The wants of theprivileged nationsshould not affectthe quality of life ofothers. Instead, ourpurchasing powershould be used to helpthose in need.”TARA ST JAMES, Owner, STUDY NYFast fashion has created a de-pendence on cheap, disposableclothing and unsustainable pro-duction methods, victimizingthe workforce in developingcountries and increasing wastein consumer nations.Reinventing the FashionCalendarThe Anti-[fashion]-Calendar is an edu-cational and production concept for youngdesigners wanting to reduce consumptionand waste and drive the industry towardsethical fashion.Study NY’s Anti-[fashion]-Calendar reinvents the fashion calen-dar by educating young designers to create fewer styles and workcloser to season. The concept offers emerging designers a modelfor producing small capsule collections of 3-4 styles monthly, al-lowing more freedom and clarity in the design and developmentof each piece. Furthermore, with this concept, Study NY is demon-strating that collaboration with artisans in remote countries suchas Peru and Afghanistan is viable for producing limited-edition,handmade goods.The Anti-[fashion]-Calendar slows down consumption by eliminat-ing waste and educating consumers to be more aware of the sus-tainability of their purchases, leading to a permanent change in theworld’s consumption habits.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The Anti-[fashion]-Calendar improves the way future generations of designers man-age cash flow, reduces waste, and provides consumers with an understanding ofquality in ethically made clothing. It also provides retailers with more consistent andseasonal products.EnvironmentalAccording to the U.S. EPA, 13 million tonsof textiles are disposed of each year in theUSA.socialEmployment in the fashion industry isseasonal, with mass layoffs in betweenseasons. The Anti-[fashion]-Calendaraddresses this social challenge indeveloping countries.EconomicMaking resource allocation more balancedthroughout the year, the Anti-[fashion]-Calendar ensures stabile cash flows forupcoming designers.Developed inUSADeployed in USA, Peru,AfghanistanSolution by Study NY57
  59. 59. FashionReworking and reusing perfectly goodtextiles and accessories not only reduceswaste but is part of good living. Sustain-able fashion isn’t just another trend; beingresource-minded is the future.Lumoi creates eclectic, sustainable jewellery made from unwantedmaterials shipped to their upcycling service. “Fast fashion” accesso-ries encourage wastefulness due to their low cost and lack of qual-ity. Lumoi redesigns these “undesirable” materials into new objectsof beauty. The company ensures its jewellery is hand-crafted to thehighest standard for durability so accessories last. This approachensures environmentally friendly production, avoids waste, and re-sults in sustainable jewellery.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The need to find alternative ways to deal with waste has never been greater. Consum-ers throw an astonishing amount of textiles and accessories into landfills each year.Lumoi says its upcycling service is an eco-friendly way to dispose of broken, fastfashion jewellery.EnvironmentalUpcycling fast fashion accessories keepsperfectly good materials from enteringlandfills. By pursuing opportunities forreuse, the UK alone could reduce itsreliance on raw materials, including rareearths, by up to 20% by 2020.socialLumoi says its upcycling jewellery serviceillustrates the true value of finite naturalresources, giving people an option tochange their habits.EconomicUK businesses can save up to $35.75 billionthrough low- or no-cost improvements inthe efficient use of resources, accordingto research from the Department forEnvironment, Food and Rural Affairsin the UK.Developed inUKDeployed inUK, Canada, AustraliaUpcyclingJewellerySolution by Lumoi Jewellery58
  60. 60. FashionPiece x Piece createsbeautiful, high-qualityclothing from dis-carded fabric samplesrecovered from localdesign studios.“Piece x Piece is a thoughtfuldisruption to the traditional pathone usually takes in the apparelindustry from fabric mill tolandfill.”Elizabeth Brunner,Founder and Creative Director, Piece x PieceNew Fashion fromFabric DiscardsPiece x Piece creates women’s clothingfrom discarded fabric samples recoveredfrom local fashion studios. Each garmentis original, handmade, and sewn in smallquantities.Piece x Piece was established in response to the large amount offabric waste common in the fashion industry. The company saysits mission is to create beauty from fabric waste, and to stimulatethinking about what “waste” really means and how we address it.