fodder crops


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

fodder crops

  1. 1. <ul><li>The term forages means the plants used for feeding domestic animals. </li></ul><ul><li>This includes both fodder plants and pasture plants. </li></ul><ul><li>FODDERS: Plants which are cultivated as forage crops and they are cut and fed to animals in the stalls. </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g..Guinea grass,Fodder maize) </li></ul><ul><li>PASTURES: Grasses and legumes were grown in pasture lands where the animals are led to graze them.(e.g..Cenchrus, marvel grass, spear grass, cowpea. </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Forages can be broadly classified in the two </li></ul><ul><li>Groups … </li></ul><ul><li>CRASSES: </li></ul><ul><li>Annual: maize,sorghum,cumbu </li></ul><ul><li>Perennial: guinea grass B.N.hybrids </li></ul><ul><li>LEGUMES: </li></ul><ul><li>Annual: cowpea,cluster bean,desmodium </li></ul><ul><li>Perennial:lucerne,desmanthes </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>GUNIA GRASS :(Panicum maximum) </li></ul><ul><li>Place of origin:Africa </li></ul><ul><li>DISTRUBUTION: </li></ul><ul><li>WestIndies,Jamaica,India(Tamilnadu,Karnataka,Andhra pradesh,Maharashtra,Gujarat). </li></ul><ul><li>Most popular fodder grass under irrigated </li></ul><ul><li>condition.It appears to have been cultivated in </li></ul><ul><li>West Indies and Jamaica before its introduction </li></ul><ul><li>to India. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Highly palatable grass,with high dry matter content (15%-20%),free from all toxic principles. </li></ul><ul><li>Protein 6-8 percent, with well balanced calcium and phosphorus. </li></ul><ul><li>Good soil binder. </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest can be done once in 30-40 days. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be grazed,cut and fed used for hay silage </li></ul><ul><li>making.Ideal for sewage forming. </li></ul>
  5. 7. NAPIER GRASS <ul><li>Pennisetum purpureum(elephant grass) </li></ul><ul><li>Native of Zimbabwe in South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>It grows up to four meters with thick growth which gives its name “elephant grass”. </li></ul><ul><li>It is said to have been Introduced to india by about 1915 in Bombay. </li></ul><ul><li>Perennial grass,protien6-8%,good for hay making,comes up well in sewage water. </li></ul>
  6. 9. CUMBU NAPIER HYBRID <ul><li>(Bajra x Napier)-BN hybrid </li></ul><ul><li>(Napier x Bajra)- NB hybrid </li></ul><ul><li>Cumbu Napier hybrid was the first hybrid,which </li></ul><ul><li>was produced at Coimbatore followed by Pusa </li></ul><ul><li>Gaint Napier at New Delhi further improved types </li></ul><ul><li>In other states. </li></ul><ul><li>Propagated by root slips or stem cutting are very </li></ul><ul><li>vigorous in their growth and highly adaptable. </li></ul><ul><li>High yielders, nutritious, palatable, succulent, </li></ul><ul><li>juicy,Less fibrous fodder. Protien 8-10%. </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Rich in protien,can be fed to animals in small </li></ul><ul><li>quantity(2 to 5 kg/day depending on body weight). </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in vitamins.Easily digestable and highly </li></ul><ul><li>palatable.Combines well with other grasses in </li></ul><ul><li>mixed or intercropping conditions so a balanced </li></ul><ul><li>diet is made. </li></ul>
  8. 12. LUCERNE <ul><li>Medicago sativa(kudirai masal) </li></ul><ul><li>Its called as ‘queen of forage crops’. </li></ul><ul><li>Although lucerne has been considered a plant to Western Asia,there is no evidence of its having been grown in India for more than a hundered and fifty years. </li></ul><ul><li>It entered India from the north west.It gives high yields of excellent feed for livestock and at the same time builds up soil fertility. </li></ul>
  9. 13. CONTI……. <ul><li>Can be grown for 2-3 yrs in the same field. </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest can be taken once in 30 days. </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in protien (20%).So seedling limited to 2-3 kg/day legume has to be cut and fed at the time of flowering when it will have high protien. </li></ul><ul><li>Its suitable for hay making. </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in calcium,phosphorus and high carotene and vit. </li></ul><ul><li>Lucerne meal used in cattle and poultry feed . </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Clitoria ternatea-sangu pushpam. Suited to dry land </li></ul><ul><li>pastures,highly self sown crop,grows well with </li></ul><ul><li>cenchrus seeds and roots have medicinal value, </li></ul><ul><li>Protien 16-18%. </li></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>Highly palatable,nutrition,good for hay making,can </li></ul><ul><li>be grown in dry lands mixed with sorghum,cumbu </li></ul><ul><li>or maize. </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.