18th and 19th Century Clothing


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18th and 19th Century Clothing

  2. 2. 19 TH CENTURY CLOTHING <ul><li>Fashion from the 18 th century led into and was continued into the 19 th century. The fashion was quite similar in both of these </li></ul><ul><li>centuries. As time went on the fashion changed and was adapted to suit the trend </li></ul>
  3. 3. Women ’ s Fashion
  4. 4. 1840s - 1850s women's gowns developed narrow and sloping shoulders, low and pointed waists, and bell-shaped skirts Corsets, knee-length chemise, and layers of petticoats were worn under the gowns The chemise and petticoats were replaced by pantalettes and the crinoline as the size of the skirts expanded low neckline and were worn off the shoulder Evening gown
  5. 5. 1860 Day dresses had wide pagoda sleeves and high necklines with lace or tatted collars the skirts became flatter at the front and projected out more behind the woman low neckline and short sleeves Evening gown
  6. 6. 1870 <ul><li>Bustles were used to replace the crinoline to hold the skirts up </li></ul>tea gowns were introduced for informal entertaining at home and steadily grew in popularity
  7. 7. <ul><li>riding habits had a matching jacket and skirt (without a bustle), a high-collared shirt or chemisette, and a top hat with a veil </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting costumes had draped ankle-length skirts worn with boots or gaiters </li></ul><ul><li>Clothing worn when out walking had a long jacket and skirt, worn with the bustle, and a small hat or bonnet. Travelers wore long coats like dusters . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>women's fashion became simpler and less extravagant </li></ul><ul><li>both bustles and crinoline fell out of use and dresses were not as tight as before </li></ul><ul><li>Corsets were still used but became slightly longer, giving women a slight S-curve silhouette </li></ul><ul><li>Skirts took on a trumpet shape, fitting closely over the hip with a wasp-waist cut and flaring just above the knee. </li></ul><ul><li>High necks and puffed sleeves became popular. Sportswear for women, such as bicycling dresses, tennis dresses, and swimwear became popular </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>During the 1840s , men wore tight-fitting, calf length frock coats and a waistcoat or vest. </li></ul><ul><li>The vests were single- or double-breasted, with shawl or notched collars, and might be finished in double points at the lowered waist. </li></ul><ul><li>For more formal occasions, a cutaway morning coat was worn with light trousers during the daytime, and a dark tail coat and trousers was worn in the evening. </li></ul><ul><li>The shirts were made of linen or cotton with low collars, occasionally turned down, and were worn with wide cravats or neck ties. </li></ul><ul><li>Trousers had fly fronts, and breeches were used for formal functions and when horseback riding. Men wore top hats , with wide brims in sunny weather. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>During the 1850s , men started wearing shirts with high upstanding or turnover collars and four-in-hand neckties tied in a bow, or tied in a knot with the pointed ends sticking out like &quot;wings&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>The upper-class continued to wear top hats, and bowler hats were worn by the working class. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>In the 1860s , men started wearing wider neckties that were tied in a bow or looped into a loose knot and fastened with a stickpin. </li></ul><ul><li>Frock coats were shortened to knee-length and were worn for business, while the mid-thigh length sack coat slowly displaced the frock coat for less-formal occasions. </li></ul><ul><li>Top hats briefly became the very tall &quot;stovepipe&quot; shape, but a variety of other hat shapes were popular. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>During the 1870s , three-piece suits grew in popularity along with patterned fabrics for shirts. </li></ul><ul><li>Neckties were the four-in-hand and, later, the Ascot ties . A narrow ribbon tie was an alternative for tropical climates, especially in the Americas. </li></ul><ul><li>Both frock coats and sack coats became shorter. Flat straw boaters were worn when boating. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>During the 1880s , formal evening dress remained a dark tail coat and trousers with a dark waistcoat, a white bow tie, and a shirt with a winged collar. </li></ul><ul><li>In mid-decade, the dinner jacket or tuxedo , was used in more relaxed formal occasions. </li></ul><ul><li>The Norfolk jacket and tweed or woolen breeches were used for rugged outdoor pursuits such as shooting. </li></ul><ul><li>Knee-length topcoats, often with contrasting velvet or fur collars, and calf-length overcoats were worn in winter. Men's shoes had higher heels and a narrow toe. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>During the 1890s , the blazer was introduced, and was worn for sports, sailing, and other casual activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Hair was generally worn short, often with a pointed beard and generous moustache. </li></ul>