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Thousands of sample fabric swatches are discarded each season; until now, it hadbeen difficult to imagine a use for them. The result of ongoing reclamation, experi-mentation, and design, each Piece x Piece garment is, by nature, one-of-a-kind. Thefabric used in each piece is selected from an ever-changing stock of luxury discards.EnvironmentalDesign houses discard 5,000 or moreswatch cards every year used fordevelopment. Piece x Piece uses thesenew and viable fabrics which are normallythrown away in the early stages of clothingdesign.socialAt least 75% of consumers think about theecological and social impacts of the clothesand products they purchase. This group is apowerful force in the consumer market.EconomicPiece x Piece reduces waste and stimulatesSan Francisco’s economy by creating fairwage jobs and manufacturing locally.Developed inUSADeployed in USASolution by Piece x Piece59
  61. 61. Transportation60
  62. 62. TransportationTransportationsectorKey trendsNew ways of EVchargingShips powered byrenewablesSharing is gaininggroundElectric means oftransportationHydrogen cars in massproduction61
  63. 63. Transportation62
  64. 64. TransportationSolelia’s solar chargerspartnered with its Sol-banken system allowsfor charging electriccars with clean solarelectricity.Solar-Powered EVCharging StationsCombining solar chargers in parkinglots with an IT and energy managementsystem, Solbanken is an easy-to-use, rentaloption for renewable EV charging.Solbanken (The Sun Bank) enables solar charging in connectedchargers using parking lots as solar energy parks. The Solbankenplatform connects new or existing photovoltaic (PV) systems to EVcharging stations with smart grid functionalities such as “directcharging” from nearby solar systems and adjustment of power con-sumption to real-time solar production.Should additional electricity be needed, Solbanken automaticallypurchases clean solar electricity from external producers. Theshading PV canopy offers protection against the sun and rain, andrequires minimal area in parking lots.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Transportation accounts for over half of global oil consumption, and this share willincrease if the number of passenger cars doubles as predicted by the IEA. Replacinggasoline cars with electric cars is not as environmentally friendly if they are driven onfossil fuel-based electricity. WWF estimates that Solelia’s solar-powered charging cansave 21 million tons of CO2 emissions per year by 2022.EnvironmentalTransportation accounts for over halfof global oil consumption, and is set toincrease with a predicted doubling ofpassenger cars.1socialAir pollution in cities caused by traffic ison the world’s top 10 list of killer diseases,according to WHO.EconomicSolelia’s rental solution allows for solar-powered charging with no upfrontinvestment needed from the customer.Developed inSwedenDeployed inSweden, Norway1International EnergyAgency, “World EnergyOutlook 2012.”Solution by Solelia Greentech63
  65. 65. TransportationKite-PoweredShipsA wind propulsion technology based onlarge towing kites enables cargo ships tocut costs and reduce emissions.SkySails propulsion for cargo ships is a wind-propulsion systembased on large towing kites that can be installed on new ships andretrofitted onto most existing ships. The technology offers a solu-tion that can make a major environmental impact by reducing thecarbon emissions of the world’s merchant fleet. Three cargo shipsare currently equipped with SkySails, with a fourth ship expected toadd the technology soon.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Cutting-edge solutions in the field of renewable energy are needed in order to meetthe challenges faced by the shipping industry. Depending on the prevailing wind con-ditions, a ship’s fuel consumption and emissions can reportedly be reduced by up to30% by using the SkySails system. The latest SkySails product has a maximal propul-sion power of more than 2 MW, which approximates 2,700 horsepower and is equiva-lent to a ship engine.EnvironmentalSkySails’ technology can save 100 milliontons of CO2 annually if adopted broadly bythe world’s merchant fleet, according tothe company.socialDue to toxicity of ship emissions, there aremore than 50,000 premature deaths eachyear in the coastal areas of the EU.EconomicAccording to SkySails, the technology cansave up to 10 tons of oil per day, whichequals cost savings of approximately$5,000 daily.Developed inGermanyDeployed in Germany,Switzerland, GreecePhoto:SkySailsSolution by SkySails64
  66. 66. TransportationIn London, a two-year trial, inassociation with Renault, willtest the feasibility of and issuesaround wireless charging ofEVs.Wireless EVChargingUsing inductive transfer of energy,Qualcomm has developed a technologycapable of wirelessly charging EVs – evenwhen driving.Qualcomm’s Halo EV charging technology uses inductive wirelessenergy transfer to eliminate the plug-in cord used by EVs today.The technology works by fitting cars with a receiver pad that en-ables automatic charging when the car is parked via a transmitterpad embedded in the road.Qualcomm claims that its technology transfers power with thesame efficiency as a cable. The company aims to embed wirelesscharging in continuous strings along the roadway, with EVs con-stantly being powered as they drive over them. Qualcomm is trial-ing its technology in London with a fleet of 50 vehicles.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Wireless EV charging addresses key challenges to electric car uptake: charging con-venience and battery size and cost. The technology could be rolled out across citiesand eventually on major transit routes, significantly reducing the number and size ofbatteries needed for EVs and enabling electric car owners to travel greater distances.EnvironmentalAccording to Qualcomm, 15% of the totalenvironmental burden from EVs comesfrom the batteries.socialDoing away with the plug-in cord makesuse of electric vehicles more convenient.EconomicWireless charging can make EV batteriessmaller and cheaper because they needonly be charged in small, frequent bursts.Developed inIreland, USADeployed in Denmark,Finland, France, Germany,Norway, Poland,The Netherlands,Sweden, USASolution by Qualcomm65
  67. 67. TransportationBuzzcar makes itsimple to connectpeople ready toshare their vehicleswith people lookingto rent a carA new collaborative consumption initia-tive helps people save money, make betteruse of existing resources, and think localby sharing their cars.Buzzcar is a peer-to-peer carsharing platform, currently operat-ing in France, where people rent out their own cars. The platformis available online with a location-based mobile app. The servicematches people ready to share their car with people looking for acar to rent by the hour or by the day.To ensure quality, after each rental, drivers rate the cars, and theowners rate the drivers, building a vehicle and driver history. Thecompany also covers liability insurance.Why a Sustainia100 solution? Carsharing means fewer cars on the streets, less traffic jams, and less pollution. Ac-cording to the company, car production represents at least 30% of carbon emissionsover the car’s lifetime; Buzzcar reduces the need for car production and differs fromtraditional carsharing, as the solution doesn’t add cars to the streets, but simplymakes better use of cars already on the road.EnvironmentalAccording to Buzzcar, a properly sharedcar takes 8 cars off the road. Buzzcaroptimizes the utilization of existing cars, sofewer cars are added to the streets.socialMore than 20,000 people have joinedBuzzcar, participating in collaborative carconsumption.EconomicAccording to Buzzcar, owners renting outtheir car earn an average $130 monthlyand renters save up to 40% compared totraditional car renting.Developed inFranceDeployed in FrancePeer-to-PeerCarsharingSolution by Buzzcar66
  68. 68. TransportationThe Hyundai ix35 Fuel Cellis the world’s first series-produced fuel-cell car. Fuelledby hydrogen in just minutes,it emits only water vapor, andboasts a near-600-kilometerrange.“The ix35 fuel cellshows we are com-mitted to a society ofsustainable energyand zero-harmfulemissions in roadtransport.”IVAN FOSSAN, ADM. DIRECTOR, NORLEDHydrogen-PoweredFuel-Cell CarHyundai ix35 Fuel Cell is the world’s firstseries-produced, commercially availablehydrogen-powered fuel-cell car. It offerszero harmful tailpipe emissions and quietoperation without range compromises.The third-generation fuel-cell electric vehicle (FCEV) from Hyundaiis powered by hydrogen and driven by an electric motor, resulting inzero harmful tailpipe emissions and quiet operation. A single tankof hydrogen gives a range of almost 600 kilometers, and refuellingtakes just a few minutes, according to Hyundai.In January 2013, the Hyundai ix35 Fuel Cell became the first fuel-cell car in the world to enter series production. Deliveries to mu-nicipal and private fleets are already under way, with 1,000 units tobe built by the end of 2015.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The ix35 Fuel Cell demonstrates how hydrogen-powered FCEVs offer an effective so-lution that can help deliver sustainable mobility, as hydrogen refuelling infrastructuregrows and production volume increases. When produced directly from renewablesources, hydrogen can be 100% clean, if produced directly from renewable sources.The only tailpipe emissions are water vapor.EnvironmentalWhen the hydrogen used to power carsis from a carbon-neutral source, nearcarbon-neutral, emission-free personaltransportation becomes possible.socialThe Hyundai ix35 Fuel Cell contributes toimproved health through cleaner air.EconomicHydrogen can be produced locally ator near the point of use, meaning thatevery community can become an energyproducer.1Developed inSouth KoreaDeployed in Belgium,Denmark, The Netherlands,Norway, South Korea,Sweden, UK, USA1Centre for Energy,Canada: “How Is HydrogenProduced?”Solution by Hyundai Motor Company67
  69. 69. TransportationUrbanBike-SharingThe Hangzhou bike-sharing system has 60,600 bikes operatingfrom 2,700 stations. Bike-sharing stations can be found every 100meters. Users can ride for free for the first hour, followed by 1 yuan($0.16) for the second hour, 2 yuan ($0.33) for the third hour, and 3yuan ($0.49) for each additional hour.First-time users pay a 200-yuan ($32.50) deposit to obtain a smartcard for bike-sharing use. Smart-card technology facilitates auto-mated check-in and check-out at bicycle docking stations. Hang-zhou Public Bicycle plans to expand to 175,000 bikes by 2020.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The Hangzhou Public Transport Corporation launched the bike-sharing system in2008, in response to growing traffic congestion and air pollution. A March 2010 sur-vey of Hangzhou Public Bicycle members and non-members found that 30% of bike-share users incorporated bike-sharing into their commute. The survey also found thatthe bike-sharing system captured modal share from bus transit, walking, cars, andtaxis.EnvironmentalBike-sharing can displace trips by car,which reduces tailpipe emissions and trafficcongestion.socialQuick and convenient bike-sharingprograms make it easy to get around bybike, which promotes healthy living.EconomicThe bikes are free to use the first hour andprovide a free or cheap alternative to carsfor shorter distances.Developed inChinaDeployed in ChinaHangzhou, China, boasts the world’slargest bike-sharing program.Solution by Hangzhou Public Transport Corporation68
  70. 70. TransportationElectric City Bus with250-km RangeBYD ebus is a pure electric city bus with no tailpipe emissions andvery low noise levels. The bus is powered by BYD’s Fe (lithium ironphosphate) batteries, which are characterized by high energy den-sity, long service time, and low cost, according to the company.Powered by three battery packs with a combined capacity of 324kWh, the lightweight BYD ebus has a range of 250 km on a singlecharge in urban conditions.With a charging power of 60 kW, BYD ebus can be fully chargedin about 5 hours, and thus can be charged at night during off-peakhours. BYD says that the chemical materials contained in the bat-tery can be safely recycled.Why a Sustainia100 solution? With the ebus, BYD aims to gradually replace gasoline or diesel buses with fully elec-tric models that can dramatically reduce air pollution from the transportation sector.The ebus is estimated to reduce operating costs by 30% or more and fuel cost savingsby up to 80% compared to a standard diesel bus.EnvironmentalIf all buses in Shenzhen, China, are replacedby the ebus, potential CO2 emissionsreductions are over 1 million tons per year,according to company data.socialThe ebus enables swift public transport atvery low noise levels.EconomicIn Shenzhen alone, if all the publictransportation were electrified, the citywould save about $563 million annually.Developed inChinaDeployed in The Netherlands,UK, Denmark, Uruguay,Hungary, Colombia, Canada,USA, ChinaWith a range of 250 kilometers on asingle charge, this all-electric bus has theability to deliver large-scale sustainablepublic transportation.Solution by BYD Company Limited69
  71. 71. TransportationThe world’s first carferry without anydirect CO2 emissionswill be traffickingLarvik-Oppedal,Norway.Battery-DrivenCar FerryThe world’s first large all-electric car ferry is a 100% battery drivenaluminium catamaran. The 80-meter-long vessel will be able tocarry 120 cars and 360 passengers across the Sognefjord, in Nor-way.The ferry is designed with energy efficiency as highest priority, af-fecting operation, hull shape, materials, and on-board systems. Theferry will ply its route 34 times daily, with a crossing time of 20 min-utes. The estimated time at port is 10 minutes, which will be usedto fully charge the on-board, 1-MWh lithium-polymer battery pack.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The electric car ferry now being produced by Fjellstrand does not discharge anygreenhouse gases while operating. Compared to a standard diesel ferry serving thesame route, the electric ferry will save about 1 million liters of fuel annually and pre-vent 570 metric tons of CO2 from entering the atmosphere, according to Norled.Besides environmental benefits, the ferry will feature lower operational and mainte-nance costs.EnvironmentalDomestic ferries in Norway emitapproximately 400,000 metric tons of CO2per year1.socialWith no air pollution or noise, the electricferry is a pleasant and healthy alternativefor both passengers and crew.EconomicCompared to a standard diesel ferry, anelectric ferry will save approximately 30%on fuel, operational, and maintenancecosts.Developed inNorwayDeployed in NorwayEnvironmentally friendly ferry operationis not a distant dream. This smart, clean,and silent battery driven ferry will soon beat sea in Norway.1Opdal, O.A.: “Batteridriftav ferger”.Solution by Norled and Fjellstrand70
  72. 72. Transportation71
  73. 73. TransportationThermo King’s Cryo-Tech solution enablesclean, green, and silentdeliveries of perish-able products in urbanareas while maintainingthe load at the higheststandards.Thermo King’s CryoTech transportationrefrigeration system uses CO2 for cooling,resulting in clean, green, and silent deliver-ies of perishable goods.CryoTech has developed a technology using CO2 in an innovativeopen-loop system that provides airflow for refrigeration in the loadspace of trucks. The CO2 used for cooling is a byproduct of am-monia production, resulting in no new greenhouse gas emissions.Thermo King CryoTech units achieve a significant reduction in emis-sions and improved performance over conventional diesel-poweredunits. The system offers faster temperature recovery, which is idealfor the distribution market, where the cooling unit is often inter-rupted as drivers deliver goods at multiple locations.Why a Sustainia100 solution? The system has zero harmful emissions during the cooling cycle. Depending on ap-plication, CryoTech claims that the solution can deliver a 75% to 90% reduction in totalgreenhouse gas emissions. CryoTech units are virtually silent during operation andsignificantly quieter than the standard level of 60 decibels. This ensures reductions inurban noise pollution and happy neighbors in delivery areas.EnvironmentalZero harmful emissions during the coolingcycle.socialEnables sustainable deliveries in urbanareas by reducing engine noise.EconomicReduces operational costs and may spareretailers and distribution companies fromcosts to comply with stricter noise andemissions regulations.Developed inIreland, USADeployed in Denmark, Finland, France,Germany, Norway, Poland, the Netherlands,Sweden, USAZero Emissions TransportRefrigeration System“With more than500 units in servicetoday, we havesuccessfully shownthat Thermo King’sCryoTech solutionrepresents thesustainable transportrefrigeration systemof the future.Pascal Richard, Transport ProductLeader, EMEIA, Thermo KingSolution by Thermo King72
  74. 74. TransportationEmpowering Auto-Rickshaw DriversThree Wheels United tackles the chal-lenges faced by the working poor in theauto-rickshaw sector in India while reduc-ing CO2 emissions and air pollution.Three Wheels United (TWU) is based on a three-pillar solution: fairloans to drivers enabling them to purchase their own auto-rick-shaws, the possibility of additional streams of income to the driv-ers through advertisements, and clean technology that lowers fuelcosts and lessens environmental harm.TWU has been operational in Bangalore for the past two years, andhas achieved a total of 120 vehicles on the road and over 700 driv-ers registered in their savings scheme. They expect to reach a totalof 750 vehicles in Bangalore by the end of 2013.Why a Sustainia100 solution? With over 5 million auto-rickshaws in India, the sector serves between 10% and 20%of the daily engine-driven city commutes. TWU’s model makes drivers owners of theirvehicles and encourages savings, while ensuring that the drivers are under a socialsecurity system. According to TWU, air pollution is reduced by 40%.EnvironmentalBy replacing two-stroke engines withcleaner-burning four-stroke models, TWUreduces harmful particulate and CO2emissions.socialBanks now consider TWU’s drivers to beworthy customers, with drivers able toreceive health, life, and accident insurance.EconomicAccording to TWU, the solution increasesthe net earnings of drivers by over 70%from existing levels.Developed in India,the NetherlandsDeployed in IndiaSolution by Three Wheels United73
  75. 75. IT74